Essay on Plagiarism

Plagiarism is defined as stealing or copying someone else’s work, ideas, expressions or thoughts and represent it as your own work without giving any credit to the original author. It is considered a serious offense and intellectual theft in the writing world.

Plagiarism can be also be defined as a form of academic dishonesty, academic misconduct, and digital cheating. It has been declared as unacceptable by many universities and also legally, so if the original author sees his work somewhere he can take some legal actions against it.

On the university lever, plagiarism is taken very seriously. If a student copies someone else’s work and submit to the instructor, he would directly get 0 on his work or in some rare cases “F” in the entire course if the instructor is very strict about his rules. In some university if the plagiarism is repeated by a student then he may even get kicked out of the university.

it is against the law but you shouldn’t just avoid it because of that reason alone. You should have personal integrity, original thoughts and scholarly research so that you can easily avoid plagiarism. You should learn to cite the sources and certainly know how to integrate quotations properly so that would help you in avoiding the plagiarism.

Plagiarism can be done unintentionally too so if you think you would never plagiarize someone else’s work then you may be wrong because plagiarism can be caused by your ignorance, negligence or your lack of confidence.

Therefore, even good students sometimes are caught plagiarizing, the reason for that can be his / her last-minute panic, a misunderstanding about what constitutes plagiarism, purposely copying someone else’s work or ideas or citing sources bibliography and not in the paper. Still it considered plagiarism as it no excuse to be ignorant towards someone else’s work.

Paraphrasing is a one way of avoiding plagiarism. Paraphrasing is when you take ideas from someone’s work and use it in your own words by providing only citation but without any quotation marks. In paraphrasing you are allowed to use some of the words from the context but not the entire phrase that would include in plagiarism so that is why you should change it as much as possible.

Some students say that how do they avoid plagiarism if they are given a topic they have no information about, they are bound to search through the internet and copy other people’s work. To answer that students should do some thorough research on the topic and gain all the information they can get, this way they can form an opinion about the topic and avoid plagiarism.

Students nowadays only use google to research on their respective topics which increases the chances of the plagiarism. Students now do not even think about the topic themselves or think about any of the ideas for the topic, they directly go to google and search about what the others have o say about the topic. institutions should encourage the students to trust themselves and think about the topic themselves.

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thesis about plagiarism

Researcher Claims 2% of Published Papers Resemble Paper Mill Works

A recent article by Richard Van Noorden in Nature highlights the work of Adam Day . Day is the director of a scholarly data services company named Clear Skies , which has developed Papermill Alarm, a tool that attempts to identify journal articles and submissions that came from paper mills.

According to Day, this is achieved by looking at patterns and similarities between published papers and known paper mill-generated works. He claims that this is the best approach for detecting paper mill works, since these works are created in large batches and, generally, carry formatting, styling and other similarities between them.

Day used his software to analyze some 48 million papers published since 2000. He found that some 400,000 of those articles share “strong textual similarities” to known paper mill studies, and that includes some 70,000 in 2022 alone. All in all, the study estimates that between 1.5% and 2% of all papers published in 2022 came from essay mills.

Day also examined a smaller subset of 2.85 million works published in 2022 where information about the subject area was available. In that subset, he found 2.2% resembled paper mill studies, but found wide variances in subject, with medicine and biology coming in at over 3% while Economics was well below 0.5%.

However, others in the field have been quick to criticize this analysis. Day only shared the analysis Nature, and it has not been through peer review nor has it been published. Of particular concern was the potential for false positives, with legitimate research being caught in the net simply for using a similar template.

Day also has not shared details about how his tool works, citing the need to protect his intellectual property and prevent paper mills from learning how to circumvent it.

In June 2022, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and the International Association of Scientific, Technical, and Medical Publishers (STM) released a similar study about paper mill works and found the most journals could expect to see about 2% of the papers submitted to them be paper mill works, with those that published paper mill works see that number leapt to as high as 46%.

Note: STM uses Clear Skies as part of its Integrity Hub service .

However, that study looked at papers submitted to journals, where the most recent one looks at publications. That’s why other experts in the field believe that Day’s estimates are reasonable but at the upper bounds of likelihood. Elizabeth Bik and David Bimler, both research integrity experts interviewed for the Nature article, both indicated that the numbers are, at the very least, possible, but felt the numbers were high.

Day himself, on the other hand, seems to think his study is likely an underestimation as his tool can only compare to known paper mill works. As such, he believes that the likelihood of false negatives is greater than false positives, especially since he claimed to have taken significant steps to eliminate the latter.

All this points to a significant problem: Finding out just how large of an issue paper mills are for scholarly publishing.

A Growing Concern

Back in March 2021, Bik, along with other researchers, published an article that identified some 1,400 published papers that were , at least potentially, linked to essay mills. However, even after notifying journals of the issue, only a small fraction of the papers were retracted.

While that was one of the first major alarms for the publishing industry, efforts to track the size and scope of paper mills go back to at least 2007 , and likely far beyond that.

That, in turn, is something that’s pointed out by Day’s recent work. According to his unpublished estimates, he was able to find examples of likely essay mill publications going back to 2000, the earliest year in his data set.

However, according to data provided by Day, the problem has seen almost linear growth since 2000. Every year, there has been an increase in the percentage of papers published that have strong similarities with paper mill products.

Since it’s impossible and impractical to thoroughly investigate each individual work, it’s equally impossible to know how many false positives and negatives there are. As such, there’s likely no way to know, with any certainty, how big of a problem this is on the submission side or the publication side.

That said, there are three things we can say with relative certainty based on this and other research in this space:

  • “Researchers” Are Increasingly Turning to Paper Mills: The temptation to turn to paper mills is an ever-present one for those who are in positions where they need publications to either maintain their position or advance, but lack the time, funding and/or interest to do original research. The use of paper mills appears to be growing, along with the industry.
  • Legitimate Journals Are Being Impacted: The issue is often paired with predatory journals, which are journals that will publish virtually any paper, as long as they are paid a fee. However, paper mill papers are, increasingly, being submitted to legitimate journals who are being tasked with filtering out these papers. This has made tools like STM Integrity Hub crucial in the fight.
  • The Defenses Are Imperfect: No matter how many false positives and negatives there are in spotting these cases, it’s clear that the number of paper mill papers being published in legitimate, respected journals is not zero. That number is, ultimately, too high.

So that begs the question: What can be done about this problem?

Addressing the Problem

In the short term, journals need to strengthen both their review and peer review process in anticipation of receiving papers that were produced by paper mills. Tools like STM Integrity Hub and Papermill Alarm will likely be key components of any such strategy.

But regardless of what tools are used, checking to see if a paper is similar to paper mill works should be as much a part of the evaluation process as a plagiarism analysis, examination of the data and other steps that are part of the review process.

In the medium term, there needs to be a real conversation about if and how such services are allowed to operate.

Essay mills, which function similarly but are targeted at students rather than researchers, have long been under legal fire. They were outright made illegal in Australia , were cut off from payment processors and had their advertising targeted in the UK .

This strong response is largely owed to the fact that essay mills disproportionately targeted minors and young adults attending government institutions, namely high schools and colleges. Getting governments and other intermediaries to care that much about mills that target researchers submitting work to private publishers will be an uphill battle.

But while an outright ban may not be warranted or practical, broader efforts to dissuade and discourage the use of paper mills could yield results.

That said, as we discussed when looking at the issue of “Zombie Plagiarism” , change will be limited without systemic improvements. As long as there is a pressure to publish and a focus on quantity of publications over quality of publications, paper mills will likely continue to thrive, especially when paired with predatory journals.

Bottom Line

In a way, this seems like a strange problem to focus on right now. In November 2022, Open AI launched ChatGPT to the public and, with it, kicked off the generative AI land rush we’ve seen over the past year.

For essay mills and other cheating sites, this has been a complete disaster. There’s simply little reason for students to pay money for test answers and human-written essays when an AI can, most likely, generate what they need for free.

As such, in the classroom, the focus has shifted away from essay mills and contract cheating onto AI. Though essay mills and other contract cheating services certainly do exist, their influence is also clearly waning.

However, paper mills won’t be so quickly replaced in the research space. While AI will definitely have impacts here, paper mills provide more than just a paper. They often provide help finding a place to publish it and in securing the desired publication. We’ve seen this in the past with how paper mills have quickly pivoted where they submit papers to

Combine that with the complexities of the topics at hand and the (hopefully) thorough examination of peer review, AI will struggle to compete with humans in this space. That is, as long as authors hope to get published in legitimate and respected journals.

That’s not to say that AI-generated research papers aren’t or won’t be a problem. We’ve already had AI-generated abstracts fool scientists in studies. It just means that the human to AI ghostwriting transition will be slower in academic publishing than student essays.

That means that paper mills will remain relevant, even as the use of AI likely grows. That makes this a difficult one-two punch that journals are going to struggle to deal with.

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Introduction and Conclusion of Plagiarism

Introduction and Conclusion of Plagiarism

Plagiarism is a serious academic offense that can result in punishments such as getting a zero mark or being expelled from school. Plagiarism can be intentional or unintentional, but both have the same consequences. Different cultures, forms of pressure, and procrastination are the main reasons why people choose to plagiarize. International students may find it difficult to adapt to the culture of avoiding plagiarism in English speaking countries. Learning citation, paraphrasing, and summarizing can help people avoid plagiarism, but not all international students are able to use these methods effectively. To avoid plagiarism, students should become better academic writers. If English speaking countries can help students understand the value of assignments, plagiarism will decrease in the future.

