100+ Good Conclusion Starters for the Last Paragraph
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Like the introductory paragraph, the conclusion paragraph should also be given utmost importance because it is the closing section of your essay or paper where you need to effectively convince your readers about your thoughts and arguments. Also, most importantly, when writing a conclusion paragraph, you should concisely present all the major points already discussed in the introduction and the body section of the essay. Do you know how to write a strong conclusion? If not, continue reading this post and learn how to write a good conclusion using perfect conclusion starters.
What is a Good Conclusion?
A conclusion is typically the last paragraph of an essay or research paper that provides a summary of the entire work. It is one of the most important parts of an essay because it shows your readers where your writing ends.
A good conclusion is one that
- Provides a concise summary of the essay or research topic.
- Helps the readers remember how strong your arguments were.
- Encourages readers to post comments.
- Draws attention to the evidence that backs up the arguments.
Most of the time, writers finish their essays quickly, and some writers forget to include a concluding section in their writing. Therefore, you must be careful to effectively conclude your essay or research paper with powerful sentences or statements in order to emphasize your ideas on a particular topic.
Remember, when you write a strong paragraph , then obviously the key points that you have included in the last section of your essay or paper will easily get stored in your readers’ minds. If your conclusion is weak, then your readers will forget it quickly.
Occasionally, readers will regret selecting your topic for reading because of your poor conclusion. So, when you write the conclusion statement for an essay or research paper, remember the important steps and advice for writing a good conclusion and then craft it accordingly.
How to Write an Excellent Conclusion Paragraph?
Till now, we saw the significance of a good conclusion paragraph. Now, let us step forward and learn how to write a good conclusion paragraph.
Seriously, you can’t impress your readers if you don’t know to write a good conclusion. In order to conclude your essay powerfully, you can either ask provocative questions or include quotes, a warning, or a call to action.
Not just for essays, a specific structure should also be followed for writing a strong conclusion too. Your conclusion will be thoughtful and impressive only if you stick to a general conclusion outline or a standard conclusion structure containing the following elements.
- A good conclusion starter
- Summary of the main points presented in the body of your writing
- A closing sentence
Points to Remember While Writing a Conclusion Paragraph
- Never introduce a new idea or topic in your conclusion paragraph that was not covered in the introduction and body of your essay or research paper.
- Don’t stress the insignificant parts of your essay. Always make an effort to draw attention to the main points you want your readers to understand.
- The points made in the conclusion paragraph ought to be easy to remember for the readers.
What are Conclusion Starters?
The conclusion starters are the opening sentence in your concluding paragraph. It generally acts as a link between the body and the conclusion paragraph.
One of the significant things that should be used when writing a good conclusion paragraph of your essay is the conclusion starters. With the help of conclusion starters, you can inform your readers that you are about to wrap up your writing.
There are plenty of conclusion starters available in the English language. Usually, the concluding sentences’ paragraph structure will always vary depending on your writing type. However, the conclusion starters are the same for the essay types like compare and contrast, narratives, descriptive, and argumentative.
List of the Best Conclusion Starters for Final Paragraphs
Listed below are some of the best conclusion starter on time business news examples ideas that you can use while writing the conclusion paragraph of your essay.
Simple Conclusion Starter Words
- In conclusion
- All aspects considered
- In drawing to the closure
- The logical conclusion seems to be
- Considering the perspective of
- Thus, it can be restarted
- On considering the different facts presented in this work
- On the whole
Conclusion Starters for Essays and Speeches
- In my opinion
- As expressed
- With all these in mind
- In a nutshell
- Now that we know
- I think there is no option but to conclude
- For this reason
- When faced with the question of
- Given these points
- There is nothing else we can conclude but
Effective Conclusion Paragraph Starters for Students
- To summarize
- I conclude that
- To sum it all up
- To put it briefly
- As a result
- In the final analysis
- For the most part
- As a final point
- All things considered
- For these reasons
- So, I have come to the conclusion that
- To wrap it all up
Impressive Conclusion Starters
- The summative conclusion is that
- The broad conclusion
- The study concluded
- Towards this end
- After all, has been said
- I recommend that
- The informative conclusion is that
- Now you know why
- From now on
- Looking back
- I hope you can now learn that
- Last but not least
- In the future
- You should now consider it
- I think I have shown that
- Without doubt
- The time has come to
- I agree with that
Good Conclusion Starters for Research Paper
- As per the final analysis
- Based on the evidence presented
- As expected, the results signify
- Due to the result
- In light of these findings
- The data reveals
- As per the data, it can be indicated
- The significant revelations made by the study
- Unexpectedly the data revealed
- To assume from the data
- The result of this research showcases
- What the study reveals is
- On reviewing these findings it can be stated
- In the context of the concept
- While further research is competent
A Few More Powerful Conclusion Starters
- As I observe things
- At the end of the day
- After all, it has been told and done
- To reach the core of the heart.
- As per my perspective
- To make a long story short
- No one could have assumed that
- As the time comes to wrap up
- In a simple language
- As stated in the introduction
- I would like to say finally
- One final idea
- My conclusions are
- The data indicate that
- It is worth re-examining
- The nexus between
- As this paper demonstrates
- After discussing
- I’m looking forward to
- It is my conviction that
- My final bow is that
- It is my sincere belief that
- Through this research, we learn that
- My verdict is that
- The research proves that
- That was the conclusion reached
- The summative end is that
In the list mentioned above, we saw the various conclusion starters you can use to start a conclusion paragraph. No matter what your topic is, you can make your speech or write-up memorable for your audiences with the help of a great and effective conclusion. If you wish to add value to your writing, then make sure to use any good conclusion starters at the beginning of your conclusion paragraph.
If you find it difficult to conclude your essay, then contact us and get assignment help from our professional writers who are experts in writing strong and powerful conclusion statements.
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Concluding sentence: easy writing guide.
January 21, 2021
A concluding sentence should tie up an argument in a paragraph, essay, or paper. Unfortunately, many people make a mistake when writing essays and papers by leaving out this sentence. Others don’t even know what a conclusion sentence is and why it is important, leave alone knowing how to write it. So, let’s start by answering, what is a conclusion sentence?
What is a Concluding Sentence?
Every paragraph has a topic sentence, supporting sentences, and a concluding sentence. But, what’s a concluding sentence? Well, this is the sentence that sums up all the information that has been presented in the paragraph. It tells the readers that you’re getting to the closure of the paragraph.
Essentially, this sentence completes a paragraph while restating the main argument or idea. Conclusion sentence starters include words and phrases like “thus”, “therefore”, “resulting”, “in brief”, “hence”, and “to sum up” are often used to start this sentence.
This sentence summarizes the main argument. It also ties the paragraph without rephrasing or your topic sentence. A concluding sentence in a paragraph wraps up the entire argument while guiding the readers regarding the information that you have provided.
How to Write a Concluding Sentence
The concluding sentence definition may vary. However, this sentence should serve its purpose effectively. To achieve this, you should learn how to write a good concluding sentence. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to write a conclusion sentence.
- Summarize Start by summarizing the paragraph’s content. Remember that this sentence should not introduce anything new to the paragraph. It should recap what you’ve shared with your readers in simple and few words. Essentially, this sentence should wrap up your main points briefly.
- Make your sentence short The concluding sentence words should be few. However, the length of this sentence should depend on the essay or paragraph size. For instance, two lines could be sufficient for a paragraph that has ten lines. Essentially, summarize everything without losing the meaning.
- Provide a closure In addition to summarizing a paragraph, this sentence should provide a solid closure to your readers. The importance of a solid close is less when composing a cliff-hanger only. Readers should feel at ease after reading your paper or essay. They should not be confused by the last sentence. Therefore, make sure that your sentence wraps up everything nicely.
- Read the sentence Learning how to make a concluding sentence alone is not enough. You should also ensure that this sentence serves its purpose. Therefore, check your sentence to ensure that it mentions the chief points. It should provide a sense of summarization to the paragraph by wrapping up and summarizing all the key points. It should also rephrase the thesis statement to enhance understanding. What’s more, it should restate your topic sentence. It should represent all the findings, data, figures, materials, logic, and facts.
When learning how to write concluding sentence, bear in mind that this is a final word on the topic. As such, it should leave readers with a sense of closure or completion. This should be the clincher instead of a summary. The essential points of your write-up should be presented in your essay conclusion. What’s more, this sentence should compel readers to focus on new views regarding the topic. And most importantly, it should end on a positive note.
How to Start a Concluding Sentence
There are many ways of starting this sentence. You can learn about these ways by checking out well written concluding sentence examples. For instance, you can use these concluding sentence starters:
- In conclusion ,
- In general ,
- Therefore ,
To understand how these starters can be used, check these conclusion sentence examples for essays.
Example 1 : In conclusion, marijuana may become recognized as a healing tool one day because it has more than recreational value.
Example 2 : Lastly, the widespread abuse of marijuana and its profitability should compel lawmakers to decriminalize its use in the U.S
Example 3: Therefore, marijuana should be availed to the general public due to its therapeutic benefits.
Example 4 : Clearly, a significant correlation between health risks and marijuana risks that explain why it should be decriminalized exist.
Example 5 : In general, marijuana should be legalized globally because its use is as old as the history of mankind.
The effective use of starters signals the beginning of this paragraph to the readers. It also ensures a smooth transition from the explanation of the main points to the end of the paragraph.
Concluding Sentence Transitions
You’ve probably read a good concluding sentence example and come across what seems like a transition word. Well, some of these sentences start with transition words. Here are examples of such transitions:
- In other words ,
- All in all ,
A writer can also include their final thought. This is very common in write-ups that do not provide a chance for writers to interject their opinion. Here is a concluding sentence essay sample that includes the final thought and a concluding statement.
In short, you can gain both stamina and muscle by following these steps though all exercise programs take time to achieve the desired results.
In this example, the writer starts the sentence with a transition, then moves on to the concluding statement before giving their opinion about the program’s results.
Useful Tips and Insights
In addition to using conclusion sentence examples, follow these tips:
- Add a summary – Include a summary of your essay or paper in the sentence to serve as the crux of your writing. Your final thought or judgment should be supported by the summary of the main point in this sentence.
- Call for action – This sentence should call readers to take action using an emotional and factual argument to evoke the desired response from the readers.
- Evoke a certain image – Make sure that your sentence has an impact on the readers by painting a vivid picture. You should convey your ideas and transfer your mental image into the mind of the readers.
- Make suggestions – Recommend beneficial changes to the surrounding and the audience.
- Add quotations – Starting or ending your paper or essay with a quotation can create a good impression. It can also leave a lasting effect on the reader. Therefore, consider using a quotation in your conclusion.
By reading a good conclusion sentence example, you will see how the author restates their thesis or topic sentence using the right synonyms. You will also learn to wrap up the paragraph with the right words. What’s more, a good example will show you the best way to use starters and transition words to signal the beginning of this paragraph.
The purpose of the last sentence in a paragraph is to remind the audience about the discussed topic. It also sums up all the information provided in that paragraph. Although you can use a concluding sentence generator, you should learn and practice writing it. This will enable you to give every paragraph that you write a great sense of completion or closure. Writing services may also come in handy here. In short, your readers will feel that you addressed the main point to its conclusion.
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- How to conclude an essay | Interactive example
How to Conclude an Essay | Interactive Example
Published on January 24, 2019 by Shona McCombes . Revised on July 23, 2023.
The conclusion is the final paragraph of your essay . A strong conclusion aims to:
- Tie together the essay’s main points
- Show why your argument matters
- Leave the reader with a strong impression
Your conclusion should give a sense of closure and completion to your argument, but also show what new questions or possibilities it has opened up.
This conclusion is taken from our annotated essay example , which discusses the history of the Braille system. Hover over each part to see why it’s effective.
Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. Louis Braille’s innovation was to reimagine existing reading systems from a blind perspective, and the success of this invention required sighted teachers to adapt to their students’ reality instead of the other way around. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.
Table of contents
Step 1: return to your thesis, step 2: review your main points, step 3: show why it matters, what shouldn’t go in the conclusion, more examples of essay conclusions, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about writing an essay conclusion.
To begin your conclusion, signal that the essay is coming to an end by returning to your overall argument.
Don’t just repeat your thesis statement —instead, try to rephrase your argument in a way that shows how it has been developed since the introduction.
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Next, remind the reader of the main points that you used to support your argument.
Avoid simply summarizing each paragraph or repeating each point in order; try to bring your points together in a way that makes the connections between them clear. The conclusion is your final chance to show how all the paragraphs of your essay add up to a coherent whole.
To wrap up your conclusion, zoom out to a broader view of the topic and consider the implications of your argument. For example:
- Does it contribute a new understanding of your topic?
- Does it raise new questions for future study?
- Does it lead to practical suggestions or predictions?
- Can it be applied to different contexts?
- Can it be connected to a broader debate or theme?
Whatever your essay is about, the conclusion should aim to emphasize the significance of your argument, whether that’s within your academic subject or in the wider world.
Try to end with a strong, decisive sentence, leaving the reader with a lingering sense of interest in your topic.
The easiest way to improve your conclusion is to eliminate these common mistakes.
Don’t include new evidence
Any evidence or analysis that is essential to supporting your thesis statement should appear in the main body of the essay.
The conclusion might include minor pieces of new information—for example, a sentence or two discussing broader implications, or a quotation that nicely summarizes your central point. But it shouldn’t introduce any major new sources or ideas that need further explanation to understand.
Don’t use “concluding phrases”
Avoid using obvious stock phrases to tell the reader what you’re doing:
- “In conclusion…”
- “To sum up…”
These phrases aren’t forbidden, but they can make your writing sound weak. By returning to your main argument, it will quickly become clear that you are concluding the essay—you shouldn’t have to spell it out.
