the 95 theses were written in latin because

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This Day In History : October 31

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the 95 theses were written in latin because

Martin Luther posts 95 theses

On October 31, 1517, legend has it that the priest and scholar Martin Luther approaches the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, and nails a piece of paper to it containing the 95 revolutionary opinions that would begin the Protestant Reformation .

In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the papal practice of asking payment—called “indulgences”—for the forgiveness of sins. At the time, a Dominican priest named Johann Tetzel, commissioned by the Archbishop of Mainz and Pope Leo X, was in the midst of a major fundraising campaign in Germany to finance the renovation of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Though Prince Frederick III the Wise had banned the sale of indulgences in Wittenberg, many church members traveled to purchase them. When they returned, they showed the pardons they had bought to Luther, claiming they no longer had to repent for their sins.

Luther’s frustration with this practice led him to write the 95 Theses, which were quickly snapped up, translated from Latin into German and distributed widely. A copy made its way to Rome, and efforts began to convince Luther to change his tune. He refused to keep silent, however, and in 1521 Pope Leo X formally excommunicated Luther from the Catholic Church. That same year, Luther again refused to recant his writings before the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V of Germany, who issued the famous Edict of Worms declaring Luther an outlaw and a heretic and giving permission for anyone to kill him without consequence. Protected by Prince Frederick, Luther began working on a German translation of the Bible, a task that took 10 years to complete.

The term “Protestant” first appeared in 1529, when Charles V revoked a provision that allowed the ruler of each German state to choose whether they would enforce the Edict of Worms. A number of princes and other supporters of Luther issued a protest, declaring that their allegiance to God trumped their allegiance to the emperor. They became known to their opponents as Protestants; gradually this name came to apply to all who believed the Church should be reformed, even those outside Germany. By the time Luther died, of natural causes, in 1546, his revolutionary beliefs had formed the basis for the Protestant Reformation, which would over the next three centuries revolutionize Western civilization.

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the 95 theses were written in latin because

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the 95 theses were written in latin because

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The ninety five theses were written in latin because?

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This wass mainly meant for church leaders because he was compaining about their teachings, so it would make sense to write in latin

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What are the 95 theses in Latin?

I believe it was written in Latin because Latin was the Vernacular. But im not 100% percent sure.

Hat was the name of the document Martin Luther posted on the doors of Castle Church?

Martin Luther posted the 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany on October 31, 1517. He was concerned over the use of indulgences in the Catholic Church.

What did martin Luther help start when he nailed his 95 theses to the door of the church in wittenberg?

Around October 31, 1517, Martin Luther nailed his Ninety-five Theses to the church door in Wittenburg, Germany. In those days, it was common practice to nail (or tack, more likely) public documents to the church door for all to see. Shortly after Luther nailed that document to the church doors, several printers took it, translated it into German (it was originally written in Latin for only the church officers to be able to read), printed and distributed a great number of copies. It was thus circulated around Germany, and sent to the pope.By tradition, Luther nailed his Ninety-five Theses to the door of All Saints' Church in Wittenberg on 31 October 1517. It is likely that this is merely folklore based on an account by Philipp Melanchthon who was not even in Wittenberg at the time.Whether or not they were actually nailed to the door of the church as an invitation for discussion, the Latin Theseswere printed in several locations in Germany in 1517 and subsequently translated into German in January 1518.

How do you write Gemini in roman letters?

Gemini is written in Latin the identical way as it is written in English. It is a Latin word, the plural of twin or double.Gemini is written in Latin the identical way as it is written in English. It is a Latin word, the plural of twin or double.Gemini is written in Latin the identical way as it is written in English. It is a Latin word, the plural of twin or double.Gemini is written in Latin the identical way as it is written in English. It is a Latin word, the plural of twin or double.Gemini is written in Latin the identical way as it is written in English. It is a Latin word, the plural of twin or double.Gemini is written in Latin the identical way as it is written in English. It is a Latin word, the plural of twin or double.Gemini is written in Latin the identical way as it is written in English. It is a Latin word, the plural of twin or double.Gemini is written in Latin the identical way as it is written in English. It is a Latin word, the plural of twin or double.Gemini is written in Latin the identical way as it is written in English. It is a Latin word, the plural of twin or double.

Why is Domesday written in latin?

It was written in latin because it was the most used written language. In an age when virtually the only people who could read and write were priests, who used latin every day, it made sense to write in that language.

Latin for ninety?

What is ninety in latin, why did luther write his theses in latin and not the vernacular.

Possibly because Latin was the 'scholarly language' the language of education. But the 95 theses were translated into German by Christoph von Scheurl and other friends of Luther and widely copied them, making the controversy one of the first in history to be aided by the printing press.

What is because written in latin?

Latin word for ninety, why was roman literature written in latin.

Because Latin was the spoken language of the Romans.

What is the Latin number word for ninety-nine?

Nonaginta novem

What is ninety fifth as in birthday or anniversary in latin?

if you mean spanish its "noveinty cinqo"

What was the document Martin Luther wrote?

Luther translated the Latin Bible into German


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the 95 theses were written in latin because

Martin Luther , a Catholic monk, wrote a document referred to as 95 Theses , that changed Western Christian religion forever. What made a devout monk openly criticize the Church? What was written in the 95 Theses that made it so important? Let's look at the 95 Theses and Martin Luther !

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95 Theses Definition

On October 31, 1417, in Wittenberg, Germany Martin Luther hung his 95 Theses on the door outside of his church. The first two theses were the issues that Luther had with the Catholic Church and the rest were the arguments that he could have with people about these issues.

Martin Luther and the 95 Theses

Martin Luther intended to be a lawyer until he was stuck in a deadly storm. Luther swore an oath to God that if he lived then he would become a monk. True to his word, Luther became a monk and then completed his doctoral program. Eventually, he had his very own church in Wittenberg, Germany.

95 Theses Martin Luther StudySmarter

95 Theses Summary

Over in Rome in 1515, Pope Leo X wanted to renovate St. Peter's Basilica. The Pope permitted the sale of indulgences to raise money for this construction project. Indulgences challenged Luther's view of Christianity. If a priest sold an indulgence, then the person who received it paid for forgiveness. The forgiveness of their sins did not come from God but the priest.

Luther believed that forgiveness and salvation could only come from God. A person could also buy indulgences on behalf of other people. One could even buy an indulgence for a dead person to shorten their stay in Purgatory. This practice was illegal in Germany but one day Luther's congregation told him that they would no longer need confessionals because their sins had been forgiven through indulgences.

95 Theses Martin Luther Hammer StudySmarter

95 Theses Date

On October 31, 1517, Martin Luther went outside of his church and hammered his 95 Theses to the Church wall. This sounds dramatic but historians think it probably wasn't. Luther's theses took off and were soon translated to different languages. It even made its way to Pope Leo X!

The Catholic Church

The Catholic Church was the only Christian church in existence at this time, there were no Baptists, Presbyterians, or Protestants. The Church (meaning the Catholic Church) also provided the only welfare programs. They fed the hungry, gave shelter to the poor, and provided medical care. The only education available was through the Catholic Church. Faith was not the only reason people attended church. At church, they could show off their status and socialize.

The pope was extremely powerful. The Catholic Church owned one-third of the land in Europe. The pope also had power over kings. This is because kings were thought to be appointed by God and the pope was a direct link to God. The pope would advise kings and could heavily influence wars and other political struggles.

When going forward, remember how important and powerful the Catholic Church was. This will offer context to the Protestant Reformation .