Introduction :

There are some people do not understand what exactly is plagiarism. Plagiarism is defined as people who believe doubling somebody’s idea or exercise still is they thought or produced of it and even copy it without paraphrasing and citation. (Collins Advanced Learners English Dictionary, 4th ed.2003).In most schools, students may be punished or get 0 mark if they are discovered to plagiarize. We can separate plagiarism into two categories which are intentional or unintentional. In fact, they are resulted for the same treatments.

Piety (2002 cited in Bamford and Sergiou, 2005, p.18) believes that most cultures disagree with plagiarism as a good thing but recognizes that some cultures take a more serious aspect of it. Therefore, there are some international students cannot easily to adapt this culture and they are determined to plagiarize in universities in English speaking countries. Also, some people may not care about their assessments but some people may get many stresses from it. The reasons why they decide to plagiarize will be presented below based on different cultures, different forms of pressure and procrastination.

Conclusion :

As the above discuss, different cultures, different forms of pressure and procrastination all are the main causes of why people choose to plagiarize. Therefore, students’ willingness, value tendency and source of stresses can directly influence the percentage of students’ plagiarism. Learning citation, paraphrasing and summarizing also can help people to avoid plagiarism but the problem is not every international students are able to handle these methods. The result is students should be a better academic writer if they want to avoid plagiarism. If those English speaking countries can solve the above problems and enable students to understand the value of doing assignments, less plagiarism will appear in the future.

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thesis about plagiarism

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How to Avoid Plagiarism | Tips on Citing Sources

Published on October 10, 2021 by Tegan George . Revised on June 1, 2023.

How to avoid plagiarism?

You can avoid plagiarism by :

  • Keeping track of the sources you consult in your research
  • Paraphrasing or quoting from your sources (by using a paraphrasing tool and adding your own ideas)
  • Crediting the original author in an in-text citation and in your reference list
  • Using a plagiarism checker before you submit

Even accidental plagiarism can have serious consequences , so take care with how you integrate sources into your writing.

Table of contents

Keeping track of your sources, avoiding plagiarism when quoting, avoiding plagiarism when paraphrasing, citing your sources correctly, using a plagiarism checker, checklist: plagiarism prevention, free lecture slides, frequently asked questions.

One of the most common ways that students commit plagiarism is by simply forgetting where an idea came from and unintentionally presenting it as their own. You can easily avoid this pitfall by keeping your notes organized and compiling a list of citations as you go.

Clearly label which thoughts are yours and which aren’t in your notes, highlight statements that need citations, and carefully mark any text copied directly from a source with quotation marks.

In the example below, red indicates a claim that requires a source, blue indicates information paraphrased or summarized from a source, and green indicates a direct quotation.

Notes for my paper on global warming

  • Greenhouse gas emissions trap heat and raise global temperatures [cite details]
  • Causes more severe weather: hurricanes, fires, water scarcity [cite examples]
  • Animal habitats across the world are under threat from climate change [cite examples]
  • Just this year, 23 species have been declared extinct (BBC News 2021)
  • “Animals are changing shape… some are growing bigger wings, some are sprouting longer ears and others are growing larger bills” in order to cool off (Zeldovich 2021)

Managing sources with the Scribbr Citation Generator

To make your life easier later, make sure to write down the full details of every source you consult. That includes not only books and journal articles, but also things like websites, magazine articles, and videos. This makes it easy to go back and check where you found a phrase, fact, or idea that you want to use in your paper.

Scribbr’s Citation Generator allows you to start building and managing your reference list as you go, saving time later. When you’re ready to submit, simply download your reference list!

Generate accurate citations with Scribbr

Prevent plagiarism. run a free check..

Quoting means copying a piece of text word for word. The copied text must be introduced in your own words, enclosed in quotation marks , and correctly attributed to the original author.

In general, quote sparingly. Quotes are appropriate when:

  • You’re using an exact definition, introduced by the original author
  • It is impossible for you to rephrase the original text without losing its meaning
  • You’re analyzing the use of language in the original text
  • You want to maintain the authority and style of the author’s words

Long quotations should be formatted as block quotes . But for longer blocks of text, it’s usually better to paraphrase instead.

Paraphrasing means using your own words to explain something from a source.

Paraphrasing does not mean just switching out a few words from a copy-pasted text. To paraphrase properly, you should rewrite the author’s point in your own words to show that you have fully understood it.

Every time you quote or paraphrase, you must include an in-text or footnote citation clearly identifying the original author. Each citation must correspond to a full reference in the reference list or bibliography at the end of your paper.

This acknowledges the source of your information, avoiding plagiarism, and it helps your readers locate the source for themselves if they would like to learn more.

There are many different citation styles, each with its own rules. A few common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago . Your instructor may assign a particular style for you to use, or you may be able to choose. The most important thing is to apply one style consistently throughout the text.

The examples below follow APA Style.

Citing a single source

Citing multiple sources.

If you quote multiple sources in one sentence, make sure to cite them separately so that it’s clear which material came from which source.

To create correctly formatted source citations, you can use our free Citation Generator.

APA Citation Generator MLA Citation Generator

And if you’re citing in APA Style, consider using Scribbr’s Citation Checker , a unique tool that scans your citations for errors. It can detect inconsistencies between your in-text citations and your reference list, as well as making sure your citations are flawlessly formatted.

Most universities use plagiarism checkers like Turnitin to detect potential plagiarism. Here’s how plagiarism checkers work : they scan your document, compare it to a database of webpages and publications, and highlight passages that appear similar to other texts.

Consider using a plagiarism checker yourself before submitting your paper. This allows you to identify issues that could constitute accidental plagiarism, such as:

  • Forgotten or misplaced citations
  • Missing quotation marks
  • Paraphrased material that’s too similar to the original text

Then you can easily fix any instances of potential plagiarism.

There are differences in accuracy and safety between plagiarism checkers. To help students choose, we conducted extensive research comparing the best plagiarism checkers .

When using someone else’s exact words, I have properly formatted them as a quote .

When using someone else’s ideas, I have properly paraphrased , expressing the idea completely in my own words.

I have included an in-text citation every time I use words, ideas, or information from a source.

Every source I cited is included in my reference list or bibliography .

I have consistently followed the rules of my required citation style .

I have not committed self-plagiarism by reusing any part of a previous paper.

I have used a reliable plagiarism checker as a final check.

Your document should be free from plagiarism!

Are you a teacher or professor who would like to educate your students about plagiarism? You can download our free lecture slides, available for Google Slides and Microsoft PowerPoint.

Open Google Slides Download PowerPoint

Accidental plagiarism is one of the most common examples of plagiarism . Perhaps you forgot to cite a source, or paraphrased something a bit too closely. Maybe you can’t remember where you got an idea from, and aren’t totally sure if it’s original or not.

These all count as plagiarism, even though you didn’t do it on purpose. When in doubt, make sure you’re citing your sources . Also consider running your work through a plagiarism checker tool prior to submission, which work by using advanced database software to scan for matches between your text and existing texts.

Scribbr’s Plagiarism Checker takes less than 10 minutes and can help you turn in your paper with confidence.

To avoid plagiarism when summarizing an article or other source, follow these two rules:

  • Write the summary entirely in your own words by paraphrasing the author’s ideas.
  • Cite the source with an in-text citation and a full reference so your reader can easily find the original text.

Plagiarism can be detected by your professor or readers if the tone, formatting, or style of your text is different in different parts of your paper, or if they’re familiar with the plagiarized source.

Many universities also use plagiarism detection software like Turnitin’s, which compares your text to a large database of other sources, flagging any similarities that come up.

It can be easier than you think to commit plagiarism by accident. Consider using a plagiarism checker prior to submitting your paper to ensure you haven’t missed any citations.

Some examples of plagiarism include:

  • Copying and pasting a Wikipedia article into the body of an assignment
  • Quoting a source without including a citation
  • Not paraphrasing a source properly, such as maintaining wording too close to the original
  • Forgetting to cite the source of an idea

The most surefire way to avoid plagiarism is to always cite your sources . When in doubt, cite!

If you’re concerned about plagiarism, consider running your work through a plagiarism checker tool prior to submission. Scribbr’s Plagiarism Checker takes less than 10 minutes and can help you turn in your paper with confidence.

