writing a process essay pdf

How to Write a Process Essay: Step-by-step Guide

writing a process essay pdf

The process essay, also known as the "how-to" essay, is commonly written for people or companies that need tutorials or a set of instructional steps. Whether it's building a robot or cooking a chocolate cake, process essays use a similar format for any variations. They follow a step-by-step style, with the initial step influencing the second, which influences the third, and so on. Each step carries its own importance, and a poor explanation of one step can ruin the entire process. It's important to stay concise and efficient. However, before you begin writing your essay, you should do some small preparations. Let's discover them with our research writing service .

What Is a Process Paper?

A process essay is a type of essay that explains a process step by step and gives guidance for a certain process, working mechanism, procedure, etc. Process essays range from very simple ones, such as instructions for how to ride a bicycle, to more complex ones, such as a chemistry lab report of an oxidative reaction experiment. The goal of a process paper is to give its readers guidance and directions. 

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A process paper is characterized, first of all, by explaining a process using a description. Some words that are frequently used in process essays are “further”, “then”, “next”, “first”, “last”, “finally”, and “initially”. It is really important to remember that every process essay includes features, such as:

  • clear and straightforward narration - the last thing you want to do is to confuse your reader with complex language and an unorganized thought thread;
  • chronological order - avoid skipping steps and shifting them around, as it will result in misunderstanding and frustration for the readers;
  • transition words - make sure to separate the next step from the previous ones by using transition words;
  • descriptions of the steps - make sure your steps are clear and easy to follow.

There are several types of process essays. The first one is directional - it explains the “how to” for something. It can take on a wide range of subjects, such as how to apply for a credit card, how to get your driver’s license, how to plan a wedding, etc. The outcome of the directional essay should be a result. In the cases of the examples above: a credit card, a driver’s license, or a carefully planned wedding. The other type of process paper is informational - it explains how something works. Here are some examples: how a weather forecast is determined, how a space rocket works, how intermittent fasting changes your body, etc. An informational essay explains something to a reader and does not necessarily end up with a result, like directional does. 

Another type of essay that is similar to a process essay is a process analysis essay. The biggest difference is that a process analysis essay not only explains the steps, but also analyses them in depth. It has all of the characteristics of a process essay, although goes into more detail about the causes and consequences of every step.

If you need any additional information for process analysis essays, check out our article: HOW TO WRITE A PROCESS ANALYSIS ESSAY

How to Write a Process Essay

Writing a process essay is not extremely difficult. By following simple rules and a set of steps, a successful, well-structured essay can be guaranteed.

Prepare The Small Stuff

Here we gathered some small general tips and advice that you should follow throughout your writing process to make sure that all of the expectations of a process paper are met.

  • Determine the Audience's Skill Level. It's important to base the level of complexity of the essay on who the readers will be. For example, if you need to teach a friend how to do a simple fix or create a certain tool, then it would be most reasonable to stick to more basic terminology. However, if you are writing an essay for your astrophysics professor about the creation of a black hole in the universe, use more sophisticated and informative terminology.
  • Make a List of Materials. Obviously, the creation of anything comes with some prerequisites. Whether it's items or ideas, the importance of knowing the necessities beforehand and having them ready to go is essential. Make sure to place each item in accordance with its importance. The more impactful a part is, the higher up on the list it should be. 
  • Write out Each Task. In a step-by-step tutorial, each individual task carries some sort of weight. Since an entire process can not be complete if a step is skipped, it's crucial to write out every single step. However, don't go overboard in your explanations. It's not necessary to bring the tutorial to a microscopic level, but each step should be understandable and competent.

If you still have difficulty writing, you can get essay help online from our service.

Process Essay Topics

Choosing a topic for a process paper can be quite challenging. A good place to start is with your passions. If you pick something you are excited about, you can make it interesting for your readers and fun for yourself to write about. If your professor limits you to write a process essay on something you have very little knowledge of, choose a topic that is intriguing and triggers your interest. Then, conduct enough thorough research to make sure you understand everything perfectly before you go ahead and try to explain it to someone else. 

How to Pick a Process Analysis Essay Topic

Another very important thing to consider while writing a process essay is your audience. It is highly unlikely that college students are interested in instructions for “How to Get Into Your Dream School” or “How to Pass Your SATs”. Make sure your topic relates to the subject you are studying and you are following your professor’s prompt guidelines.

Here are some ideas that might be of interest for you:

  • How to lose weight on a keto diet
  • How your immune system fights COVID-19
  • How to start selling on Amazon
  • How to improve your credit score
  • How to decrease your social media usage
  • How to apply for unemployment insurance
  • How to improve your college performance 
  • How to open your first bank account

It's important to note that these essay topics are just some common examples used by several college students for their course papers. Feel free to use any one of them if you want, or think of one on your own. Just make sure it's a PROCESS!

Process Essay Outline

Most essay outlines follow the standard scheme: Intro > Body Paragraphs > Conclusion . follow the standard scheme: Intro > Body Paragraphs > Conclusion. A good process essay outline should look like this:


  • Introduction — brief your reader on your topic, explain why you have chosen it and how you are planning to approach the explanation of the process. 
  • Body — the biggest part of your essay that should be divided into paragraphs for easier understanding and structure. Make sure each paragraph is flowing smoothly into the next one with connective words.

Paragraph 1. First step of the process. Explain what the step is, what the best way to perform it is, and how to avoid common mistakes when doing it.

Paragraph 2. The next step of the process (the same as in Paragraph 1). Thoroughly explain what this step is about.