The first two theses are about indulgences and why they are immoral. The first thesis refers to God as the only being who can grant forgiveness from sins. Luther was very dedicated to the belief that God could grant forgiveness to anyone who prayed for it.

The second thesis was directly calling out the Catholic Church. Luther reminds the reader that the church does not have the authority to forgive sins so when they sell indulgences, they are selling something they do not have. If God is the only one who can forgive sins and the indulgences weren't bought from God, then they are fake.

  • When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said, ``Repent'' (Mt 4:17), he willed the entire life of believers to be one of repentance.
  • This word cannot be understood as referring to the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, as administered by the clergy.

The rest of the theses are providing evidence of Luther's first two claims. These are written as arguing points. Luther opens the door that if anyone found fought in any of his points then they could write him and they would debate. The point of the theses was not to destroy the Catholic church but to reform it. The 95 Theses were translated from Latin to German and were read by people all over the country!

95 Theses Luther 95 Theses StudySmarter

Luther wrote the theses in a conversational tone. While it was written in Latin, this would not be for the clergy alone. This would also be for the Catholics who, in Luther's eyes, wasted their money on indulgences. Luther proposed a reform of the Catholic Church. He was not trying to strike out and create a new form of Christianity.

Martin Luther no longer believed that priests could forgive people of their sins on behalf of God. He had a completely radical idea that people could confess in prayer on their own and God would forgive them. Luther also believed that the bible should be translated into German so that everyone could read it. At this point, it was written in Latin and only the clergy could read it.

The Gutenberg Printing Press and the Protestant Reformation

Martin Luther was not the first educated person to go up against the Catholic Church but he is the first to start a reformation. What made him different? In 1440, Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press. This made information spread quicker than it had previously. While historians are still researching the effect of the printing press on the Protestant Reformation, most agree that the Reformation would not have happened without it.

95 Theses Effect on Europe

Luther was excommunicated from the church while the 95 Theses sparked the Protestant Reformation. This was also a political reform. It eventually took away the majority of the pope's power removing his role as a political leader and leaving him as a spiritual leader. The nobility began to break from the Catholic Church because they could then dissolve the church's landholdings and keep the profits. Nobles who were monks could leave the Catholics and get married then produce heirs.

Through the Protestant Reformation people were able to get a German translation of the bible. Anyone who was literate could read the bible for themselves. No longer did they have to rely so heavily on the priests. This created different denominations of Christianity that did not follow the same rules as the Catholic Church or each other's. This also sparked the German Peasant Revolt which was the largest peasant revolt at that time.

95 Theses - Key takeaways

  • The 95 Theses was originally a response to the sale of Indulgences
  • The Catholic Church was a social, political, and spiritual world power
  • The 95 Theses sparked the Protestant Reformation which eventually drastically diminished the power of the Catholic Church

Frequently Asked Questions about 95 Theses

--> what were the 95 theses .

The 95 Theses was a document posted by Martin Luther. It was written so the Catholic Church would reform.

--> When did Martin Luther post the 95 Theses? 

The 95 Theses was posted on October 31st, 1517 in Wittenberg, Germany.

--> Why did Martin Luther write the 95 Theses? 

Martin Luther wrote the 95 Theses so that the Catholic Church would reform and stop selling indulgences. 

--> Who wrote the 95 Theses? 

Martin Luther wrote the 95 Theses.

--> What did the 95 theses say? 

The first two theses were against the sale of indulgences the rest of the theses backed up that claim. 

Final 95 Theses Quiz

95 theses quiz - teste dein wissen.

Who wrote the 95 Theses?

Show answer

Show question

When were the 95 Theses written? 

October 31, 1517

Where was the 95 Theses posted?

Wittenberg, Germany 

When someone is removed from the Catholic church because of their actions it is called ________.


What were tokens that could be purchased by anyone that meant the buyer's sins had been forgiven?


Why did Pope Leo X allow Catholics to start back selling indulgences?

To Fund the restoration of St. Peter's Basilica

What was the first thesis about?

Only God can forgive people of their sins

What was the second thesis about?

The Catholic Church did not have the authority to forgive people of their sins

What were the third through ninety-nine theses about?

They were points that backed up the first two theses. 

What invention helped the spread of the Protestant Reformation?

What reformation was sparked by the Ninety-Five Theses?

Protestant Reformation 

Nobles broke from the Catholic Church then dissolved the Church's holdings so that they could keep the revenue.


Before the Protestant Reformation, there were plenty of denominations of Christians.

Which book did Luther translate into German that greatly influenced the Protestant Reformation?

Who did Martin Luther think that people needed to forgive their sins?

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Martin Luther’s 95 Theses in Latin and English

The original text of Martin Luther’s 95 Theses in original Latin and translated English text. More correctly the 95 Theses was actually called the “Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences” by Dr. Martin Luther (1517).

English text first, Latin text follows:

Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences by Dr. Martin Luther (1517) Published in: Works of Martin Luther: Adolph Spaeth, L.D. Reed, Henry Eyster Jacobs, et Al., Trans. & Eds. (Philadelphia: A. J. Holman Company, 1915), Vol.1, pp. 29-38 _______________

