10 Highest-Paying Ph.D. Degrees
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Updated November 9, 2023 · 4 Min Read
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Earning a Ph.D. requires a significant investment of time and money. A Ph.D. is the terminal degree in many fields and requires 6-12 years of advanced learning and research.
Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) shows a direct link between educational attainment, earnings, and levels of unemployment. Workers with bachelor's degrees earned a median weekly wage of $1,432 in 2022, compared to $2,083 a week for professionals with doctorates.
Workers with doctorates also enjoyed more job security, with a 1% unemployment rate compared to 2.2% for bachelor's degree holders.
So what exactly is the highest-paying Ph.D. degree? Keep reading to discover which degrees can lead to the highest salaries, and what you need to do to earn the credential.
Ph.D. Degrees for You
These top schools offer a variety of online graduate degree programs. Figuring out where to apply? Consider one of these online Master’s or Ph.D. programs.
What Are the Highest-Paying Ph.D. Degrees?
Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields dominate this ranking of the highest-paying Ph.D.s. Review some of these careers, their educational requirements, and the basic functions of each job.
1. Ph.D. in Physics
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $142,850
- Job Outlook (2022-2032): 5%
Physicists study matter and energy to understand how the natural world and universe function. They work at universities, laboratories, and in industrial settings. Their breakthroughs lead to the development of new technologies and devices. Physicists seeking employment in academia and research typically need a Ph.D. Many begin their careers by spending 2-3 years in postdoctoral research positions.
2. Ph.D. in Computer Science
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $136,620
- Job Outlook (2022-2032): 23%
Computer scientists develop new technologies and improve existing ones. Employers need their theoretical knowledge and computing skills for practical application in the real world. Computer science subfields include artificial intelligence, programming, and robotics.
Some employers hire computer scientists with bachelor's or master's degrees . Positions in areas such as research may require a Ph.D. and hands-on experience. The BLS projects a 23% employment growth rate for computer scientists through 2032, the highest rate on this list.
Explore these promoted online computer science Ph.D. degree programs.
3. ph.d. in astronomy.
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $128,330
What we know about the world above us is in great part due to the work of astronomers . These scientists study stars, planets, and distant galaxies. Astronomers work for governmental organizations, in research and development, and at postsecondary institutions. A Ph.D. in astronomy is typically required for jobs in research and academia, according to the BLS.
4. Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $126,880
- Job Outlook (2022-2032): 6%
Aerospace engineers work in one of two branches. Aeronautical engineers design aircraft and related systems, and astronautical engineers specialize in the inner workings of spacecraft and their performance. The BLS reports that entry-level positions require a bachelor's degree in engineering or a related field.
Employers may require a Ph.D. for research and advanced technical or supervisory positions. Like many of the highest-paying Ph.D. degrees on this ranking, a Ph.D. in aerospace engineering can earn you well above six figures.
5. Ph.D. in Law
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $135,740
- Job Outlook (2022-2032): 8%
While students who want to practice law pursue a juris doctor (JD), aspiring scholars and teachers pivot to a Ph.D. in law. Students in these programs prepare for leadership roles in academia, the business arena, and other fields. Some Ph.D. programs require students to complete a JD before admission, and others require a master of laws or the equivalent. Potential earnings will depend on the job, field, and experience.
Explore these promoted online legal studies Ph.D. degree programs.
6. ph.d. in chemical engineering.
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $106,260
Chemical engineers use their knowledge of chemistry, physics, and engineering to produce chemicals and other materials. They work in fields such as the chemical and oil industries and enjoy growing opportunities in biotechnology and environmental engineering.
While entry-level positions may require just a bachelor's degree, research and other advanced positions typically require a Ph.D. This advanced education can pay off, with the BLS projecting 8% job growth from 2022-2032 and a median six-figure salary for chemical engineers.
7. Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $104,610
Electrical engineers design, develop, and maintain electrical systems and equipment. Many electrical engineers specialize in a certain area, such as signal processing or power engineering. A world filled with electronic devices would not be possible without the electrical engineers who specialize in electronics.
As is the case with other areas in engineering, research and advanced positions usually require a master's or Ph.D. Electrical engineers can expect to earn well above the average annual salary across all occupations.
8. Ph.D. in Economics
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $113,940
We turn to economists to help guide governmental monetary and fiscal policy and explain the consequences to the public. They also research markets, economies, and trends to help businesses remain competitive and maximize profits. A master's is the minimum entry-level requirement for this career. Advanced positions in research and at governmental and international organizations will likely require a Ph.D. and work experience.
9. Ph.D. in Biochemistry
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $103,810
- Job Outlook (2022-2032): 7%
Biochemists study chemical components and biological processes within living things. They might work in fields like pharmaceuticals and biotechnology. A Ph.D. is typically required for research and development positions. Some biochemistry Ph.D. holders begin their careers in postdoctoral research positions. The need for new drugs and procedures to address aging and diseases will likely help spur the demand for biochemists.
