How to Write a One-Page Research Proposal for Special Education
Writing a research proposal can be a daunting task. You’re supposed to succinctly summarize all the core elements of your paper -- before you’ve even written it. If you’re writing a one-page research proposal about special education, it can be even more daunting, because special education has so many overlapping complexities (for example, pedagogical challenges combined with disability challenges). But if you can whittle your ideas down to a tight proposal, your research paper will be easier to write.
Explore this article
- Pick a Specific Area to Study
- Topic, Research Question, and its Significance
- Previous Literature on the Topic
- Your Expectations
1 Pick a Specific Area to Study
Special education is a field of growing research. Many topics need to be explored further. Choose one before you sit down to write your proposal -- luckily, you shouldn’t have any shortage of research subjects. But if you’re feeling stuck, talk to a professor for suggestions. Before you do, here’s a list of topics that might inspire you: assessment, adaptive physical education, ADD, audiology, autism, coordinated early intervention, dropout statistics, emotional behavioral disabilities, homeless students with disabilities, hearing impairment, learning disabilities, occupational therapy, parent involvement and transitions.
2 Topic, Research Question, and its Significance
In the first part of your short proposal, identify the topic you selected. Then ask a research question related to it. For instance, if the topic you picked is “ADD,” your research question may be, “How quickly has the diagnosis rate for ADD risen in the last 10 years?” You should then explain why it is important to explore this question -- this is where you justify the purpose of your research.
3 Previous Literature on the Topic
If this weren’t a one-page proposal, you’d call this section a literature review. Here, as succinctly as possible, identify different schools of thought on the subject. You’ll probably want to devote a sentence to each major thinker -- emphasis on major, since you don’t have much space, remember -- and her or his research findings. You should be able to give a brief historical survey of research conducted on the special education topic that you’ll be studying yourself.
4 Your Expectations
Here you get to use your imagination -- to an extent. Having demonstrated a solid grounding in the special education research topic, you’re in a good position to make an educated guess about what you’ll discover through your own research. Identify your expected research findings and elaborate on them by discussing how those findings could be interpreted and how they could fit into current research about special education.
- 1 Study Guides and Strategies: How to Write a Research Proposal
- 2 University of Hawaii: Guidelines on Writing a Research Proposal
About the Author
Living in Canada, Andrew Aarons has been writing professionally since 2003. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in English literature from the University of Ottawa, where he served as a writer and editor for the university newspaper. Aarons is also a certified computer-support technician.
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Sample Research Proposal on Special Education Students
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In the article Inclusion for Special Education Students: Advantages and Benefits (2012), Keren Perles articulates that education systems across the globe are embracing inclusion. She defines inclusion as the incorporation of students with disabilities in the general classroom education. Perles emphasizes that inclusion in educational institutions though does not include all students with disabilities has several pros and cons. Classroom inclusion promotes the social integration of students with disabilities and the non-disabled students who are their peers. In inclusion classrooms, disabled students can establish or create long-lasting relationships with their peers and the relationships gives them skills necessary for navigation in their future social lives. Essentially, the social lives of students with disabilities are enhanced through their relationships with their non-disabled peers. Many a times, the non-disabled students act as role models and thus influence the disabled students’ behavior positively. This is a social advantage of inclusion according to Perles. She also adds that inclusion is advantageous to disabled students as it helps enhance their academic development and capability. How does this occur? According to Perles (2012), academic benefit is the most outstanding of all the benefits that disabled students enjoy as a result of inclusion. In contrast to the normal classrooms, teachers, and other educators in inclusion classrooms, give preference to the use of inclusion strategies that have played an integral role in improving the academic performance of disabled students. The students without disabilities also benefit from inclusion. Perles (2012) is of the opinion that non-disabled students, through inclusion, get a rare opportunity of relating to, appreciating and accepting colleagues that are different from them. The students without disabilities also learn how to make others succeed in life in various sectors. Moreover, there is likelihood that the families of disabled students get integrated more into the school societies.
Shannon L. Berg (2004) in her article The Advantages and disadvantages of the inclusion of students with disabilities into regular education classrooms articulates that inclusion is a controversial topic in special education among administrators, teachers, and parents. She defines the concept as the integration of students with disabilities into regular classroom environments without looking at whether they meet curriculum standards or not. According to Berg (2004), students with disabilities have the right to inclusion in regular classroom settings unless the services that are appropriate to them are unavailable. She adds that inclusion will be advantageous to both teachers and students only if it is implemented properly and effectively. According to Berg (2004), one of the advantages of inclusion to students with disabilities is that it enables the provision of a more stimulating environment versus the traditional special education environment. The environment enhances or makes the learning process of the disabled students easier. Berg (2004) adds that inclusion gives students with disabilities more engaged instructional time and that they become exposed to several academic activities. There is likelihood that such environments will lead to their excellent performance in academics. Berg states that inclusion promotes interaction between regular education students and the students with disabilities. The latter is thus introduced to ways of effective communication and socially accepted behaviors. In inclusion classrooms, non-disabled students act as role models for their disabled colleagues, and they exhibit appropriate classroom behavior and appropriate social behavior that the disabled students adopt. Berg (2004) opines that the other advantage of inclusion is that it gives both the disabled and non-disabled students the opportunity to make new friends while sharing new experiences. The non-disabled students learn the life experiences of the disabled students and vice-versa. The self-esteem and self-efficacy of students with disabilities can be enhanced through inclusion. Regular connection with other students will make them feel a sense of self-worth. Inclusion also gives teachers and educators the chance of creating awareness and appreciating individual differences that exist among learners. However, Berg (2004) states that inclusion can be accompanied by several disadvantages. One of the disadvantages according to Berg is that socialization often overcomes academics that are always the major purpose of going to school. The other disadvantage of inclusion according to her is that the size of the class and distractions always interferes with the learning process. Most of the time, disabled students leave the regular classrooms with low self-esteem and low self-efficacy.