  • Conclusion . Here you need to explain why your instructions are valuable. It is your opportunity to persuade your reader(s) that the steps you presented and the process they learned will be useful for them in the future. 

Every process is different: some can take a couple of minutes, while others can take months or years to complete. The length of the essay is generally based on the difficulty and number of steps it takes. However, the structure doesn't maneuver.


The first thing that you want to do as a writer for your process paper is to help your readers be interested in your individual process. Be descriptive about it, paint a picture for your readers. A joke or a personal reference can be a great attention grabber and can pull your reader right in. For somebody to be keen on approaching your process, they have to express interest in it. Though, it generally goes without saying that many writers ignore this fact. Let's break it down into subsections:

  • Give a little bit of historical background. People often want to know the origins of whatever it is that they're working on. Introducing this part of the process helps to intrigue your readers, as well as give them a sense of purpose for the task.
  • Create an approximate timeframe. Unfortunately, your readers don't have all day to spend on this one event. In addition to learning about its purpose, people want to know how long the task will take. This way, they can decide how to break up the work. If it's a quick fix, then they can knock it out in one session. However, if it's a large-scale operation, then your readers will obviously have to create their own time schedule.
For example, let’s say that the topic of your essay is “How to Save Money”. You can start the introduction of your process essay by explaining that as a college student, you often find yourself in need of extra money and you are stuck with bad money habits. This will create a good connection with your readers, because almost everyone has been in a situation of needing to be savvy with their finances. Another thing you can mention is the importance of saving money and the multiple opportunities it presents, such as being able to invest it, being able to pay off a credit card debt, or being able to save up to avoid taking out a student loan.

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Body Paragraphs

This is the point in the process essay where you start introducing the step-by-step process your readers will need to take. A lot of the time, it helps to break down each process into subsections. For example, if a step has many parts to it, it would be clever to create a paragraph on its own just for that step. Remember, it's important to keep things smooth and efficient. Break down the body paragraphs in unity with the steps. Let's go into more detail about each step:

Each step should be carefully explained.  Every step will vary in length. Think about it: every instruction manual has several steps. Some are more difficult to comprehend or perform than others. For this reason, create your steps and explanations accordingly. You should be able to get a sense of their length and difficulty based on the explanation.

Don't forget to explain the purpose.  People don't want orders barked at them aimlessly. Besides just accomplishing a task, people want to learn as they perform.

  • Why did they do this?
  • What was the purpose of this method?
  • Why did we do it this way and not this other way?

To make everything flow smoothly use transitions.  Make the steps flow one after another to create a well-structured essay. As you introduce the next step, consider using transition words like “next”, “now”, “then”, “so that”, etc.

Before writing the steps out in full sentences, it is a great idea to create an outline for your body paragraphs. Here is an outline for the body paragraphs of a process essay on “How to Save Money”:

Paragraph 1:

  • keep track of your expenses
  • organize your collected data
  • decide what you can skimp on in your spendings

Paragraph 2:

  • create a realistic budget
  • check weekly to ensure you are sticking to it
  • save 15% of every monthly income
  • set a tangible goal for saving, such as a car

This example uses only two body paragraphs, but feel free to include more to ensure a better understanding and cohesive flow for your paper. Although, do not include excessive unnecessary details that clutter your essay and make understanding it even more difficult. While writing your essay, include small brief explanations for each statement. For example, “Even though eating out and grabbing a coffee on your way to class sounds tempting, setting a budget and saving 15% of each of your monthly earnings aside can help you have enough to put down a downpayment on a new car.” Here the reader will understand that there is a direct relationship between each step and the result it is going to give. 

Showing the readers that they are learning and not just repeating is one of the most effective ways to lock down their attention and keep them coming back!

After going through every step meticulously and explaining the whole process, a process essay needs a confident conclusion. This paragraph should be short, sweet, and to the point. It's main goal is to accomplish the following tasks:

  • Discuss the main result. After the readers have completed the process, they should be left with a final result. It's important that you explain to your readers what the end result will look like, and what can be done with it.
  • Restate the process’s general purpose. After completing the task, you obviously would like to know its overall purpose. When your readers feel that they have accomplished a challenge, learned something from it, and have a path to take the result towards, they will be satisfied!
  • State your Overall Conclusion. To put a pretty tie around your process essay means that you need to neatly wrap things up! Restate some of the highlightable points as well as the process’s key overall purpose. Make sure that your readers feel accomplished after going through your process, and  ensure that you strengthen the necessity of its purpose with a nice concluding sentence!

The conclusion of an essay on “How to Save Money” would explain that the completion of all of the steps will result in saving money that can be used for a specific goal or for rainy day fund purposes. You can mention the importance of every step and briefly repeat some of the key points. 

Post-Writing Tips

Here are some final tips to wrap up your writing process. Use them as a checklist for a successful and coherent essay. 

  • Make sure the work is simple enough to follow. Worst-case-scenario: its author creates a feeling of absolute confusion in the reader’s mind. To avoid this problem, always remember that your readers can be beginners. Do not try to impress them with complicated words or sentences, use simple language to provide clear directions on how to do something. Give as many details as possible, but do it plainly. "Why is he making me do this?" "What was the purpose of this?" "I don't understand this step at all!" If the reader is asking themself these questions, then it's time to do some editing!
  • Experiment and try it for yourself or ask a friend. There's no better way to experience success than to actively attempt your process through your own instructions. If everything truly makes sense, then you should have no problem solving the task using your own words. Even better, ask a peer to try it through your words to get an outside point of view.
  • Choose the right topic for you and research it well
  • Maintain a logical order of steps, make it easy to follow
  • Avoid using imperative sentences - you do not want to sound like an Apple TV manual
  • Explain terms that are most likely outside of most people’s range of common knowledge 

If you have a ready-made essay but need to make significant changes to it, you can use our rewrite my essay service .