10. Ph.D. in Educational Leadership
- Median Annual Salary (May 2022): $99,940
- Job Outlook (2022-2032): 4%
Educational leaders play a critical role as administrators overseeing various functions at postsecondary institutions. Their positions may include management of student affairs or academic programming. They may also work as researchers or in positions like principal or superintendent of a school district.
A master's degree is usually the minimum requirement for these roles, and many professionals hold Ph.D.s in educational leadership or the equivalent.
Explore these promoted online educational leadership Ph.D. degree programs.
Frequently asked questions about high-paying ph.d. degrees, what's the difference between a ph.d. and a doctorate.
Doctoral degrees include Ph.D.s and other doctorates such as a doctor of education (Ed.D.). If you're looking for a terminal degree geared toward professional practice, then a doctorate such as an Ed.D. provides advanced training and leadership skills. A Ph.D. involves more focus on theory, philosophical ideas, and research, and is expected of researchers and college faculty.
How long does it take to earn a Ph.D. degree?
It takes between 6-12 years to earn a doctoral degree. Doctorates in science and engineering (SE) fields often take less time to complete than doctorates in non-SE fields, per the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics .
Can you earn your Ph.D. online?
Yes, but it depends on the program. Ph.D. programs in fields such as STEM require a lot of time on campus for research and dissertation preparation . You might be able to find more fully or mostly online Ph.D. programs in fields like education. Some universities may offer hybrid Ph.D. programs with online and in-person components.
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PhD Salaries and Lifetime Earnings
PhDs employed across job sectors show impressive earning potential:
“…[T]here is strong evidence that advanced education levels continue to be associated with higher salaries. A study by the Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce showed that across the fields examined, individuals with a graduate degree earned an average of 38.3% more than those with a bachelor’s degree in the same field. The expected lifetime earnings for someone without a high school degree is $973,000; with a high school diploma, $1.3 million; with a bachelor’s degree, $2.3 million; with a master’s degree, $2.7 million; and with a doctoral degree (excluding professional degrees), $3.3 million. Other data indicate that the overall unemployment rate for individuals who hold graduate degrees is far lower than for those who hold just an undergraduate degree.” - Pathways Through Graduate School and Into Careers , Council of Graduate Schools (CGS) and Educational Testing Service (ETS), pg. 3.
Average salaries by educational level and degree (data from the US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2009-2011, courtesy of the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce):
The Bureau of Labor and Statistics reports higher earnings and lower unemployment rates for doctoral degree holders in comparison to those with master’s and bachelor’s degrees:
According to national studies, more education translates not only to higher earnings, but also higher levels of job success and job satisfaction:
“Educational attainment – the number of years a person spends in school – strongly predicts adult earnings, and also predicts health and civic engagement. Moreover, individuals with higher levels of education appear to gain more knowledge and skills on the job than do those with lower levels of education and they are able, to some extent, to transfer what they learn across occupations.” - Education for Life and Work (2012), National Research Council of the National Academies, pg. 66.
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Top 10 Highest Paying PhD Degrees in 2023
Table of Contents
What’s the best phd to get, 10) statistics, 9) biomedical engineering, 7) engineering, 6) physical chemistry, 5) pharmacology, 4) electrical engineering, 3) computer science, 2) organic chemistry, 1) chemical engineering, paying for your phd, which phd has the highest salary, can phds make a lot of money, is a phd worth it for salary increases, do phds get paid more than master’s degree holders, does job location matter when considering the highest paying doctorate degrees, are there any degrees higher than a phd, choosing the best doctoral degrees.
The highest possible degree you can get in any field is a doctorate or a PhD. Obtaining a doctoral degree can help to greatly further your career, but unfortunately, PhDs aren’t always that easy to earn. The average time a doctoral candidate spends to receive their PhD is anywhere from seven to ten years, and during this time, it also becomes a balancing act.
However, if you manage to earn your PhD, you stand to increase your salary by a significant amount. Chances are, you might also find more opportunities in the future.
The best doctorate degrees are always the ones that you’re passionate about. But, if you find yourself asking, “what should I get my PhD in?,” this list of the highest paying PhDs might just help you out if you’re looking to have a lucrative career.
Looking to get a master’s instead? Check out: Top 9 Highest Paying Master’s Degrees You Can Get in 2022
If you’re trying to figure out the best-paid PhD, we’ve compiled a list of the top 10 fields with the highest earning potential.
Here are some quick facts:
- The PhD with the highest mid-career salary is in Chemical Engineering , with an average salary of $146,000 . This field also has a pretty good early career, with the average salary sitting at $96,100 .