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

George, T. (2023, June 01). How to Avoid Plagiarism | Tips on Citing Sources. Scribbr. Retrieved November 9, 2023, from

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89 Plagiarism Topics, Ideas & Examples

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  • Plagiarism From a Cross-Cultural Perspective Individualism presupposes respect for the authors whose ideas a person is going to borrow while direct communication as a cultural value implies open access to standards and codes of behavior, which is likely to minimize […]
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  • Plagiarism Among International Students: Omnibus Report In essence, therefore, the credibility of the whole report is built upon the concise details provided in the cover letter, and which include: identifying what plagiarism constitutes in the context of the United States; providing […]
  • Embedding Plagiarism Education in the Assessment Process The authors of this study argue that the use of electronic detection tools can help students better understand the correct methods of citing sources and avoiding plagiarism.
  • Recognizing and Avoiding Plagiarism Using the phrase “conflict of interest” has amounted to a plagiarism report as this is a big percentage of the sentence The rest of the errors were in the last sentence where borrowing the words […]
  • Importance of Plagiarism Strategies in Writing Regarding a number of writing requirements and the possibility to be blamed for plagiarism, it is hard for many students to start writing their papers without any fears and doubts about the quality and originality […]
  • Plagiarism: What It Is and How to Avoid It The focus is then shifted to the future of plagiarism in contemporary society and the effect of information technologies. The expropriation of the work of another person and presentation of it like your own is […]
  • What Is Plagiarism and Why Is It Wrong? Now using the same paper but adding information to it and revising the content of the paper would not be considered self plagiarism because the paper will change in content in focus.
  • Plagiarism: Negative Aspects and Consequences There should be a checking done of the paraphrasing in one’s work to ensure that the same words and phrases from the text are not used in one’s work.
  • Copyright Law and the University Policy on Plagiarism Comparison It also covers the act of using part of a literary plot, motion picture, poem, musical presentation, or other forms of art without the consent of the owner of the work.
  • Causes and Effects of Plagiarism Writing is a daily activity that every person has to indulge in, and this is especially significant in the case of students who pursue academic degrees.
  • Analyzing Scholarly Writing: Plagiarism and Parahrasing This paper provides the general analysis of the provided articles and the detailed evaluation of the academic quality of the selected material.
  • How to Avoid Plagiarism Description The bottom line is that all materials used in a piece of writing that does not belong to your original production or creativity should be given credit accordingly.
  • Plagiarism: The Act of Copying Someone Else’s Words or Ideas The Wharton County Junior College plagiarism policy states that their students are expected to submit their original work, and plagiarism is prohibited.
  • Maintaining Academic Integrity by Avoiding Plagiarism Plagiarism is the use of someone else’s work and failure to acknowledge the original author correctly. Paraphrasing and synthesizing support future nursing practice because they enable students to understand arguments in each source while matching […]
  • Law and Policy Against Plagiarism Currently, the renowned form of corruption that degrades the efforts of man in the search and quest to discover novel things and innovatively new ideas is plagiarism.
  • Plagiarism: Recognizing and Avoiding This is because the student has only left out some words from the original passage and has used the same words that were in the source.
  • The Problem of Plagiarism in the World The question that we should answer appropriately is that is it not the right time we re-think about the quality and the originality of our written works or are we less intelligent and lazier than […]
  • Plagiarism in Nursing Education When dealing with the following problem in the context of nursing, there are various types of plagiarism the students are not even aware of, meaning they sometimes plagiarize the thoughts and ideas of other people […]
  • Copyright and Plagiarism: Expectations in Context It is clear that he could have interpreted Bob Dylan’s quote to his understanding and given credit for using his materials in the book Imagine: How Creativity Works.
  • Plagiarism and Its Effects on Nursing Students Plagiarism is a widespread issue that affects the papers of nearly all students. This damage can further prevent students from publishing their academic papers in the future due to inadvertent plagiarism that might stem from […]
  • Plagiarism in the Real World: Jayson Blair and the New York Times One of the notorious cases of plagiarism is the Jason Blair scandal that happened in 2003. Another example of real-world plagiarism is Melania Trump’s speech at the Republican National Convention in 2016.
  • Lawyer Plagiarism as Ethical Violation Plagiarism can be termed referred to as the act of directly copying an individual’s work and presenting it as one’s own.
  • Plagiarism in Nurse Academic Papers Copyright infringement and plagiarism detection in the work of a future medical officer is a breach of trust and can significantly affect a nurse’s future work.
  • Plagiarism in Professional Writing It is also called institutionalized plagiarism, and it is reasonable because the knowledge of such documents is common. The rules of it can and need to be respected to observe copyright.
  • Plagiarism and Originality in Personal Understanding However, the price is to be paid; original people differ from the rest and often experience loneliness and feel that they are misunderstood.
  • How Much of a Concern Is Online Plagiarism in Online Education?
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  • What Are the Consequences of Plagiarism in High School?
  • What Is the Best Software for Plagiarism?
  • What Constitutes Plagiarism or Cheating?
  • How Plagiarism Will Affect the Quality of the Research Paper?
  • What Are the Consequences or Punishments if a Student Is Caught Plagiarizing?
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  • What Is the Relationship Between Intellectual Property Rights and Plagiarism?
  • Is It Plagiarism if You Copy and Paste but Cite the Source?
  • What Is the Difference Between Plagiarism and Citation?
  • Why Are Laws on Plagiarism and Copyrights Important?
  • Why Is It Necessary to Check the Plagiarism in Any Research Report?
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  • How Can College Essay Plagiarism Checker Help You in Your Studying?
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  • Who Was the First Person to Plagiarize?
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  • Can PDF Be Checked for Plagiarism?
  • How Does Moral Law Relate to Plagiarism?
  • How Can Teachers Prevent Plagiarism?
  • How Important Are Copyright Fair Use and Plagiarism in Intellectual Property?
  • Does Plagiarism Violate Copyright?
  • How Do Technology and the Internet Make Plagiarism Easier?
  • What Plagiarism Software Do Universities Use?
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IvyPanda. (2023, September 27). 89 Plagiarism Topics, Ideas & Examples.

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  • v.59(3); 2021

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Plagiarism detection and prevention: a primer for researchers

Olena zimba.

1 Department of Internal Medicine No. 2, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv, Ukraine

Armen Yuri Gasparyan

2 Departments of Rheumatology and Research and Development, Dudley Group NHS Foundation Trust (Teaching Trust of the University of Birmingham, UK), Russells Hall Hospital, Dudley, West Midlands, UK

Plagiarism is an ethical misconduct affecting the quality, readability, and trustworthiness of scholarly publications. Improving researcher awareness of plagiarism of words, ideas, and graphics is essential for avoiding unacceptable writing practices. Global editorial associations have publicized their statements on strategies to clean literature from redundant, stolen, and misleading information. Consulting related documents is advisable for upgrading author instructions and warning plagiarists of academic and other consequences of the unethical conduct. A lack of creative thinking and poor academic English skills are believed to compound most instances of redundant and “copy-and-paste” writing. Plagiarism detection software largely relies on reporting text similarities. However, manual checks are required to reveal inappropriate referencing, copyright violations, and substandard English writing.

Medical researchers and authors may improve their writing skills and avoid the same errors by consulting the list of retractions due to plagiarism which are tracked on the PubMed platform and discussed on the Retraction Watch blog.


Plagiarism is one of the frequent forms of publication ethics violation. Researchers from all over the world may witness such a violation in their academic environment, and some of them may intentionally or unintentionally reuse their own or others’ intellectual property without proper processing and crediting [ 1 , 2 ].

Medical and allied health researchers are reminded that the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) term defines plagiarism as “passing off as one’s own the work of another without credit” ( ). This term was introduced back in 1990. Since then, global understanding of plagiarism has evolved to reflect a variety of unethical reuses of ideas, texts, and graphical materials [ 3 ].

The global open access movement has made it possible to easily reveal most instances of plagiarism, including copying texts and graphics across digitized old and new sources. The resultant retractions of erroneous and otherwise unethical articles have predominantly affected biomedical authors from China, India and Iran, particularly those who publish in low-impact journals [ 4 ]. The digitization of editorial management and regular scanning of countless online platforms have enabled detection of unethical reuse in manuscripts undergoing peer review [ 5 ]. Peer review digitization has also allowed exposure of instances of stealing ideas and materials which are intended for confidential and privileged evaluation by reviewers [ 6 ].

Intellectual theft is increasingly viewed as a serious ethical transgression in countries entering the global academic competition and adjusting their research and development policies to the universally acceptable norms. The awareness of various forms of plagiarism is growing due to the international research cooperation and quality publishing that involve academics with various language and cultural traditions. However, the issue of plagiarism in the globalized world of science is complicated due to variably perceived definitions of the unethical conduct, recycling of one’s own published materials, and unacceptable duplication of identical scientific information in different languages [ 7 ].

Editorial guidance on plagiarism

Global editorial recommendations contain a number of points instructing journal editors how to deal with suspected plagiarism and redundant/overlapping materials at pre- and post-publication stages. Core practices of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) encourage editors to define plagiarism in their instructions and explicitly guide readers on how to reuse their published articles [ 8 ]. Also, all authors of manuscripts and published articles with misappropriation of intellectual property should be aware of their full responsibility for any wrongdoing at any stage. In case of suspicion, editors may question all co-authors and related authorities [ 9 ].

The Council of Science Editors (CSE) defines piracy and plagiarism as related violations of publication ethics with unauthorized reproduction of ideas, data, methods, and graphical materials, including those of the plagiarist (self-plagiarism and duplicate publication) [ 10 ]. Plagiarism, falsification, and fabrication are viewed by the CSE as different forms of research misconduct which may justify academic sanctions imposed by relevant national bodies and professional societies. To avoid any accusations of plagiarism, authors need to properly process primary literature and credit generators of ideas and other intellectual properties. Editors, in turn, should be skilled to identify copied and redundant materials by using advanced software and various other means.