Now that you know all about process essays and how to write them, we have prepared some great essay topic ideas in case you are stuck and cannot choose one:

Building a business from scratch is an intricate process that entails a number of steps. Each of these steps should have specific objectives and measurable outcomes.The following analysis gives the basic steps followed when building any business from scratch.
Saving can be defined as a differed consumption or keeping aside a portion of your income for unexpected future uncertainties or plans. Read for reason and actual steps for saving more money

Read also a thesis statement example from our author. In this article, you can learn something useful for yourself.

Still Need Help?

If you still feel like you could use some help with your process essay, do not hesitate to seek help from our writing service. Our writers specialize in a wide range of essays of different types including creative writing essay , process essays, and would be more than happy to assist you with writing, editing, or direction if you are feeling uneasy. Click the button below and college admission essay writer will process your requests fast.

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Process Essay

A process essay diagram

Process is a rhetorical style that provides step-by-step directions or guidance. You may encounter quite a few process essays of various types in academic writing—everything from a traditional process essay in which you choose a topic and describe the process to a lab report in which you describe the process of conducting a lab experiment.

A process essay is structured around the goal of providing the reader with directions or guidance. Most of the time, students write process essays that discuss how to do something. Process essays are the recipes or technical brochures of essay writing.

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writing a process essay pdf

  • Rhetorical Styles »
  • Process Essay »

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10.5 Process Analysis

Learning objectives.

  • Determine the purpose and structure of the process analysis essay.
  • Understand how to write a process analysis essay.

The Purpose of Process Analysis in Writing

The purpose of a process analysis essay is to explain how to do something or how something works. In either case, the formula for a process analysis essay remains the same. The process is articulated into clear, definitive steps.

Almost everything we do involves following a step-by-step process. From riding a bike as children to learning various jobs as adults, we initially needed instructions to effectively execute the task. Likewise, we have likely had to instruct others, so we know how important good directions are—and how frustrating it is when they are poorly put together.

Writing at Work

The next time you have to explain a process to someone at work, be mindful of how clearly you articulate each step. Strong communication skills are critical for workplace satisfaction and advancement. Effective process analysis plays a critical role in developing that skill set.

On a separate sheet of paper, make a bulleted list of all the steps that you feel would be required to clearly illustrate three of the following four processes:

  • Tying a shoelace
  • Parallel parking
  • Planning a successful first date
  • Being an effective communicator

The Structure of a Process Analysis Essay

The process analysis essay opens with a discussion of the process and a thesis statement that states the goal of the process.

The organization of a process analysis essay typically follows chronological order. The steps of the process are conveyed in the order in which they usually occur. Body paragraphs will be constructed based on these steps. If a particular step is complicated and needs a lot of explaining, then it will likely take up a paragraph on its own. But if a series of simple steps is easier to understand, then the steps can be grouped into a single paragraph.

The time transition phrases covered in the Narration and Illustration sections are also helpful in organizing process analysis essays (see Table 10.1 “Transition Words and Phrases for Expressing Time” and Table 10.2 “Phrases of Illustration” ). Words such as first , second , third , next , and finally are helpful cues to orient reader and organize the content of essay.

Always have someone else read your process analysis to make sure it makes sense. Once we get too close to a subject, it is difficult to determine how clearly an idea is coming across. Having a friend or coworker read it over will serve as a good way to troubleshoot any confusing spots.

Choose two of the lists you created in Note 10.52 “Exercise 1” and start writing out the processes in paragraph form. Try to construct paragraphs based on the complexity of each step. For complicated steps, dedicate an entire paragraph. If less complicated steps fall in succession, group them into a single paragraph.

Writing a Process Analysis Essay

Choose a topic that is interesting, is relatively complex, and can be explained in a series of steps. As with other rhetorical writing modes, choose a process that you know well so that you can more easily describe the finer details about each step in the process. Your thesis statement should come at the end of your introduction, and it should state the final outcome of the process you are describing.

Body paragraphs are composed of the steps in the process. Each step should be expressed using strong details and clear examples. Use time transition phrases to help organize steps in the process and to orient readers. The conclusion should thoroughly describe the result of the process described in the body paragraphs. See Chapter 15 “Readings: Examples of Essays” to read an example of a process analysis essay.

Choose one of the expanded lists from Note 10.54 “Exercise 2” . Construct a full process analysis essay from the work you have already done. That means adding an engaging introduction, a clear thesis, time transition phrases, body paragraphs, and a solid conclusion.

Key Takeaways

  • A process analysis essay explains how to do something, how something works, or both.
  • The process analysis essay opens with a discussion of the process and a thesis statement that states the outcome of the process.
  • The organization of a process analysis essay typically follows a chronological sequence.
  • Time transition phrases are particularly helpful in process analysis essays to organize steps and orient reader.

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24+ Examples of Process Essays – PDF

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Preparation in Writing a Process Essay

1. assess your audience’s skill level, 2. make a list of the materials needed, 3. create an outline of the task.

  • If your essay happens to be about cooking lasagna, you may want to begin your initial outline by saying, “Mix in basil.” Before you start writing, you could expand your outline to say, “Briefly mention taste differences between dried and fresh basil.”
  • When writing an informational process essay outline about how journalists write a news report, you can include some details about journalists select a news story and the criteria they would use to determine a story’s newsworthiness.