- When it comes to the highest early career earnings, a PhD in Computer Science is your best bet since the average salary is $118,000 . This field also has one of the highest $145,000 .
It’s worth noting that your earning potential in any given field can also depend on your location. For example, a doctorate in computer science might earn you more money in San Francisco or other similar tech hubs. The best PhD degrees, at least for earning potential, can depend on where you intend to work.
Here are the best PhD degrees by salary, ranked from lowest to highest.
Of course, the best doctorate degree for you depends on your particular situation. When answering the question “what should I get my PhD in?,” consider your preferences and interests as well as what you want to do in the future.
Top 10 Highest Paying PhD Degrees
The salary figures of the highest-paid PhD degrees depicted in this article were taken from PayScale , based on data of those with PhDs.
Salary in Early Career: $105,000
Salary in Mid Career: $131,000
BLS 2020-2030 Job Growth Outlook: 33%, much faster than average
Statisticians collect and analyze data via various statistical methods. They help various businesses, organizations, and even the healthcare industry collect and interpret data so they can solve problems, strategize, and plan ahead.
If you want a career as a statistician, you’ll need to have an undergraduate degree and a master’s degree at a minimum. Having a PhD in Statistics can help increase your earning potential by giving you an advantage over your peers.
The Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS) has the job outlook for mathematicians and statisticians growing by a projected 33% rate throughout 2020-2030. According to their website , this is a much faster growth rate than the average growth other fields are experiencing. It appears that statistics qualifies for the most in-demand PhD degree — on this list, at least. Therefore we can suggest it as the best PhD for jobs, since it’ll be pretty easy to find one once you graduate.
Salary in Early Career: $88,100
Salary in Mid Career: $133,000
BLS 2020-2030 Job Growth Outlook: 6%, on the low end of average
In simple terms, biomedical engineering is the fusion of engineering, medicine, and biology. In particular, in this field, problem-solving techniques and principles used by engineering are applied to the fields of biology and medicine for healthcare. It’s an interdisciplinary field that is growing in popularity over time.
Biomedical engineering is continually evolving thanks to the constant pursuit of knowledge. Because of this, the field continues to grow and can always use people who know theory and are well versed in the life sciences.
Getting a PhD in this field can open up opportunities for you in a variety of areas. You can work in research, at universities, in manufacturing, and even in hospitals. A doctorate is required if you want to work in research or at universities.
The BLS states that jobs in the biomedical engineering field are projected to grow at a 6% rate over the following seven years.
Salary in Early Career: $93,700
BLS 2020-2030 Job Growth Outlook: 7%, about average
If you’re interested in becoming a physicist, you’ll definitely need a PhD . Most careers for physicists, particularly in research and academia, require you to have a doctoral degree in the field. You can become a research advisor, a physics professor, a (lead) physicist, or a researcher.
According to the BLS , the job outlook for physicists is looking good. The projections are positive, sitting at a 7% increase until 2024, and this rate is on par with the average national growth rate for most occupations.
Salary in Early Career: $93,600
Salary in Mid Career: $137,000
The world always needs engineers. However, a doctoral degree is not always necessary if you want to work as an engineer — unless, of course, you want to work in research. Research opportunities in the engineering field are only given to PhD candidates or graduates.
You can choose to go for a general track or a specialty such as materials science, mechanical engineering, computer engineering, and chemical engineering. If you have a PhD in engineering , you can take positions like project manager, engineering director, and specialty positions like aerospace engineer or chemical engineer.
Salary in Early Career: $73,600
Salary in Mid Career: $138,000
Although the early career salary for PhD graduates of physical chemistry is one of the lowest on this list, it ramps up and is one of the highest-earning on this list in the mid-career.
But what exactly is physical chemistry?
Physical chemistry is a branch of chemistry that applies the theories and techniques of physics to chemical systems (or the study thereof). It’s the study of the behavior of matter on the atomic and molecular levels. Alongside this, physical chemistry is also the study of chemical reactions.
As a physical chemist, you’ll most likely work in labs and research facilities. These research opportunities are awarded only to those with PhDs, and a PhD can also open the door for even more lucrative careers in high-tech or materials science.
The job growth and outlook for physical chemists are below average. However, the average annual wage makes it one of the most profitable ones.
Salary in Early Career: $75,400
Salary in Mid Career: $141,000
BLS 2020-2030 Job Growth Outlook: -2% decline
Pharmacology is the study of drugs and drug actions, or how drugs work within the body. It’s a branch of biology, medicine, and the pharmaceutical sciences. Having a PhD in pharmacology can help you find careers in research.
PhD programs in this field often build upon other areas, such as biochemistry, molecular bio, cell bio, physiology, and neuroscience. Depending on the track you choose, you can become a researcher in a particular field.