Don’t undermine your argument
Avoid using apologetic phrases that sound uncertain or confused:
- “This is just one approach among many.”
- “There are good arguments on both sides of this issue.”
- “There is no clear answer to this problem.”
Even if your essay has explored different points of view, your own position should be clear. There may be many possible approaches to the topic, but you want to leave the reader convinced that yours is the best one!
- Literary analysis
This conclusion is taken from an argumentative essay about the internet’s impact on education. It acknowledges the opposing arguments while taking a clear, decisive position.
The internet has had a major positive impact on the world of education; occasional pitfalls aside, its value is evident in numerous applications. The future of teaching lies in the possibilities the internet opens up for communication, research, and interactivity. As the popularity of distance learning shows, students value the flexibility and accessibility offered by digital education, and educators should fully embrace these advantages. The internet’s dangers, real and imaginary, have been documented exhaustively by skeptics, but the internet is here to stay; it is time to focus seriously on its potential for good.
This conclusion is taken from a short expository essay that explains the invention of the printing press and its effects on European society. It focuses on giving a clear, concise overview of what was covered in the essay.
The invention of the printing press was important not only in terms of its immediate cultural and economic effects, but also in terms of its major impact on politics and religion across Europe. In the century following the invention of the printing press, the relatively stationary intellectual atmosphere of the Middle Ages gave way to the social upheavals of the Reformation and the Renaissance. A single technological innovation had contributed to the total reshaping of the continent.
This conclusion is taken from a literary analysis essay about Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein . It summarizes what the essay’s analysis achieved and emphasizes its originality.
By tracing the depiction of Frankenstein through the novel’s three volumes, I have demonstrated how the narrative structure shifts our perception of the character. While the Frankenstein of the first volume is depicted as having innocent intentions, the second and third volumes—first in the creature’s accusatory voice, and then in his own voice—increasingly undermine him, causing him to appear alternately ridiculous and vindictive. Far from the one-dimensional villain he is often taken to be, the character of Frankenstein is compelling because of the dynamic narrative frame in which he is placed. In this frame, Frankenstein’s narrative self-presentation responds to the images of him we see from others’ perspectives. This conclusion sheds new light on the novel, foregrounding Shelley’s unique layering of narrative perspectives and its importance for the depiction of character.
If you want to know more about AI tools , college essays , or fallacies make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples or go directly to our tools!
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Your essay’s conclusion should contain:
- A rephrased version of your overall thesis
- A brief review of the key points you made in the main body
- An indication of why your argument matters
The conclusion may also reflect on the broader implications of your argument, showing how your ideas could applied to other contexts or debates.
For a stronger conclusion paragraph, avoid including:
- Important evidence or analysis that wasn’t mentioned in the main body
- Generic concluding phrases (e.g. “In conclusion…”)
- Weak statements that undermine your argument (e.g. “There are good points on both sides of this issue.”)
Your conclusion should leave the reader with a strong, decisive impression of your work.
The conclusion paragraph of an essay is usually shorter than the introduction . As a rule, it shouldn’t take up more than 10–15% of the text.
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One of the most common questions we receive at the Writing Center is “what am I supposed to do in my conclusion?” This is a difficult question to answer because there’s no one right answer to what belongs in a conclusion. How you conclude your paper will depend on where you started—and where you traveled. It will also depend on the conventions and expectations of the discipline in which you are writing. For example, while the conclusion to a STEM paper could focus on questions for further study, the conclusion of a literature paper could include a quotation from your central text that can now be understood differently in light of what has been discussed in the paper. You should consult your instructor about expectations for conclusions in a particular discipline.
With that in mind, here are some general guidelines you might find helpful to use as you think about your conclusion.
Begin with the “what”
In a short paper—even a research paper—you don’t need to provide an exhaustive summary as part of your conclusion. But you do need to make some kind of transition between your final body paragraph and your concluding paragraph. This may come in the form of a few sentences of summary. Or it may come in the form of a sentence that brings your readers back to your thesis or main idea and reminds your readers where you began and how far you have traveled.
So, for example, in a paper about the relationship between ADHD and rejection sensitivity, Vanessa Roser begins by introducing readers to the fact that researchers have studied the relationship between the two conditions and then provides her explanation of that relationship. Here’s her thesis: “While socialization may indeed be an important factor in RS, I argue that individuals with ADHD may also possess a neurological predisposition to RS that is exacerbated by the differing executive and emotional regulation characteristic of ADHD.”
In her final paragraph, Roser reminds us of where she started by echoing her thesis: “This literature demonstrates that, as with many other conditions, ADHD and RS share a delicately intertwined pattern of neurological similarities that is rooted in the innate biology of an individual’s mind, a connection that cannot be explained in full by the behavioral mediation hypothesis.”
Highlight the “so what”
At the beginning of your paper, you explain to your readers what’s at stake—why they should care about the argument you’re making. In your conclusion, you can bring readers back to those stakes by reminding them why your argument is important in the first place. You can also draft a few sentences that put those stakes into a new or broader context.
In the conclusion to her paper about ADHD and RS, Roser echoes the stakes she established in her introduction—that research into connections between ADHD and RS has led to contradictory results, raising questions about the “behavioral mediation hypothesis.”
She writes, “as with many other conditions, ADHD and RS share a delicately intertwined pattern of neurological similarities that is rooted in the innate biology of an individual’s mind, a connection that cannot be explained in full by the behavioral mediation hypothesis.”
Leave your readers with the “now what”
After the “what” and the “so what,” you should leave your reader with some final thoughts. If you have written a strong introduction, your readers will know why you have been arguing what you have been arguing—and why they should care. And if you’ve made a good case for your thesis, then your readers should be in a position to see things in a new way, understand new questions, or be ready for something that they weren’t ready for before they read your paper.
In her conclusion, Roser offers two “now what” statements. First, she explains that it is important to recognize that the flawed behavioral mediation hypothesis “seems to place a degree of fault on the individual. It implies that individuals with ADHD must have elicited such frequent or intense rejection by virtue of their inadequate social skills, erasing the possibility that they may simply possess a natural sensitivity to emotion.” She then highlights the broader implications for treatment of people with ADHD, noting that recognizing the actual connection between rejection sensitivity and ADHD “has profound implications for understanding how individuals with ADHD might best be treated in educational settings, by counselors, family, peers, or even society as a whole.”
To find your own “now what” for your essay’s conclusion, try asking yourself these questions:
- What can my readers now understand, see in a new light, or grapple with that they would not have understood in the same way before reading my paper? Are we a step closer to understanding a larger phenomenon or to understanding why what was at stake is so important?
- What questions can I now raise that would not have made sense at the beginning of my paper? Questions for further research? Other ways that this topic could be approached?
- Are there other applications for my research? Could my questions be asked about different data in a different context? Could I use my methods to answer a different question?
- What action should be taken in light of this argument? What action do I predict will be taken or could lead to a solution?
- What larger context might my argument be a part of?
What to avoid in your conclusion
- a complete restatement of all that you have said in your paper.
- a substantial counterargument that you do not have space to refute; you should introduce counterarguments before your conclusion.
- an apology for what you have not said. If you need to explain the scope of your paper, you should do this sooner—but don’t apologize for what you have not discussed in your paper.
- fake transitions like “in conclusion” that are followed by sentences that aren’t actually conclusions. (“In conclusion, I have now demonstrated that my thesis is correct.”)
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How to Conclude an Essay (with Examples)
Last Updated: April 3, 2023 Fact Checked
Writing a Strong Conclusion
What to avoid, brainstorming tricks.
This article was co-authored by Jake Adams and by wikiHow staff writer, Aly Rusciano . Jake Adams is an academic tutor and the owner of Simplifi EDU, a Santa Monica, California based online tutoring business offering learning resources and online tutors for academic subjects K-College, SAT & ACT prep, and college admissions applications. With over 14 years of professional tutoring experience, Jake is dedicated to providing his clients the very best online tutoring experience and access to a network of excellent undergraduate and graduate-level tutors from top colleges all over the nation. Jake holds a BS in International Business and Marketing from Pepperdine University. There are 8 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 3,181,406 times.
So, you’ve written an outstanding essay and couldn’t be more proud. But now you have to write the final paragraph. The conclusion simply summarizes what you’ve already written, right? Well, not exactly. Your essay’s conclusion should be a bit more finessed than that. Luckily, you’ve come to the perfect place to learn how to write a conclusion. We’ve put together this guide to fill you in on everything you should and shouldn’t do when ending an essay. Follow our advice, and you’ll have a stellar conclusion worthy of an A+ in no time.
Things You Should Know
- Rephrase your thesis to include in your final paragraph to bring the essay full circle.
- End your essay with a call to action, warning, or image to make your argument meaningful.
- Keep your conclusion concise and to the point, so you don’t lose a reader’s attention.
- Do your best to avoid adding new information to your conclusion and only emphasize points you’ve already made in your essay.
- “All in all”
- “As a consequence”
- “As a result”
- Make sure to write your main points in a new and unique way to avoid repetition.
- Let’s say this is your original thesis statement: “Allowing students to visit the library during lunch improves campus life and supports academic achievement.”
- Restating your thesis for your conclusion could look like this: “Evidence shows students who have access to their school’s library during lunch check out more books and are more likely to complete their homework.”
- The restated thesis has the same sentiment as the original while also summarizing other points of the essay.
- “When you use plastic water bottles, you pollute the ocean. Switch to using a glass or metal water bottle instead. The planet and sea turtles will thank you.”
- “The average person spends roughly 7 hours on their phone a day, so there’s no wonder cybersickness is plaguing all generations.”
- “Imagine walking on the beach, except the soft sand is made up of cigarette butts. They burn your feet but keep washing in with the tide. If we don’t clean up the ocean, this will be our reality.”
- “ Lost is not only a show that changed the course of television, but it’s also a reflection of humanity as a whole.”
- “If action isn’t taken to end climate change today, the global temperature will dangerously rise from 4.5 to 8 °F (−15.3 to −13.3 °C) by 2100.”
- Focus on your essay's most prevalent or important parts. What key points do you want readers to take away or remember about your essay?
- For instance, instead of writing, “That’s why I think that Abraham Lincoln was the best American President,” write, “That’s why Abraham Lincoln was the best American President.”
- There’s no room for ifs, ands, or buts—your opinion matters and doesn’t need to be apologized for!
- For instance, words like “firstly,” “secondly,” and “thirdly” may be great transition statements for body paragraphs but are unnecessary in a conclusion.
- For instance, say you began your essay with the idea that humanity’s small sense of sense stems from space’s vast size. Try returning to this idea in the conclusion by emphasizing that as human knowledge grows, space becomes smaller.
- For example, you could extend an essay on the television show Orange is the New Black by bringing up the culture of imprisonment in America.
- Always review your essay after writing it for proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation, and don’t be afraid to revise. Thanks Helpful 1 Not Helpful 1
- Ask a friend, family member, or teacher for help if you’re stuck. Sometimes a second opinion is all you need. Thanks Helpful 1 Not Helpful 1
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- ↑ https://www.uts.edu.au/current-students/support/helps/self-help-resources/grammar/transition-signals
- ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/common_writing_assignments/argument_papers/conclusions.html
- ↑ http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/conclude.html
- ↑ https://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/ending-essay-conclusions
- ↑ https://www.pittsfordschools.org/site/handlers/filedownload.ashx?moduleinstanceid=542&dataid=4677&FileName=conclusions1.pdf
- ↑ https://www.cuyamaca.edu/student-support/tutoring-center/files/student-resources/how-to-write-a-good-conclusion.pdf
- ↑ https://library.sacredheart.edu/c.php?g=29803&p=185935
About This Article
To end an essay, start your conclusion with a phrase that makes it clear your essay is coming to a close, like "In summary," or "All things considered." Then, use a few sentences to briefly summarize the main points of your essay by rephrasing the topic sentences of your body paragraphs. Finally, end your conclusion with a call to action that encourages your readers to do something or learn more about your topic. In general, try to keep your conclusion between 5 and 7 sentences long. For more tips from our English co-author, like how to avoid common pitfalls when writing an essay conclusion, scroll down! Did this summary help you? Yes No
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Learn about the elements of a successful essay conclusion.
The conclusion is a very important part of your essay. Although it is sometimes treated as a roundup of all of the bits that didn’t fit into the paper earlier, it deserves better treatment than that! It's the last thing the reader will see, so it tends to stick in the reader's memory. It's also a great place to remind the reader exactly why your topic is important. A conclusion is more than just "the last paragraph"—it's a working part of the paper. This is the place to push your reader to think about the consequences of your topic for the wider world or for the reader's own life!
A good conclusion should do a few things:
Restate your thesis
Synthesize or summarize your major points
Make the context of your argument clear
Restating Your Thesis
You've already spent time and energy crafting a solid thesis statement for your introduction, and if you've done your job right, your whole paper focuses on that thesis statement. That's why it's so important to address the thesis in your conclusion! Many writers choose to begin the conclusion by restating the thesis, but you can put your thesis into the conclusion anywhere—the first sentence of the paragraph, the last sentence, or in between. Here are a few tips for rephrasing your thesis:
Remind the reader that you've proven this thesis over the course of your paper. For example, if you're arguing that your readers should get their pets from animal shelters rather than pet stores, you might say, "If you were considering that puppy in the pet-shop window, remember that your purchase will support 'puppy mills' instead of rescuing a needy dog, and consider selecting your new friend at your local animal shelter." This example gives the reader not only the thesis of the paper, but a reminder of the most powerful point in the argument!