Out of love for the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and Lecturer in Ordinary on the same at that place. Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. 1. Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, when He said Poenitentiam agite, willed that the whole life of believers should be repentance. 2. This word cannot be understood to mean sacramental penance, i.e., confession and satisfaction, which is administered by the priests. 3. Yet it means not inward repentance only; nay, there is no inward repentance which does not outwardly work divers mortifications of the flesh. 4. The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven. 5. The pope does not intend to remit, and cannot remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by that of the Canons. 6. The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to God’s remission; though, to be sure, he may grant remission in cases reserved to his judgment. If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. 7. God remits guilt to no one whom He does not, at the same time, humble in all things and bring into subjection to His vicar, the priest. 8. The penitential canons are imposed only on the living, and, according to them, nothing should be imposed on the dying. 9. Therefore the Holy Spirit in the pope is kind to us, because in his decrees he always makes exception of the article of death and of necessity. 10. Ignorant and wicked are the doings of those priests who, in the case of the dying, reserve canonical penances for purgatory. 11. This changing of the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory is quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept. 12. In former times the canonical penalties were imposed not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition. 13. The dying are freed by death from all penalties; they are already dead to canonical rules, and have a right to be released from them. 14. The imperfect health [of soul], that is to say, the imperfect love, of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear; and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear. 15. This fear and horror is sufficient of itself alone (to say nothing of other things) to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of despair. 16. Hell, purgatory, and heaven seem to differ as do despair, almost-despair, and the assurance of safety. 17. With souls in purgatory it seems necessary that horror should grow less and love increase. 18. It seems unproved, either by reason or Scripture, that they are outside the state of merit, that is to say, of increasing love. 19. Again, it seems unproved that they, or at least that all of them, are certain or assured of their own blessedness, though we may be quite certain of it. 20. Therefore by “full remission of all penalties” the pope means not actually “of all,” but only of those imposed by himself. 21. Therefore those preachers of indulgences are in error, who say that by the pope’s indulgences a man is freed from every penalty, and saved; 22. Whereas he remits to souls in purgatory no penalty which, according to the canons, they would have had to pay in this life. 23. If it is at all possible to grant to any one the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission can be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to the very fewest. 24. It must needs be, therefore, that the greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and highsounding promise of release from penalty. 25. The power which the pope has, in a general way, over purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in a special way, within his own diocese or parish. 26. The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by way of intercession. 27. They preach man who say that so soon as the penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory]. 28. It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of God alone. 29. Who knows whether all the souls in purgatory wish to be bought out of it, as in the legend of Sts. Severinus and Paschal. 30. No one is sure that his own contrition is sincere; much less that he has attained full remission. 31. Rare as is the man that is truly penitent, so rare is also the man who truly buys indulgences, i.e., such men are most rare. 32. They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of their salvation because they have letters of pardon. 33. Men must be on their guard against those who say that the pope’s pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to Him; 34. For these “graces of pardon” concern only the penalties of sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man. 35. They preach no Christian doctrine who teach that contrition is not necessary in those who intend to buy souls out of purgatory or to buy confessionalia. 36. Every truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. 37. Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of Christ and the Church; and this is granted him by God, even without letters of pardon. 38. Nevertheless, the remission and participation [in the blessings of the Church] which are granted by the pope are in no way to be despised, for they are, as I have said, the declaration of divine remission. 39. It is most difficult, even for the very keenest theologians, at one and the same time to commend to the people the abundance of pardons and [the need of] true contrition. 40. True contrition seeks and loves penalties, but liberal pardons only relax penalties and cause them to be hated, or at least, furnish an occasion [for hating them]. 41. Apostolic pardons are to be preached with caution, lest the people may falsely think them preferable to other good works of love. 42. Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend the buying of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy. 43. Christians are to be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons; 44. Because love grows by works of love, and man becomes better; but by pardons man does not grow better, only more free from penalty. 45. Christians are to be taught that he who sees a man in need, and passes him by, and gives [his money] for pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of God. 46. Christians are to be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep back what is necessary for their own families, and by no means to squander it on pardons. 47. Christians are to be taught that the buying of pardons is a matter of free will, and not of commandment. 48. Christians are to be taught that the pope, in granting pardons, needs, and therefore desires, their devout prayer for him more than the money they bring. 49. Christians are to be taught that the pope’s pardons are useful, if they do not put their trust in them; but altogether harmful, if through them they lose their fear of God. 50. Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that St. Peter’s church should go to ashes, than that it should be built up with the skin, flesh and bones of his sheep. 51. Christians are to be taught that it would be the pope’s wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money to very many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money, even though the church of St. Peter might have to be sold. 52. The assurance of salvation by letters of pardon is vain, even though the commissary, nay, even though the pope himself, were to stake his soul upon it. 53. They are enemies of Christ and of the pope, who bid the Word of God be altogether silent in some Churches, in order that pardons may be preached in others. 54. Injury is done the Word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is spent on pardons than on this Word. 55. It must be the intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and ceremonies, then the Gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies. 56. The “treasures of the Church,” out of which the pope. grants indulgences, are not sufficiently named or known among the people of Christ. 57. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not pour out such treasures so easily, but only gather them. 58. Nor are they the merits of Christ and the Saints, for even without the pope, these always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for the outward man. 59. St. Lawrence said that the treasures of the Church were the Church’s poor, but he spoke according to the usage of the word in his own time. 60. Without rashness we say that the keys of the Church, given by Christ’s merit, are that treasure; 61. For it is clear that for the remission of penalties and of reserved cases, the power of the pope is of itself sufficient. 62. The true treasure of the Church is the Most Holy Gospel of the glory and the grace of God. 63. But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the first to be last. 64. On the other hand, the treasure of indulgences is naturally most acceptable, for it makes the last to be first. 65. Therefore the treasures of the Gospel are nets with which they formerly were wont to fish for men of riches. 66. The treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the riches of men. 67. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the “greatest graces” are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain. 68. Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of God and the piety of the Cross. 69. Bishops and curates are bound to admit the commissaries of apostolic pardons, with all reverence. 70. But still more are they bound to strain all their eyes and attend with all their ears, lest these men preach their own dreams instead of the commission of the pope. 71. He who speaks against the truth of apostolic pardons, let him be anathema and accursed! 72. But he who guards against the lust and license of the pardon-preachers, let him be blessed! 73. The pope justly thunders against those who, by any art, contrive the injury of the traffic in pardons. 74. But much more does he intend to thunder against those who use the pretext of pardons to contrive the injury of holy love and truth. 75. To think the papal pardons so great that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and violated the Mother of God — this is madness. 76. We say, on the contrary, that the papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned. 77. It is said that even St. Peter, if he were now Pope, could not bestow greater graces; this is blasphemy against St. Peter and against the pope. 78. We say, on the contrary, that even the present pope, and any pope at all, has greater graces at his disposal; to wit, the Gospel, powers, gifts of healing, etc., as it is written in I. Corinthians xii. 79. To say that the cross, emblazoned with the papal arms, which is set up [by the preachers of indulgences], is of equal worth with the Cross of Christ, is blasphemy. 80. The bishops, curates and theologians who allow such talk to be spread among the people, will have an account to render. 81. This unbridled preaching of pardons makes it no easy matter, even for learned men, to rescue the reverence due to the pope from slander, or even from the shrewd questionings of the laity. 82. To wit: — “Why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love and of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a Church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is most trivial.” 83. Again: — “Why are mortuary and anniversary masses for the dead continued, and why does he not return or permit the withdrawal of the endowments founded on their behalf, since it is wrong to pray for the redeemed?” 84. Again: — “What is this new piety of God and the pope, that for money they allow a man who is impious and their enemy to buy out of purgatory the pious soul of a friend of God, and do not rather, because of that pious and beloved soul’s own need, free it for pure love’s sake?” 85. Again: — “Why are the penitential canons long since in actual fact and through disuse abrogated and dead, now satisfied by the granting of indulgences, as though they were still alive and in force?” 86. Again: — “Why does not the pope, whose wealth is to-day greater than the riches of the richest, build just this one church of St. Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers?” 87. Again: — “What is it that the pope remits, and what participation does he grant to those who, by perfect contrition, have a right to full remission and participation?” 88. Again: — “What greater blessing could come to the Church than if the pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does once, and bestow on every believer these remissions and participations?” 89. “Since the pope, by his pardons, seeks the salvation of souls rather than money, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted heretofore, since these have equal efficacy?” 90. To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the Church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy. 91. If, therefore, pardons were preached according to the spirit and mind of the pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved; nay, they would not exist. 92. Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, “Peace, peace,” and there is no peace! 93. Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, “Cross, cross,” and there is no cross! 94. Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell; 95. And thus be confident of entering into heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the assurance of peace.

“Disputatio pro Declaratione Virtutis Indulgentiarum.” by Dr. Martin Luther, 1483-1546 D. MARTIN LUTHERS WERKE: KRITISCHE GESAMMTAUSGABE. 1. Band (Weimar: Hermann Boehlau, 1883). pp. 233-238. PW #001-001La

Amore et studio elucidande veritatis hec subscripta disputabuntur Wittenberge, Presidente R. P. Martino Lutther, Artium et S. Theologie Magistro eiusdemque ibidem lectore Ordinario. Quare petit, ut qui non possunt verbis presentes nobiscum disceptare agant id literis absentes. In nomine domini nostri Hiesu Christi. Amen.

1. Dominus et magister noster Iesus Christus dicendo `Penitentiam agite &c.’ omnem vitam fidelium penitentiam esse voluit.

2. Quod verbum de penitentia sacramentali (id est confessionis et satisfactionis, que sacerdotum ministerio celebratur) non potest intelligi.