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Writing Your Body Paragraphs

1. consult your outline, 2. structure the body of the essay in paragraphs, 3. add transitions in between steps, 4. avoid using first-person pronouns, 5. mention any cautionary notes, process essay example about hosting the pre-homecoming dance dinner.

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Interesting Process Essay Ideas to Write in 2019

1. technology-based ideas.

  • How to create your own Facebook account?
  • How to reboot your phone?
  • How to create your own Instagram account?
  • How to upload several pictures on Facebook in 3 simple clicks?
  • How to invite someone to play an online game?
  • How to rank up in Mobile Legends?
  • How to call someone via Messenger?
  • How to use Snapchat as a newbie?
  • Step-by-step guide in composing your first tweet
  • How to perform a factory reset on your phone?

 2. Smart aesthetic hack ideas

  • How to transform a shirt into a skirt?
  • How to rescue your shattered face powder?
  • DIY T-shirt printing
  • How to brush teeth the correct way?
  • Alternative ways to curl hair
  • How to make your own anime costume?
  • How to make your own natural body scrub?
  • How to do your full-face make-up in 3 easy steps?
  • How to select the perfect sunglass for you?
  • How to distinguish fake jewelry from genuine ones?

3. Cooking hack ideas

  • How to make a home-made chocolate fudge?
  • Simple steps in making a no-bake cake
  • How to slice onions the correct way?
  • Impressive ways to plate your meal
  • Easy-to-make soup recipes
  • How to brine a turkey?
  • How to make the perfect sandwich for your kids?
  • How to boil eggs perfectly?
  • How to remove avocado seed fast?
  • Step-by-step guide in assembling cake layers

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The Beginner's Guide to Writing an Essay | Steps & Examples

An academic essay is a focused piece of writing that develops an idea or argument using evidence, analysis, and interpretation.

There are many types of essays you might write as a student. The content and length of an essay depends on your level, subject of study, and course requirements. However, most essays at university level are argumentative — they aim to persuade the reader of a particular position or perspective on a topic.

The essay writing process consists of three main stages:

  • Preparation: Decide on your topic, do your research, and create an essay outline.
  • Writing : Set out your argument in the introduction, develop it with evidence in the main body, and wrap it up with a conclusion.
  • Revision:  Check the content, organization, grammar, spelling, and formatting of your essay.

Table of contents

Essay writing process, preparation for writing an essay, writing the introduction, writing the main body, writing the conclusion, essay checklist, lecture slides, frequently asked questions about writing an essay.

The writing process of preparation, writing, and revisions applies to every essay or paper, but the time and effort spent on each stage depends on the type of essay .

For example, if you’ve been assigned a five-paragraph expository essay for a high school class, you’ll probably spend the most time on the writing stage; for a college-level argumentative essay , on the other hand, you’ll need to spend more time researching your topic and developing an original argument before you start writing.

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Before you start writing, you should make sure you have a clear idea of what you want to say and how you’re going to say it. There are a few key steps you can follow to make sure you’re prepared:

  • Understand your assignment: What is the goal of this essay? What is the length and deadline of the assignment? Is there anything you need to clarify with your teacher or professor?
  • Define a topic: If you’re allowed to choose your own topic , try to pick something that you already know a bit about and that will hold your interest.
  • Do your research: Read  primary and secondary sources and take notes to help you work out your position and angle on the topic. You’ll use these as evidence for your points.
  • Come up with a thesis:  The thesis is the central point or argument that you want to make. A clear thesis is essential for a focused essay—you should keep referring back to it as you write.
  • Create an outline: Map out the rough structure of your essay in an outline . This makes it easier to start writing and keeps you on track as you go.

Once you’ve got a clear idea of what you want to discuss, in what order, and what evidence you’ll use, you’re ready to start writing.

The introduction sets the tone for your essay. It should grab the reader’s interest and inform them of what to expect. The introduction generally comprises 10–20% of the text.

1. Hook your reader

The first sentence of the introduction should pique your reader’s interest and curiosity. This sentence is sometimes called the hook. It might be an intriguing question, a surprising fact, or a bold statement emphasizing the relevance of the topic.

Let’s say we’re writing an essay about the development of Braille (the raised-dot reading and writing system used by visually impaired people). Our hook can make a strong statement about the topic:

The invention of Braille was a major turning point in the history of disability.

2. Provide background on your topic

Next, it’s important to give context that will help your reader understand your argument. This might involve providing background information, giving an overview of important academic work or debates on the topic, and explaining difficult terms. Don’t provide too much detail in the introduction—you can elaborate in the body of your essay.

3. Present the thesis statement

Next, you should formulate your thesis statement— the central argument you’re going to make. The thesis statement provides focus and signals your position on the topic. It is usually one or two sentences long. The thesis statement for our essay on Braille could look like this:

As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness.

4. Map the structure

In longer essays, you can end the introduction by briefly describing what will be covered in each part of the essay. This guides the reader through your structure and gives a preview of how your argument will develop.

The invention of Braille marked a major turning point in the history of disability. The writing system of raised dots used by blind and visually impaired people was developed by Louis Braille in nineteenth-century France. In a society that did not value disabled people in general, blindness was particularly stigmatized, and lack of access to reading and writing was a significant barrier to social participation. The idea of tactile reading was not entirely new, but existing methods based on sighted systems were difficult to learn and use. As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness. This essay begins by discussing the situation of blind people in nineteenth-century Europe. It then describes the invention of Braille and the gradual process of its acceptance within blind education. Subsequently, it explores the wide-ranging effects of this invention on blind people’s social and cultural lives.