Revise the thesis statement so that it reflects the relationship you've developed with the reader during the paper. For example, if you've written a paper that targets parents of young children, you can find a way to phrase your thesis to capitalize on that—maybe by beginning your thesis statement with, "As a parent of a young child…"
Don’t repeat your thesis word for word—make sure that your new statement is an independent, fresh sentence!
Summary or Synthesis
This section of the conclusion might come before the thesis statement or after it. Your conclusion should remind the reader of what your paper actually says! The best conclusion will include a synthesis, not just a summary—instead of a mere list of your major points, the best conclusion will draw those points together and relate them to one another so that your reader can apply the information given in the essay. Here are a couple of ways to do that:
Give a list of the major arguments for your thesis (usually, these are the topic sentences of the parts of your essay).
Explain how these parts are connected. For example, in the animal-shelter essay, you might point out that adopting a shelter dog helps more animals because your adoption fee supports the shelter, which makes your choice more socially responsible.
One of the most important functions of the conclusion is to provide context for your argument. Your reader may finish your essay without a problem and understand your argument without understanding why that argument is important. Your introduction might point out the reason your topic matters, but your conclusion should also tackle this questions. Here are some strategies for making your reader see why the topic is important:
Tell the reader what you want him or her to do. Is your essay a call to action? If so, remind the reader of what he/she should do. If not, remember that asking the reader to think a certain way is an action in itself. (In the above examples, the essay asks the reader to adopt a shelter dog—a specific action.)
Explain why this topic is timely or important. For example, the animal-shelter essay might end with a statistic about the number of pets in shelters waiting for adoption.
Remind the readers of why the topic matters to them personally. For example, it doesn’t matter much if you believe in the mission of animal shelters, if you're not planning to get a dog; however, once you're looking for a dog, it is much more important. The conclusion of this essay might say, "Since you’re in the market for a dog, you have a major decision to make: where to get one." This will remind the reader that the argument is personally important!
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This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.
Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. The following outline may help you conclude your paper:
In a general way,
- Restate your topic and why it is important,
- Restate your thesis/claim,
- Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position,
- Call for action or overview future research possibilities.
Remember that once you accomplish these tasks, unless otherwise directed by your instructor, you are finished. Done. Complete. Don't try to bring in new points or end with a whiz bang(!) conclusion or try to solve world hunger in the final sentence of your conclusion. Simplicity is best for a clear, convincing message.
The preacher's maxim is one of the most effective formulas to follow for argument papers:
Tell what you're going to tell them (introduction).
Tell them (body).
Tell them what you told them (conclusion).
How to Write a Conclusion for an Essay
By the time you get to the final paragraph of your paper, you have already done so much work on your essay, so all you want to do is to wrap it up as quickly as possible. You’ve already made a stunning introduction, proven your argument, and structured the whole piece as supposed – who cares about making a good conclusion paragraph?
The only thing you need to remember is that the conclusion of an essay is not just the last paragraph of an academic paper where you restate your thesis and key arguments. A concluding paragraph is also your opportunity to have a final impact on your audience.
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How to write a conclusion paragraph that leaves a lasting impression – In this guide, the team at EssayPro is going to walk you through the process of writing a perfect conclusion step by step. Additionally, we will share valuable tips and tricks to help students of all ages impress their readers at the last moment.
Instead of Intro: What Is a Conclusion?
Before we can move on, let’s take a moment here to define the conclusion itself. According to the standard conclusion definition, it is pretty much the last part of something, its result, or end. However, this term is rather broad and superficial.
When it comes to writing academic papers, a concluding statement refers to an opinion, judgment, suggestion, or position arrived at by logical reasoning (through the arguments provided in the body of the text). Therefore, if you are wondering “what is a good closing sentence like?” – keep on reading.
What Does a Good Conclusion Mean?
Writing a good conclusion for a paper isn’t easy. However, we are going to walk you through this process step by step. Although there are generally no strict rules on how to formulate one, there are some basic principles that everyone should keep in mind. In this section, we will share some core ideas for writing a good conclusion, and, later in the article, we will also provide you with more practical advice and examples.
Here are the core goals a good conclusion should complete:
- “Wrap up” the entire paper;
- Demonstrate to readers that the author accomplished what he/she set out to do;
- Show how you the author has proved their thesis statement;
- Give a sense of completeness and closure on the topic;
- Leave something extra for your reader to think about;
- Leave a powerful final impact on a reader.
Another key thing to remember is that you should not introduce any new ideas or arguments to your paper's conclusion. It should only sum up what you have already written, revisit your thesis statement, and end with a powerful final impression.
When considering how to write a conclusion that works, here are the key points to keep in mind:
- A concluding sentence should only revisit the thesis statement, not restate it;
- It should summarize the main ideas from the body of the paper;
- It should demonstrate the significance and relevance of your work;
- An essay’s conclusion should include a call for action and leave space for further study or development of the topic (if necessary).
How Long Should a Conclusion Be?
Although there are no strict universal rules regarding the length of an essay’s final clause, both teachers and experienced writers recommend keeping it clear, concise, and straight to the point. There is an unspoken rule that the introduction and conclusion of an academic paper should both be about 10% of the overall paper’s volume. For example, if you were assigned a 1500 word essay, both the introductory and final clauses should be approximately 150 words long (300 together).
Why You Need to Know How to End an Essay:
A conclusion is what drives a paper to its logical end. It also drives the main points of your piece one last time. It is your last opportunity to impact and impress your audience. And, most importantly, it is your chance to demonstrate to readers why your work matters. Simply put, the final paragraph of your essay should answer the last important question a reader will have – “So what?”
If you do a concluding paragraph right, it can give your readers a sense of logical completeness. On the other hand, if you do not make it powerful enough, it can leave them hanging, and diminish the effect of the entire piece.
Strategies to Crafting a Proper Conclusion
Although there are no strict rules for what style to use to write your conclusion, there are several strategies that have been proven to be effective. In the list below, you can find some of the most effective strategies with some good conclusion paragraph examples to help you grasp the idea.
One effective way to emphasize the significance of your essay and give the audience some thought to ponder about is by taking a look into the future. The “When and If” technique is quite powerful when it comes to supporting your points in the essay’s conclusion.
Prediction essay conclusion example: “Taking care of a pet is quite hard, which is the reason why most parents refuse their children’s requests to get a pet. However, the refusal should be the last choice of parents. If we want to inculcate a deep sense of responsibility and organization in our kids, and, at the same time, sprout compassion in them, we must let our children take care of pets.”
Another effective strategy is to link your conclusion to your introductory paragraph. This will create a full-circle narration for your readers, create a better understanding of your topic, and emphasize your key point.
Echo conclusion paragraph example: Introduction: “I believe that all children should grow up with a pet. I still remember the exact day my parents brought my first puppy to our house. This was one of the happiest moments in my life and, at the same time, one of the most life-changing ones. Growing up with a pet taught me a lot, and most importantly, it taught me to be responsible.” Conclusion:. “I remember when I picked up my first puppy and how happy I was at that time. Growing up with a pet, I learned what it means to take care of someone, make sure that he always has water and food, teach him, and constantly keep an eye on my little companion. Having a child grow up with a pet teaches them responsibility and helps them acquire a variety of other life skills like leadership, love, compassion, and empathy. This is why I believe that every kid should grow up with a pet!”
Finally, one more trick that will help you create a flawless conclusion is to amplify your main idea or to present it in another perspective of a larger context. This technique will help your readers to look at the problem discussed from a different angle.
Step-up argumentative essay conclusion example: “Despite the obvious advantages of owning a pet in childhood, I feel that we cannot generalize whether all children should have a pet. Whereas some kids may benefit from such experiences, namely, by becoming more compassionate, organized, and responsible, it really depends on the situation, motivation, and enthusiasm of a particular child for owning a pet.”
What is a clincher in an essay? – The final part of an essay’s conclusion is often referred to as a clincher sentence. According to the clincher definition, it is a final sentence that reinforces the main idea or leaves the audience with an intriguing thought to ponder upon. In a nutshell, the clincher is very similar to the hook you would use in an introductory paragraph. Its core mission is to seize the audience’s attention until the end of the paper. At the same time, this statement is what creates a sense of completeness and helps the author leave a lasting impression on the reader.
Now, since you now know what a clincher is, you are probably wondering how to use one in your own paper. First of all, keep in mind that a good clincher should be intriguing, memorable, smooth, and straightforward.
Generally, there are several different tricks you can use for your clincher statement; it can be:
- A short, but memorable and attention-grabbing conclusion;
- A relevant and memorable quote (only if it brings actual value);
- A call to action;
- A rhetorical question;
- An illustrative story or provocative example;
- A warning against a possibility or suggestion about the consequences of a discussed problem;
- A joke (however, be careful with this as it may not always be deemed appropriate).
Regardless of the technique you choose, make sure that your clincher is memorable and aligns with your introduction and thesis.
Clincher examples: - While New York may not be the only place with the breathtaking views, it is definitely among my personal to 3… and that’s what definitely makes it worth visiting. - “Thence we came forth to rebehold the stars”, Divine Comedy - Don’t you think all these advantages sound like almost life-saving benefits of owning a pet? “So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past.”, The Great Gatsby
Conclusion Writing Don'ts
Now, when you know what tricks and techniques you should use to create a perfect conclusion, let’s look at some of the things you should not do with our online paper writing service :
- Starting with some cliché concluding sentence starters. Many students find common phrases like “In conclusion,” “Therefore,” “In summary,” or similar statements to be pretty good conclusion starters. However, though such conclusion sentence starters may work in certain cases – for example, in speeches – they are overused, so it is recommended not to use them in writing to introduce your conclusion.
- Putting the first mention of your thesis statement in the conclusion – it has to be presented in your introduction first.
- Providing new arguments, subtopics, or ideas in the conclusion paragraph.
- Including a slightly changed or unchanged thesis statement.
- Providing arguments and evidence that belong in the body of the work.
- Writing too long, hard to read, or confusing sentences.
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Conclusion Paragraph Outline
The total number of sentences in your final paragraph may vary depending on the number of points you discussed in your essay, as well as on the overall word count of your paper. However, the overall conclusion paragraph outline will remain the same and consists of the following elements:
- A conclusion starter:
The first part of your paragraph should drive readers back to your thesis statement. Thus, if you were wondering how to start a conclusion, the best way to do it is by rephrasing your thesis statement.
- Summary of the body paragraphs:
Right after revisiting your thesis, you should include several sentences that wrap up the key highlights and points from your body paragraphs. This part of your conclusion can consist of 2-3 sentences—depending on the number of arguments you’ve made. If necessary, you can also explain to the readers how your main points fit together.
- A concluding sentence:
Finally, you should end your paragraph with a last, powerful sentence that leaves a lasting impression, gives a sense of logical completeness, and connects readers back to the introduction of the paper.
These three key elements make up a perfect essay conclusion. Now, to give you an even better idea of how to create a perfect conclusion, let us give you a sample conclusion paragraph outline with examples from an argumentative essay on the topic of “Every Child Should Own a Pet:
- Sentence 1: Starter
- ~ Thesis: "Though taking care of a pet may be a bit challenging for small children. Parents should not restrict their kids from having a pet as it helps them grow into more responsible and compassionate people."
- ~ Restated thesis for a conclusion: "I can say that taking care of a pet is good for every child."
- Sentences 2-4: Summary
- ~ "Studies have shown that pet owners generally have fewer health problems."
- ~ "Owning a pet teaches a child to be more responsible."
- ~ "Spending time with a pet reduces stress, feelings of loneliness, and anxiety."
- Sentence 5: A concluding sentence
- ~ "Pets can really change a child life for the better, so don't hesitate to endorse your kid's desire to own a pet."
This is a clear example of how you can shape your conclusion paragraph.
How to Conclude Various Types of Essays
Depending on the type of academic essay you are working on, your concluding paragraph's style, tone, and length may vary. In this part of our guide, we will tell you how to end different types of essays and other works.
How to End an Argumentative Essay
Persuasive or argumentative essays always have the single goal of convincing readers of something (an idea, stance, or viewpoint) by appealing to arguments, facts, logic, and even emotions. The conclusion for such an essay has to be persuasive as well. A good trick you can use is to illustrate a real-life scenario that proves your stance or encourages readers to take action. More about persuasive essay outline you can read in our article.
Here are a few more tips for making a perfect conclusion for an argumentative essay:
- Carefully read the whole essay before you begin;
- Re-emphasize your ideas;
- Discuss possible implications;
- Don’t be afraid to appeal to the reader’s emotions.
How to End a Compare and Contrast Essay
The purpose of a compare and contrast essay is to emphasize the differences or similarities between two or more objects, people, phenomena, etc. Therefore, a logical conclusion should highlight how the reviewed objects are different or similar. Basically, in such a paper, your conclusion should recall all of the key common and distinctive features discussed in the body of your essay and also give readers some food for thought after they finish reading it.
How to Conclude a Descriptive Essay
The key idea of a descriptive essay is to showcase your creativity and writing skills by painting a vivid picture with the help of words. This is one of the most creative types of essays as it requires you to show a story, not tell it. This kind of essay implies using a lot of vivid details. Respectively, the conclusion of such a paper should also use descriptive imagery and, at the same time, sum up the main ideas. A good strategy for ending a descriptive essay would be to begin with a short explanation of why you wrote the essay. Then, you should reflect on how your topic affects you. In the middle of the conclusion, you should cover the most critical moments of the story to smoothly lead the reader into a logical closing statement. The “clincher”, in this case, should be a thought-provoking final sentence that leaves a good and lasting impression on the audience. Do not lead the reader into the essay and then leave them with dwindling memories of it.