Finally, the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) reaffirms editorial intolerance of plagiarism in unpublished and published manuscripts and proposes to treat self-plagiarism differently, particularly in the case of linguistically redundant description of methods and other inevitable and unintentional duplications [ 11 ].

Creative thinking and plagiarism

Plagiarism is often revealed in works of novice non-Anglophone authors who are exposed to a conservative educational environment that encourages copying and memorizing and rejects creative thinking [ 12 , 13 ]. The gaps in training on research methodology, ethical writing, and acceptable editing support are also viewed as barriers to targeting influential journals by medical students and graduates [ 14 ].

The ease of accessing quality online articles of experienced authors, unawareness of plagiarism, and uncertain research ethics policies may push researchers in some academic institutions to copy, recycle, and produce unethical publications [ 15 , 16 ].

A large survey of Western and Eastern European Bachelor and Master degree students ( n = 1757) revealed diametrically opposite approaches to increasing awareness of plagiarism and arranging anti-plagiarism courses, with Polish students lacking training in these fields [ 17 ]. Additionally, a survey of 1100 undergraduate medical students in Pakistan pointed to a high percentage of unawareness of plagiarism (87%) and instances of plagiarism (71%) [ 18 ]. Finally, a nationwide survey of 706 Iranian medical graduates and faculty members revealed that the majority of the surveyees (74%) had not received any training on plagiarism [ 19 ]. The same survey revealed that 11% had not even heard about such an ethical transgression.

The existence of numerous editing and copying agencies preying on novice researchers, students, and authors may further complicate the issue and negatively affect scholarly publishing in China and some other non-Anglophone countries [ 9 ].

Instances of plagiarism

Several forms of plagiarism can be distinguished based on confounders of this misconduct ( Table I ). Depending on author intentions, plagiarism is classified into intentional and unintentional (accidental) forms [ 20 ]. The former is a deliberate unethical act aimed at misleading readers by skilled authors who steal ideas, texts, and graphics and present stolen materials as their own. Its detection is followed by academic sanctions and other punishments. The unintentional form may surface due to incorrectly paraphrasing and referencing previously published works [ 21 ].

Common instances of plagiarism

Inexperienced authors are often blamed for such misconduct, involving unattributed copying of text passages, scientific facts, and others’ ideas. Properly editing and referencing such manuscripts prior to journal submission and correcting erroneous articles by publishing apologies to readers could be sufficient in cases of unintentional plagiarism [ 22 ].

Experts distinguish plagiarism of ideas, words (texts), and images (graphics) [ 3 ]. Ideas can be stolen by unethical evaluators of grant projects, journal manuscripts, or other scholarly materials during the peer review, which is intentionally delayed to allow the plagiarist to publish his/her own article with misappropriated ideas first. Misappropriation of ideas and methodologies is a more serious and inconspicuous misconduct than copying of words [ 23 ].

Textual plagiarism manifests in various forms which can be detected by advanced search engines and software that analyze similarities across a sizeable amount of digitized publications. Direct, or word-for-word, and translational forms of plagiarism are relatively easy to detect by employing search engines and anti-plagiarism software [ 24 , 25 ]. Paraphrasing and patchwork plagiarism may confuse plagiarism detection systems by plagiarists’ attempts to replace a few words in the original text and misappropriate phrases and sentences. Careful manual checks and analyses of keywords and references may help to correctly interpret the similarity reports generated by software.

Plagiarists may intentionally increase the list of references by citing non-existent sources or incorrectly cite primary sources taken from secondary ones (systematic reviews) with the sole aim of misleading readers and concealing plagiarism of secondary publications [ 20 ]. A form of manipulation (“Trojan citation”) is also reported in connection with referring to relevant items to cover up substantive plagiarism and confuse journal editors and anti-plagiarism software [ 26 ].

Current anti-plagiarism software may detect unacknowledged recycled (self-plagiarized) texts, the so-called salami (data stemming from a single study spread across several papers) and augmented (opposite to salami) texts. Accusations of plagiarism in such cases require thorough manual checks of all similar parts, particularly by experts in the professional field.

Detecting identical abstracts requires special consideration due to the similarities of some full texts with congress abstracts and preprints, which are unpublished items and do not account for plagiarism. As such, authors should be advised to provide notes in their manuscripts, linking to previously posted congress abstracts and reposted preprints.

While concentrating on textual similarities, editors employing anti-plagiarism software often overlook graphical overlaps which may reveal compound forms of ethics violation and copyright infringement [ 27 , 28 ]. Thorough graphical analyses are particularly required for manuscripts with tables, figures, depiction of technological processes, and chemical formulae [ 29 ]. Questioning authors about the authenticity of all materials, requesting official reuse permissions from copyright holders, and referencing primary sources of reused or modified graphics may help to avoid unethical conduct and copyright infringement [ 30 ].

With the advent of anti-plagiarism software, some journal editors set limits of minor, moderate, and unacceptable copying and text recycling. They argue that less than 10% of verbatim copying, particularly in Methods section, could be tolerated provided there are no linguistic options to paraphrase [ 31 ]. Accordingly, 15–20% of textual overlap is judged as less tolerable and more than 30% as unacceptable. Although such a quantitative classification helps stratify anti-plagiarism measures, most experts advocate a zero tolerance policy since even a small percentage of copying may reveal complicated and concealed ethics violations [ 32 ].

Plagiarism detection

Researchers should be aware of what constitutes plagiarism and how to detect it ( Table II ). Those authors who master academic English, familiarize themselves with bibliographic searches, and advance their graphics designing skills may avoid most instances of plagiarism, duplication, and copyright infringement. Those who employ anti-plagiarism tools should combine software and human-detection options.

Strategies for plagiarism detection

Although none of the currently available anti-plagiarism systems is perfect [ 33 ], overlooking the importance of related editorial checks may affect the authenticity of scholarly publications and lead to the so-called predatory practices [ 34 , 35 ]. Generally, employing popular online platforms such as Google Scholar, Grammarly, and PlagScan makes it possible to improve the quality of references, readability, and linguistic style of scholarly manuscripts and increase their likelihood of acceptance by influential journals [ 36 ]. The role of processing manuscripts through freely available plagiarism detection tools is difficult to overestimate, since most researchers and faculty members, particularly in developing countries, lack access to proprietary software [ 37 ].

Preliminary evidence suggests that there are differences in the prevalence of textual plagiarism across academic disciplines, necessitating careful checks in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics journal submissions [ 38 ]. Additionally, in the era of digitization and open access, reviews are more likely to contain “copy-and-paste” written sections, pointing to the particular need for checks of this type of article [ 39 ].

Plagiarism detection and verification is largely based on text-matching search engines and computer software that report similarity scores. The advanced software is integrated with numerous publishers and online platforms to allow scanning of potential overlaps among countless open-access and subscription literature items [ 40 ]. Perhaps the most advanced anti-plagiarism system is iThenticate, which is employed by most established publishers to report the overall similarity score and similarity score from a single source [ 41 ]. The system offers options to filter direct quotations, bibliographies, and methodologies to minimize chances of erroneous reports [ 42 ]. High overall similarity scores (>35%) often point to plagiarism requiring outright rejection or retraction [ 43 ].

Regular iThenticate checks have made it possible to minimize, but not exclude, unethical publications [ 44 ]. The reported similarity scores should not replace editorial decisions and should be accompanied by careful reading and validation of references [ 45 ].

Compared to textual similarity detection, image plagiarism detection is a more challenging task, since it often requires both image processing and semantic mapping techniques [ 46 , 47 ]. Google Images is a widely available search engine that can be used to reveal identical or manipulated images processed by Google [ 48 ]. However, this engine fails to detect copied and modified graphical materials. Semantic analyses are particularly useful in such a scenario of image modification. In fact, processing image legends through textual similarity tests may point to misconduct with modified images.

Attempts are underway to propose an advanced system for tracking plagiarism of graphics [ 49 ]. In the meantime, journal editors with a special interest in publishing graphics need to instruct their authors on what constitutes image plagiarism and how to ethically reuse related contents [ 50 ].

Retractions due to plagiarism

Although retractions of published articles are generally not frequent, their analyses may reveal country- and discipline-related differences in editorial strategies, misconduct prevention policies, and enforced measures [ 51 , 52 ]. Examining details of retracted articles which are publicly discussed on the Retraction Watch blog may also prioritize ethics topics for postgraduate education [ 53 , 54 ].

With the widespread use of iThenticate and other plagiarism detection software, numerous related retractions have taken place over the past decade. When retraction notices in PubMed are compared, similar percentages of plagiarism (about 20%) were mentioned in 2008 and 2016 samples [ 55 ]. The number of retractions due to plagiarism varies across countries and academic disciplines, with the U.S., China, Germany, Japan and the U.K. accounting for 3 out of 4 retractions in a sample of 130 surgery articles [ 51 ]. The same study estimated a plagiarism rate of 16% in these articles. Also, an analysis of 176 retractions in obstetrics and gynecology indicated 40 cases of plagiarism (23%) [ 56 ]. In rehabilitation and sport sciences, retractions due to plagiarism were reported in 11 (26%) and 7 (13%) cases, respectively [ 57 ]. And finally, an analysis of 22 rheumatology retractions revealed 7 (32%) cases of plagiarism in review articles [ 58 ].


