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Access to Cambridge theses

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How do I find a Cambridge thesis?

Ph.D., M.Litt., M.Sc., and Divinity M.Phil. theses approved after 1970 are catalogued in iDiscover, as are M.D. and M.Chir. theses approved after May 2006. Earlier theses are listed in a card catalogue in the Manuscripts Reading Room and are gradually being added to iDiscover.

Since 1 October 2017, all PhD theses are being deposited in electronic form to the University repository Apollo . Many earlier theses are also in the repository, but if they are not yet in digital form it is possible to request access to these theses. There is more information on how to request a copy of a printed thesis further down this page.

Gaining access to electronic copies of theses

The author of a given thesis in Apollo can choose whether their thesis is available to be downloaded, available on request or unavailable. While many of the theses in Apollo are openly available for download, s ome theses in the repository are not open access because they have either been embargoed by the author or because they are unable to be made openly available for copyright or other r easo ns.   For an explanation of the different theses access levels,  see this page .

Open Access theses

Theses that have been made available Open Access can be downloaded from Apollo as a PDF file without any restrictions other than the license under which they have been made available . Just click on the document file in the thesis record to download a copy.

Embargoed theses

Theses with an embargo are shown in Apollo with a padlock icon over the PDF file are not open access but can be requested. If you wish to access the full thesis, click on the padlock icon on the PDF and you will be redirected to the repository’s ‘ Request a Copy ’ function. Requests for embargoed theses will be passed on to the author so they can choose to grant or refuse the request at their discretion.

Controlled theses

Theses under controlled access remain unpublished because they are not made available on the internet via the Apollo repository and as such, the rules for unpublished works in UK copyright law will apply to these theses. Controlled access theses are provided by the University Library in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents act 1998. Theses under controlled access are shown in Apollo with a padlock icon over the PDF file are not open access but can be requested. If you wish to access the full thesis, click on the padlock icon on the PDF and you will be redirected to the repository’s ‘ Request a Copy ’ function. For further information on copying by librarians or archivists see:

If a thesis has been digitised by the Digital Content Unit's image request service in the library it will be deposited in Apollo under controlled access and can be requested via the thesis record in Apollo.

Requesting a copy of a printed thesis

Researchers can order a copy of an unpublished thesis which was deposited in print form through the Library’s  Digital Content Unit via the image request form . Copies of theses may be provided to researchers in accordance with the  law  and in a manner that is common across UK libraries.The law allows us to provide whole copies of unpublished theses to individuals as long as they sign a declaration saying that it is for non-commercial research or private study. The agreement used for access to theses at Cambridge has been drafted using the guidance by the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP).

Theses are not available for borrowing or inter library loan. The copyright of theses remains with the author. The law does not allow us to provide a copy for inclusion in a general library collection or for wider distribution beyond the individual receiving the copy, without the explicit permission of the author or copyright holder. Where someone approaches us asking for a copy for their library or wider distribution, they must obtain the explicit permission of the author or copyright owner.

Please note any periods of access restriction requested by the author apply to both electronic and print copies.

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Please contact us at  [email protected]   to be added to the mailing list to receive our quarterly e-Newsletter.

The Office of Scholarly Communication sends this Newsletter to its subscribers in order to disseminate information relevant to open access, research data management, scholarly communication and open research topics. For details on how the personal information you enter here is used, please see our  privacy policy . 

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Physical & Digital Collections

Theses & dissertations: home, access to theses and dissertations from other institutions and from the university of cambridge.


This guide provides information on searching for theses of Cambridge PhDs and for theses of UK universities and universities abroad. 

For information and guidance on depositing your thesis as a cambridge phd, visit the cambridge office of scholarly communication pages on theses here ., this guide gives essential information on how to obtain theses using the british library's ethos service., a full list of resources for searching theses online is provided by the cambridge a-z, available here ., university of cambridge theses, finding a cambridge phd thesis online via the institutional repository.

The University's institutional repository, Apollo , holds full-text digital versions of over 11,000 Cambridge PhD theses and is a rapidly growing collection deposited by Cambridge Ph.D. graduates. Theses in Apollo can be browsed via this link . More information on how to access theses by University of Cambridge students can be found on the access to Cambridge theses webpage.   The requirement for impending PhD graduates to deposit a digital version in order to graduate means the repository will be increasing at a rate of approximately 1,000 per year from this source.   About 200 theses are added annually through requests to make theses Open Access or via requests to digitize a thesis in printed format.