How to Conclude an Essay About Yourself
If you find yourself writing an essay about yourself, you need to tell a personal story. As a rule, such essays talk about the author’s experiences, which is why a conclusion should create a feeling of narrative closure. A good strategy is to end your story with a logical finale and the lessons you have learned, while, at the same time, linking it to the introductory paragraph and recalling key moments from the story.
How to End an Informative Essay
Unlike other types of papers, informative or expository essays load readers with a lot of information and facts. In this case, “Synthesize, don’t summarize” is the best technique you can use to end your paper. Simply put, instead of recalling all of the major facts, you should approach your conclusion from the “So what?” position by highlighting the significance of the information provided.
How to Conclude a Narrative Essay
In a nutshell, a narrative essay is based on simple storytelling. The purpose of this paper is to share a particular story in detail. Therefore, the conclusion for such a paper should wrap up the story and avoid finishing on an abrupt cliffhanger. It is vital to include the key takeaways and the lessons learned from the story.
How to Write a Conclusion for a Lab Report
Unlike an essay, a lab report is based on an experiment. This type of paper describes the flow of a particular experiment conducted by a student and its conclusion should reflect on the outcomes of this experiment.
In thinking of how to write a conclusion for a lab, here are the key things you should do to get it right:
- Restate the goals of your experiment
- Describe the methods you used
- Include the results of the experiment and analyze the final data
- End your conclusion with a clear statement on whether or not the experiment was successful (Did you reach the expected results?)
How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper
Writing a paper is probably the hardest task of all, even for experienced dissertation writer . Unlike an essay or even a lab report, a research paper is a much longer piece of work that requires a deeper investigation of the problem. Therefore, a conclusion for such a paper should be even more sophisticated and powerful. If you're feeling difficulty writing an essay, you can buy essay on our service.
However, given that a research paper is the second most popular kind of academic paper (after an essay), it is important to know how to conclude a research paper. Even if you have not yet been assigned to do this task, be sure that you will face it soon. So, here are the steps you should follow to create a great conclusion for a research paper:
- Restate the Topic
Start your final paragraph with a quick reminder of what the topic of the piece is about. Keep it one sentence long.
- Revisit the Thesis
Next, you should remind your readers what your thesis statement was. However, do not just copy and paste it from the introductory clause: paraphrase your thesis so that you deliver the same idea but with different words. Keep your paraphrased thesis narrow, specific, and topic-oriented.
- Summarise Your Key Ideas
Just like the case of a regular essay’s conclusion, a research paper’s final paragraph should also include a short summary of all of the key points stated in the body sections. We recommend reading the entire body part a few times to define all of your main arguments and ideas.
- Showcase the Significance of Your Work
In the research paper conclusion, it is vital to highlight the significance of your research problem and state how your solution could be helpful.
- Make Suggestions for Future Studies
Finally, at the end of your conclusion, you should define how your findings will contribute to the development of its particular field of science. Outline the perspectives of further research and, if necessary, explain what is yet to be discovered on the topic.
Then, end your conclusion with a powerful concluding sentence – it can be a rhetorical question, call to action, or another hook that will help you have a strong impact on the audience.
- Answer the Right Questions
To create a top-notch research paper conclusion, be sure to answer the following questions:
- What is the goal of a research paper?
- What are the possible solutions to the research question(s)?
- How can your results be implemented in real life? (Is your research paper helpful to the community?)
- Why is this study important and relevant?
Additionally, here are a few more handy tips to follow:
- Provide clear examples from real life to help readers better understand the further implementation of the stated solutions;
- Keep your conclusion fresh, original, and creative.
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So, What Is a Good Closing Sentence? See The Difference
One of the best ways to learn how to write a good conclusion is to look at several professional essay conclusion examples. In this section of our guide, we are going to look at two different final paragraphs shaped on the basis of the same template, but even so, they are very different – where one is weak and the other is strong. Below, we are going to compare them to help you understand the difference between a good and a bad conclusion.
Here is the template we used: College degrees are in decline. The price of receiving an education does not correlate with the quality of the education received. As a result, graduated students face underemployment, and the worth of college degrees appears to be in serious doubt. However, the potential social and economic benefits of educated students balance out the equation.
People either see college as an opportunity or an inconvenience; therefore, a degree can only hold as much value as its owner’s skillset. The underemployment of graduate students puts the worth of college degrees in serious doubt. Yet, with the multitude of benefits that educated students bring to society and the economy, the equation remains in balance. Perhaps the ordinary person should consider college as a wise financial investment, but only if they stay determined to study and do the hard work.
Why is this example good? There are several key points that prove its effectiveness:
- There is a bold opening statement that encompasses the two contrasting types of students we can see today.
- There are two sentences that recall the thesis statement and cover the key arguments from the body of the essay.
- Finally, the last sentence sums up the key message of the essay and leaves readers with something to think about.
In conclusion, with the poor preparation of students in college and the subsequent underemployment after graduation from college, the worth associated with the college degree appears to be in serious doubt. However, these issues alone may not reasonably conclude beyond a doubt that investing in a college degree is a rewarding venture. When the full benefits that come with education are carefully put into consideration and evaluated, college education for children in any country still has good advantages, and society should continue to advocate for a college education. The ordinary person should consider this a wise financial decision that holds rewards in the end. Apart from the monetary gains associated with a college education, society will greatly benefit from students when they finish college. Their minds are going to be expanded, and their reasoning and decision making will be enhanced.
What makes this example bad? Here are a few points to consider:
- Unlike the first example, this paragraph is long and not specific enough. The author provides plenty of generalized phrases that are not backed up by actual arguments.
- This piece is hard to read and understand and sentences have a confusing structure. Also, there are lots of repetitions and too many uses of the word “college”.
- There is no summary of the key benefits.
- The last two sentences that highlight the value of education contradict with the initial statement.
- Finally, the last sentence doesn’t offer a strong conclusion and gives no thought to ponder upon.
- In the body of your essay, you have hopefully already provided your reader(s) with plenty of information. Therefore, it is not wise to present new arguments or ideas in your conclusion.
- To end your final paragraph right, find a clear and straightforward message that will have the most powerful impact on your audience.
- Don’t use more than one quote in the final clause of your paper – the information from external sources (including quotes) belongs in the body of a paper.
- Be authoritative when writing a conclusion. You should sound confident and convincing to leave a good impression. Sentences like “I’m not an expert, but…” will most likely make you seem less knowledgeable and/or credible.
Good Conclusion Examples
Now that we've learned what a conclusion is and how to write one let's take a look at some essay conclusion examples to strengthen our knowledge.
The ending ironically reveals that all was for nothing. (A short explanation of the thematic effect of the book’s end) Tom says that Miss Watson freed Jim in her final will.Jim told Huck that the dead man on the Island was pap. The entire adventure seemingly evaporated into nothingness. (How this effect was manifested into the minds of thereaders).
All in all, international schools hold the key to building a full future that students can achieve. (Thesis statement simplified) They help students develop their own character by learning from their mistakes, without having to face a dreadful penalty for failure. (Thesis statement elaborated)Although some say that kids emerged “spoiled” with this mentality, the results prove the contrary. (Possible counter-arguments are noted)
In conclusion, public workers should be allowed to strike since it will give them a chance to air their grievances. (Thesis statement) Public workers should be allowed to strike when their rights, safety, and regulations are compromised. The workers will get motivated when they strike, and their demands are met.
In summary, studies reveal some similarities in the nutrient contents between the organic and non-organic food substances. (Starts with similarities) However, others have revealed many considerable differences in the amounts of antioxidants as well as other minerals present in organic and non-organic foods. Generally, organic foods have higher levels of antioxidants than non-organic foods and therefore are more important in the prevention of chronic illnesses.
As time went by, my obsession grew into something bigger than art; (‘As time went by’ signals maturation) it grew into a dream of developing myself for the world. (Showing student’s interest of developing himself for the community) It is a dream of not only seeing the world from a different perspective but also changing the perspective of people who see my work. (Showing student’s determination to create moving pieces of art)
In conclusion, it is evident that technology is an integral part of our lives and without it, we become “lost” since we have increasingly become dependent on its use. (Thesis with main point)
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How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph for an Essay
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- An effective conclusion paragraph is vital to writing a successful college essay.
- A strong conclusion restates the thesis, offers new insight, and forms a personal connection.
- Be sure the conclusion doesn't introduce new arguments or analyze points you didn't discuss.
The first steps for writing any college essay are coming up with a strong thesis statement and composing a rough introduction . Once you've done that, you can collect information that supports your thesis, outline your essay's main points, and start writing your body paragraphs . Before you can submit the essay, though, you'll also need to write a compelling conclusion paragraph.
Conclusions aren't especially difficult to write and can even be fun, but you still need to put in effort to make them work. Ultimately, a strong conclusion is just as important as an effective introduction for a successful paper.
Here, we explain the purpose of a conclusion and how to write a conclusion paragraph using a simple three-step process.
The Purpose of a Conclusion Paragraph
A conclusion paragraph does :
- Check Circle Summarize the essay's thesis and evidence to further convince the reader
- Check Circle Elevate your essay by adding new insight or something extra to impress the reader
- Check Circle Leave a personal impression that connects you more closely to the reader
A conclusion paragraph does not :
- X Circle Summarize something the paper does not discuss
- X Circle Introduce a new argument
How to Write a Conclusion in 3 Easy Steps
Step 1: restate your thesis claim and evidence.
The conclusion's primary role is to convince the reader that your argument is valid. Whereas the introduction paragraph says, "Here's what I'll prove and how," the conclusion paragraph says, "Here's what I proved and how." In that sense, these two paragraphs should closely mirror each other, with the conclusion restating the thesis introduced at the beginning of the essay.
In order to restate your thesis effectively, you'll need to do the following:
- Check Circle Reread your introduction carefully to identify your paper's main claim
- Check Circle Pay attention to the evidence you used to support your thesis throughout the essay
- Check Circle In your conclusion, reword the thesis and summarize the supporting evidence
- Check Circle Use phrases in the past tense, like "as demonstrated" and "this paper established"
Here's an example of an introduction and a conclusion paragraph, with the conclusion restating the paper's primary claim and evidence:
It is a known fact that archaic civilizations with clearly defined social classes often survived longer than those without. One anomaly is seventh-century Civilization X. Close analysis of the cultural artifacts of the Civilization X region reveals that a social system that operates on exploitation, rather than sharing, will always fail. This lack of inclusion actually leads to a society's downfall. Excavated military objects, remnants of tapestries and clay pots, and the poetry of the era all demonstrate the clash between exploitation and sharing, with the former leading to loss and the latter leading to success.
In the 600s C.E., Civilization X survived because it believed in inclusion and sharing rather than exploitation. As demonstrated, the civilization was often aware of the choice between sharing with others and taking from them. The cultural artifacts from the era, namely military items, household objects, and verbal art, all indicate that Civilization X believed sharing ensured survival for all, while taking allowed only a few to survive for a shorter time.
Step 2: Provide New and Interesting Insight
In addition to restating the thesis, a conclusion should emphasize the importance of the essay's argument by building upon it. In other words, you want to push your ideas one step beyond your thesis. One intriguing insight at the end can leave your professor pondering your paper well after they finish reading it — and that's a good sign you turned in a well-written essay.
Note that the conclusion paragraph must only mention that this new idea exists and deserves some focus in the future; it shouldn't discuss the idea in detail or try to propose a new argument.
The new insight you raise in your conclusion should ideally come from the research you already conducted. Should a new idea come to you while writing the body paragraphs, go ahead and make a note to remind you to allude to it in your conclusion.
Here are some typical starting points for these new insights:
- Check Circle A new idea that would have prompted you to redesign your thesis if you had the time
- Check Circle A new angle that would further prove your thesis
- Check Circle Evidence you found that refutes your claim but that you can justify anyway
- Check Circle A different topic to which you can apply the same thesis and/or angles
Step 3: Form a Personal Connection With the Reader
The final step when writing a conclusion paragraph is to include a small detail about yourself. This information will help you build a more intimate bond with your reader and help them remember you better. Think of this step as an opportunity to connect the academic research to your and your reader's personal lives — to forge a human bond between the lines.
Formal essay-writing typically avoids first- and second-person pronouns such as "I" and "you." There are, however, two exceptions to this rule, and these are the introduction and conclusion paragraphs.
In the conclusion, you may use first-person pronouns to attempt to establish an emotional connection with the reader.
In the introduction, you may use the words "I" or "me" just once to clarify that the essay's claim is your own. In the conclusion, you may use first-person pronouns to attempt to establish an emotional connection with the reader, as long as this connection is related in some way to the overarching claim.
Here's an example of a conclusion paragraph that uses both first- and second-person pronouns to connect the thesis statement (provided above) to the student's own perspective on stealing:
Civilization X believed that invading Civilization Y would help them survive long, hunger-inducing winters. But all people go through moments when they crave security, especially in times of scarcity. I would certainly never consider taking the belongings of a neighbor, nor, I expect, would you. Yet we must consider the Civilization X artifacts that justify "taking" as signs of more than simple bloodthirst — they are also revelations of the basic human need for security. Perhaps if we had lived during the 600s C.E., you and I would have also taken from others, even while commanding others not to take from us.
Feature Image: Ziga Plahutar / E+ / Getty Images
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- 15 Great Essay Conclusion Examples
- 18 Outstanding Essay Conclusion Examples
What Is a Conclusion of an Essay: Outline and Purpose
How to write a conclusion paragraph.