3. Non tamen solam intendit interiorem, immo interior nulla est, nisi foris operetur varias carnis mortificationes.

4. Manet itaque pena, donec manet odium sui (id est penitentia vera intus), scilicet usque ad introitum regni celorum.

5. Papa non vult nec potest ullas penas remittere preter eas, quas arbitrio vel suo vel canonum imposuit.

6. Papa non potest remittere ullam culpam nisi declarando, et approbando remissam a deo Aut certe remittendo casus reservatos sibi, quibus contemptis culpa prorsus remaneret.

7. Nulli prorus remittit deus culpam, quin simul eum subiiciat humiliatum in omnibus sacerdoti suo vicario.

8. Canones penitentiales solum viventibus sunt impositi nihilque morituris secundum eosdem debet imponi.

9. Inde bene nobis facit spiritussanctus in papa excipiendo in suis decretis semper articulum mortis et necessitatis.

10. Indocte et male faciunt sacerdotes ii, qui morituris penitentias canonicas in purgatorium reservant.

11. Zizania illa de mutanda pena Canonica in penam purgatorii videntur certe dormientibus episcopis seminata.

12. Olim pene canonice non post, sed ante absolutionem imponebantur tanquam tentamenta vere contritionis.

13. Morituri per mortem omnia solvunt et legibus canonum mortui iam sunt, habentes iure earum relaxationem.

14. Imperfecta sanitas seu charitas morituri necessario secum fert magnum timorem, tantoque maiorem, quanto minor fuerit ipsa.

15. Hic timor et horror satis est se solo (ut alia taceam) facere penam purgatorii, cum sit proximus desperationis horrori.

16. Videntur infernus, purgaturium, celum differre, sicut desperatio, prope desperatio, securitas differunt.

17. Necessarium videtur animabus in purgatorio sicut minni horrorem ita augeri charitatem.

18. Nec probatum videtur ullis aut rationibus aut scripturis, quod sint extra statum meriti seu augende charitatis.

19. Nec hoc probatum esse videtur, quod sint de sua beatitudine certe et secure, saltem omnes, licet nos certissimi simus.

20. Igitur papa per remissionem plenariam omnium penarum non simpliciter omnium intelligit, sed a seipso tantummodo impositarum.

21. Errant itaque indulgentiarum predicatores ii, qui dicunt per pape indulgentias hominem ab omni pena solvi et salvari.

22. Quin nullam remittit animabus in purgatorio, quam in hac vita debuissent secundum Canones solvere.

23. Si remissio ulla omnium omnino penarum potest alicui dari, certum est eam non nisi perfectissimis, i.e. paucissimis, dari.

24. Falli ob id necesse est maiorem partem populi per indifferentem illam et magnificam pene solute promissionem.

25. Qualem potestatem habet papa in purgatorium generaliter, talem habet quilibet Episcopus et Curatus in sua diocesi et parochia specialiter.

1. [26] Optime facit papa, quod non potestate clavis (quam nullam habet) sed per modum suffragii dat animabus remissionem.

2. [27] Hominem predicant, qui statim ut iactus nummus in cistam tinnierit evolare dicunt animam.

3. [28] Certum est, nummo in cistam tinniente augeri questum et avariciam posse: suffragium autem ecclesie est in arbitrio dei solius.

4. [29] Quis scit, si omnes anime in purgatorio velint redimi, sicut de s. Severino et Paschali factum narratur.

5. [30] Nullus securus est de veritate sue contritionis, multominus de consecutione plenarie remissionis.

6. [31] Quam rarus est vere penitens, tam rarus est vere indulgentias redimens, i. e. rarissimus.

7. [32] Damnabuntur ineternum cum suis magistris, qui per literas veniarum securos sese credunt de sua salute.

8. [33] Cavendi sunt nimis, qui dicunt venias illas Pape donum esse illud dei inestimabile, quo reconciliatur homo deo.

9. [34] Gratie enim ille veniales tantum respiciunt penas satisfactionis sacramentalis ab homine constitutas.

10. [35] Non christiana predicant, qui docent, quod redempturis animas vel confessionalia non sit necessaria contritio.

11. [36] Quilibet christianus vere compunctus habet remissionem plenariam a pena et culpa etiam sine literis veniarum sibi debitam.

12. [37] Quilibet versus christianus, sive vivus sive mortuus, habet participationem omnium bonorum Christi et Ecclesie etiam sine literis veniarum a deo sibi datam.

13. [38] Remissio tamen et participatio Pape nullo modo est contemnenda, quia (ut dixi) est declaratio remissionis divine.

14. [39] Difficillimum est etiam doctissimis Theologis simul extollere veniarum largitatem et contritionis veritatem coram populo.

15. [40] Contritionis veritas penas querit et amat, Veniarum autem largitas relaxat et odisse facit, saltem occasione.

16. [41] Caute sunt venie apostolice predicande, ne populus false intelligat eas preferri ceteris bonis operibus charitatis.

17. [42] Docendi sunt christiani, quod Pape mens non est, redemptionem veniarum ulla ex parte comparandam esse operibus misericordie.

18. [43] Docendi sunt christiani, quod dans pauperi aut mutuans egenti melius facit quam si venias redimereet.

19. [44] Quia per opus charitatis crescit charitas et fit homo melior, sed per venias non fit melior sed tantummodo a pena liberior.

20. [45] Docendi sunt christiani, quod, qui videt egenum et neglecto eo dat pro veniis, non idulgentias Pape sed indignationem dei sibi vendicat.

21. [46] Docendi sunt christiani, quod nisi superfluis abundent necessaria tenentur domui sue retinere et nequaquam propter venias effundere.

22. [47] Docendi sunt christiani, quod redemptio veniarum est libera, non precepta.

23. [48] Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut magis eget ita magis optat in veniis dandis pro se devotam orationem quam promptam pecuniam.

24. [49] Docendi sunt christiani, quod venie Pape sunt utiles, si non in cas confidant, Sed nocentissime, si timorem dei per eas amittant.

25. [50] Docendi sunt christiani, quod si Papa nosset exactiones venialium predicatorum, mallet Basilicam s. Petri in cineres ire quam edificari cute, carne et ossibus ovium suarum.

1. [51] Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut debet ita vellet, etiam vendita (si opus sit) Basilicam s. Petri, de suis pecuniis dare illis, a quorum plurimis quidam concionatores veniarum pecuniam eliciunt.

2. [52] Vana est fiducia salutis per literas veniarum, etiam si Commissarius, immo Papa ipse suam animam pro illis impigneraret.

3. [53] Hostes Christi et Pape sunt ii, qui propter venias predicandas verbum dei in aliis ecclesiis penitus silere iubent.

4. [54] Iniuria fit verbo dei, dum in eodem sermone equale vel longius tempus impenditur veniis quam illi.

5. [55] Mens Pape necessario est, quod, si venie (quod minimum est) una campana, unis pompis et ceremoniis celebrantur, Euangelium (quod maximum est) centum campanis, centum pompis, centum ceremoniis predicetur.

6. [56] Thesauri ecclesie, unde Pape dat indulgentias, neque satis nominati sunt neque cogniti apud populum Christi.

7. [57] Temporales certe non esse patet, quod non tam facile eos profundunt, sed tantummodo colligunt multi  concionatorum.

8. [58] Nec sunt merita Christi et sanctorum, quia hec semper sine Papa operantur gratiam hominis interioris et crucem, mortem infernumque exterioris.