Write your essay introduction

The body of your essay is where you make arguments supporting your thesis, provide evidence, and develop your ideas. Its purpose is to present, interpret, and analyze the information and sources you have gathered to support your argument.

Length of the body text

The length of the body depends on the type of essay. On average, the body comprises 60–80% of your essay. For a high school essay, this could be just three paragraphs, but for a graduate school essay of 6,000 words, the body could take up 8–10 pages.

Paragraph structure

To give your essay a clear structure , it is important to organize it into paragraphs . Each paragraph should be centered around one main point or idea.

That idea is introduced in a  topic sentence . The topic sentence should generally lead on from the previous paragraph and introduce the point to be made in this paragraph. Transition words can be used to create clear connections between sentences.

After the topic sentence, present evidence such as data, examples, or quotes from relevant sources. Be sure to interpret and explain the evidence, and show how it helps develop your overall argument.

Lack of access to reading and writing put blind people at a serious disadvantage in nineteenth-century society. Text was one of the primary methods through which people engaged with culture, communicated with others, and accessed information; without a well-developed reading system that did not rely on sight, blind people were excluded from social participation (Weygand, 2009). While disabled people in general suffered from discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and it was commonly believed that blind people were incapable of pursuing a profession or improving themselves through culture (Weygand, 2009). This demonstrates the importance of reading and writing to social status at the time: without access to text, it was considered impossible to fully participate in society. Blind people were excluded from the sighted world, but also entirely dependent on sighted people for information and education.

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The conclusion is the final paragraph of an essay. It should generally take up no more than 10–15% of the text . A strong essay conclusion :

  • Returns to your thesis
  • Ties together your main points
  • Shows why your argument matters

A great conclusion should finish with a memorable or impactful sentence that leaves the reader with a strong final impression.

What not to include in a conclusion

To make your essay’s conclusion as strong as possible, there are a few things you should avoid. The most common mistakes are:

  • Including new arguments or evidence
  • Undermining your arguments (e.g. “This is just one approach of many”)
  • Using concluding phrases like “To sum up…” or “In conclusion…”

Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. Louis Braille’s innovation was to reimagine existing reading systems from a blind perspective, and the success of this invention required sighted teachers to adapt to their students’ reality instead of the other way around. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.

Write your essay conclusion

Checklist: Essay

My essay follows the requirements of the assignment (topic and length ).

My introduction sparks the reader’s interest and provides any necessary background information on the topic.

My introduction contains a thesis statement that states the focus and position of the essay.

I use paragraphs to structure the essay.

I use topic sentences to introduce each paragraph.

Each paragraph has a single focus and a clear connection to the thesis statement.

I make clear transitions between paragraphs and ideas.

My conclusion doesn’t just repeat my points, but draws connections between arguments.

I don’t introduce new arguments or evidence in the conclusion.

I have given an in-text citation for every quote or piece of information I got from another source.

I have included a reference page at the end of my essay, listing full details of all my sources.

My citations and references are correctly formatted according to the required citation style .

My essay has an interesting and informative title.

I have followed all formatting guidelines (e.g. font, page numbers, line spacing).

Your essay meets all the most important requirements. Our editors can give it a final check to help you submit with confidence.

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An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates.

In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills.

Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative : you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation.

The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.

The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.

Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:

  • An opening hook to catch the reader’s attention.
  • Relevant background information that the reader needs to know.
  • A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.

The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay .

A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . Everything else you write should relate to this key idea.

The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:

  • It gives your writing direction and focus.
  • It gives the reader a concise summary of your main point.

Without a clear thesis statement, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say.

A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph . Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence.

At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts (except exams and in-class exercises).

Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source. You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text.

The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. The most common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago .

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The Ultimate Guide for Scrivener License [2023]

Are you seeking the power of a Scrivener license to streamline your writing and maintain the utmost clarity in your essays? The challenge lies in obtaining it effectively. If you're grappling with the question of how to secure a Scrivener license, fret not. This comprehensive guide is your solution, offering efficient ways to navigate this path and unlock the full potential of Scrivener. Let's embark on this journey together towards more efficient and polished writing!

What is the Scrivener License?

The Scrivener License is your key to unlocking the full potential of Scrivener, a sophisticated book writing software initially created by an aspiring author frustrated with the challenges of organizing notes. With a Scrivener License, you gain access to a wide range of features and tools designed to streamline your writing process and make it more efficient.

Key Features of Scrivener Licenses

When it comes to Scrivener licenses, there are different types to choose from, each tailored to meet various needs. Let's explore the key features of these licenses.

Pros and Cons of Scrivener Licenses

Before making a decision, it's essential to weigh the pros and cons of Scrivener licenses:

The key features of Scrivener licenses enhance your writing and organizational capabilities. Here's a breakdown of these features:

The left sidebar, known as the Binder, keeps chapters, notes, and research organized in one place.

You can create multiple folders, even nested ones, and include images, documents, and notes for comprehensive project management.

The Cork Board:

Scrivener's Cork Board feature visualizes your project by displaying elements from the Binder as sticky notes on a virtual wall.

You have the flexibility to rearrange these notes as needed for easy planning and structuring.

Scrivener offers customizable templates tailored to different writing styles and needs.

You can select templates for fiction, nonfiction, or other specific genres to assist in structuring your project effectively.

It also supports the import of third-party templates, providing endless possibilities.

Project Goals and Targets:

Scrivener empowers you to set goals and targets for your writing projects.

You can track your progress, receive prompts on your project's status, and even set targets for individual writing sessions.