Locating and obtaining a copy of a Cambridge PhD thesis (not yet available via the repository)

Theses can be searched in iDiscover .  Guidance on searching for theses in iDiscover can be found here .   Requests for consultation of printed theses, not available online, should be made at the Manuscripts Reading Room (Email:  [email protected] Telephone: +44 (0)1223 333143).   Further information on the University Library's theses, dissertations and prize essays collections can be consulted at this link .

Researchers can order a copy of an unpublished thesis which was deposited in print form either through the Library’s  Digital Content Unit via the image request form , or, if the thesis has been digitised, it may be available in the Apollo repository. Copies of theses may be provided to researchers in accordance with the  law  and in a manner that is common across UK libraries.  The law allows us to provide whole copies of unpublished theses to individuals as long as they sign a declaration saying that it is for non-commercial research or private study.

How to make your thesis available online through Cambridge's institutional repository

Are you a Cambridge alumni and wish to make your Ph.D. thesis available online? You can do this by depositing it in Apollo the University's institutional repository. Click here for further information on how to proceed.    Current Ph.D students at the University of Cambridge can find further information about the requirements to deposit theses on the Office of Scholarly Communication theses webpages.

phd theses cambridge

UK Theses and Dissertations

Electronic copies of Ph.D. theses submitted at over 100 UK universities are obtainable from EThOS , a service set up to provide access to all theses from participating institutions. It achieves this by harvesting e-theses from Institutional Repositories and by digitising print theses as they are ordered by researchers using the system. Over 250,000 theses are already available in this way. Please note that it does not supply theses submitted at the universities of Cambridge or Oxford although they are listed on EThOS.

Registration with EThOS is not required to search for a thesis but is necessary to download or order one unless it is stored in the university repository rather than the British Library (in which case a link to the repository will be displayed). Many theses are available without charge on an Open Access basis but in all other cases, if you are requesting a thesis that has not yet been digitised you will be asked to meet the cost. Once a thesis has been digitised it is available for free download thereafter.

When you order a thesis it will either be immediately available for download or writing to hard copy or it will need to be digitised. If you order a thesis for digitisation, the system will manage the process and you will be informed when the thesis is available for download/preparation to hard copy.

phd theses cambridge

See the Search results section of the  help page for full information on interpreting search results in EThOS.

EThOS is managed by the British Library and can be found at . For more information see About EThOS .

World-wide (incl. UK) theses and dissertations

Electronic versions of non-UK theses may be available from the institution at which they were submitted, sometimes on an open access basis from the institutional repository. A good starting point for discovering freely available electronic theses and dissertations beyond the UK is the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD) , which facilitates searching across institutions. Information can also usually be found on the library web pages of the relevant institution.

The DART Europe etheses portal lists several thousand full-text theses from a group of European universities.

The University Library subscribes to the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses  (PQDT) database which from August 31 2023 is accessed on the Web of Science platform.  To search this index select it from the Web of Science "Search in" drop-down list of databases (available on the Documents tab on WoS home page)

PQDT includes 2.4 million dissertation and theses citations, representing 700 leading academic institutions worldwide from 1861 to the present day. The database offers full text for most of the dissertations added since 1997 and strong retrospective full text coverage for older graduate works. Each dissertation published since July 1980 includes a 350-word abstract written by the author. Master's theses published since 1988 include 150-word abstracts.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The University Library only subscribes to the abstracting & indexing version of the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database and NOT the full text version.  A fee is payable for ordering a dissertation from this source.   To obtain the full text of a dissertation as a downloadable PDF you can submit your request via the University Library Inter-Library Loans department (see contact details below). NB this service is only available to full and current members of the University of Cambridge.

Alternatively you can pay yourself for the dissertation PDF on the PQDT platform. Link from Web of Science record display of any thesis to PQDT by clicking on "View Details on ProQuest".  On the "Preview" page you will see an option "Order a copy" top right.  This will allow you to order your own copy from ProQuest directly.