- 18 Good Conclusion Paragraph Examples
Effective strategies to conclude an essay, bottom line.
One of the crucial parts of a writing piece is an essay conclusion. it is the last paragraph that creates the final impression from a paper. It is not enough just to summarize what was written in the body part. A writer must make the reader want to continue exploring the problem, share the author’s position, or finally get a clear understanding of an issue . It all depends on the essay type. Our essay writer team has come up with essay conclusion examples and useful tips to help students master the art of concluding an essay logically and effectively. Check them out!
Conclusion is the last paragraph of any academic writing, no matter whether it is a school five paragraph essay or college research paper. It is a compulsory structural part of an essay that gives a sense of closure. The purpose of writing a conclusion is to restate the main idea, summarize the key points discussed in the body of the paper showing how they support or prove your thesis, and draw a general conclusion .
What to write in a conclusion paragraph? A typical conclusion outline has three structural components:
- Restated thesis statement.
- Summary of the key points.
- General conclusion or ideas for broader implications of an issue.
Don’t know how to start essay conclusions? No worries! We have prepared useful tips to help you write a good conclusion for your essay. Follow these simple steps:
- Restate the thesis statement . Start your essay conclusion with reminding readers of the main idea of your paper. However, do not just copy-paste the sentence from the introduction paragraph . You should present the same claim but using different words.
- Summarize the main points . Proceed with analysis and summary the key ideas you have discussed in the body paragraphs. Show how these arguments support and prove your thesis statement.
- Sum up the whole essay . After analyzing the major ideas of the paper, draw up a general essay conclusion. If you do not know how to do it, try answering the So-what?-question. In case you write a conclusion for a research paper, you may be asked to identify the knowledge gap. Also, you may specify broader implications of the issue in the larger context for future research.
18 Good Conclusion Paragraph Examples
We have prepared essay conclusions for different types of papers. Check them out for better understanding of how to write a conclusion.
The purpose of argumentative paper is to take a stand on an issue. Check these argumentative essay conclusion examples to make your essay convincing.
The purpose of this essay type is to persuade the readers. Look through persuasive essay conclusion examples to understand how to write a conclusion that will help you win over the audience.
Critical thinking is required in this essay type. You should be able to analyze the whole piece of writing to create a strong final paragraph. Have a look at these analysis essay conclusion examples to get a general idea.
Wondering how to write a literary analysis ? Check out our guide.
These essays are easy to write. The purpose of the narrative essay conclusion is to sum up everything described and discussed in the essay.
Expository essays aim to describe or explain ideas, notions, phenomena, etc. to the reader. Such papers require research to support the ideas and be able to provide evidence. Check out a conclusion sample of an expository essay.
Are you assigned to write an exposition? Check our blog post to find out what is an expository essay and how to write it successfully.
Look at the English essay conclusion example below. It may refer to any type of paper.
There exist several most common approaches that allow to conclude an essay logically and reasonably. Here they are.
- So what? This is the most common strategy. It presupposes summing up the paper by giving an answer to a short question So-what?
- Giving a larger context. This strategy mainly applies to the research papers. The main idea is to mention the areas of the issue that need further investigation.
- Rhetorical question . It is a provocative and intriguing question that does not need an answer. It gives readers food for thought. However, such conclusions might be not very effective in academic papers.
Also, we would like to remind you that there are some details that should not be included in the conclusion paragraph. Avoid:
- Retelling what was written in the paper
- Presenting new ideas
- Introducing facts or arguments that contradict the info discussed in the essay
- Adding in-text citations
- Copy-pasting sentences from the intro or body paragraphs
- Using phrases like in conclusion, in summary, to sum up, etc.
Essay conclusion is an essential part of a paper. If you miss it or make it weak, your essay will be incomplete. Thus, try your best to conclude an essay with a strong and balanced final paragraph. It should resonate with the essay introduction and body paragraphs, summarize the whole paper, and be written using parallel sentence structures. Have a close look at conclusion sentence examples to ensure you are able to conclude an essay appropriately. If you have some questions or need help with your essay conclusion, you may ask for writing assistance. Experienced writers will help you write a logical and reasonable essay conclusion.
1. What are the components of a conclusion?
Essay conclusion usually has three main parts. They are: restated thesis statement, summary of the key points, and general conclusion. Make sure you include these parts in the final part to conclude an essay appropriately. Mind that just repeating the thesis and ideas will not work. Show your ability to analyze.
2. How to begin a conclusion?
In the last paragraph synthesize and summarize your paper. A reasonable conclusion starts with reminding readers the main idea of an essay. Make sure to paraphrase your thesis statement. Otherwise, it might seem you don’t really understand the point. Also, avoid starting the paragraph with such words as in conclusion, in summary, to conclude, to sum up, etc. It looks primitive and unprofessional.
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Conclusion Sentence Examples, How to Write, Tips
What is the Conclusion Sentence? – Definition
What is the best example of a conclusion sentence, 100 conclusion sentence examples.
- Educational tools have revolutionized the way students learn, paving the path for a brighter future.
- Sustainable practices are our best bet against environmental degradation.
- Diverse teams bring a wealth of unique perspectives, enriching workplace productivity.
- Artificial intelligence is pushing the boundaries of innovation, reshaping industries.
- Children need consistent love and guidance to thrive in life’s challenges.
- Reading opens doors to countless worlds, expanding one’s horizons.
- Mental health should be prioritized, ensuring societal well-being.
- Global collaboration will be the linchpin of future successes.
- Eating healthy benefits both mind and body, promoting longevity.
- Physical exercise boosts overall health, fostering a robust immune system.
- Digital currencies are revolutionizing traditional financial ecosystems.
- Music has the power to heal, connect, and inspire across cultures.
- Modern architecture reflects societal evolution and technological advancements.
- Nature provides solace in an increasingly chaotic world.
- Entrepreneurs drive innovation, propelling economies forward.
- Cultural exchange enriches communities, fostering global harmony.
- Empathy is the cornerstone of genuine human connections.
- Traditional crafts preserve the essence of cultural heritage.
- Space exploration holds the keys to humanity’s next frontier.
- Historical knowledge prevents the repetition of past mistakes.
- Renewable energy offers a sustainable solution to global energy needs.
- Water conservation is imperative for a balanced ecosystem.
- Digital literacy empowers individuals in a tech-driven world.
- Organic farming protects the environment from harmful chemicals.
- Literary classics offer timeless insights into human nature.
- Clean transportation reduces the carbon footprint, combating climate change.
- Continuous learning is vital in a rapidly changing global landscape.
- Community service enhances personal growth and societal unity.
- Animal welfare reflects a society’s compassion and ethics.
- Meditation brings mental peace, improving overall well-being.
- Technological advancements should be wielded responsibly.
- Parental involvement boosts a child’s academic performance.
- Recycling lessens waste, promoting a circular economy.
- Innovative solutions tackle age-old problems with fresh perspectives.
- Balanced diets support a vibrant and active lifestyle.
- Journalism plays a pivotal role in democratic societies.
- Afforestation reverses the detrimental impacts of deforestation.
- E-commerce has transformed the retail landscape globally.
- Civic participation strengthens democratic institutions.
- Mindfulness practices improve focus and reduce stress.
- Biotechnology holds promise for medical breakthroughs.
- Inclusive education caters to diverse learning needs.
- Cultural festivals celebrate the tapestry of global traditions.
- Work-life balance is crucial for employee satisfaction and productivity.
- Robotics is ushering in a new era of automation.
- Youth engagement shapes the future of nations.
- Travel broadens perspectives and enriches experiences.
- Financial literacy equips individuals for sound economic decisions.
- Virtual reality is redefining entertainment and training modules.
- Public health initiatives save countless lives annually.
- Urban planning influences the livability of cities.
- Mentorship guides budding talents toward their full potential.
- Sustainable tourism protects natural and cultural treasures.
- Remote work offers flexibility and new opportunities.
- The data confirms our hypothesis, shedding light on previously unanswered questions.
- The novel portrays the resilience of human spirit amidst adversity.
- The project demonstrates the potential of collaborative innovation.
- Our research offers fresh perspectives on age-old debates.
- The findings suggest that more studies are needed to verify these results.
- The artist captures the essence of human emotion in each stroke.
- The results underline the need for more inclusive policies.
- The experiment presents unexpected outcomes that could change the industry.
- The story provides a poignant reflection on the transient nature of life.
- The statistics reveal a growing disparity that cannot be ignored.
- The movie ends on a hopeful note, inspiring audiences worldwide.
- The strategy enhances the company’s global outreach effectively.
- The initiative supports sustainable practices for a greener future.
- The program addresses the root causes of societal issues.
- The narrative resonates with universal themes of love and loss.
- The analysis highlights areas of improvement and potential growth.
- The music transcends cultural boundaries, uniting listeners in emotion.
- The campaign emphasizes the importance of community involvement.
- The literature expands our understanding of historical contexts.
- The play challenges conventional norms, offering a fresh narrative.
- The workshop equips participants with essential tools for success.
- The discoveries push the boundaries of scientific knowledge.
- The essay presents a compelling argument backed by solid evidence.
- The product caters to modern consumer needs efficiently.
- The adventure teaches the value of perseverance and friendship.
- The design blends functionality with aesthetic appeal.
- The mission inspires individuals to strive for greater good.
- The report outlines actionable steps for positive change.
- The model integrates cutting-edge technology for optimal performance.
- The journey offers insights into personal growth and discovery.
- The course encourages critical thinking and problem-solving skills.
- The presentation delivers key points with clarity and precision.
- The review provides a balanced perspective on the product’s pros and cons.
- The event celebrates the rich tapestry of cultural diversity.
- The policy reflects the organization’s commitment to ethical practices.
- The trip underscores the beauty and fragility of natural wonders.
- The performance showcases the depth of the artist’s talent.
- The solution addresses pressing issues with innovative approaches.
- The series delves into complex characters and intricate plotlines.
- The discussion fosters open dialogue and mutual respect.
- The exercise strengthens core muscles and enhances flexibility.
- The article contributes valuable insights to ongoing debates.
- The seminar features industry experts sharing cutting-edge knowledge.
- The endeavor aims to make a lasting impact on the community.
- The exhibition displays artistic masterpieces from various eras.
- The experience shapes our perceptions and influences decisions.
Conclusion Sentence Examples for an Essay
- The research highlights the need for immediate intervention in climate change policies.
- This study offers insights into the intricacies of human behavior.
- The evidence underscores the importance of early childhood education.
- These findings challenge widely-held beliefs about quantum physics.
- The journey depicts the transformative power of self-discovery.
- The novel’s themes reflect societal shifts during the 20th century.
- The data reveals a correlation between nutrition and cognitive abilities.
- Modern technology has reshaped every facet of human existence.
- The artist uses symbolism to convey complex emotions.
- The experiment provides a foundational understanding of cellular processes.
Conclusion Sentence Examples in a Paragraph
- These measures underscore the company’s commitment to sustainability.
- The statistics highlight the urgency of addressing the housing crisis.
- These characters symbolize the different facets of human nature.
- Local businesses provide essential services to the community.
- The model demonstrates the potential of renewable energy sources.
- These events illustrate the cyclical nature of history.
- The findings emphasize the role of genetics in determining behavior.
- The artist’s work reflects the socio-political landscape of his era.
- The strategy outlines a comprehensive approach to market penetration.
- This approach ensures maximum engagement from the target audience.
Simple Conclusion Sentence Examples
- Books enrich our lives.
- Exercise boosts overall well-being.
- Travel broadens one’s horizons.
- Education is the key to success.
- Nature provides solace.
- Art elevates the human spirit.
- Diet impacts health.
- Water is life’s elixir.
- Music unites cultures.
- Respect builds strong relationships.
What is the best sentence to start a conclusion?
- Summary Statement: Restate your primary argument or thesis. For instance, “In light of the evidence presented, it’s clear that…”
- Question: Pose a rhetorical question related to your topic. “Given these findings, one might wonder what the future holds for renewable energy?”
- Transition: Use transitional phrases like “In conclusion,” “To sum up,” or “Ultimately” to signal the start of your concluding remarks.
- Reference the Introduction: If you began your essay with a particular anecdote or quote, refer back to it in your conclusion to create a full circle.
- Strong Statement: Make a bold statement that encapsulates the essence of your content. “The undeniable impact of climate change requires global attention now more than ever.”
What are the 3 sentences in a conclusion?
- Restate the Thesis or Main Argument: The first sentence should reiterate your main point or thesis statement in a fresh and compelling way, without simply repeating the same words. For example, if your thesis was about the importance of conserving water, your conclusion might start with, “The conservation of water stands as a crucial responsibility for every individual and community.”
- Summarize Main Points: The second sentence provides a brief recap of the key arguments or findings from the body of your content. This synthesis helps reinforce the importance of your primary message. Using our water conservation example, this could be, “From the depletion of freshwater sources to the environmental ramifications, the urgency of water conservation is evident.”
- Final Thought or Call to Action: The third and final sentence in your conclusion should leave the readers with something to ponder or a clear next step. This could be a thought-provoking statement, a call to action, or a prediction about the future. Continuing with our theme, this might look like, “With concerted efforts and awareness, we can ensure a sustainable future for generations to come.”
How do you write a good conclusion sentence?
- Reflect on the Main Message: Before penning down the concluding sentence, revisit the primary theme or argument of your content. The conclusion should directly relate to this central message.
- Avoid Repetition: While it’s essential to restate the main points, avoid using the same words and phrases from the introduction or body. Instead, seek fresh ways to convey the same idea.