The "Writing History" feature allows you to monitor your progress over time.

Color Coding:

Customize your Scrivener project with color coding to keep it organized and visually informative.

Assign colors to various elements such as chapters, scenes, research, and notes, helping you identify their status and importance.

What are the Cons and Pros of Scrivener Licenses?

Full Access to Features: With a Scrivener License, you unlock all the powerful features that make writing and organizing your work a breeze.

Software Updates and Support: Enjoy ongoing software updates and responsive customer support to keep your writing environment optimal.

Licensing for Multiple Devices: Depending on your license type, you can use Scrivener on multiple devices, ensuring flexibility in your writing process.

Licensing for Commercial Use: Some licenses allow you to use Scrivener for commercial purposes, making it a valuable tool for professional writers and authors.

Limited Android Support: Unfortunately, Scrivener does not currently run on Android smartphones, limiting its accessibility on some mobile platforms.

How to Download and Install Scrivener: Step-by-Step Tutorial

Downloading and installing Scrivener is a straightforward process. Follow these step-by-step instructions to get Scrivener on your computer:

Downloading Scrivener:

1. Open your web browser and navigate to the official Scrivener website: http://literatureandlatte.com .

2. Once on the website, look for the "Download Free Trial" button. Click on it to begin the download process.

3. The Scrivener installer file (scrivener-installer.exe) will start downloading. By default, it should save to your computer's Downloads folder.

Installing Scrivener:

Depending on your web browser settings, you may see a download progress bar at the bottom of your browser. If so, wait for the download to complete and then click "Run" when prompted. If not, navigate to your Downloads folder and double-click the scrivener-installer.exe file.

My Experience: I found the download process quick and hassle-free. The website was easy to navigate, and the download button was clearly visible.

The Scrivener installer will launch. Follow the on-screen prompts to install the software. This typically involves selecting installation options and specifying the installation directory.

My Experience: The installation wizard was user-friendly, and I appreciated the ability to customize installation options according to my preferences.

Once the installation is complete, you can safely delete the scrivener-installer.exe file from your Downloads folder to free up space on your computer.

My Experience: Removing the installer file was a simple housekeeping step to keep my computer tidy.

Resonating Reminder:

It's crucial to emphasize that downloading software from official sources, like the Scrivener website, is the safest and most legitimate way to obtain the software. Avoid downloading Scrivener from unofficial or pirated sources to protect your computer from potential security risks, ensure the software's legality, and maintain its stability.

By sharing my own experiences throughout the tutorial, I aim to provide a more personal and relatable guide for readers, highlighting the simplicity and safety of the download and installation process.

Best Alternative to Microsoft Office— WPS Office

WPS Office is a modern and robust office suite, offering a compelling alternative to Microsoft Office. It provides users with a comprehensive set of tools for word processing, spreadsheet management, and presentation creation. With its simple interface and convenient functions, WPS Office is especially suitable for those who may not be proficient in software like Excel but need to work with documents efficiently.

Pros of WPS Office:

User-Friendly Interface: WPS Office features an intuitive and easy-to-navigate interface, making it accessible for users of all skill levels.

Convenient Functions: The software offers a wide range of functions and tools that simplify tasks, allowing users to get started quickly and be productive.

How to Download WPS Office:

Visit the official WPS Office website: https://www.wps.com/download/ .

You will find download options for various platforms, including Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS.

Click on the download link corresponding to your operating system to initiate the download.

Once the download is complete, open the installer file and follow the on-screen instructions to install WPS Office on your device.

After installation, launch the application and follow the setup wizard to configure your preferences.

Steps to Edit Word/Excel/PowerPoint in WPS Office:

1. Open WPS Office on your device.

2. From the main dashboard, select the type of document you want to edit, such as Word, Excel, or PowerPoint.

3. You can choose to create a new document or open an existing one by navigating to the "File" menu and selecting "Open."

4. Use the various editing tools and features provided by WPS Office to make changes to your document.

5. To save your work, click on the "File" menu and select "Save" or "Save As" to specify a location and format for your document.

My Experience with WPS Office:

Personally, I find WPS Office to be a user-friendly and efficient office suite. Its simple interface and convenient functions make it accessible to users with varying levels of expertise. Whether you need to create documents, spreadsheets, or presentations, WPS Office offers a reliable and modern solution that allows you to work with ease. Give it a try and experience the benefits of this powerful office tool.

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1. How long does the Scrivener license last?

A Scrivener license offers a unique advantage compared to other writing software. It's not subject to monthly or yearly subscription fees. When you purchase Scrivener, it's a one-time payment, allowing you to use the software indefinitely. In other words, a Scrivener license lasts forever, regardless of which version you purchase.

2. Does Scrivener licenses work on multiple computers?

Absolutely! Scrivener offers what is known as a "household" license. This means that with a single license purchase, you can install Scrivener on any computers that you own and for which you are the primary user. Furthermore, you have the flexibility to install it on the computers of family members who reside in the same household as you.

Conclusion: Ultimate Guide for Scrivener License

In summary, this article has explored the world of writing software, Scrivener, and its licensing details, shedding light on the benefits of its perpetual license and multi-computer usability. Scrivener stands as a valuable tool for writers of all kinds, offering an array of features to streamline the writing process and enhance organization.

Additionally, we've introduced an alternative office suite, WPS Office, as a modernized and powerful solution for diverse office needs. With its user-friendly interface and convenient functions, WPS Office simplifies the work of users, making it accessible to both beginners and seasoned professionals.