Plagiarism continues to affect the integrity of scholarly publications worldwide. Digitization and open access provide numerous opportunities for accessing and disseminating scientific information. However, some researchers and authors are tempted to intentionally or unintentionally embark on shortcuts and construct their articles with copied and unattributed texts, graphics, and ideas. Arguably, educating authors how to systematically access and process literature and how to master academic English may prevent most instances of modern-day plagiarism. Systematic searches are necessary for choosing new topics and avoiding redundancies. Processing retrieved articles, appropriately referring to published scientific facts, and writing in one’s own words may further improve the ethical standing of new manuscripts.

Researchers and research managers alike need to learn more about globally acceptable writing practices, regularly analyze retractions due to plagiarism, and avoid related errors in their practice. Knowledge of global editorial guidance and plagiarism detection and prevention strategies is essential for successful writing and targeting influential ethical journals. Journal editors should enforce a “trust, but verify” policy by performing plagiarism checks, inquiring about authors’ writing practices, and asking for disclaimers if suspicion of plagiarism persists.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Rams Write: Thesis Statements

  • Thesis Statements
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A good thesis statement should:.

  • Convey the topic and opinion of the essay, as well as the subjects and examples that will be discussed (see Jerz's Topic, Opinion, Blueprint model below)
  • Be approximately 1-2 sentences long, and included in the essay's introductory paragraph

Meme - Wrote a thesis statement, didn't lose focus on my topic

Meme Generator

What is a Blueprint?

A blueprint is simply a set of subtopics that you plan to discuss throughout your essay, likely the subjects of each individual paragraph. 

Here's a tip!

Although we start writing with a general idea of what our thesis will be, it's always helpful to draft the entire essay and then go back and revise your thesis to reflect how your argument really progressed. Revising your thesis after writing a first draft also helps you with your final revision. You will better identify "fluff," places where you go off-topic, as well as ideas that may need further clarification. 

How To Write a Killer Thesis Statement

Bad vs. Good Thesis Statements

Bad thesis statements have:.

  • Nothing to argue
  • No hint about where they’re headed
  • No focus, they’re too broad
  • A long list of information

Good Thesis Statements Have:

  • A clear point of view
  • A detailed blueprint about where the essay is headed
  • Clear and concise form

Ways To Improve

Your thesis takes a position that others might challenge

  • Your thesis statement is specific

If the reader can ask the questions, "So What?" "How?" or "Why?", then you might need to clarify your thesis.

Meme - Thesis vs. Statement

Example Thesis Statements

In his work “Plagiarism is Not a Big Moral Deal,” Fish discusses how plagiarism should be treated in an academic atmosphere, due to the fact that it is often rooted in misunderstanding, a lack of originality, and the exclusivity of academic circles.

This thesis has a topic and blueprint, but is missing an opinion.

In his work, “Plagiarism Is Not a Big Moral Deal,” Fish discusses how plagiarism should not be treated as a moral or philosophical issue, due to the fact that it is often rooted in misunderstanding of the complex rules, a lack of originality as a concept, and the exclusivity of academic circles.


This thesis is better because it includes all of the following:

Topic : A discussion of how plagiarism should be treated in an academic atmosphere.

Opinion : Plagiarism is not an issue of morality but rather professionalism.

Blueprint : He argues that plagiarism is often caused by misunderstanding without malicious intent, lack of originality as a concept, and overly complicated rules and systems taught to a few in academic circles. 

Meme - One Does Not Simply Write A Thesis without topic opinion and blueprint

Common Mistakes

Common mistakes include:.

1. Lack of focus and specificity 

2. Jargon (word choice that is exclusive/ hard to understand)

3. Treating your thesis statement like a topic sentence

4. Not adequately representing your claim

Difference Between a Thesis and a Topic Sentence

Thesis statements are 1-2 sentences that assert your opinion and what will be said throughout the entire essay . 

Topic sentences introduce the discussion to follow in a specific paragrap h .  Each must be general enough to express the paragraph’s overall subject, but also specific enough that the reader knows where the paragraph is going. For more information, see Rams Write: Topic Sentences .

Thesis Sentence vs. Topic

Sparknotes: "Thesis Machine Strategy"

The “thesis machine”.

This is a technique my first writing professor taught me. It’s a reliable jumping off point for when you’re just trying to get a thesis down. The pattern’s simple—here’s an example:

Topic: Hufflepuffs

Topic + Position: Hufflepuffs make the best friends

Topic + Position + Rationale  (Think of this as the “because” step): Hufflepuffs make the best friends because they are accepting and loyal.

Topic + Position + Rationale + Qualification  (The “although” step): Although they are often overlooked and considered oddballs, Hufflepuffs make the best friends because of their deep-seated values of loyalty, dedication, and acceptance, all crucial traits in any friendship.

General Guideline for Theses

Jerz's Literary Weblog  offers general guidelines for brainstorming your thesis.

Jerz's Literary Weblog shows up general guidelines for brainstorming your thesis.

This page was created by/ MLA Citations

Kirsten LaCroix, Framingham State U, Class of 2022

Bri Hibbert, Framingham State U, Class of 2022

Spring 2019

Julia Coolidge, Framingham State U, Class of 2022 

Sarah Wheeler, Framingham State U, Class of 2021

Works Cited

"Developing Your Thesis."  Odegaard Writing and Research Center,  2018, .

Harrogate, Kurt. "How to Write a Killer Thesis Statement." Sparknotes Blog , 17 March 2017, . 

"How to Write a Killer Thesis Statement by Shmoop."  Youtube,  uploaded by Shmoop, 6 September 2013, . 

Jerz, Dennis G. and Jordan, Nicci. "Blueprinting: Using the Thesis Paragraph to Plan Your Essay."  Jerz’s Literacy Weblog,  10 June 2015, . 

Meme Generator: Create Your Own Meme.  Meme Generator, 2019, . 

"Thesis Statements." The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,  2018, .

"Thesis Statement vs. Topic Sentence by Shmoop."  YouTube,  uploaded by Shmoop, 16 July 2013, . 

"Writing Tips: Thesis Statements."  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Center for Writing Students,  2013, .

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Proper citation style.

Avoid plagiarism by always listing the source and formatting it correctly when you are note-taking. Take care of the proper formatting and citation style when using content from outside sources.

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Online Plagiarism Checker For Students

Writing an academic paper can be challenging when you’re not sure if it’s original enough to pass a plagiarism check. Of course, students take information from various sites before writing their own text. Sometimes, it just so happens that certain parts are very similar to your resources, making your professor think that you’ve just copied work from somewhere. That’s why it’s crucial for any modern college or university student to ensure that their work has 100% original content to maintain academic integrity.

Luckily, a free plagiarism checker online can solve this issue quickly and easily. Many professional writing services use a plagiarism checker for research paper. However, students sometimes forget that they should too. But with so many options that pop up when you ask Google to “check my paper for plagiarism”, how do you choose the right one for detection? We’ve got the solution in the form of PapersOwl’s free plagiarism checker tool! Our simple tool makes it convenient to check any writing task without having to spend a dime. It works quickly and highly accurately, ensuring that you get the top grade you deserve. So, if you want to check plagiarism online before turning your task in, head over to our website and get started!

Accurate Check for Plagiarism with Percentage

Many students wishing to produce original content aren’t quite sure how to get an exact percentage of plagiarised text in their work. This percentage is important since many universities have a certain limit of non-unique words you can have in your essay for it to be considered okay. If your plagiarism search doesn’t give you the exact percentage, you can’t be sure if your assignment will go through or not.

When using a free plagiarism tool, it’s essential to have this data provided to you. Only when you have it can you decide which parts to change and which ones to chuck out to achieve your desired results. Plagiarized content is a big issue in modern educational institutions, so getting reliable and trustworthy results is vital. This is the most essential requirement when you check plagiarism.

PapersOwl’s plagiarism detection tool gives you all the information you need to fix plagiarized content. Whether you’ve fallen victim to accidental plagiarism or have tried to make your life easier by copying some text from different sources, you’ll get an accurate percentage with our plagiarism checker online. If you’re wondering how to check paper for plagiarism, it’s nothing complicated at all! Simply visit our site, paste your whole essay into the relevant text box or upload the text file, click on Check For Plagiarism, and you’ll get accurate plagiarism results in a matter of seconds. You’ll see the problematic parts with plagiarism detected highlighted, with links to where similar content exists. Our service with plagiarism detector will also give you the option to check my paper for plagiarism and then to hire a professional writer to fix your task quickly if you’re busy with other things!

The Fastest Plagiarism Checker Online

Gaining insight into duplicate content only works if you get your results quickly. There are so many free plagiarism software online that promise to do the job for you. However, a lot of them are clunky, slow, and inaccurate. How can you produce original work without similarity detection you can trust?

PapersOwl stands out in this regard because it will detect plagiarism in seconds. This is a plagiarism scanner that’s able to perform a Swift Check to give you a uniqueness check right there and then. It also conducts a Deep Search, going through millions of sources on the internet to check for plagiarism. A document of about 1500 words takes only about 10 seconds to get processed! You get a clear plagiarism score of how much text is plagiarized and how much is original. All the sources that your essay matches are listed based on how much similarity there is in your academic writing. And on top of that, you get a handy Make It Unique button that’ll take you to an order page where you can ask our expert writers to rewrite your work and make it 100% unique.