Dissertations and theses submitted at non-UK universities may also be requested on Inter-Library Loan through the Inter-Library Loans department (01223 333039 or 333080, [email protected] )

  • Last Updated: Aug 29, 2023 11:02 AM
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A LaTeX / XeLaTeX / LuaLaTeX PhD thesis template for Cambridge University Engineering Department (CUED)

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CUED PhD thesis template

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A LaTeX / XeLaTeX / LuaLaTeX PhD thesis template for Cambridge University Engineering Department.

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  • Krishna Kumar

Conforms to the Student Registry PhD dissertation guidelines and CUED PhD guidelines

Supports LaTeX, XeLaTeX and LuaLaTeX

Adaptive Title Page: Title page adapts to title length

Title page with both College and University crests.

Print / On-line version: Different layout and hyper-referencing styles

Pre-defined and custom fonts (Times / Fourier / Latin Modern) with math support

Supports system fonts (XeLaTeX)

Pre-defined and custom bibliography style support (authoryear / numbered / custom)

Custom page styles: 3 Different Header / Footer styles

Pre-defined and custom margin size

A separate abstract with thesis title and author name, along with the titlepage can be generated by passing the argument abstract to the document class.

Option to generate only specific chapters and references without the frontmatter and title page. Useful for review and corrections.

Draft mode: Draft water mark, timestamp, version numbering and line numbering

Add supervisor and/or advisor to your PhD thesis or MPhil report

A LyX Template is now available at

Building your thesis - XeLaTeX

Using latexmk (unix/linux/windows).

This template supports XeLaTeX compilation chain. To generate PDF run

Building your thesis - LuaLaTeX

This template supports LuaLaTeX compilation chain. To generate PDF run

Building your thesis - LaTeX / PDFLaTeX

This template supports latexmk . To generate DVI, PS and PDF run

Using the make file (Unix/Linux)

The template supports PDF, DVI and PS formats. All three formats can be generated with the provided Makefile .

To build the PDF version of your thesis, run:

This build procedure uses pdflatex with bibtex and will produce thesis.pdf . To use pdflatex with biblatex , you should run:

To use XeLaTeX , you should run:

or with biblatex

To use LuaLaTeX , you should run:

To produce DVI and PS versions of your document, you should run:

This will use the latex command to build the document and will produce thesis.dvi , and thesis.pdf documents. You will need psutils installed

Clean unwanted files

To clean unwanted clutter (all LaTeX auto-generated files), run:

Note : the Makefile itself is take from and maintained at here .

Shell script for PDFLaTeX (Unix/Linux)

Usage: sh ./ [OPTIONS] [filename]

[option] compile: Compiles the PhD Thesis

[option] clean: removes temporary files - no filename required

Using the batch file on Windows OS (PDFLaTeX)

  • Open command prompt and navigate to the directory with the tex file. Run:
  • Alternatively, double click on compile-thesis-windows.bat

Usage details

Thesis information such as title, author, year, degree, etc., and other meta-data can be modified in thesis-info.tex

Class options

The class file, PhDThesisPSnPDF , is based on the standard book class

It supports the following custom options in the documentclass in thesis.tex:

(Usage \documentclass[a4paper,11pt,print]{PhDThesisPSnPDF} )

a4paper (default as per the University guidelines) or a5paper : Paper size

11pt or 12pt : The University of Cambridge guidelines recommend using a minimum font size of 11pt (12pt is preferred) and 10pt for footnotes. This template also supports 10pt .

oneside or twoside (default): This is especially useful for printing double side (twoside) or single side.

print : Supports Print and Online Version with different page margins and hyperlink styles. Use print in the options to activate Print Version with appropriate margins and page layout and view styles. Leaving the options field blank will activate Online version.

custommargin : You can alter the margin dimension for both print and online version by using the keyword custommargin in the options. Then you can define the dimensions of the margin in the preamble.tex file:

\setFancyHdr should be called when using custom margins for proper header/footer dimensions

\ifsetMargin is deprecated, please use \ifsetCustomMargin instead.

index : Including this option builds the index, which is placed at the end of the thesis.

Instructions on how to use the index can be found here .