- Keep It Concise: Brevity is key. A powerful conclusion sentence is succinct, yet impactful, driving the point home without being verbose.
- End with Strength: Your final sentence should leave a lasting impression, so choose words that resonate and evoke emotion or thought.
- Inspire Action or Reflection: A good conclusion can also motivate the reader to take action or reflect on the topic further.
How do you start a conclusion paragraph?
- Transitional Phrases: Use phrases like “In conclusion,” “To sum up,” or “Ultimately” to clearly signal the start of the conclusion.
- Refer Back to the Introduction: Create a sense of completeness by referring back to an anecdote, question, or statement from the introduction.
- Summarize Key Points: Provide a brief recap of the primary arguments or findings from the body, setting the scene for the final insights.
- Pose a Rhetorical Question: A thought-provoking question can engage readers and smoothly lead into your concluding remarks.
- State the Importance: Emphasize the significance of the topic or argument, driving home its relevance.
Tips for Using Conclusion Sentences
- Vary Your Language: Use a thesaurus to find synonyms and avoid repeating the same phrases.
- Evoke Emotion: Depending on the topic, aim to evoke emotions like hope, urgency, or inspiration to leave a lasting impact.
- Avoid Introducing New Information: The conclusion is for summarizing and reiterating, not for introducing new points.
- Use Parallel Structures: This rhetorical device can enhance the rhythm and resonance of your conclusion sentence.
- End with a Thought-Provoking Quote: If appropriate for the content, a relevant quote can leave a lasting impression.
- Stay True to the Tone: Ensure your conclusion matches the tone of the entire piece, whether it’s formal, informal, persuasive, or informative.
- Feedback is Golden: Before finalizing, share your conclusion with peers or mentors to gather feedback.
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- What is a Sentence? – Definition, Types, Examples, How to Write, Tips
How to Write Good Conclusion Sentences - Best Writing Guide With Examples
An essay's conclusion is as crucial as its introduction. It serves to prompt the reader that the writing has come to an end. Therefore, the tone should exude and reaffirm the arguments presented in the essay's body. These key points cost most students significantly when writing their essays. As a result, these details on how to write a good conclusion are essential and might go a long way in helping you improve your essay writing skills.
A conclusion alerts the reader that they should not expect more new information regarding the topic. It should also prompt the reader to relate the arguments provided to the subject in question. An essay's conclusion should also invoke the reader to a call for action. These key points serve as the basis of how to write good concluding sentences. Therefore, stay put as we decipher the best ways of doing so and examples of how to come up with a winning conclusion.
What Are Good Conclusion Sentences?
At this point, you could be confused about differentiating between a concluding paragraph and a conclusion sentence. But first, What are the 3 sentences in a conclusion? A conclusion is the final paragraph of your essay or speech. It contains the topic sentence, supporting sentences and the concluding sentence. The concluding sentence is the last sentence is every paragraph of your speech or essay.
A concluding sentence should indicate that you have finished explaining a point. A reader should pinpoint the key points based on the concluding sentence. A good concluding sentence should not include any information not mentioned in the paragraph.
It is paramount to have conclusion sentences at the end of every body paragraph when writing your essay.
Concluding Sentence Examples
You might have come across several guides on how to write the perfect conclusion, but none on good conclusion sentences and how to write them. These examples highlight the key points to observe when writing the ideal concluding sentence:
When writing your concluding sentence, you should:
- Paraphrase the topic sentence.
- Wrap up your paragraph.
- Use a transition word to indicate the end of your paragraph.
When writing your final sentence, you should refrain from:
- Copying the topic sentence as it is.
- Introducing a new topic.
- Focusing on a small idea.
Starting the sentence with phrases such as "That is the reason...", "And now you know...", "That is what I learned about..." or "And that is why..."
Instead, these are the best conclusion sentence starters you could consider using:
- As a result
- As expressed
- To summarize
- In conclusion
- For this reason
- In my opinion
- Now that you know
- All things considered
- In the final analysis
- Given these points
- In drawing to a close
- With all this in mind
- In light of this information
- Upon considering all the facts
- When faced with the question of
- The logical conclusion seems to be
- What else can we conclude but that
- When considered from the perspective of
- What other conclusion can we draw from
- Upon exploring the situation from multiple perspectives
Conclusion for a Research Essay
Research papers a more detailed essays since they present findings and evidence on a particular study. Therefore, the concluding sentence focuses on the main findings and their implications.
These are the concluding sentence starters for research papers and essays:
- The data reveal
- What we now know is
- Data seems to indicate
- As indicated by the data
- In light of these results
- The data clearly indicate
- What this study reveals is
- Upon analyzing the data
- To extrapolate from the data
- With results like these, it seems
- Upon review of these findings
- In the context of x, it seems that
- Based on the evidence presented
- Surprisingly, the data revealed
- As expected, the results indicate
- While these results seem to indicate
- While further study is warranted
- While additional research is needed
- Based on the results of this study, it seems
- Based on what is known at this point in time
- The results of this study demonstrate
- The major revelation from this study is
- The results of this study seem to indicate
Less Formal Conclusion Sentences
How do you write a good conclusion? If your writing or speech is less formal, you could include these conclusion starters in your final sentence:
- In simple terms
- In a nutshell
- On the whole
- As I see things
- To wrap this up
- To cut to the chase
- What I think is
- Who knew that
- The time has come
- My personal take on
- At the end of the day
- What it boils down to
- What I believe to be true
- To plainly state the facts
- To cut a long story short
- What are we to think about
- When all is said and done
- In case you have wondered
- Beyond a shadow of a doubt
- After all has been said and done
- To get to the heart of the matter
- Without all the mumbo jumbo
What Is an Example of a Concluding Sentence?
This example is about a college entrance essay presented by a student. This writer remembers how she used to sit in an armchair in her parent's house, reading her favourite novel. In the conclusion paragraph, she refers to the armchair and cosy experience as part of her process of finding her niche.
To say that I have found myself would be a lie. Unlike the world of fantasy, there is no defining moment. My niche would constantly change, although the one thing that has stood out is my commitment to exploring life's adventures despite my parents' cosy armchair.
In this example, the first sentence is the concluding sentence starter, and it alerts the reader that the essay is coming to a close. The writer does not introduce a new point but instead draws a relationship between their point and the topic sentence.
If you wish to access more closing sentence examples, consider contacting Acemyhomework. We are a team of competent and reliable expert tutors trained to help students hack their assignments, essays, research projects, thesis and tests. Our team prides itself in reliably offering top-notch services at a pocket-friendly price. So, reach out to us for help with your homework.
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5 Examples of Concluding Words for Essays
- 4-minute read
- 19th September 2022
If you’re a student writing an essay or research paper, it’s important to make sure your points flow together well. You’ll want to use connecting words (known formally as transition signals) to do this. Transition signals like thus , also , and furthermore link different ideas, and when you get to the end of your work, you need to use these to mark your conclusion. Read on to learn more about transition signals and how to use them to conclude your essays.
Transition signals link sentences together cohesively, enabling easy reading and comprehension. They are usually placed at the beginning of a sentence and separated from the remaining words with a comma. There are several types of transition signals, including those to:
● show the order of a sequence of events (e.g., first, then, next)
● introduce an example (e.g., specifically, for instance)
● indicate a contrasting idea (e.g., but, however, although)
● present an additional idea (e.g., also, in addition, plus)
● indicate time (e.g., beforehand, meanwhile, later)
● compare (e.g., likewise, similarly)
● show cause and effect (e.g., thus, as a result)
● mark the conclusion – which we’ll focus on in this guide.
When you reach the end of an essay, you should start the concluding paragraph with a transition signal that acts as a bridge to the summary of your key points. Check out some concluding transition signals below and learn how you can use them in your writing.
This is a particularly versatile closing statement that can be used for almost any kind of essay, including both formal and informal academic writing. It signals to the reader that you will briefly restate the main idea. As an alternative, you can begin the summary with “to close” or “in conclusion.” In an argumentative piece, you can use this phrase to indicate a call to action or opinion:
To conclude, Abraham Lincoln was the best president because he abolished slavery.
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As Has Been Demonstrated…
To describe how the evidence presented in your essay supports your argument or main idea, begin the concluding paragraph with “as has been demonstrated.” This phrase is best used for research papers or articles with heavy empirical or statistical evidence.
As has been demonstrated by the study presented above, human activities are negatively altering the climate system.
The Above Points Illustrate…
As another transitional phrase for formal or academic work, “the above points illustrate” indicates that you are reiterating your argument and that the conclusion will include an assessment of the evidence you’ve presented.
The above points illustrate that children prefer chocolate over broccoli.
In a Nutshell…
A simple and informal metaphor to begin a conclusion, “in a nutshell” prepares the reader for a summary of your paper. It can work in narratives and speeches but should be avoided in formal situations.
In a nutshell, the Beatles had an impact on musicians for generations to come.
Overall, It Can Be Said…
To recap an idea at the end of a critical or descriptive essay, you can use this phrase at the beginning of the concluding paragraph. “Overall” means “taking everything into account,” and it sums up your essay in a formal way. You can use “overall” on its own as a transition signal, or you can use it as part of a phrase.
Overall, it can be said that art has had a positive impact on humanity.
Proofreading and Editing
Transition signals are crucial to crafting a well-written and cohesive essay. For your next writing assignment, make sure you include plenty of transition signals, and check out this post for more tips on how to improve your writing. And before you turn in your paper, don’t forget to have someone proofread your work. Our expert editors will make sure your essay includes all the transition signals necessary for your writing to flow seamlessly. Send in a free 500-word sample today!
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17 Essay Conclusion Examples (Copy and Paste)
Essay conclusions are not just extra filler. They are important because they tie together your arguments, then give you the chance to forcefully drive your point home.
In an argumentative essay, it’s important to restate the thesis statement and key for and against arguments. For a descriptive essay, restate your key points to demonstrate your depth of knowledge and understanding, and capacity to deeply analyze a topic.
Below are a range of copy-and-paste essay conclusions with gaps for you to fill-in your topic and key arguments. Browse through for one you like (there are 17 for argumentative, expository, compare and contrast, and critical essays). Once you’ve found one you like, copy it and add-in the key points to make it your own.
P.S If you don’t know the difference between the types of essays, start with my article on the differences between argumentative and expository essays .
Video: How to Write a Conclusion
I’ve previously produced this video (below) on how to write a conclusion. It follows the 5 C’s method ( you can read about it in this post ), which doesn’t perfectly match each of the below copy-and-paste conclusion examples, but the principles are similar, and can help you to write your own strong conclusion:
Essay Conclusion Examples
1. argumentative essay conclusions.
The arguments presented in this essay demonstrate the significant importance of _____________. While there are some strong counterarguments, such as ____________, it remains clear that the benefits/merits of _____________ far outweigh the potential downsides. The evidence presented throughout the essay strongly support _____________. In the coming years, _____________ will be increasingly important. Therefore, continual advocacy for the position presented in this essay will be necessary, especially due to its significant implications for _____________.
Version 1 Filled-In
The arguments presented in this essay demonstrate the significant importance of fighting climate change. While there are some strong counterarguments, such as the claim that it is too late to stop catastrophic change, it remains clear that the merits of taking drastic action far outweigh the potential downsides. The evidence presented throughout the essay strongly support the claim that we can at least mitigate the worst effects. In the coming years, intergovernmental worldwide agreements will be increasingly important. Therefore, continual advocacy for the position presented in this essay will be necessary, especially due to its significant implications for humankind.
As this essay has shown, it is clear that the debate surrounding _____________ is multifaceted and highly complex. While there are strong arguments opposing the position that _____________, there remains overwhelming evidence to support the claim that _____________. A careful analysis of the empirical evidence suggests that _____________ not only leads to ____________, but it may also be a necessity for _____________. Moving forward, _____________ should be a priority for all stakeholders involved, as it promises a better future for _____________. The focus should now shift towards how best to integrate _____________ more effectively into society.
Version 2 Filled-In
As this essay has shown, it is clear that the debate surrounding climate change is multifaceted and highly complex. While there are strong arguments opposing the position that we should fight climate change, there remains overwhelming evidence to support the claim that action can mitigate the worst effects. A careful analysis of the empirical evidence suggests that strong action not only leads to better economic outcomes in the long term, but it may also be a necessity for preventing climate-related deaths. Moving forward, carbon emission mitigation should be a priority for all stakeholders involved, as it promises a better future for all. The focus should now shift towards how best to integrate smart climate policies more effectively into society.
Based upon the preponderance of evidence, it is evident that _____________ holds the potential to significantly alter/improve _____________. The counterarguments, while noteworthy, fail to diminish the compelling case for _____________. Following an examination of both sides of the argument, it has become clear that _____________ presents the most effective solution/approach to _____________. Consequently, it is imperative that society acknowledge the value of _____________ for developing a better _____________. Failing to address this topic could lead to negative outcomes, including _____________.
Version 3 Filled-In
Based upon the preponderance of evidence, it is evident that addressing climate change holds the potential to significantly improve the future of society. The counterarguments, while noteworthy, fail to diminish the compelling case for immediate climate action. Following an examination of both sides of the argument, it has become clear that widespread and urgent social action presents the most effective solution to this pressing problem. Consequently, it is imperative that society acknowledge the value of taking immediate action for developing a better environment for future generations. Failing to address this topic could lead to negative outcomes, including more extreme climate events and greater economic externalities.
See Also: Examples of Counterarguments
On the balance of evidence, there is an overwhelming case for _____________. While the counterarguments offer valid points that are worth examining, they do not outweigh or overcome the argument that _____________. An evaluation of both perspectives on this topic concludes that _____________ is the most sufficient option for _____________. The implications of embracing _____________ do not only have immediate benefits, but they also pave the way for a more _____________. Therefore, the solution of _____________ should be actively pursued by _____________.