All of this is done almost instantly, allowing students to continue working on their assignments without missing a beat. Not every plagiarism detection software works this quickly, making ours the best one you’ll ever use.

Plagiarism Checker Helps Boost Your Grade

A lot of students make the mistake of considering their papers automatically free from plagiarism. After all, they’ve written it themselves, so how could it be problematic? What they don’t realize is that it’s very easy to borrow some information mistakenly. Turning such a paper in can cause multiple problems, as your professor might think you haven’t done the work at all.

That is why you should always use a plagiarism scanner to test for plagiarized content in your college papers. Our online plagiarism checker for students is designed for this exact purpose. A simple, free plagiarism check could help you check plagiarism, fix any mistakes you see, and submit high-quality text that no one will question.

Our plagiarism detector has a lot going for it. It makes plagiarism detection easier than ever before. Unlike copying and pasting each passage individually into Google, simply upload the whole file into our plagiarism checker free for students, and you don’t have to do anything else. All the matches are highlighted so you know what to change.

The plagiarism test will give you a uniqueness percentage too. This will help you figure out where you stand and how much time you need to adjust anything if required. So, using our copyright checker online free to check your writing is essential. This way, you’ll submit the task only when you’re sure it meets the level of uniqueness required by your school. As a result, your grades will drastically improve when you check for plagiarism.

Benefits of Free Plagiarism Checker for Students

Our professional online plagiarism checker work offers too many benefits to ignore. With our plagiarism detector, you can enjoy highly accurate results as a comprehensive report. The plagiarism checker for students is designed to help you achieve 100% uniqueness without hassle. Here are the key advantages you can enjoy when you check plagiarism free with our plagiarism detection tool:

It’s completely free! We know you are on a tight budget and should be able to check your paper for plagiarism without worrying about payments, so we’ve made the best similarity checker free for all!

Our software detects plagiarism swiftly. It’ll show you detailed results in as little as 10 seconds so you can continue working immediately.

The report from our plagiarism tool gives you access to all the links from where it has detected similarities in your work. You can head to the relevant sites and see which information you must rewrite to improve your results.

Our best free plagiarism checker doesn’t require any skills and presents its services in a simple-to-use interface that anyone can use.

The plagiarism test allows you to get professional help with your work if you’re short on time. Simply ask one of our writers to rewrite the problematic parts of your text and enjoy top grades.

With PapersOwl plagiarism detector, there’s no need to search the internet for an accurate tool. We have many satisfied students worldwide who can vouch for our plagiarism-checking services. Give our online plagiarism checker free tries as often as you want and see how easy it is to produce original essays without spending a penny!

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How Does Plagiarism Checker Work?

  • If you already have a completed text, all you need is just to copy-paste the whole thing in the special box of the chosen plagiarism tool or website, choose suitable settings (if any), then press “check for plagiarism”. It is quite simple and takes just a few moments.
  • Once you have pressed “check for plagiarism”, the system will analyze your text and compare it with different sources to find similarities. As a rule, the duration depends on the text’s length. A standard free online plagiarism checker with percentage can give you the result within five minutes or less.
  • When the system finishes the work you will be transmitted to the reporting page – it contains the comprehensive report on your work, a percentage of its uniqueness, and a list of sources on which similarities were detected. Often, such tools also highlight the overlaps that were found.

As you can see, it is simple. However, for the best and reliable result you have to be careful. There are tons of programs and online tools that can be used but keep in mind that many of them work differently and not all are good for you. To be confident in the truthfulness of the received result, you need to select the best plagiarism checker because only a professional and high-quality software can detect all similarities and give you a reasoned assessment.

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Advantages Of Plagiarism Checker By PapersOwl

Why choose us? Our service offers a professional online plagiarism checker with report that will provide you with a comprehensive report to make you confident in the 100% uniqueness of your paper. Our free plagiarism checker for students guarantees the best check and here are the key advantages of using our tool that prove this:

You don’t need to pay anything to check your paper for plagiarism because we know the value of original and unique works.

One of the main benefits of our antiplagiat checker online is that it works so fast that you will not even have enough time to make yourself a cup of coffee while it analyzes your text, and it is safe!

We use the latest and the best algorithms and software in order to provide you with an advanced check and help you receive the high-quality papers.

It is simple in use and won’t take much time!

Many students have already confirmed that our free tool is a great and convenient feature that helped them detect and fix errors that could lead to a failure. With us, you will no longer need to look for a different scanner!

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The 5 Best Paper Writing Services for College Students in 2023

Posted: November 8, 2023 | Last updated: November 8, 2023

In the throes of college education, students frequently confront the formidable challenge of producing papers that showcase depth, insight, and scholarly research. The relentless tick of the clock towards looming deadlines compounds the anxiety, often resulting in a maelstrom of stress and work overload. For many, the hurdle isn't just about crafting a coherent piece but also imbuing it with a quality that reflects academic rigor and intellectual honesty.

It is within this context that paper writing services have risen as an essential ally for students. A reputable service offers more than just a written document; it is an avenue for learning and refining one's writing aptitude. Through custom written papers tailored to specific academic requirements, these services provide a dual benefit: they not only help students navigate through the immediate academic pressures but also equip them with insights into structuring and formulating ideas effectively.

This article aims to dissect the offerings of the top 5 paper writing services of 2023, examining each through the lens of quality, reliability, features, and pricing. The goal is straightforward: to assist students in making an educated decision that aligns with their academic pursuits and ethical boundaries, ensuring they select the service that best caters to their individual needs.

Reviews of Top 5 Paper Writing Services

  • Background and Overview: 99Papers is known for its wide-ranging services catering to college students. It has built a reputation over the years for its personalized approach to academic writing.
  • Quality : The platform is recognized for its rigorous writer selection process, ensuring that each writer is well-qualified in their respective fields. It also offers quality guarantees, including revisions and, in some cases, refunds.
  • Reliability: Reviews often highlight 99Papers' ability to consistently meet deadlines, with a customer service team that is prompt in addressing any issues or special requests from clients.
  • Key Features : The service covers a variety of disciplines and offers a broad spectrum of assignments, from essays to dissertations. Extras like editing, proofreading, and plagiarism checks are also available.
  • Pricing : Prices are competitive, with various discounts and promotional offers, especially for repeat customers or bulk orders. Pricing structures for common paper types are transparently presented on their website.
  • Background and Overview : EssayBox positions itself as an affordable and speedy option for students, specializing in a quick turnaround for urgent academic writing tasks.
  • Quality: While EssayBox offers a large pool of writers, there are mixed reviews regarding quality consistency. They provide limited quality assurances compared to some of their competitors.
  • Reliability : Their strong suit is meeting tight deadlines, which makes them a go-to for students under time constraints.
  • Key Features: They have a wide range of disciplines and assignment types they cater to. However, some additional services may come at an extra cost.
  • Pricing : They promote affordability with their pricing, and often run promotions and discounts, which can be particularly beneficial for students on a tight budget.

2. BookwormLab

  • Background and Overview: BookwormLab has carved out a niche for itself by focusing on humanities and social sciences, attracting students who require more specialized assistance in these areas.
  • Quality : Quality is one of their hallmarks, with a focus on delivering well-researched and thoughtfully written papers. They provide a selection of writers that have expertise in the humanities and social sciences.
  • Reliability : They have a track record of reliability, though their specialized nature means they might be less suited to handle extremely tight deadlines compared to broader services.
  • Key Features : Apart from standard writing services, they also provide assistance with more complex assignments that require in-depth analysis and extensive research.
  • Pricing : Their pricing reflects the specialized service they offer, tending towards the higher end. They do offer various pricing plans and occasional discounts.

3. EssayFactory

  • Background and Overview : Based in the UK, EssayFactory serves an international clientele with a promise of ENL (English Native Language) writers and custom writing services.
  • Quality : They tout a premium service with writers who are purportedly certified and highly experienced, backed by quality guarantees.
  • Reliability : Their reliability is well-regarded, with positive feedback about their adherence to deadlines and effective communication channels for customer support.
  • Key Features : They offer comprehensive writing services, including proofreading, editing, and plagiarism checking, with a focus on high academic standards.
  • Pricing : Their services are on the higher end of the pricing spectrum, but they offer a structured discount system that rewards long-term customers.


  • Background and Overview : markets itself as an all-encompassing paper writing service with a broad array of paper types available for order.
  • Quality : This service offers competitive pricing but has received mixed reviews on quality, indicating potential variability in writer expertise.
  • Reliability : The service promises on-time delivery, though there have been reports of issues with meeting deadlines and responsiveness to custom requests.
  • Key Features : They cover a wide range of subjects and provide a comprehensive list of services, including writing, editing, and proofreading.
  • Pricing : is known for below-average pricing, aiming to attract students who are budget-conscious. They also offer occasional promotions and discounts.

Services to cover

99Papers has cemented its status in the realm of academic assistance through its commitment to high-quality and reliable service. It stands out in the crowded marketplace with a roster of proficient writers, a factor that has contributed to its strong reputation among college students. With a focus on delivering custom written papers that resonate with academic integrity, it has managed to strike a balance between affordability and excellence. The pricing model is tailored to be reasonable, ensuring that students are not financially overstretched. Furthermore, 99Papers incentivizes its users with discounts, which could be particularly attractive to students who need recurring help. Testimonials frequently applaud the platform for not only meeting but often exceeding expectations, solidifying its standing as a trustworthy partner in education.