Note : the package makeidx is used to create the index.

abstract : This option enables only the thesis title page and the abstract with title and author to be printed.

chapter : This option enables only the specified chapter and it's references. Useful for review and corrections.

draft : The default draft mode supports some special features such as line numbers, images, and water mark with timestamp and custom text. Position of the text can be modified in preamble.tex .

draftclassic : This mode is similar to the default draft mode in the book class. Images are not loaded.

lineno : Enables pagewise line numbering on the outer edge. You can switch-off line numbering by specifying nolineno in the options.

flushleft : The University recommends using ragged right or flush left alignment for texts. The reason behind this is left justifying a text may exclude a certain readers. Dyslexic people find it hard to read justified text. You can enable raggedright option in the document class by passing flushleft argument. Default is flush left and right.

The front page (title page) resizes to fit your title length. You can modify the options in thesis-info.tex .

\subtitle (optional): Adds a subtitle to your thesis.

\college (optional): This option adds the name of your college on the bottom left.

If \college is defined, the bottom of the title page will look like this:

If \college is undefined or blank, the degreedate will be centered.

The template offers support to having both the college and university crests or just one of the crests.

  • \collegeshield (optional): Includes college crest in addition to the university crest. This reformats the front page layout.

Abstract separate

A separate abstract with the title of the PhD and the candidate name has to be submitted to the Student Registry. This can be generated using abstract option in the document class. Ignore subsequent warnings about skipping sections (if any).

To generate the separate abstract and the title page, make sure the following commands are in the preamble section of thesis.tex file:

Chapter mode

The chapter mode allows user to only print specific chapters along with references. By default, it excludes everything else in the front matter and appendices. This can done by using chapter option in the document class in thesis.tex . Ignore subsequent warnings about skipping sections (if any).

draft adds a watermark draft text with timestamp and version number at the top or the bottom of the page. Pagewise line numbering is added on every page. draft settings can be tweaked in the preamble.tex .

Use draftclassic in the document class options to use the default book class draft mode.

To add figures in draft mode (default enabled), in the preamble set \setkeys{Gin}{draft=false} . draft=true disables figures

To change the watermark text \SetDraftText{DRAFT}

To change the position of the watermark text. Default watermark position is top. The location can be changed to (top / bottom) \SetDraftWMPosition{bottom}

To change the draft version. Default draft version is v1.0. \SetDraftVersion{v1.1}

Watermark grayscale value can be modified. Text grayscale value (should be between 0-black and 1-white). Default value is 0.75 \SetDraftGrayScale{0.8}

Choosing the fonts

PhDThesisPSnPDF currently supports three fonts Times , Fourier and Latin Modern (default) .

times : (The University of Cambridge guidelines recommend using Times). Specifying times option in the document class will use mathptpx or Times font with Math Support.

fourier : fourier font with math support

default (empty) : When no font is specified, Latin Modern is used as the default font with Math Support.

customfont : Any custom font can be set in preamble by using customfont option in the document class. Then the custom font can be loaded in preamble.tex in the line:

Choosing the bibliography style

PhDThesisPSnPDF currently supports two styles authoryear and numbered (default) . Citation style has to be set. You can also specify custombib style and customise the bibliography.

authoryear : For author-year citation eg., Krishna (2013)

numbered : (Default Option) For numbered and sorted citation e.g., [1,5,2]

custombib : Define your own bibliography style in the preamble.tex file.

(Overview of Bibtex-Styles with preview)[ ?]

If you would like to use biblatex instead of natbib. Pass the option custombib in the documentclass. In the preamble.tex file, edit the custombib section. Make sure you don't load the natbib package and you can specify the layout of your references in thesis.tex in the reference section. If you are using biber as backend, run pdflatex thesis.tex >> biber thesis >> pdflatex thesis.tex >> biber thesis >> pdflatex thesis.tex . If you are using the default natbib package, don't worry about this.

Choosing the page style

PhDThesisPSnPDF defines 3 different page styles (header and footer). The following definition is for twoside layout. To choose a page style, include it in the documentclass options: \documentclass[PageStyleI]{PhDThesisPSnPDF} . Alternatively, page style can be changed by adding \pagestyle{PageStyleI} or \pagestyle{PageStyleII} in thesis.tex . Note: Using \pagestyle command will override documentclass options when used globally.

default (leave empty) : For Page Numbers in Header (Left Even, Right Odd) and Chapter Name in Header (Right Even) and Section #. Section Name (Left Odd). Blank Footer.