9. [59] Thesauros ecclesie s. Laurentius dixit esse pauperes ecclesie, sed locutus est usu vocabuli suo tempore.

10. [60] Sine temeritate dicimus claves ecclesie (merito Christi donatas) esse thesaurum istum.

11. [61] Clarum est enim, quod ad remissionem penarum et casuum sola sufficit potestas Pape.

12. [62] Verus thesaurus ecclesie est sacrosanctum euangelium glorie et gratie dei.

13. [63] Hic autem est merito odiosissimus, quia ex primis facit novissimos.

14. [64] Thesaurus autem indulgentiarum merito est gratissimus, quia ex novissimis facit primos.

15. [65] Igitur thesauri Euangelici rhetia sunt, quibus olim piscabantur viros divitiarum.

16. [66] Thesauri indulgentiarum rhetia sunt, quibus nunc piscantur divitias virorum.

17. [67] Indulgentie, quas concionatores vociferantur maximas gratias, intelliguntur vere tales quoad questum promovendum.

18. [68] Sunt tamen re vera minime ad gratiam dei et crucis pietatem comparate.

19. [69] Tenentur Episcopi et Curati veniarum apostolicarum Commissarios cum omni reverentia admittere.

20. [70] Sed magis tenentur omnibus oculis intendere, omnibus auribus advertere, ne pro commissione Pape sua illi somnia predicent.

21. [71] Contra veniarum apostolicarum veritatem qui loquitur, sit ille anathema et maledictus.

22. [72] Qui vero, contra libidinem ac licentiam verborum Concionatoris veniarum curam agit, sit ille benedictus.

23. [73] Sicut Papa iuste fulminat eos, qui in fraudem negocii veniarum quacunque arte machinantur,

24. [74] Multomagnis fulminare intendit eos, qui per veniarum pretextum in fraudem sancte charitatis et veritatis machinantur,

25. [75] Opinari venias papales tantas esse, ut solvere possint hominem, etiam si quis per impossibile dei genitricem violasset, Est insanire.

1. [76] Dicimus contra, quod venie papales nec minimum venialium peccatorum tollere possint quo ad culpam.

2. [77] Quod dicitur, nec si s. Petrus modo Papa esset maiores gratias donare posset, est blasphemia in sanctum Petrum et Papam.

3. [78] Dicimus contra, quod etiam iste et quilibet papa maiores habet, scilicet Euangelium, virtutes, gratias, curationum &c. ut 1. Co. XII.

4. [79] Dicere, Crucem armis papalibus insigniter erectam cruci Christi equivalere, blasphemia est.

5. [80] Rationem reddent Episcopi, Curati et Theologi, Qui tales sermones in populum licere sinunt.

6. [81] Facit hec licentiosa veniarum predicatio, ut nec reverentiam Pape facile sit etiam doctis viris redimere a calumniis aut certe argutis questionibus laicorm.

7. [82] Scilicet. Cur Papa non evacuat purgatorium propter sanctissimam charitatem et summam animarum necessitatem ut causam omnium iustissimam, Si infinitas animas redimit propter pecuniam funestissimam ad structuram Basilice ut causam levissimam?

8. [83] Item. Cur permanent exequie et anniversaria defunctorum et non reddit aut recipi permittit beneficia pro illis instituta, cum iam sit iniuria pro redemptis orare?

9. [84] Item. Que illa nova pietas Dei et Pape, quod impio et inimico propter pecuniam concedunt animam piam et amicam dei redimere, Et tamen propter necessitatem ipsius met pie et dilecte anime non redimunt eam gratuita charitate?

10. [85] Item. Cur Canones penitentiales re ipsa et non usu iam diu in semet abrogati et mortui adhuc tamen pecuniis redimuntur per concessionem indulgentiarum tanquam vivacissimi?

11. [86] Item. Cur Papa, cuius opes hodie sunt opulentissimis Crassis crassiores, non de suis pecuniis magis quam pauperum fidelium struit unam tantummodo Basilicam sancti Petri?

12. [87] Item. Quid remittit aut participat Papa iis, qui per contritionem perfectam ius habent plenarie remissionis et participationis?

13. [88] Item. Quid adderetur ecclesie boni maioris, Si Papa, sicut semel facit, ita centies in die cuilibet fidelium has remissiones et participationes tribueret?

14. [89] Ex quo Papa salutem querit animarum per venias magis quam pecunias, Cur suspendit literas et venias iam olim concessas, cum sint eque efficaces?

15. [90] Hec scrupulosissima laicorum argumenta sola potestate compescere nec reddita ratione diluere, Est ecclesiam et Papam hostibus ridendos exponere et infelices christianos facere.

16. [91] Si ergo venie secundum spiritum et mentem Pape predicarentur, facile illa omnia solverentur, immo non essent.

17. [92] Valeant itaque omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi `Pax pax,’ et non est pax.

18. [93] Bene agant omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi `Crux crux,’ et non est crux.

19. [94] Exhortandi sunt Christiani, ut caput suum Christum per penas, mortes infernosque sequi studeant,

20. [95] Ac sic magis per multas tribulationes intrare celum quam per securitatem pacis confidant.

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49 thoughts on “ martin luther’s 95 theses in latin and english ”.

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I am particularly moved by Luther’s courage. His rejection of indulgences is especialy applicable today. The “prosperity” preachers of today, especially in Africa, are selling their own kind of indulgences by making outrageous promises and then taking money from the vunerable. Their own hypocrisy usually finds them out. One’s poverty or lower class in not about whether he/she has enough faith. Rather then try and escape our suffering, I believe that we often must go through them. Luther was asked what our part in salvation was. He replied, “Sin and resistance!” The 95 Theses of Luther were born of a perfect storm both socially (external) and within his soul (inward). It took Luther thousands of day, hours, and minutes to come to the conclusions in the theses. I wonder if there is a perfect storm within me and would have the same kind of courage to act.

Need another Protestant Reformation. A simple I and Thou relationship. A man’s life and conscience is between him and God. Not got any to judge or stand in between. In the image of God was man made. Male and female He made them. Not one above another. and to Him only may they turn. For no man stands before them or between them and God except Jesus Christ Our Saviour. begotten Not made…Too many getting fantastical diverse theologies and mad ideas. Madder than the catholic church is a man not versed in basics. Belief runs amok and becomes a vile, repugnant blasphemy. Oh for simplicity again. I and Thou Oh Lord. I and Thou. In Thee only do I put my trust.

I also had thought we needed a new reformation. And then I’ve slowly realized that we ARE in the middle of a new reformation. I believe it is the contemporary clash of religions – on such a world scale now and so publicized that daily – that is giving us new eyes to see that there are changes that need to be made.

I look forward to searching out Martin one day and thanking him for his courage. a former roman catholic, Ralph Gaily

Thank you for this posting. It shall prove handy for the research paper I chose to write on the Protestant Reformation.

I must ask, though, if you had thought of this the same way as I: Was Luther really all that special? Others had come before, uttering very nearly the same complaints. I somewhat feel that Luther’s only edge was the printing press; an advantage (although accidental) Hus nor Wycliffe possessed. Not that Luther wasn’t courageous, of course.

Yes, definitely the printing press gave an advantage; and along with his translations of scripture into “the language of the people” – it was the first time regular people could read for themselves, study and debate.

And because of the printing press his many books were widespread among the Germans and beyond.