EssayBox is tailored for students who are running against the clock, prioritizing affordability and expediency. With a vast pool of writers, the service aims to match student orders with suitable writing talent swiftly, ensuring that even the most pressing deadlines are met with precision. The service prides itself on being a solution for last-minute paper needs without breaking the bank. However, it is worth noting that some users have reported limitations regarding the quality guarantees. This points to a potential trade-off between speed and meticulousness. Nonetheless, for students whose primary concern is a fast-approaching deadline, EssayBox presents a viable option that promises to deliver timely results within a student-friendly budget.


BookwormLab presents itself as a connoisseur of humanities and social sciences, offering an array of services specifically designed for these disciplines. The service is recognized for its above-average pricing, which is justified by the high-quality papers it delivers. With an understanding that humanities and social science papers require a depth of thought and a nuanced approach, BookwormLab ensures that its writers are equipped with the necessary expertise to handle such complexities. The company's dedication to excellence in these specific areas has earned it accolades from students who seek out expertly crafted arguments and analyses. For those who prioritize the quality of content and are willing to invest a bit more financially, BookwormLab stands as a premium service provider.


Operating from the UK, EssayFactory serves an international customer base with its team of certified English Native Language (ENL) writers. This service aligns itself with higher educational standards and targets students who are willing to pay a premium for a certain caliber of writing. The service justifies its higher pricing with the promise of impeccable language, in-depth research, and adherence to the rigorous demands of academic writing. Despite the cost, the company makes an effort to be accessible through various discount schemes, particularly for repeat customers, making it a more attractive option for ongoing academic support. EssayFactory's focus on maintaining a high standard has resonated well with students who require assistance that aligns closely with native English standards. offers an expansive catalog of paper types to cater to a diverse student population. With its below-average pricing strategy, it aims to attract a broader audience, including those constrained by tight budgets. This competitive pricing is one of the key reasons for its popularity, especially among those who need regular writing assistance. However, this affordability has been accompanied by reports of inconsistent quality. While many students find the service satisfactory, others caution potential users to set realistic expectations regarding the outcome. could be a fit for those willing to navigate the variability in quality for the sake of cost-effectiveness, especially when dealing with less critical or less complex writing tasks.

Overview of Paper Writing Services

Paper writing services are third-party providers that offer academic writing assistance to students and professionals alike. These services have become a considerable part of the educational support system, aiming to ease the burden of those overwhelmed by their workload. They operate by allowing customers to commission essays, research papers, theses, and other written assignments by connecting them with professional writers who specialize in various academic disciplines.

Here’s how they typically work: A student submits a request for a paper, including details such as the topic, length, style, and deadline. The service then matches the request with a writer who has the appropriate expertise. The writer completes the assignment, and it is then delivered to the student, often after going through a quality check to ensure it meets the required standards.

  • Time-Saving : One of the significant advantages is time-saving. Students juggling multiple deadlines can outsource their writing tasks to focus on other academic or personal commitments.
  • Expert Writers : These services boast a roster of writers who are often experts in their fields, providing a level of insight and proficiency that students may not possess.
  • Improved Grades : For some students, especially those who struggle with writing, these services can contribute to better grades, helping them to meet the academic standards required by their courses.

Statistical data shows a rising trend in the use of these services, often correlating with periods of intense academic pressure, like finals or midterm seasons. While exact figures vary, surveys have indicated that a substantial percentage of students admit to using these services at least once during their academic career, reflecting both the growing demand and the normalization of these services in student communities.

When comparing these services, the criteria of quality, reliability, features, and pricing are paramount:

  • Quality encompasses the expertise of writers, the originality and depth of the work, and customer satisfaction.
  • Reliability refers to meeting deadlines, the consistency of the quality, and the service's ability to handle revisions or problems.
  • Features include the range of services offered, such as writing, editing, formatting, and the variety of subjects covered.
  • Pricing evaluates whether the cost is reasonable, transparent, and provides value for money, considering the student budget constraints.

Students contemplating the use of these services must weigh these factors against their needs and ethical considerations to make an informed decision.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Paper Writing Service

Choosing the right paper writing service requires a careful assessment of various critical factors to ensure that the service aligns with academic needs and ethical standards.

  • Type of Paper Needed : Services often specialize in certain academic fields or types of assignments. It's essential to select a service that has a proven track record with the specific type of paper you need, whether it's a complex research paper, a creative essay, or a technical report.
  • Your Budget : Financial considerations are paramount. Compare pricing structures of different services and be mindful of the cost-effectiveness of each option. It's not just about finding the cheapest service but getting the best value for your investment without compromising on quality.
  • Quality Assurances : Reliable services provide clear guarantees about the quality of their work. Investigate each service’s writer selection process, their qualifications, and the mechanisms they have in place to ensure high-quality output. Guarantees such as free revisions or refunds can also be indicative of a service's commitment to quality.
  • Reputation : Research the service's reputation through reviews and complaints. A consistent track record of positive reviews can be a good indicator of reliability, while a history of complaints might be a red flag.
  • Features : Look for additional features that add value, such as editing, proofreading, and plagiarism checks. These features can enhance the quality of your paper and ensure it meets academic standards.
  • Ethics : Ensure the service is committed to producing original work and has a strict policy against plagiarism. The ethical implications of using such a service are significant, and the work provided should always be used in a way that upholds academic integrity.
  • Customer Support : Effective customer support is crucial. The service should offer responsive and accessible support, available 24/7 to address any issues or concerns that might arise during the process.

Taking these factors into account will help you choose a paper writing service that is not only professional and reliable but also respects the ethical boundaries of educational assistance.

FAQ about Paper Writing Services

Are there any legit paper writing services.

Yes, there are legitimate paper writing services that operate within the bounds of the law and provide services intended to assist students with their academic work. To find reputable companies, it’s crucial to conduct thorough research, checking their policies on plagiarism, privacy, and quality. Reading reviews and testimonials, and asking for recommendations from peers can also guide you to legitimate services.

Are paper writing services worth it?

Paper writing services can be worth it for students who need assistance in meeting deadlines or aiming to improve their grades, particularly if they are struggling with specific aspects of writing or facing personal challenges that impede their ability to complete assignments. However, it is essential for students to use these services as a form of assistance and not as a means to bypass the learning process.

How do I find the best paper writing service?

To find the best paper writing service, compare potential services based on crucial factors such as the quality of work they produce, their reliability in meeting deadlines, the range of features they offer, their pricing structures, and their reputation within the market. Also, consider the qualifications and selection process of their writers, as well as the level of customer support they provide.

What are the cons of essay writing services?

The potential cons of essay writing services include the risk of receiving plagiarized work, which can have serious academic repercussions. High costs can also be prohibitive for some students, making these services less accessible. Ethical issues are another concern, as submitting work that isn’t your own can violate academic integrity policies and undermine personal development. Additionally, dependency on such services can impede the acquisition of essential writing and research skills.

How can I ensure the paper writing service is ethical?

To ensure a paper writing service is ethical, look for ones that provide papers for research, reference, and learning purposes only. Check their commitment to producing original content and providing plagiarism reports. Ensure that the service emphasizes the importance of using their work as a guide or a reference, rather than submitting it as your own original work.

In choosing a paper writing service, students should prioritize services that combine high-quality writing, reliability in meeting deadlines, comprehensive features, and fair, transparent pricing. While these services can be a valuable resource for managing heavy workloads and improving grades, it's important to use them ethically and responsibly. By considering the factors highlighted in this article—such as the type of paper needed, budget constraints, quality assurances, and reputation—students can make informed decisions that support their academic success without compromising their integrity. With careful selection and judicious use, paper writing services can be a strategic tool in a student's educational arsenal.

Paper Writing Services

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thesis about plagiarism

How to remove plagiarism from thesis


Plagiarism is one of the greatest dangers and fears for students and researchers regarding their academic writing. To understand, how to remove plagiarism from thesis , dissertation, article, or research paper efficiently and reduce the risk, you first need to understand, what plagiarism is and which different types exist. Further, it is significant to learn about the possible ways which you can take as well as the variety of the existent tools and software which you can apply to not only reduce the risk but to take control of your work.

This article makes you familiar with diverse strategies and methods to avoid plagiarism or any kind of duplicated text in your academic writing to save you from sleepless nights.

How to remove plagiarism from thesis? The most efficient ways

Before you start to learn the different options, which enable you to be sure how to write thesis without plagiarism by making use of correct citations and expressing your principal ideas and content in free writing, let me first introduce the significance of the term “plagiarism”.

As defined by Oxford University , plagiarism means:

presenting someone else's work or ideas as your own, with or without their consent, by incorporating it into your work without full acknowledgment. All published and unpublished material, whether in manuscript, printed or electronic form, is covered under this definition. Oxford University Tweet

As you understand from the quote (note: I clearly indicated it as a direct citation) it means every kind of unethical behavior, such as using ideas, expressions, and thoughts from others and giving them out as yours (either planned or accidental) without acknowledging the author.