PageStyleI : For Page Numbers in Header (Left Even, Right Odd) and Chapter Name next to the Page Number on Even Side (Left Even). Section Number and Section Name and Page Number in Header on Odd Side (Right Odd). Footer is empty. Layout:

PageStyleII : Chapter Name on Even Side (Left Even) in Header. Section Number and Section Name in Header on Odd Side (Right Odd). Page numbering in footer. Layout:

Changing the visual style of chapter headings

The visual style of chapter headings can be modified using the titlesec package. Edit the following lines in the preamble.tex file.

Custom settings

The depth for the table of contents can be set using:

A depth of [3] indicates to a level of \subsubsection or #.#.#.#. Default set as 2.

To hide sections from appearing in TOC use: \tochide\section{Section name} in your TeX files

Define custom caption style for figure and table caption in preamble.tex using:

Uncomment the following lines in preamble.tex to force a figure to be displayed in a particular location. Use H when including graphics. Note H instead of h .

Bibliography with Author-Year Citation in preamble.tex :

Line spacing for the entire document can be specified in preamble.tex . Uncomment the line spacing you prefer. e.g., \onehalfspacing

Nomenclature definition

To use nomenclature in your chapters:

The sort keys have prefix. In this case a prefix of g is used to denote Greek Symbols, followed by -pi or -sort_key . Use a - to separate sort key from the prefixes. The standard prefixes defined in this class are:

A or a : Roman Symbols

G or g : Greek Symbols

Z or z : Acronyms/Abbreviations

R or r : Superscripts

S or s : Subscripts

X or x : Other Symbols

You can change the Title of Nomenclature to Notations or Symbols in the preamble.tex using:

TexStudio's default compile option doesn't include nomenclature , to compile your document with the nomenclature, do the following:

In add user command type makenomeclature:makenomenclature on the left pane and makeindex %.nlo -s -o %.nls on the execution side. Now you can run the user defined command makenomenclature from Tools >> User >> makenomenclature .

Alternatively, you can use the compile-thesis-windows.bat file or run make on Unix / Linux / MacOS

To-do Notes

To include custom to-do notes in your pdf document use \mynote{Hey! I have a note} anywhere in your chapters. To activate this feature, you need to uncomment the following lines in preamble.tex . To-do notes will be available only in the draft or draftclassic and not in the final thesis.

You rarely want to commit changes to your TeX files which are not reflected in the PDF included in the repo. You can automate this process, among other things, with a git hook. Install the hook with make hooks (or see how to do it in ./hooks/ ). Now every time you commit, if any files affecting your build have changed in this commit and those changes are more recent than the last modification of thesis.pdf , the default make target will be run and changes to thesis.pdf will be git add ed.

Currently, changes to any tex/pdf/eps/png/cls files are picked up. This can be changed in ./hooks/pre-commit .

Skip the hook with git commit --no-verify .

bash -only.

General guidelines

Why is it important to follow good practices and not get killed by a Velociraptor ;)

To restrict the length of the figure caption in List of figures use a [short-title] and {longtitle} for the caption or the section:

To exclude sections from being numbered and disable it from appearing in the Table of Contents use \section*{Section_Name} or \chapter*{Chapter_Name}

To only exclude it from being listed in the Table of Contents encapsulate the section command inside the \tochide command. \tochide{\section{Section_Name}} the section will not appear in the Table of Contents, but the section will be numbered.

When including figures in your tex file, it's a good practice to size your picture depending on the page size, instead of using absolute values. In the following example 0.75\textwidth refers to picture width being set to 75% of the text width.

Use a - to separate sort key from the prefixes, eg., g-pi denotes the Greek symbol pi .

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1 : where can i find the thesis formatting guidelines this class is based on.

Q2 : Where can I find newer versions of the University of Cambridge crest/logos?

The university updates its crest every now and then. You can find up-to-date logos on this page (subject to change without notice).

Download and exchange the new logos with University_Crest.eps and/or University_Crest.pdf . I'll try to keep the crest up to date.

Q3 : Where can I find the guidelines to submit my thesis and requirements?

Preparing to submit:

Formatting styles:

Submitting the dissertation

Q4 : How can I count the number of words in my thesis?