I find it funny that even in the 95 Theses Luther never rejected the full authority of the papacy; the treasury of the merits of Christ and the Saints; or even the belief in indulgences: he merely, criticised their abuse. He had not advocated, it would seem, their complete abolition. Luther most certainly didn’t innovate his doctrines of “Sola Scriptura” or Justification by “faith alone” till approximately 1520. He even in 1518, submitted his judgement fully to “Holy Roman Church.”

See thus:

Additionally, I could probably affirm maybe thirty or thirty-five of these “Theses;” the rest are erroneous or incorrect in their assertions.

I posted that video as it exemplifies quite a bit about Martin Luther and his so-called “Reformation.” I find that at times he was very confused and contradicted himself. Now that being said, I will not endorse the persons who compiled the video; however I do support the veracity of the claims wherewith they present.

Hi Matthaeus, If you like, please join us over at – Lots of Martin Luther posts over there!

I personally don’t find it surprising that Martin Luther did not reject the full authority of the papacy in his 92 Theses. At the time, he was a practicing Catholic – his aim (to my understanding) with the 95 Theses was to bring about reform. In the beginning he seemed convinced this could happen within the church.

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I think someone should publish this in real English! x

It was most unfortunate that Martin Luther decided to reform from outside the Church instead of from within. He would have been a pillar of the Church instead of an outcast that he is!

Was Martin Luther a special? I believe he was just like you and me but anointed and led by the Holy Spirit, something we really don’t understand in our finite thinking. I find it hard to comprehend an infinite, timeless, knowledgeable divine designer and His ways. He understands physics way beyond our understanding, i.e. Jesus walking on water and isn’t constrained by physical limitations we know and understand. I believe Luther was the person that pushed the truth over the top with the help of the printing press by God’s Grace. As I understand it he tried for years to reform from within but was met with such hostility he had to make a choice. He stuck to his heart’s leading through all kinds of disgrace but always stayed true to his calling. Our Father gives us the horse power to get through every situation in our life. That horse power is the Holy Spirit which operates on what Jesus did for us by dying as an innocent man with all the pain that came from that horrendous treatment. Jesus, God’s Son, paid the price for our sin’s dying on that cross but in His dying conquered death when he rose from the grave. Luther realized that one only needs to confess or state our short comings honestly, (in some seasons of our life all day long) and we are forgiven because of what Jesus did for us. (1 John 1:9). It doesn’t take anything on our part, Jesus did it all. That is what Luther was trying to say without separating himself from the only system He knew. I believe some of the things said in this document were a desperate attempt trying to reform the Catholic Church with all its management and upper management problems. Surely not all leaders within the Catholic Church were taking advantage of their followers but I’m sure it was becoming more in vogue to tap this lucrative or sure fire way to get people motivated to donate even when they had nothing to give. I can almost hear the rationale in my mind now. Luther was just a man but studying his life will show us how we are called on to stand when all others are flocking to a seemingly easier way of life. The Bible is an amazing Book. It is the way an infinite being is using to communicate with us finite thinkers. There are so many layers of understanding it is hard to imagine how our Father could possibly weave truth that touches and is applicable to all of us (Individually)through the ages and different cultures. Unfortunately, it has been misused to control people which in turn has tainted many and continues to keep many from seriously considering what is said in this wonderful Book. Praise God Luther didn’t turn away from the Bible when he saw all the injustices that were being done to mankind, as many do, but he studied harder and found his convictions truly were correct. He understood God wasn’t as some were portraying God to be. There it is again …what we all need to do. Study God’s word to you and me, and in doing so, find perfect peace even in troubled times. It really works that way.

Its amazing that Martin Luther had so much against indulgences. If he knew what the Catholic Church taught and still does about it. He was right in correcting those who abused “their flock”, which of course Christ said would happen. However, if Luther had gone to the public teaching what indulgences really were and used the printing press towards that end the effects would have been much different. The Catholic Church teaches this about indulgences(which can be found in paragraph 1471 in the cathecism):

“”The doctrine and practice of indulgences in the Church are closely linked to the effects of the sacrament of Penance. What is an indulgence?

“An indulgence is a remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven, which the faithful Christian who is duly disposed gains under certain prescribed conditions through the action of the Church which, as the minister of redemption, dispenses and applies with authority the treasury of the satisfactions of Christ and the saints.”

“An indulgence is partial or plenary according as it removes either part or all of the temporal punishment due to sin.” The faithful can gain indulgences for themselves or apply them to the dead.””

This has always been the teaching of indulgences, but during Luthers time this doctrine was being abused and he should have corrected them. Because a doctrine is abused does not make the doctrine itself wrong.

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32 Yea, it shall come in a day when there shall be churches built up that shall say: Come unto me, and for your money you shall be forgiven of your sins. 33 O ye wicked and perverse and stiffnecked people, why have ye built up churches unto yourselves to get gain? Why have ye transfigured the holy word of God, that ye might bring damnation upon your souls? Behold, look ye unto the revelations of God; for behold, the time cometh at that day when all these things must be fulfilled. 34 Behold, the Lord hath shown unto me great and marvelous things concerning that which must shortly come, at that day when these things shall come forth among you. 35 Behold, I speak unto you as if ye were present, and yet ye are not. But behold, Jesus Christ hath shown you unto me, and I know your doing. 36 And I know that ye do walk in the pride of your hearts; and there are none save a few only who do not lift themselves up in the pride of their hearts, unto the wearing of very fine apparel, unto envying, and strifes, and malice, and persecutions, and all manner of iniquities; and your churches, yea, even every one, have become polluted because of the pride of your hearts. 37 For behold, ye do love amoney, and your substance, and your fine apparel, and the adorning of your churches, more than ye love the poor and the needy, the sick and the afflicted. 38 O ye pollutions, ye hypocrites, ye teachers, who sell yourselves for that which will canker, why have ye polluted the holy church of God? Why are ye ashamed to take upon you the name of Christ? Why do ye not think that greater is the value of an endless happiness than that misery which never dies—because of the praise of the world? 39 Why do ye adorn yourselves with that which hath no life, and yet suffer the hungry, and the needy, and the naked, and the sick and the afflicted to pass by you, and notice them not? 40 Yea, why do ye build up your secret abominations to get gain, and cause that widows should mourn before the Lord, and also orphans to mourn before the Lord, and also the blood of their fathers and their husbands to cry unto the Lord from the ground, for vengeance upon your heads? 41 Behold, the sword of vengeance hangeth over you; and the time soon cometh that he avengeth the blood of the saints upon you, for he will not suffer their cries any longer.

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Some Baptist Preachers on Television still use this technique late at night. They say that if you give 500$, 1000$, or if the Lord lays it on your heart to give 5,000$, you will be blessed; more than that, the money will return to you in your future. They also say that you can get your body healed by giving money. They use as examples a time when they gave money to the church and they, in turn, got lots of money back. I have sat down and watched entire episodes of this, cringing. They prey upon people’s sincere desire for salvation who don’t know the message of the bible yet; people who are naive and innocent. They wear minister’s clothes and speak loudly and look very respectable. It makes me feel sick.

Martin Luther was the voice that apparently spoke for thousands who were too afraid of the church to speak up. I wish I could do the same against the Cath***c Church for teaching me lies when I was a child. At this point I realize that Mary, despite what the Catholic church says, was not the actual Mother of God, etc. Lies, all lies. God doesn’t have a mother, actually, because he is God. I mean, Hello!

Read up on Luther and his devotion to Mary. He was EXTREMELY Marian in his outlook even until death,

If you are Christian, and believe that Jesus is God, and that Jesus’ mother on earth was Mary, then God does have a mother, and her name is Mary… idiot. I’m an atheist and even I can see that.