Lindsay Vander Wiele (2011) also talks about the advantages and disadvantages of inclusion in the article The Pros and Cons of Inclusion for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: What Constitutes the Least Restrictive Environment? Vander Wiele (2011) articulates that in order for students with disabilities to succeed in academic or education settings, inclusion is necessary. Vader Wiele (2011) defines inclusion as the hosting of general education students and students with disabilities in one classroom. Vader Wiele (2011) articulates that one of the advantages of inclusion is that it gives students the opportunity of socially interacting with their peers. As a result, the behavioral and social skills of the students are developed. However, Vander Wiele (2011) articulates that inclusion can be accompanied by various disadvantages. One of the disadvantages is that disabled students often struggle with face-to-face interactions and thus develop low self-esteem in the regular classrooms.
Carissa Lawrence (2015) also concentrates on the advantages and disadvantages of inclusion. Lawrence (2015) suggests that inclusion gives students with disabilities the opportunity of observing and learning from their peers. He adds that when students interact, they acquire communications skills that enable them develop socially. The other advantage according to Lawrence (2015) is that it prepares students with disabilities for life after school. Disabled students also enhance their educational experiences when interacting with their peers. Inclusion is also advantageous to families of students with special needs as they are integrated or become part of the school communities, as their children are accepted by their peers and teachers. Lawrence (2015) adds that students without disabilities also benefit from inclusion. It is because inclusion gives them the opportunity of learning about and appreciating people who are different from them. The significance of this is that the students without disabilities are prepared for life after school and how to relate to every individual in the society. The regular students without disabilities also learn how to respect, help and accept others in life. Besides, inclusion gives the students without disabilities the chance of increasing their experiences and skills in life, and this leads to excellent academic performances. Moreover, according to Lawrence (2015), teachers benefit from inclusion as they have the opportunity of relating with students from diverse populations. The teachers also benefit because their teaching skills and abilities of identifying individual differences are developed. According to Lawrence (2015), inclusion also gives teachers the opportunity of strengthening their skills in collaboration as they spend most of their time together with parents and other teachers trying to come up with the best plans for their students.
Alexa Hammel (2012) also addresses the advantages and disadvantages of inclusion in the article The Benefits and Drawbacks of Mainstreaming students with Autism. Hammel (2012) defines inclusion as the act of placing and integrating students with disabilities in general education classrooms. Hammel (2012) articulates that inclusion is advantageous to students with disabilities as it gives them the opportunity of engaging in observational learning. According to Hammel (2012), this in turn improves their academic performance. The other advantage of inclusion is that the disabled students are introduced to behaviors that are more socially acceptable as they observe the non-disabled students who act as their role models. Through inclusion, the students with disabilities also have the opportunity of learning, understanding and appreciating those that are different from them. Hammel (2012) also states that inclusion gives both the disabled and non-disabled students the opportunity of engaging in social interaction. This would not be possible if students with disabilities were taught in separate education classrooms. Hammel (2012) also states that inclusive classrooms have several disadvantages. One of the disadvantages is that there is a likelihood of students with disabilities being rejected and despised in the inclusive classrooms. The other disadvantage of inclusion is that distractions such as noise and disturbances by the non-disabled students can interfere with the learning process of the students with disabilities. Hammel (2012) adds that there exist curricular and experimental limitations to students with disabilities that make them have low self-esteem. They end up isolating themselves from other students.
Berg, S. L. (2004). The advantages and disadvantages of the inclusion of students with disabilities into regular education classrooms (Doctoral dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Stout).
Hammel, A. (2012). The Benefits and Drawbacks of Mainstreaming Students with Autism . Online Submission.
Lawrence, C. (2015). The Advantages of Inclusion in Schools . Demand Media. http://education.seattlepi.com/advantages-inclusion-schools-2079.html
Perles, K. (2012). Inclusion for Special Education Students: Advantages and Benefits . Bright Hub Education. http://www.brighthubeducation.com/special-ed-inclusion-strategies/66128-advantages-and-benefits-of-inclusion/
Vander Wiele, L. J. (2011). The Pros and Cons of Inclusion for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: What Constitutes the Least Restrictive Environment ?.