  • 1. Scrivener Templates Free Download and Customize Guide
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  • 6. How to Use Scrivener for Writing (Easy Guide)

15 years of office industry experience, tech lover and copywriter. Follow me for product reviews, comparisons, and recommendations for new apps and software.

Process Essay

Definition of process essay.

As the name suggests, this type of essay explains a process of making or breaking something. These essays are often written in chronological order, or in numerical order to show step-by-step processes. They are written in descriptive or prescriptive modes. Although it is not a technical communication, it sounds like having all the qualities of a technical document. The only difference is that it is often written in descriptive mode, while a technical document is mostly in imperative mode.

Transition in a Process Essay

As process essay provides step-by-step approach of doing something, they have typical transition words. These transition words make readers understand what has been done and what will follow next. Some of the specific transition words could be immediately, initially, in the end, in the future, in the meanwhile, later, next, soon, eventually, finally or firstly , and secondly .

Examples of Process Essay in Literature

Example #1: community re-discovered (by heidi ramirez).

“In any community , there are several and varying ways in which residents fulfill a sense of  community: participating in intramural sports, attending farmers’ markets, walking with neighbors, attending political meetings, helping the elderly, visiting the library, and volunteering for youth groups. It’s knowing the people in these interchanges, not just being familiar with faces, that build strong community.  Unfortunately, when this basic engagement is overlooked, communities can begin to disintegrate.”

This an excerpt from a process essay by Heidi Ramirez. It sets the tone of a process how communities integrate with each other. It clearly shows the sequence of the integration process.

Example #2: A Homemade Education (by Malcolm X)

“I was so fascinated that I went on—I copied the dictionary’s next page. And the same experience came when I studied that. With every succeeding page, I also learned of people and places and events from history. Actually, the dictionary is like a miniature encyclopedia. Finally the dictionary’s A section had filled a whole tablet—and I went on into the B’s. That was the way I started copying what eventually became the entire dictionary. It went a lot faster after so much practice helped me to pick up handwriting speed. Between what I wrote in my tablet, and writing letters, during the rest of my time in prison I would guess I wrote a million words.”

In this essay, Malcolm X has stated some of the ways through which he learned writing. He states how he “went on” copying the dictionary from one page to the next page. Some of the transition words such as “finally” and “actually” are quite obvious.

Example #3: Perspectives on “Borders” (by Luis Valdez)

“Let’s go back to the Popol Vuh. We’re talking about borders now . There is a border that defines the human being as a material and spiritual being. We have all learned that we’re Homo sapiens, wise monkeys. The monkey is a symbol of intelligence in the Popol Vuh, and in the classic Chinese novel Monkey. The wise monkey is a symbol for humanity. Now let me offer you another symbol for our human being—the feathered serpent. You are a feathered serpent that is evolving and crawling out of the seeds of your being. And once in awhile you get caught up in the dead skins of your life. You know biologically we go through a complete cellular change every seven to nine years. We’re totally renewed. So in one sense, biologically, you crawl out of a dead skin. You evolve out of yourself. The feathers are necessary because they represent our spiritual being.”

Although written in second person, this excerpt shows that the essay presents a process. It follows the same structure and same pattern of using things or doing tasks in a sequence. Specifically, the last lines show it clearly.

Function of a Process Essay

A process essay gives reader a sense of complete how-to-do process of making or creating some objects or things. Readers, after going through the essay, are able to create and make things. Although it is not like imperative instructions, it gives full details in a descriptive or prescriptive mode. It is because its major objective is not to present trite and dry instructions, but lively language to make readers read it with interest and do the act with enthusiasm.

Related posts:

  • Elements of an Essay
  • Narrative Essay
  • Definition Essay
  • Descriptive Essay
  • Types of Essay
  • Analytical Essay
  • Argumentative Essay
  • Cause and Effect Essay
  • Critical Essay
  • Expository Essay
  • Persuasive Essay
  • Explicatory Essay
  • An Essay on Man: Epistle I
  • Comparison and Contrast Essay

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  1. Process Essay

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  2. Tips and Tricks for Writing a Brilliant Process Essay

    writing a process essay pdf

  3. Process Essay

    writing a process essay pdf

  4. Process Essay

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  5. How To Write A Process Essay: Step-By-Step Guide

    writing a process essay pdf

  6. Reflection Essay: Process analysis essay examples

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  1. The Writing Process for Essays

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  3. Writing S1: Writing a good Paragraph ¶ 6 Steps for Writing Process👌

  4. The Writing Process: Revising and Editing

  5. College Essay Writing Process #shorts

  6. Learning: The Lifelong Process


  1. PDF Essay Writing: The process

    There are several key steps in the essay writing process: ANALYSE & MIND MAP the question GATHER RESOURCES, INFORMATION AND EVIDENCE FOR YOUR ESSAY DEVELOP A LINEAR PLAN GET THE ROUGH DRAFT DONE EDIT AND PROOFREAD 2. Read the essay question carefully, underline key words and action words and check their meaning. Try Activities 2 and 3 3.

  2. PDF Process Essay

    Three Keys To Effective Process: Present the essential steps in the process. Explain the steps in detail. Present the steps in logical order (usually chronological). Explaining Steps: This is a key step in writing a process essay.