My, my…such rankor. It’s simple folks, just read Matt 16; 13 to 19 and ponder, meditate upon them… We are commanded to love our neighbor as our selves. To me that means everyone on planet earth, past, present and future, not only those next to me and my house, but all…God Bless you, all, all my beloved neighbors…Eddie

Scripture interprets scripture, we all seem to have the answer but until we piece all the scripture together we will only have man-made religions. Matt 16; 18 to 19 is also understood by reading Eph 2 ;19-21,Gal 2;7-9,Rev 21;14.I Cor 12;28.

Roscoe (October 23, 2010 at 9:53 pm) posted a quote from the Book of Mormon. That’s like the headless leading the blind! I can’t think of a more decieved cult of so called “Christians” than the LDS who have bastardized Holy Scripture and Christian doctrine to suit thei own needs more than anyone. Get saved, dude!

I can’t help but to wade into this flock of sheep. First, I would like to thank the publisher and congratulate you on getting your link on Wikipedia. I am a historian and this morning I was studying Locke and his relation to the origins of American Liberalism as well as the relation of the British Whig party to the American one.

While diving I came into religious strife as one always does in the history of Europe. I realized the work of the British Empiricists was almost defeated at it’s genesis in Locke by a Catholic resurgance in England. All of this of course directly related to the 30 years war, related of course to Martin Luther … which is how I came here.

Historical analysis aside I read each and every comment here and came up with an interesting question for all of you who CHOOSE to still believe that there is a god. You see, the information is out there and it is less difficult to understand than understanding the history of religion.

For instance, understanding that Constantine and Charlemagne are more important to Christianity than Christ ever was is significantly more difficult than understanding the biological facts of evolution. Yet I often find educated believers who understand the prior, while dismissing the latter. So my question to all you believers (as antique as you are) is this:

In the next 20-40 years we will eliminate death. This is not some scientific fantasy, it is an easily attainable biological reality and it is on its way. My question is, what do you think will come of the two most violent religions (Christianity and Islam of course) when death is no longer an inevitability? How will you scare people into believing? Consider also a generation blessed with Google and Wikipedia from their birth and you have the first generation (the Millenials) with the tools at hand to dismiss the theologies that have been so incredibly destructive.

Ever since Medici, Christians have been bought and paid for, your time has been waning since the Age of Enlightment. Sorry Pope Leo X, no more little boys to pop out of your cake. Thank you Pope Urban II, your ego started the secular revolution by showing historians that religion is for warmongers, bankers, politicians, and silly peasants.

I am a historian, and a soldier. Being the first makes the second easier. It helps to understand the “why” and answers “is it worth it”.

As to eliminating death in 20 to 40 years: HA! We are all one car wreck, one blood clot, one bullet, one breath away from death. Explain to me the medical means to put a man’s brain back in his head after a bullet has torn it out and I’ll give you some credit (and I’m sure someone will give you a very high paying job). I expect that God will prove to YOU the fallicy of your pediction in the next 20 to 40 years. Death is the great unknown. Only the dead know the truth or falsehood of God. For the rest of us, its known as “faith”. As in “not requiring proof”.

As for evolution, Darwin only proved micro-evolution: that over time you get variations in a KIND. Such as you start with a bird, and over time, get a different bird. He did not prove macro-evolution: that if you add water to mud and strike it with lighting you get LIFE and we all evolved from this (or whatever un-proven nonsence evolutionists believe and teach our kids at our expense). None of his followers since have been able to do so either. Therefore, evolution must be taken on “faith”, and is just as much a religion as Christianity or Islam. This is the crux of the argument against REQUIRED teaching of Macro-evolution in schools in the United States. That children are taught the “theory”(religion) of evolution at taxpayer expense while other religions are barred from exposure.

I do consider the Millenials blessed, as before the advent of Google and Wikipedia, children only had two sources of knowledge, thier parents and the government run schools. So five days a week required attendance versus a couple of voluntary hours on sundays. Now the resources are out there for children to find and weigh thier own information and choose thier own path…just as I believe Christ intended us to do, that is to CHOOSE HIM FREELY. Which I do.

I pray he will find his way into your heart as well.

As for Urban II showing that religion is for warmongers, bankers, politicians, and silly peasants; if you were half the historian you claim to be, you would know the Mohammed beat him the punch by better than 300 years. You would also know that the most deadly and costly wars in human history, those of the 20th century, were engineered by leftists of various flavors who tried succesfully to replace faith in God with faith in the State in the minds of thier citizens. Tyranny and war followed shortly thereafter. This is also what American leftists and progressives are currently trying to do through government school indoctrinaion in the United States. We should not be suprised, that if successful, it will also ends in tyranny and war. That places long odds on the whole “eliminating death” thing.

Good discussion, God Bless!

To: Empiricism Epistomology,You are making the assumption that all the gibberish that is found on Google and Wikipedia is %100 true and accurate, when English Professors at the college level will not even read research papers that use these so-called sources as legit cited material. Why are you so afraid of death? Someone that clings to the hopes of everlasting earthly life must some fear in the thought of their end of existence.( I Will be awaiting your reply that the “gibberish” is not any different than the words written in the Holy Bible and that I have been brainwashed by some bible-thumping white racist preacher and that I’m not as smart as you…blah…blah…blah…..)

hey man, when we say we are going to do something hard to ignore, apparently God means it.

Thanks for the responses back. Sola Fide I really enjoyed your response! Check this out as far as living forever within a generation or two is concerned. (NovaScienceNow “Can We Live Forever”)

And Martin your argument about Wikipedia holds no weight when we consider the historical context relative to this discussion. Wikipedia is no longer “open” to anyone to edit regarding most entries. It hasn’t been for a while. Considering historical entries like “Charlemagne” or “The First Ecumenical Council” you would have to display credentials or incredible layperson knowledge in the talk page to make any edits.

However if we were talking on Wikipedia about a celebrity, sure, I will give you that. Who knows, who cares.

We’re talking however about historical entries and those are protected by educated professionals and very knowledgable laypeople. The reason Wikipedia isn’t allowed at accredited universities is because of the problem of the layperson. Accredited universities can only accept peer-reviewed research from people with accredited degrees. It’s an important rule to maintain higher educational quality. (Research Alcuin for the beginnings of Liberal education.) My bet is that Wikipedia will become even more difficult to edit regarding important historical entries and will surpass this minor issue. An issue not due to Wikipedia’s inaccuracy.

“All I have seen teaches me to trust the Creator for all that I have not seen” – Ralph Waldo Emerson

Personally, I find Emerson weak-willed. A bouy on an ocean of ignorance … but then again he didn’t have access to information from CERN, modern cosmology, artificial intelligence or nuerobiology.

Have a great day!

And Sola Fide you need not worry about your “Leftist” armageddon scenario. Additive manufacturing is on the way, there will no longer be a fight for resources. You can look up additive manufacturing on Wikipedia Martin ….

…. well, back to the Habsburg Empire.

This can be a grand idea for Veggie Tales’ The Story of Martin Luhter.

You can also see in the music The Great American Frontier that it somewhat depicts the future in how it is to be done, by God.

–God Wills It!