Version 4 Filled-In
On the balance of evidence, there is an overwhelming case for immediate tax-based action to mitigate the effects of climate change. While the counterarguments offer valid points that are worth examining, they do not outweigh or overcome the argument that action is urgently necessary. An evaluation of both perspectives on this topic concludes that taking societal-wide action is the most sufficient option for achieving the best results. The implications of embracing a society-wide approach like a carbon tax do not only have immediate benefits, but they also pave the way for a more healthy future. Therefore, the solution of a carbon tax or equivalent policy should be actively pursued by governments.
2. Expository Essay Conclusions
Overall, it is evident that _____________ plays a crucial role in _____________. The analysis presented in this essay demonstrates the clear impact of _____________ on _____________. By understanding the key facts about _____________, practitioners/society are better equipped to navigate _____________. Moving forward, further exploration of _____________ will yield additional insights and information about _____________. As such, _____________ should remain a focal point for further discussions and studies on _____________.
Overall, it is evident that social media plays a crucial role in harming teenagers’ mental health. The analysis presented in this essay demonstrates the clear impact of social media on young people. By understanding the key facts about the ways social media cause young people to experience body dysmorphia, teachers and parents are better equipped to help young people navigate online spaces. Moving forward, further exploration of the ways social media cause harm will yield additional insights and information about how it can be more sufficiently regulated. As such, the effects of social media on youth should remain a focal point for further discussions and studies on youth mental health.
To conclude, this essay has explored the multi-faceted aspects of _____________. Through a careful examination of _____________, this essay has illuminated its significant influence on _____________. This understanding allows society to appreciate the idea that _____________. As research continues to emerge, the importance of _____________ will only continue to grow. Therefore, an understanding of _____________ is not merely desirable, but imperative for _____________.
To conclude, this essay has explored the multi-faceted aspects of globalization. Through a careful examination of globalization, this essay has illuminated its significant influence on the economy, cultures, and society. This understanding allows society to appreciate the idea that globalization has both positive and negative effects. As research continues to emerge, the importance of studying globalization will only continue to grow. Therefore, an understanding of globalization’s effects is not merely desirable, but imperative for judging whether it is good or bad.
Reflecting on the discussion, it is clear that _____________ serves a pivotal role in _____________. By delving into the intricacies of _____________, we have gained valuable insights into its impact and significance. This knowledge will undoubtedly serve as a guiding principle in _____________. Moving forward, it is paramount to remain open to further explorations and studies on _____________. In this way, our understanding and appreciation of _____________ can only deepen and expand.
Reflecting on the discussion, it is clear that mass media serves a pivotal role in shaping public opinion. By delving into the intricacies of mass media, we have gained valuable insights into its impact and significance. This knowledge will undoubtedly serve as a guiding principle in shaping the media landscape. Moving forward, it is paramount to remain open to further explorations and studies on how mass media impacts society. In this way, our understanding and appreciation of mass media’s impacts can only deepen and expand.
In conclusion, this essay has shed light on the importance of _____________ in the context of _____________. The evidence and analysis provided underscore the profound effect _____________ has on _____________. The knowledge gained from exploring _____________ will undoubtedly contribute to more informed and effective decisions in _____________. As we continue to progress, the significance of understanding _____________ will remain paramount. Hence, we should strive to deepen our knowledge of _____________ to better navigate and influence _____________.
In conclusion, this essay has shed light on the importance of bedside manner in the context of nursing. The evidence and analysis provided underscore the profound effect compassionate bedside manner has on patient outcome. The knowledge gained from exploring nurses’ bedside manner will undoubtedly contribute to more informed and effective decisions in nursing practice. As we continue to progress, the significance of understanding nurses’ bedside manner will remain paramount. Hence, we should strive to deepen our knowledge of this topic to better navigate and influence patient outcomes.
3. Compare and Contrast Essay Conclusion
While both _____________ and _____________ have similarities such as _____________, they also have some very important differences in areas like _____________. Through this comparative analysis, a broader understanding of _____________ and _____________ has been attained. The choice between the two will largely depend on _____________. For example, as highlighted in the essay, ____________. Despite their differences, both _____________ and _____________ have value in different situations.
While both macrosociology and microsociology have similarities such as their foci on how society is structured, they also have some very important differences in areas like their differing approaches to research methodologies. Through this comparative analysis, a broader understanding of macrosociology and microsociology has been attained. The choice between the two will largely depend on the researcher’s perspective on how society works. For example, as highlighted in the essay, microsociology is much more concerned with individuals’ experiences while macrosociology is more concerned with social structures. Despite their differences, both macrosociology and microsociology have value in different situations.
It is clear that _____________ and _____________, while seeming to be different, have shared characteristics in _____________. On the other hand, their contrasts in _____________ shed light on their unique features. The analysis provides a more nuanced comprehension of these subjects. In choosing between the two, consideration should be given to _____________. Despite their disparities, it’s crucial to acknowledge the importance of both when it comes to _____________.
It is clear that behaviorism and consructivism, while seeming to be different, have shared characteristics in their foci on knowledge acquisition over time. On the other hand, their contrasts in ideas about the role of experience in learning shed light on their unique features. The analysis provides a more nuanced comprehension of these subjects. In choosing between the two, consideration should be given to which approach works best in which situation. Despite their disparities, it’s crucial to acknowledge the importance of both when it comes to student education.
Reflecting on the points discussed, it’s evident that _____________ and _____________ share similarities such as _____________, while also demonstrating unique differences, particularly in _____________. The preference for one over the other would typically depend on factors such as _____________. Yet, regardless of their distinctions, both _____________ and _____________ play integral roles in their respective areas, significantly contributing to _____________.
Reflecting on the points discussed, it’s evident that red and orange share similarities such as the fact they are both ‘hot colors’, while also demonstrating unique differences, particularly in their social meaning (red meaning danger and orange warmth). The preference for one over the other would typically depend on factors such as personal taste. Yet, regardless of their distinctions, both red and orange play integral roles in their respective areas, significantly contributing to color theory.
Ultimately, the comparison and contrast of _____________ and _____________ have revealed intriguing similarities and notable differences. Differences such as _____________ give deeper insights into their unique and shared qualities. When it comes to choosing between them, _____________ will likely be a deciding factor. Despite these differences, it is important to remember that both _____________ and _____________ hold significant value within the context of _____________, and each contributes to _____________ in its own unique way.
Ultimately, the comparison and contrast of driving and flying have revealed intriguing similarities and notable differences. Differences such as their differing speed to destination give deeper insights into their unique and shared qualities. When it comes to choosing between them, urgency to arrive at the destination will likely be a deciding factor. Despite these differences, it is important to remember that both driving and flying hold significant value within the context of air transit, and each contributes to facilitating movement in its own unique way.
See Here for More Compare and Contrast Essay Examples
4. Critical Essay Conclusion
In conclusion, the analysis of _____________ has unveiled critical aspects related to _____________. While there are strengths in _____________, its limitations are equally telling. This critique provides a more informed perspective on _____________, revealing that there is much more beneath the surface. Moving forward, the understanding of _____________ should evolve, considering both its merits and flaws.
In conclusion, the analysis of flow theory has unveiled critical aspects related to motivation and focus. While there are strengths in achieving a flow state, its limitations are equally telling. This critique provides a more informed perspective on how humans achieve motivation, revealing that there is much more beneath the surface. Moving forward, the understanding of flow theory of motivation should evolve, considering both its merits and flaws.
To conclude, this critical examination of _____________ sheds light on its multi-dimensional nature. While _____________ presents notable advantages, it is not without its drawbacks. This in-depth critique offers a comprehensive understanding of _____________. Therefore, future engagements with _____________ should involve a balanced consideration of its strengths and weaknesses.
To conclude, this critical examination of postmodern art sheds light on its multi-dimensional nature. While postmodernism presents notable advantages, it is not without its drawbacks. This in-depth critique offers a comprehensive understanding of how it has contributed to the arts over the past 50 years. Therefore, future engagements with postmodern art should involve a balanced consideration of its strengths and weaknesses.
Upon reflection, the critique of _____________ uncovers profound insights into its underlying intricacies. Despite its positive aspects such as ________, it’s impossible to overlook its shortcomings. This analysis provides a nuanced understanding of _____________, highlighting the necessity for a balanced approach in future interactions. Indeed, both the strengths and weaknesses of _____________ should be taken into account when considering ____________.
Upon reflection, the critique of marxism uncovers profound insights into its underlying intricacies. Despite its positive aspects such as its ability to critique exploitation of labor, it’s impossible to overlook its shortcomings. This analysis provides a nuanced understanding of marxism’s harmful effects when used as an economic theory, highlighting the necessity for a balanced approach in future interactions. Indeed, both the strengths and weaknesses of marxism should be taken into account when considering the use of its ideas in real life.
Ultimately, this critique of _____________ offers a detailed look into its advantages and disadvantages. The strengths of _____________ such as __________ are significant, yet its limitations such as _________ are not insignificant. This balanced analysis not only offers a deeper understanding of _____________ but also underscores the importance of critical evaluation. Hence, it’s crucial that future discussions around _____________ continue to embrace this balanced approach.
Ultimately, this critique of artificial intelligence offers a detailed look into its advantages and disadvantages. The strengths of artificial intelligence, such as its ability to improve productivity are significant, yet its limitations such as the possibility of mass job losses are not insignificant. This balanced analysis not only offers a deeper understanding of artificial intelligence but also underscores the importance of critical evaluation. Hence, it’s crucial that future discussions around the regulation of artificial intelligence continue to embrace this balanced approach.
This article promised 17 essay conclusions, and this one you are reading now is the twenty-first. This last conclusion demonstrates that the very best essay conclusions are written uniquely, from scratch, in order to perfectly cater the conclusion to the topic. A good conclusion will tie together all the key points you made in your essay and forcefully drive home the importance or relevance of your argument, thesis statement, or simply your topic so the reader is left with one strong final point to ponder.
Chris Drew (PhD)
Dr. Chris Drew is the founder of the Helpful Professor. He holds a PhD in education and has published over 20 articles in scholarly journals. He is the former editor of the Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education. [Image Descriptor: Photo of Chris]
- Chris Drew (PhD) https://helpfulprofessor.com/author/admin/ 13 Social Institutions Examples (According to Sociology)
- Chris Drew (PhD) https://helpfulprofessor.com/author/admin/ 71 Best Education Dissertation Topic Ideas
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10 Good Concluding Sentence Starters (With Examples)
Concluding sentences refers to the closure of paragraphs. Although this concept is largely understood by academics and students; however, writing a concluding sentence is deemed a daunting task. Ineffective concluding sentences disregarding the final remarks on the topic at hand. Hence, it is critical to write effective and readable concluding sentences. The key points of each paragraph should be highlighted and evident, and should not have additional information that was not mentioned in the body of the paragraph.
How to start a conclusion ?
A conclusion can be taken about in several ways. All conclusions and concluding sentences carry the capability of customization in accordance with the content under question. Hence, different styles are required according to the content. Following are some ways to summarize your content.
Summarize all the points
This type of conclusion is regarded as impersonal. This means, the content should be summarized in some lines, and the main point is sent across to the reader. Moreover, under this, a personal tone is not required. It can be practical and effective for a better understanding of the reader. Hence, it can be employed in argumentative essays.
For instance, a conclusion can go as follows: “Subsequent to viewing the staggering statistics, urgent actions are required. In order to bring the situation into control, the required step is awareness amongst the masses. Carpooling and public transport may not ensure instant results, but they can be good projects for long-term service and implementation. Compromise and contemporary action can reduce greenhouse gases and avert the coming climate change crisis”.
The produced work can also be on something individuals are passionate about, hence, it can be concluded based on their opinion and voice. In this manner, the conclusion also becomes memorable and is effectively employed in terms of persuasive essays. The following example can help individuals use their thoughts in their writing.
“With the rising population fear is that there is not enough time to take measures and avert this situation. Action is required right now. Yes, we will encounter compromises, such as leaving early to catch the bus and going longer distances due to carpooling. However, we need to look at the bigger picture here. Such small initiatives can heal the planet, and avert the coming climate change crisis.”
Averting the conclusion to a complimentary issue
In this process, writers can divert their essay to a new issue, which is associated with the topic in question. For instance, upon the question of rising drug consumption in youth, the conclusion speaks on the role communities plus schools can offer to help kids combat these issues. As a result, the readers will appreciate your unique point of view. This notion can be summarized in a text as follows:
“The new statistics deduce that, within some years, every single house will have more than two cars. As a result, the climate change crisis will be further escalated, and the number of greenhouse gases in the air will increase substantially. Hence, the government and related agencies should carry out awareness campaigns, so that people know what crisis is coming their way. Through awareness, it will be easier for everyone to follow directives and act accordingly. Success can only be undertaken if everyone in the community is a part of the part. Hence, everyone should pledge to adopt a responsible lifestyle, and ensure strides towards ensuring a safe planet for the future generations”.
What not to write in a conclusion
The samples written above provide us with the three types of conclusions. These conclusions carry the power of providing a strong ending to essays and paragraphs, however, there are also things that writers should be mindful of. The following factors should be avoided whilst writing a conclusion.
- Make sure you are not dragging the conclusion. It is a requirement to be to the point.
- The main topic of the work should be incorporated in the conclusion, however, the employment of different words should be undertaken.
- The last sentences should be more creative as opposed to the rest. This makes sure that the readers remain aware of the ends as well.