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- Special Education in Todays Schools
Special Education in Todays Schools - Research Proposal Example
- Subject: Education
- Type: Research Proposal
- Level: Ph.D.
- Pages: 6 (1500 words)
- Downloads: 4
- Author: kiehnjose
Extract of sample "Special Education in Todays Schools"
- Cited: 2 times
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RESEARCH PROPOSAL Parental Support in the Education of Children with Visual Impairment. A case study of Akropong School for the Blind in the Eastern Region of Ghana
It is an undesirable fact that for every individual to be successful in life he or she needs education. Education is a right for all children being able or disable, Education is about people being able to learn what they need or want throughout their life based on their potentials. These include learning to know, to do, to live together, and to be self-dependent. Parents are the number one tool that will make access to education achievable by all means. All parents have the responsibility to provide basic, psychological, social, as well emotional needs to their wards in education.
SKIREC Publication- UGC Approved Journals , Manson Sichari
The study investigated the impact of parental involvement in the education of children who are visually impaired in west PokotCounty. The main areas were; finding out if parents are involved in the education of children who are visually impaired, examine how parents are involved in the education of children with blindness, the challenges parents face in supporting education of their children, and relationship between parents and teachers in supporting learners with visual impairment. In order to look at the respondents holistically, the researcher decides to use a Case Study. The informants comprised of; the Head teachers, teachers, parents and pupils and they were 105 in number. The researcher used both Questionnaire and interview Guides for collecting data and it was analyzed using simple tables based on the objectives. The finding of the study revealed that ; majority of the parents still have a gap in getting involved in the education of their children who are blind, parents get involved particularly in paying fees and providing scholastic materials , parents still suffer from financial problem as well as negative attitude that hinder them from getting involved in their child's education. Parents and teachers need to work together to promote the education of children who are blind. In addition, the school administration should engage parents in meeting; encourage home visits as well as sensitization of parents. The study came up with some recommendations/suggestions which include; encouragement of parents to support their children at school, involvement of parents in school activities/decision that concern their children, motivation of parents to offer continued support to their children, ensuring that parents are helped to overcome the challenges they face in supporting education of their children, continuous sensitization of parents and other community members to change their attitude ,establishment of strong relationship between the parents and teachers for effective studies of these learners and school administration should ensure that these learners are followed up to their various localities, homes etc.
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The study investigated how to facilitate teachers in developing their work in improving the teaching and learning of children with visual impairment (CVI) accommodated in ordinary classrooms. The study takes the form of collaborative action research where the researcher works in collaboration with the teachers. The project is being conducted in the three ordinary primary schools accommodating CVI in Tanzania. The findings for the first phase of the project indicate that there are qualitative differences in views about the challenges facing CVI in their learning. Teachers indicated lack of skills in preparing teaching aids, and knowledge and skills in managing classrooms as main challenges. As a result CVI were of the opinion that lack and use of teaching aids and classroom communication were the main barriers to their learning process. On the other hand, parents of CVI had views that learning is of value if their children will be employed later on, otherwise, they learn so that they...
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Girls with disabilities are considered as one of the most marginalized groups in society and multiply disadvantaged through their status as women & girls and as persons with disabilities. For them education is regarded as the key to advancement. It provides them access to information, enables them to communicate their needs, interest and experiences, brings them into contact with other students, increases their confidence and encourages them to assert their rights. It also helps in creating awareness about legal provisions, government schemes, and legislative actions and rehabilitates services available to them. The present paper will discuss the role of education in the lives of girls with visual disabilities from their views and perspectives. Key Words: Education, Girls with disabilities, Qualitative Research
Journal of Advances in Education and Philosophy
The main purpose of this study was to examine the challenges facing visually impaired pupils on academic achievement in special needs primary schools in Bukoba District, Tanzania. The study was guided by a specific objective: to examine visual impairment challenges facing special needs pupils’ academic achievement in Bukoba District. The study was anchored on Maslow’s theory of needs. The study employed a survey research design. The target population was 791 respondents that involved 53 teachers, 735 visually impaired pupils, 2 Head teachers, and 1 DEO. The sample size was 39 teachers, 47 visually impaired pupils, 2 Head of schools and 1 District Educational Officer. The researcher used questionnaires and interviews guides as the tools for research data collection. The study found 92.3 percent agreed by saying that there were some challenges facing visually impaired pupils on academic achievement while few respondents equal to 7.7 percent respondents responded by saying there are no...
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Abs tract - Th e present study was an endeavor to explore the perception of visually impaired about familial, academic and caregivers support. Study aimed to explore the difference in the perception of support of visually impaired youth living in the residential institute. A questionnaire consisting of 28 items was develop through standardizes procedure and used for data collection. The sample of the study was consisted of 100 students. Among them 28 were boys and 22 were girls, ages ranged from 15 to 22 years, they belong to different socioeconomic status. The present study unfold various aspects of familial, academic and residential life of visually impaired male and female students, experienced lack of social support by caregivers; visually impaired male students experienced most of problems due to non cooperative attitude of caregivers; students who stay longer hours in hostel face more difficulties; students who are receiving higher education face more problems as compared to s...
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