You can run the following command (Linux/Unix): ps2ascii thesis.pdf | wc -w (eg., result 2713 words)

or pdftotext thesis.pdf | wc thesis.txt -w (eg., result 2690 words)

or texcount -inc *.tex (eg., result 2341 words)

Q5 : How do I use a system font (libertine)?

To use a system font (open type) font with XeLaTeX, please select customfont option in the documentclass in thesis.tex . Add the path and font name to the custom font definition in preamble.tex

Please use XeLaTeX tool chain with LaTeXmk.

Q6 : I found a bug in the template. Where do I report bugs?

You can report issues at our GitHub repository .

You can also mail the developer directly or contact Tim Love, CUED

Troubleshooting warnings

W1 :i get the package fancyhdr warning: \fancyhead's e option without twoside option is useless on input line # or #. what should i do.

Nothing. The warning is because the twoside option is also defined in the class, although only the oneside option is currently used.

W2 : I get the Class PhDThesisPSnPDF Warning: Unknown or non-standard option 'something'. Will see if I can load it from the book class. If you get a warning unused global option(s): something then the option is not supported! on input line #.

You are either trying to use a undefined option or a non-standard option which is in the book class but not defined in the PhD Thesis Template. If it can be used it will be loaded and you will get no further warnings. If not, the option you chose is unavailable.

W3 : I get LaTeX Warning: Unused global option(s):[something].

You are trying to load an option that is not supported in the PhDThesisClass and the Book Class. Are you sure you are using the right option? Check your spelling!

W4 : I get I'm skipping whatever remains of this command line # of file thesis.aux @input{Chapter1/chapter1.aux}

If you are generating a separate abstract for your thesis submission, ignore this warning and good luck with your submission. If you are compiling your thesis and see this warning, please remove the option abstract from the document class.

W5 : I get blank pages between chapters

This is normal for a book class. Usually, a new chapter in a book always starts on the right hand side, which is why you see a blank page. You can remove the extra blank page by passing openany option to the documentclass. This works for double sided printing. However, if you are printing on a single side, please pass oneside option to the document class.

W6 : My references aren't listed in the ordered in which I cite them

This is controlled by the bibliography style. Please use \bibliographystyle{unsrt} in thesis.tex instead of apalike . This applicable only for numerically sorted references.

Known issue(s) / Bugs / Feature requests

Hyperlinks doesn't seem to be working in Post-Script file, however works on DVI and PDF (which is produced from the PS file), possibly viewer limitation than a code bug.

On older versions of dvips (version 5.97 or below), if your page margins do not appear properly in your PDF, when compiling through DVI >> PS >> PDF, please ensure that you have set a4paper or a5paper in the document class. If you are still having issues you can run:

This issue occurs only when the papersize is not specified in the document class and you are compiling DVI >> PS >> PDF using an older version (5.97 or below) of dvips.

Open issues can be tracked at . If you would like a new feature to be added to the template, please create an issue and label it as an enhancement.

Please fork me on github and create a pull request, if you would like to contribute to the repo.

The history of releases can be viewed at ChangeLog

Inspirations/Based on

Cambridge Computer Laboratory PhD Thesis Template

CUED Version 1.1 Template by H. Banderi


Alex Ridge - original idea, code concepts & testing

Steven Kaneti - code concepts

Tina Schwamb - testing and bug reports

John Plaice - Bug fixes

Releases 22

Contributors 14.

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A Practical Guide to Dissertation and Thesis Writing

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This book provides a step-by-step guide to writing the different chapters of a PhD dissertation, which will benefit aspiring, beginner and mid-track PhD students and candidates in the Social Sciences. Based on the authors’ combined experience of working with both Masters and PhD students through the dissertation writing process, it offers helpful writing guidelines, from the conceptualization and problematization of the dissertation through to the literature review, methodological issues, writing up results and, finally, to the discussion, conclusions and abstract writing process.

With chapters dedicated to offering guidelines, suggestions and pitfalls to watch out for, this book will assist PhD students and candidates in the fields of the various Social Sciences with exercises and pointers on successfully navigating the writing of a PhD dissertation. It takes the PhD student in the Social Sciences through the maze of writing a dissertation, and provides a step-by-step train of thought throughout the entire writing process.