- Overall, the use of decorative language should be avoided.
- Whilst writing about a complimentary issue, the writers should not diverge from the main topic under question.
- The conclusion should be a summary of the entire essay. Meaning, that certain paragraphs should not be highlighted, instead, every paragraph should be incorporated.
List of 10 good conclusion starters
Since the readers are now aware of how to write a good conclusion, it is also critical for them to know some conclusion starters. Following are 10 good conclusion starters, with examples.
1. While concluding, I would like to say…
Example: While concluding, I would like to say that, with the rising population fear is that, there is not enough time to take measures and avert this situation. Action is required right now. Yes, we will encounter compromises, such as, leaving early to catch the bus, and going longer distances due to carpooling. However, we need to look at the bigger picture here. Such small initiatives can heal the planet, and avert the coming climate change crisis.”
2. To conclude…
Example: To conclude, the new statistics deduce that, within some years, every single house will have more than two cars. As a result, the climate change crisis will be further escalated, and the number of greenhouse gases in the air will increase substantially. Hence, the government and related agencies should carry out awareness campaigns, so that people know what crisis is coming their way. Through awareness, it will be easier for everyone to follow directives and act accordingly. Success can only be undertaken if everyone in the community is a part of the part. Hence, everyone should pledge to adopt a responsible lifestyle and ensure strides towards ensuring a safe planet for the future generations
3. To sum up…
Example: To sum up, I would like to say that, with the rising population fear, there is not enough time to take measures and avert this situation. Action is required right now. Yes, we will encounter compromises, such as, leaving early to catch the bus, and going longer distances due to carpooling. However, we need to look at the bigger picture here. Such small initiatives can heal the planet, and avert the coming climate change crisis.
4. Finally, …
Example: Finally, subsequent to viewing the staggering statistics, urgent actions are required. In order to bring the situation into control, the required step is awareness amongst the masses. Carpooling and public transport may not ensure instant results, but they can be good projects for long-term service and implementation. Compromise and contemporary action can reduce greenhouse gases and avert the coming climate change crisis
Example: Lastly, the new statistics deduce that, within some years, every single house will have more than two cars. As a result, the climate change crisis will be further escalated, and the number of greenhouse gases in the air will increase substantially. Hence, the government and related agencies should carry out awareness campaigns, so that people know what crisis is coming their way. Through awareness, it will be easier for everyone to follow directives and act accordingly. Success can only be undertaken if everyone in the community is a part of the part. Hence, everyone should pledge to adopt a responsible lifestyle and ensure strides towards ensuring a safe planet for future generations.
6. In conclusion…
Example: In conclusion, I would like to say that, with the rising population fear, there is not enough time to take measures and avert this situation. Action is required right now. Yes, we will encounter compromises, such as, leaving early to catch the bus, and going longer distances due to carpooling. However, we need to look at the bigger picture here. Such small initiatives can heal the planet, and avert the coming climate change crisis.
7. To finish off…
Example: To finish off, subsequent to viewing the staggering statistics, urgent actions are required. In order to bring the situation into control, the required step is awareness amongst the masses. Carpooling and public transport may not ensure instant results, but they can be good projects for long-term service and implementation. Compromise and contemporary action can reduce greenhouse gases and avert the coming climate change crisis.
8. All in all…
Example: I would like to say that, with the rising population fear is that, there is not enough time to take measures and avert this situation. Action is required right now. Yes, we will encounter compromises, such as leaving early to catch the bus and going longer distances due to carpooling. However, we need to look at the bigger picture here. Such small initiatives can heal the planet, and avert the coming climate change crisis.
9. In the end…
Example: In the end, the new statistics deduce that, within some years, every single house will have more than two cars. As a result, the climate change crisis will be further escalated, and the number of greenhouse gases in the air will increase substantially. Hence, the government and related agencies should carry out awareness campaigns, so that people know what crisis is coming their way. Through awareness, it will be easier for everyone to follow directives and act accordingly. Success can only be undertaken if everyone in the community is a part of the part. Hence, everyone should pledge to adopt a responsible lifestyle and ensure strides towards ensuring a safe planet for future generations.
10. So as you can see…
So as you can see, subsequent to viewing the staggering statistics, urgent actions are required. In order to bring the situation into control, the required step is awareness amongst the masses. Carpooling and public transport may not ensure instant results, but they can be good projects for long-term service and implementation. Compromise and contemporary action can reduce greenhouse gases and avert the coming climate change crisis.
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clock This article was published more than 1 year ago
Opinion The Washington Post guide to writing an opinion article
The Washington Post is providing this news free to all readers as a public service.
Follow this story and more by signing up for national breaking news email alerts.
Each month, The Washington Post publishes dozens of op-eds from guest authors. These articles — written by subject-matter experts, politicians, journalists and other people with something interesting to say — provide a diversity of voices and perspectives for our readers.
The information and tips below are meant to demystify our selection and editing process, and to help you sharpen your argument before submitting an op-ed of your own.
- Main content
Trump's pardoning of a Kushner-linked drug smuggler undercut a larger DOJ investigation
- Donald Trump pardoned Jonathan Braun, a convicted drug smuggler, on his last day in office.
- Meanwhile, the DOJ hoped to use Braun in a separate probe into the predatory-lending business.
- Braun's commutation meant the DOJ lost the leverage it needed to get him to cooperate, the NYT reported.
Donald Trump's pardoning of a convicted marijuana smuggler with ties to the Kushner family threw a wrench in the Justice Department's larger probe into the predatory-lending industry, The New York Times reported.
On his last day in office, Trump pardoned Jonathan Braun, a Staten Island resident who at the time was serving a 10-year prison sentence for money laundering and running an international marijuana smuggling ring.
Braun's pardon came while Trump's Justice Department was working out its own deal with Braun to fast-track his sentence in exchange for his cooperation with a separate DOJ probe into the predatory-lending or merchant-cash-advance industry .
In the merchant-cash-advance business, lenders offer cash-strapped borrowers, such as small businesses, financing with high interest rates and fees. These terms can often leave borrowers in a vicious cycle of debt.
Braun was convicted of drug smuggling in 2011, but a law-enforcement official told the Times under the condition of anonymity that Braun was released from jail after a year and a half in custody as part of a plea deal to cooperate with investigations into other high-profile drug smugglers .
Although he was placed under house arrest, Braun was largely able to live as a free man for reasons still unknown, the Times reported. He spent nearly the next decade leading a predatory-lending operation as a "principal" of Richmond Capital group, prosecutors said in court documents seen by Business Insider.
Prosecutors accused Braun of harassing and sending threats to his clients. Braun, for example, told one merchant not to "fuck with him" and threatened, "I know where you live. I know where mother lives," prosecutors said.
In eight years, Braun advanced about $80 million, targeting desperate small-business owners and setting interest rates often higher than 1,000% yearly, Bloomberg reported.
In a telephone interview with the Times, Braun denied any wrongdoing as a lender.
Years after his 2011 drug-smuggling conviction, Braun was sentenced to 10 years in a New York prison despite cooperating with investigators. He began his sentence in 2020, according to the NY attorney general .
But Braun's hand in the lending industry made him a valuable asset to the Justice Department since the US attorney's office in Manhattan was investigating the wider predatory-lending business , the Times reported.
With Braun's experience, the DOJ hoped to cut out a deal with the convicted smuggler by commuting his sentence in exchange for providing information on other predatory lenders and possibly wearing a wire, the Times reported.
That deal would fall apart after Trump pardoned Braun in January 2021.
Key to gaining his clemency, The Times reported, was Braun's connection to the family of Jared Kushner , Ivanka Trump's husband and a senior White House advisor during the Trump Administration .
Braun was a member of the inaugural class of the Kushner Yeshiva High School in Livingston, New Jersey, which the Kushner family funded, the report said.
As a member of the first freshman class, Braun was classmates with Jared Kushner's youngest sister, Nicole, the Times reported.
One merchant-cash-advance dealer told the Times that Braun's cousin, Isaac Wolf, told him Braun's father sought help from Kushner's father, Charles, to secure a pardon.
On his last day in office, Trump pardoned Braun, releasing a statement that misspelled Braun's first name, despite calling for drug dealers to receive the death penalty a year later at a Pennsylvania rally.
"Every pardon application went through a vigorous vetting and review process overseen by the Office of the Pardon Attorney and various White House departments, including the counsel's office," a Trump spokesperson said in an email to Insider. "President Trump acted upon their recommendations that were based off each individuals' circumstances."
The Braun family also retained Alan Dershowitz , a member of Trump's legal counsel, during the impeachment proceedings in 2020.
Dershowitz told the Times that Braun's father regularly called him, saying he was "so upset my son is still in prison" and asked what the attorney could do to help.
The lawyer told the publication he could not recall what he did for Braun but that his involvement could have just been a phone call.
"I believe God made it happen for me because I'm a good person, and I was treated unfairly," Braun told the Times, adding that his supporters sought several avenues to get him out of prison.
A spokesperson for the US Attorney's Office in Manhattan could not be reached for comment during the weekend.
Watch: 'He is a racist. He is a conman.' Michael Cohen's most explosive claims about Trump in his blockbuster hearing
Film room: Breaking down Tyree Wilson; the good, the bad and the ugly
Posted: November 29, 2023 | Last updated: November 29, 2023
With the Las Vegas Raiders on a bye week, let’s take a look at rookie defensive end Tyree Wilson’s tape and break down what he’s done well and where he can improve. For context, we’ll dive into his highest-graded game via Pro Football Focus , Week 7 against the Chicago Bears (82.9), and one of his lowest-graded performances, Week 8 against the Detroit Lions (46.9).
I like to end on a high note, so we’ll work backward a bit here and start with the Detroit game.
The Lions run a pin-and-pull concept and Wilson is the spill player in the run fit, meaning he needs to get underneath the pullers and force the running back to bounce outside by taking away in the inside rushing lane.
With Robert Spillane scraping over the top of Wilson, Spillane is responsible for a run that goes outside of the tight end. So, with how the Raiders are trying to defend this play, the defensive end/outside linebacker needs to “spill” the action outside and it’s the linebacker’s tackle to make when the back bounces.
One way to take away the inside lane is to use a “wrong-arm” technique where Wilson uses a rip move with his outside arm to cross No. 74’s face. Granted, he can also try to take on 74’s block with his hands and constrict the inside lane by pushing the puller inside, but that’s much more difficult since the puller has a head of steam.
Regardless, Wilson ends up working around the block to the outside, which is what the offense wants as they’re trying to run into the C-gap between the left tackle and tight end.
Also, the No. 7 overall pick can be more physical and attack the tight end post-snap to disrupt the tight end’s path to the second level and help keep Spillane clean. Simultaneously, that will naturally take Wilson inside and make it easier for him to wrong arm and cross 74’s face.
A similar rep also happened later in the game as this has been an issue for him all season.
For a guy who is 6’6” and 275 pounds, Wilson is far too passive at the point of attack against double teams and combo blocks.
While he is taking on two blockers here, it’s from a tight end and a wide receiver on the goal line. Especially in this situation, he needs to fire off the ball and be aggressive against the tight end to set the edge and force the running back to cut inside. Instead, the two blockers take the fight to him, and he ends the rep in the endzone.
Also, a constant theme with Wilson is his hands are too wide when at the point of attack. That allows blockers to get into his chest and gain control of the block.
In fairness to the rookie, he is more aggressive and physical against tight ends when he gets one-on-one blocks. But for whatever reason, he seems to freeze or panic when two blockers come after him and that’s frustrating because that’s not the player he was at Texas Tech. Whether it’s a lack of confidence or he’s thinking too much, something needs to change as this can’t happen with his size and strength.
Wilson’s pass-rush skills have been a hot topic of discussion this season and while he still does have a lot of work to do in that department, this is a good example of the potential he has.
Generally speaking, his get-off and acceleration off the line of scrimmage aren’t great or consistent, but both are much improved on this rep specifically. Also, he has excellent timing with this one-arm stab move to take advantage of his length and push through the offensive tackle’s inside shoulder.
When Wilson’s timing is down and he’s able to make the first significant contact, there isn’t much the tackle can do to defend against this move given Wilson’s strength and length. Those are the natural gifts that helped make him such a coveted draft prospect.
This is a hail-mary situation at the end of the first half. So, it’s fine that Wilson loses outside contain on the quarterback initially because the Raiders aren’t worried about the quarterback scrambling for a first down. Also, he shows great effort to recover and knock the ball free, earning the first sack of his career.
But even before all of that, this is an impressive bull rush from the rookie.
Again, his get-off is much better than what we saw at the beginning of the season, and he has great leverage and hand placement at the point of attack to prevent the tackle from dropping the anchor. Also, we can see a good example of how his long arms make him hard to block as he gets extension to get off the block and pursue the quarterback.
For good measure, this is a similar clip as the last one as Wilson wins with power again. Only this time he maintains outside leverage and doesn't let the quarterback escape the pocket in a situation where he does need to contain the QB. That forces the ball out for a duck of a pass that falls well short of the target.
As you probably can guess, I actually walked away from this exercise more impressed with Wilson as a pass-rusher than as a run defender, which was unexpected. Don’t get me wrong, he still has plenty of work to do in both departments.
But right now, his natural gifts are standing out more when rushing the quarterback and a lot of the plays he’s made against the run have come when he gets one-on-one blocks against tight ends or wide receivers. There were very few, if any, times when Wilson beat an offensive lineman to make a play against the run in these two games.
The good news is we have a handful of examples of him defeating offensive tackles in the passing game, so now it’s just a matter of putting it all together and finishing the year strong to build momentum heading into next season.
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