When writing your dissertation, and at any later moment of your academic career, it is crucial to know how to reduce plagiarism in thesis, how to include ideas and thoughts or citations correctly in your own writing, and introduce conceptions from other research projects in the expected academic form. The decision on how and what to quote and in which way you are allowed to make use of established ideas or free content is not always easy. Especially when you are working on your theoretical sections and dealing with different sources from the literature (for example when writing your Literature Review) you need to know how to reduce or better avoid plagiarism.


Golden rule: Correct quoting and citation

The first golden rule of how to avoid plagiarism in academic writing – you may already guess – is correct quoting! When you work with texts, expressions, and phrases from another academic, transmitting ideas or introducing research outcomes – may be a theory or model – you need to make it visible and separate it clearly from your own writing. 

Universities and academic institutions have different formal requirements when it comes to layout. But regardless if you include a direct citation which has to be put in quotation marks, separated from the running text, and written in italic letters: The most significant point is, that you clearly name the author and indicate the publication (original source) you took it from and – in case of introducing a direct quote – that you keep the text exactly as it is (without any changes from your part, which are not explicitly mentioned). This is one of the most important and safest ways how to remove plagiarism from thesis.

Paraphrasing and summarizing are key strategies

To take control of the risk to copy other authors, you need to know some key strategies on how to minimize plagiarism in thesis . In addition to the consideration and application of the main rules and norms of correct citation you should make use of the following prime methods to prevent plagiarism:

1. Create of your own sources. 2. Read a paragraph and paraphrase. 3. Read the text and crystallize the essentials.

What does this mean in practice? Without any doubt, the first and most efficient way of how to remove plagiarism from thesis is nothing else than the self-conducted data collection and creation of (primary) sources. Data sets and results which are fruit of your investigation, documentation and analysis are the safest of all.

However, there are further options of how to avoid plagiarism in dissertation – and for sure, you will need to make use of them, as you need to discuss and critically reflect and get in dialogue with conceptions and ideas from other authors in your theoretical and discussion chapters. Here you can make use of paraphrasing or summarizing ideas and information. To paraphrase simply means that you express things in your own words .

Read a passage, close the book and write down, what you remember. Dr. Friederike Jurth

In addition, it always helps to summarize. This simply means breaking writing down to its essence, crystallizing the most important details, and clearing it from unnecessary, supplementary information .

How to remove plagiarism from thesis: The best tools to reduce the risk

In fact, these strategies are not the only way to clear your dissertation from plagiarism. To be absolutely sure of how to reduce plagiarism percentage in thesis, you are free to apply citation programs and software to manage your references and quotes. To give you an idea – Citavi, Zotero, EndNote, Mendeley, and others. Even Word  contains a reference manager! The programs are available in different versions and prices (starting from a basic low price or free of charge version).

Want to be absolutely sure? Make use of a plagiarism checker

Indeed, the advantage of citation programs is that you can apply them from the very start is not the only way how to remove plagiarism from thesis in a technical way. There are further devices and different kinds of software to remove plagiarism from thesis when you already reached the moment of finalizing your manuscript and want to be absolutely sure that your writing is completely free of plagiarism is to make use of a so-called plagiarism-checker like Quetext, Plagiarismcheckerx or Edubirdie . Even Grammarly provides an extension.

The functionality is not so difficult: All you need to do is to drag and drop or upload your text or a certain passage on a server and the program will check your text and provide you with the result (highlighting and providing the client with the percentage of plagiarism in the writing in question). A very popular option how to remove plagiarism from thesis is Turnitin , a tool that is easy to handle and provides a frequently used gratis version.

Reducing and avoiding plagiarism in your writing is essential for every academic. Even if it is necessary and required to discuss and reflect on other people’s research and ideas, it is most significant that you always keep the correct ethics norms and moral behavior in mind and know, how to remove plagiarism from thesis, articles, and paper. To help yourself, make use of available tools and resources so that you can be absolutely sure to acknowledge other authors’ works in the correct way and submit your writing in its best version.

Frequently asked questions on how to remove plagiarism from thesis

There are several possibilities of how reduce plagiarism in your thesis. Combine traditional ways of paraphrasing, summarizing and self-conducted data collection with available online tools and programs (plagiarism-checker). 

Many plagiarism-checker and softwares for correct referencing are available in  different versions. Usually, you can access a basic or test version which is free of charge, or only accessible for a  limited time or word number. After that you can decide if update and buy the extention.

When writing a research paper, you should benefit from the available resources, tools and ways of plagiarism prevention: Start to work with reference programs (mentioned above), use the common strategies (try to express things in your own words) and apply a plagiarism-checker.

To remove plagiarism in an article, you can apply the same tools and techniques which you use for a thesis or research paper: Try to say things in your own words and apply online resources to be absolutely sure.

Expressing key information, ideas and content from other texts in your own words is the best version to keep your text free from plagiarism. Paraphrasing and summarizing are the prime strategies and should be applied when ever it is possible. 

About the author:

Dr. Friederike Jurth

Possibly you already heard of me through different media channels. My name is Dr. Friederike Jurth , and since 2010 I give lectures on Methodology, Empirical Research, Anthropology, and Transcultural (Music) Studies in collaboration with universities in the United States, Germany, Spain, and Brazil. In 2010 I started to carry out 7-year-long fieldwork in Rio de Janeiro and to present my research at conferences all around the world, such as in Japan, the United States, Australia, Brazil, Thailand, Switzerland, and many others. In addition, I worked as a lecturer and researcher with Germany’s famous UNESCO Chair.

After finalizing my doctoral dissertation with summa cum laude , it became my aim to unite, condense and share the steps, ways and details of my unique methodological and structural approach that I could develop and elaborate during my Ph.D. and that finally helped me to achieve this result. By concentrating and putting them together to an elaborated academic conception, MyThesis Academy was born. Motivated by the only aim and objective to help my students through all steps and stages of their thesis journey, it enables them to achieve their best possible result in shortest time, independent of their specific area of research.

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  2. Thesis Statement On Plagiarism

    (a) informing students on appropriate referencing techniques and providing clear examples of what is and what is not acceptable; (b) providing explanations to students the academic expectations of the course/module;

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    Plagiarism is defined as copying the language, phrasing, structure, or specific ideas of others and presenting any of these as one 's own, original work; it includes buying papers, having someone else write your papers, and improper citation and use of sources. When you present the words or ideas of another (either published or unpublished) in ...

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    According to the Oxford English Dictionary online 2017, the term plagiarism is defined as 'the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own'. Perrin, Larkham and Culwin define plagiarism as the use of an author's words, ideas, reflections and thoughts without proper acknowledgment of the author [ 1 - 3 ].

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    Plagiarism is described as a fraud in the sense that people obtain other people's original ideas and cite them as their own inventions without crediting their source. Some students copy other people's work directly from various sources such as books, articles or internet articles and present it as their own original work.

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  13. Plagiarism Essay

    Plagiarism is the use of words or ideas of another person as if they were your own words or ideas (Merriam-Webster). Many colleges find plagiarism unacceptable and if caught, it usually results in being kicked out of that school. Plagiarism can be used on a number of things, including essays, newspapers, and magazine articles.

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  15. Introduction and Conclusion of Plagiarism

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  16. How to Avoid Plagiarism

    Published on October 10, 2021 by Tegan George . Revised on June 1, 2023. Plagiarism means using someone else's words or ideas without properly crediting the original author.

  17. Plagiarism

    Plagiarism is the act of presenting the words, ideas, or images of another as your own; it denies authors or creators of content the credit they are due. Whether deliberate or unintentional, plagiarism violates ethical standards in scholarship ( see APA Ethics Code Standard 8.11, Plagiarism ).

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  19. Plagiarism detection and prevention: a primer for researchers

    Plagiarism is an ethical misconduct affecting the quality, readability, and trustworthiness of scholarly publications. Improving researcher awareness of plagiarism of words, ideas, and graphics is essential for avoiding unacceptable writing practices.

  20. 7 ways to avoid academic plagiarism

    The first and best way to avoid plagiarism is not to plagiarize intentionally. This sounds simplistic, but there are people who persuade themselves that copying just a few useful phrases will help them meet their pressing deadlines. While that strategy may work in some corporate settings, in academic publishing, it is a fool's game.

  21. Rams Write: Thesis Statements

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  23. The 5 Best Paper Writing Services for College Students in 2023

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  24. How To Remove Plagiarism From Thesis

    Plagiarism is one of the greatest dangers and fears for students and researchers regarding their academic writing. To understand, how to remove plagiarism from thesis, dissertation, article, or research paper efficiently and reduce the risk, you first need to understand, what plagiarism is and which different types exist.Further, it is significant to learn about the possible ways which you can ...

  25. Martin Luther King Jr. authorship issues

    Authorship issues concerning Martin Luther King Jr. fall into two general categories: Plagiarism in King's academic research papers (including his doctoral dissertation) and his use of borrowed phrases in speeches. Martin Luther King Jr. 's papers were donated by his wife Coretta Scott King to Stanford University 's King Papers Project.

  26. PDF Summer Session, I: 2022 REMOTE LEARNING Synchronous meetings: Wednesday

    • Optional Outline/Working Thesis: Monday July 3 (NOTE: This is the holiday weekend) • Final Essay: Friday, July 7. Other Important Information… Policy on Academic Integrity (Cheating and Plagiarism) As an academic community dedicated to the creation, dissemination, and application of knowledge, Rutgers