Mark Stephan Felix earned his BA and MA in Organizational Communication from Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, USA, and his PhD from Universiti Sains Malaysia. He is presently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Society and Health of Mahidol University, Thailand. His areas of expertise include homosexuality, masculinity, academic writing, and the elderly.

Ian Smith holds a PhD in Education from Stanford University, USA, where he was a Fulbright Scholar. He was also awarded the University Medal in Education when he graduated with First Class Honours in his Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of Sydney, Australia. He has conducted research and published widely in the fields of human development and educational psychology.

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phd theses cambridge

ISBN: 1-5275-3681-5

ISBN13: 978-1-5275-3681-4

Release Date: 27th August 2019

Price: £61.99

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PhD Thesis Template for Cambridge University Engineering Department (CUED) - LaTeX, XeLaTeX and LuaLaTeX support v2.3.1

Open source (MIT-licensed) PhD thesis template for Cambridge University Engineering Department (CUED).

The source code is available on github . This is version 2.3.1, released 24 May 2017.

For more information please view the author's ReadMe file .

PhD Thesis Template for Cambridge University Engineering Department (CUED) - LaTeX, XeLaTeX and LuaLaTeX support v2.3.1

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Meaning of thesis in English

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  • I wrote my thesis on literacy strategies for boys .
  • Her main thesis is that children need a lot of verbal stimulation .
  • boilerplate
  • composition
  • dissertation
  • essay question
  • peer review

You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics:

thesis | American Dictionary

Examples of thesis, collocations with thesis.

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Word of the Day

on the horizon

likely to happen or exist soon

Tucking in and pigging out (Eating phrasal verbs)

Tucking in and pigging out (Eating phrasal verbs)

phd theses cambridge

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Cambridge puts Stephen Hawking’s PhD thesis online

phd theses cambridge

The university said hopes to encourage former academics, including 98 Nobel affiliates, to make their work freely available to all.

The 1965 doctoral thesis of Stephen Hawking has been made freely available online by the University of Cambridge, providing a glimpse into the mind of the iconic scientist when he was a 24-year-old student at the varsity.

British scientist and theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking.(Reuters File)

Titled Properties of Expanding Universes, the thesis has been made accessible via Cambridge’s open access repository Apollo, a statement from the university on Monday said.

“By making my PhD thesis open access, I hope to inspire people around the world to look up at the stars and not down at their feet, to wonder about our place in the universe and to try and make sense of the cosmos,” Hawking said in a statement released by the university.

“Each generation stands on the shoulders of those who have gone before them, just as I did as a young PhD student in Cambridge, inspired by the work of Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell and Albert Einstein. It’s wonderful to hear how many people have already shown an interest in downloading my thesis – hopefully they won’t be disappointed now that they finally have access to it!”

The university said it hopes to encourage former academics, including 98 Nobel affiliates, to make their work freely available to all.

Jessica Gardner, director of the university’s library services, said: “The Cambridge University library is home to the physical papers of such greats as Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. Their research data was on paper and we have preserved that with great care and share it openly on line through our digital library.”

The university said Apollo is home to over 200,000 digital objects, including 15,000 research articles, 10,000 images, 2,400 theses and 1,000 datasets. The items made available in Apollo have been accessed from nearly every country and in 2017 have collectively received over one million downloads.


Prasun Sonwalkar was Editor (UK & Europe), Hindustan Times. During more than three decades, he held senior positions on the Desk, besides reporting from India’s north-east and other states, including a decade covering politics from New Delhi. He has been reporting from UK and Europe since 1999. ...view detail

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  11. Depositing your electronic thesis at the University of Cambridge

    Step-by-step guide on how to deposit your electronic thesis in the Cambridge repository. You will need to do this to receive your PhD.

  12. PhD Thesis Template for Cambridge University Engineering

    Open source (MIT-licensed) PhD thesis template for Cambridge University Engineering Department (CUED). The source code is available on

  13. THESIS

    THESIS definition: 1. a long piece of writing on a particular subject, especially one that is done for a higher…. Learn more.

  14. Cambridge puts Stephen Hawking's PhD thesis online

    The 1965 doctoral thesis of Stephen Hawking has been made freely available online by the University of Cambridge, providing a glimpse into the