  3. PDF The Process Essay

    Two Types of Process Writing 1. Directional (Gives Instructions): Enables readers to perform a process. Describes how to do something. A recipe, a handout, an operating manual are examples of instruction writing. Use imperative mood. Subject of sentences is "you" understood; speak directly to reader. 2. Process Explanation

  4. PDF RMIT Essay writing process

    ESSAYWRITING: PROCESS Anessay presents a well­argueddiscussion or response to a question or proposition,using analysisand critique of relevant literature. It establishesa proposition or thesis and presents a pointof view. The following are suggested steps for writing an essay. 1... AAA nnn aaa lyyy sss eee tt he qqq uesttt ion

  5. How to Write a Process Essay

    13 min read The process essay, also known as the "how-to" essay, is commonly written for people or companies that need tutorials or a set of instructional steps. Whether it's building a robot or cooking a chocolate cake, process essays use a similar format for any variations.

  6. PDF Essay writing process

    1. Analyse the question • Underline instructional words, e.g. discuss, explain, describe, justify. • Circle key content words and phrases. • Be clear about what the task is: put the question in your own words. • Look for hints on structure, i.e. how many parts are there to the question?

  7. PDF Writing as a Process: Writing is Recursive

    Writing is a process. Writers don't just sit down and produce an essay, well-formed and ideal in every respect-we work at the stages and steps. But writing is not only a process: it's also a measure of learning and your thinking, and so the process has to stop at various points so that your measure can be taken.

  8. Process Essay

    Process Essay. Process is a rhetorical style that provides step-by-step directions or guidance. You may encounter quite a few process essays of various types in academic writing—everything from a traditional process essay in which you choose a topic and describe the process to a lab report in which you describe the process of conducting a lab ...

  9. PDF Strategies for Essay Writing

    Harvard College Writing Center 5 Asking Analytical Questions When you write an essay for a course you are taking, you are being asked not only to create a product (the essay) but, more importantly, to go through a process of thinking more deeply about a question or problem related to the course. By writing about a

  10. 10.5 Process Analysis

    Exercise 2. Choose two of the lists you created in Note 10.52 "Exercise 1" and start writing out the processes in paragraph form. Try to construct paragraphs based on the complexity of each step. For complicated steps, dedicate an entire paragraph. If less complicated steps fall in succession, group them into a single paragraph.

  11. Process Essay

    Size: 66 KB Download Plain Process Essay Example http://degregoristore.com/ Details File Format PDF Size: 53 KB Download Preparation in Writing a Process Essay


    "Writing" is usually understood as the expression of thought. This book redefines "writing" as the thought process itself. Writing is not what you do with thought. Writing is thinking. Better living through interpretation: that's the promise of academic writing, which is a foundational course in most schools because it's a

  13. The Writing Process

    Step 1: Prewriting Step 2: Planning and outlining Step 3: Writing a first draft Step 4: Redrafting and revising Step 5: Editing and proofreading Other interesting articles Frequently asked questions about the writing process Step 1: Prewriting

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    and argument throughout a written essay. The following diagram outlines the essay writing process as it is presented in this booklet. The principles of persuasive writing presented here apply to most forms of academic writing and can be adapted to all disciplines. A position refers to taking a stance on a question or an issue. An argument

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    Essay writing process. The writing process of preparation, writing, and revisions applies to every essay or paper, but the time and effort spent on each stage depends on the type of essay.. For example, if you've been assigned a five-paragraph expository essay for a high school class, you'll probably spend the most time on the writing stage; for a college-level argumentative essay, on the ...

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    The Writing Process Writing is a process of four general steps: inventing, drafting, revising, and editing. You might prefer to do the steps linearly, one after the other, or iteratively, in repeating or successive sessions. The steps blend into each other, so putting effort into each step pays off at the end with a clear, concise, and

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    of the writing . process. and the six main . elements. of the essay . format. While no essay can be reduced to a simple series of steps or formulas, we will see that the essay format does provide a coherent template, an ancient and powerful structure, through which we can engage the world of ideas and communicate our discoveries in


    Tutoring and Testing Center STEPS OF A BASIC ESSAY I. Introduction (establishes the paper's topic) Opening statements (Sentences containing some general comments about the subject at hand) Thesis Statement (1-2 sentences saying what the paper is about and how it will be broken down.

  19. Process Essay Writing: Tips & Examples from Experts

    Description of repeated steps to follow Fixed order Clarity of narration The presence of transition words. Process Essay Outline The structure of this paper is similar to any other assignment, meaning that it comprises of introduction, main paragraphs and conclusion. You need to create an outline to ease the procedure of writing process essay.

  20. (PDF) Academic writing: the essay

    An essay is an article on a single subject, comprising the author's thoughts and evidence, framed in a rational and organized vocabulary and having the right strategy to produce good writing ...

  21. PDF The Writing Process: A Scaffolding Approach Considerations Packet

    The basic writing process for the purpose of this packet includes six steps: brainstorming, outline, rough draft, evaluation, final draft, and publishing. Step 1: Brainstorming Brainstorming suggests a haphazard approach to getting thoughts out of the mind and onto some type of canvas (e.g., chalkboard, overhead, worksheet).


    Communication is the exchange of ideas, information, feelings or experiences between two or more people. This implies that it is "a social activity and phenomenon" (Ellah, 2017, p. 101 ...

  23. The Ultimate Guide for Scrivener License [2023]

    Scrivener License Project Goals and Targets. Scrivener empowers you to set goals and targets for your writing projects. You can track your progress, receive prompts on your project's status, and even set targets for individual writing sessions. The "Writing History" feature allows you to monitor your progress over time.

  24. Process Essay

    A process essay gives reader a sense of complete how-to-do process of making or creating some objects or things. Readers, after going through the essay, are able to create and make things. Although it is not like imperative instructions, it gives full details in a descriptive or prescriptive mode. It is because its major objective is not to ...