I’m impressed and surprised this chain is still accessible through wiki. 20 to 40 years from now our children and grandchildren will be convinced that none of us had the decency to respect others hearts and values as we have admonished THEM to do when these types of chains show how quickly we go from honoring such a huge impacting personality in the past to bashing religion with science and vice versa, politics with religion and vice versa, etc. I mean how can they ever look back a generation or two with any respect for us (some of which call ourselves historians) with these types of chains floating around the net??? They too will wish they were raised in Martin Luther’s time where at least this huge, relatively new e-resource wasn’t avaible to their undisciplined parents and grandparents who so easily were drawn to boast themselves as great by demeaning others or in some cases just want to post something so that they could laugh about it with their “weiser buds” with not even an inkling of a care or concern for the hundreds of thousands who may actually be viewing said comment chain for more insight into its obvious intentional premise. Not to mention the millions of possible viewers in the future, perhaps trillions if dying is going to be so much more difficult in the near future. Lets all tether ourselves to at least a modicum of respect for others even if they don’t believe like you do, they meet opposition throughout this life just like you have. Lets show our new age offspring BY EXAMPLE how to continually seek PROGRESS amongst others, not defiant digression due to pride, or desire to belittle, or what ever other lack of discipline enslaves our cranium- and maybe they too follow suit as they teach THEIR children how to, and how not to use such potentially beautiful and potentially treacherous media. God Bless!

Give glory to the Reformation that taught mankind that they can contradict God, the Church, the Bible, and each other.

Fundamentalists are sometimes horrified when the Virgin Mary is referred to as the Mother of God.

Fundamentalists often assert that Mary did not carry God in her womb, but only carried Christ’s human nature. This assertion reinvents a heresy from the fifth century known as Nestorianism.

The Nestorian claim that Mary did not give birth to the unified person of Jesus Christ attempts to separate Christ’s human nature from his divine nature, creating two separate and distinct persons—one divine and one human—united in a loose affiliation. It is therefore a Christological heresy, which even the Protestant Reformers recognized. Both Martin Luther and John Calvin insisted on Mary’s divine maternity. In fact, it even appears that Nestorius himself may not have believed the heresy named after him. Further, the “Nestorian” church has now signed a joint declaration on Christology with the Catholic Church and recognizes Mary’s divine maternity, just as other Christians do.

Since denying that Mary is God’s mother implies doubt about Jesus’ divinity, it is clear why Christians (until recent times) have been unanimous in proclaiming Mary as Mother of God.

The Church Fathers, of course, witness to their lively recognition of the sacred truth and great gift of divine maternity that was bestowed upon Mary, the humble handmaid of the Lord.

How many times does Protestantism have to reinvent itself? Does it not have enough contradictory groups?

Does anyone lauding Luther really understand what he is saying in the 95 theses (many points on one topic) or actually agree with him? Many would do well to resist the temptation to follow the culture of adulation inherited by others and maybe actually dig a little more deeply into the issues.

My first impression at reading these here is that Luther is asserting opinions in a highly-charged reaction to clerical abuse. This is not exegesis, not a logical treatment of the truths of the faith or Church doctrine; I say this because there are no supporting arguments to defend his statements. He simply states them. He is frustrated with corruption in ecclesiastical circles and he is speaking out.

No doubt the abuses at the time were real. But Luther’s objections were not intended to start another church — which is in itself a ludicrous term. No one starts his own “church”. There is only one Church and Jesus Christ founded it. Those who break away from it break Him apart, for indeed we are the Body of Christ. There is only one other who has started his own so-called “church” — satan, the one who is a murderer and liar from the beginning. The sad divisions known as “denominations” in the Church is the work of the ancient confuser and liar. People took Luther’s concerns about abuse and confused them with doctrines which they placed at the center of their own so-called “church”. Satan divides; the Holy Spirit unites.

At this point in history, Christians need to unite and stop handing down the senseless divisions upon which denominations are based. Throwing out the baby with the bath water is foolish in life. Why continue to throw out the unity of Christendom for our petty selfishness (which is at the root of division)? Jesus DIED for our UNITY. Before he died, he prayed that we “all may be one as the Father and I are one” (Jn 17:21).

Ultimately, you know a tree by its fruit. The division of the Body of Christ is an affront against the same Jesus Christ who came that we might all have life in Him — and have it to abundance.

I recommend checking out:

At the time of the posting of the 95 theses, Martin really believed he was helping to bring the church back on course. His intention at the time was not to start a new church. He thought he was helping from within the Catholic church.

Lisa, i don’t agree with you a wee bit. i think you have not had the chance to ponder over and compare what Martin said with the Scripture and the catholic church. for almost centuries now, ask yourself why the catholic church as is known has not come out yet to object or give a concrete counter or evidence to disprove what has been said.’silence means consent’. the time has come for the world to know the truth. the catholic church should read the theses very well and correct their faults to tell the world that they stand to be corrected. if not then the should watch out for another Martin Luther in the future. (anyone can make a vivid research on Galileo-the scientist who discovered that the earth goes round the sun-and the catholic very important:history doesn’t lie!)

Understanding the 95 Theses is not possible unless you first study the history preceeding them. The political, social and religious mores of the time and especially the way they affected people within Luther’s community must be considered.

Sincerely if Martin Luther comes back, the protestant church can recieve whips before they recieve those of Christ for pervating the real truth of God. If it were posible, there would be a person you know of that can fund the transilation of these facts and be supplied to varoius people and churches both pentecostals and protestant to verifiy what exactly Martin said or opposed. Iam ready to do the job.

What Luther Caused was significant. He alone cause a splinter effect from the Catholic Church. From this act of disobedience from his vows he said “there are as many new churches as there were principalities or republics” (Menzel, op. cit., 739). He himself was resigned to quitting the reform, but talked into it through political pressure. From him we now have 500 different Christian religions within the bubble of “Christianity”, with all professing truth, while claiming the truth lies within their set of beliefs. So who is right? The latest church that split from thier parent church, over some diagreement? Who was he, a priest that rebelled amist social and political reform? An abused child, a brat? My ex-wife is a baptist swithced methodist, her father church of christ, her mother, southern baptist swithced methodist, her brother a Baptist switched Calvary Chaple, and her sister baptist switched to episcopalian. I am a cradle Catholic. Thanks Luther guess what Christmas was like? When luther stole 2 millioin souls from the Faith, it got back 7 million because of Our Lady of Guadalupe. Then after all that was the counter-reformation, a flourshing of the Faith. Like the Jews before, the Church was allowed pain for growth. It caused the result Luther wanted, but not by his miserable hand.

Luther passion took him too far, i guess he also misinterpreted some doctrines.

Yes, it is a shame that his fight against financial abuse in the church caused a reformation outside of the Church. His main points about indulgences are right-on, but also has some misinterpretations. Too bad the issues could not have been worked out and Christ’s church un-split.

So sad how far the reformation and the reformations of the reformations have become. Christianity has become a free-for-all, each like sheep going their own way, far from the Sheppard church. May are returning to the Catholic-Orthodox or Orthodox-Catholic church of the first 1500 years.

Jesus is coming back, many will seek to hide at the sign of His appearing, the Kingdom of God dwells within you, let

can anyone tell me what causes the protestant reformation ?plz

This is so ignorant its sad… The Catholic Church is WAY different than it is now :(. He makes Catholics sound like mad, stupid people… At least in my opinion. I know he meant well, but I think he was way harsh… Of course, I’m not gonna waste my time justifying every single thesis, for that would be childish in my opinion. Personally, I just hope not everyone sees Catholics as ignorant, foolish people. Depending on the person, we’re quite nice if you get to know us :). God bless!

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  1. Martin Luther 95 Theses (original Latin) Poster

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