Pharmacology can also lead you to a career as a pharmacist.
The average early career wages for pharmacists are low because it can depend on location or position. For example, pharmacists who work at grocery stores or drug stores often earn less than their entry-level researcher counterparts.
Unfortunately, the current rate of growth for this field is -2% from 2020-2030. So while there will still be opportunities, it may be harder to find a job.
Salary in Early Career: $103,000
Salary in Mid Career: $144,000
If you have a PhD in electrical engineering, you stand to earn quite a good amount of money. Electrical engineering has one of the highest average early-career salaries and one of the highest mid-career to boot.
Electrical Engineering is the application and study of mathematics and physics combined with electromagnetism, electronics, and electricity. This discipline deals with the research and design of systems, equipment, and devices that use electricity. The results of electrical engineering are seen in day-to-day life. The advances humanity has made in the field have resulted in modern-day staples like the radio and the television.
A doctorate in engineering can help you go into research. If you are more of an idea generator, you can pursue a career in invention and product development. This discipline had plenty of opportunities in various fields such as transportation, computing, manufacturing, and aviation.
Salary in Early Career: $118,000
Salary in Mid Career: $145,000
BLS 2020-2030 Job Growth Outlook: 22%, much faster than average
Computer Science is one of the highest-paying fields, both in early and mid-career salary averages. A doctorate in this field allows graduates to become experts in certain computer science subfields. If you want to get a PhD in this field, you’ll need a bachelor’s degree or a master’s in computer science .
If you choose to research in this field, you’ll need a doctorate to qualify for research opportunities. You can also find non-academic careers as an information research scientist, a hardware engineer, programming, and even robotics. It truly comes as no surprise that Computer Science is one of the best-paid PhD programs considering technology continues to progress over the years.
The job outlook for this field is expected to grow by 22% until 2030, making it one of the best and most in-demand PhDs on this list
Salary in Early Career: $83,400
Salary in Mid Career: $146,000
Organic chemistry shares a spot with #1 for the highest-paying PhD, at least for mid-career salaries. However, early wages are lower, which earns this field its #2 spot on this list.
If you want to pursue a career in organic chemistry, earning a PhD in this field can get you a research position, and you may even find yourself leading a research team. However, to qualify for advanced research positions, you’ll need a PhD in the field from an accredited institution whose programs are approved by the ACS or the American Chemical Society.
You may also find jobs in academia as a professor.
Salary in Early Career: $96,100
BLS 2020-2030 Job Growth Outlook: 9%, on the high end of average
Sitting at number one on this list is chemical engineering. This branch of engineering combines various fields into one, and you’ll see physics, chemistry, microbiology, biochemistry, and math . This interdisciplinary field helps solve problems related to fuel, food, chemicals, or drugs.
If you earn a PhD in chemical engineering, you may find yourself prepared with expert-level knowledge of the current research findings, practices, and the core fundamentals of the field. After you graduate, you may find opportunities in research and academia and find jobs in areas like biotechnology.
One obstacle that many doctoral candidates run into is the cost of earning a PhD. If you find yourself wondering how you can afford to pay for your PhD, there are a few common ways you can ease the financial load.
- Student loans – Many PhD candidates take out student loans to help them afford the tuition and living expenses while working on their doctorate full (or even part) time. You can choose to take out a loan for the full tuition plus living costs, or you can take a smaller loan to cover only a part of the expenses.
- Scholarships, grants, and fellowships – Savvy PhD candidates seek out scholarships, grants, and fellowship opportunities to help them pay off their tuition and living expenses more easily.
Related: Graduate School Scholarships Guide
- Seek financial support from your employer – Some employers help support their employees’ education by offering partial or full scholarships as they seek higher education. This option may not always be possible, of course, as it depends on the field you are pursuing and whether it has any relation to your current place of employment.
- Teach where you are studying – One of the most common ways doctoral students earn extra financial support for their studies is through teaching — particularly at the school in which they are studying. Teaching can help students cut down on tuition costs as many educational institutions may offer lower rates for their studies. Some colleges and universities will even offer teaching assistant positions that offer flexibility and enough compensation to cover part of the tuition costs.
Already decided on going to grad school? Here’s everything you need to apply .
Frequently Asked Questions
According to this list of the highest paying PhD degrees, the current most lucrative PhD is Organic Chemistry.
Yes, but the road there can be long and winding. There are also many factors that can affect how much you earn, such as your location, industry, position, and even your employer. Additionally, “a lot of money” is relative — what do you consider a lot of money? It may benefit you to check out salary information on the Bureau of Labor Statistics website or on websites like PayScale or Salary.com. Check if the average earnings meet your expectations before making your decision on your PhD.
The BLS says that in 2020, those with a PhD earned median weekly salaries more than 20% more than those with just a bachelor’s degree. It can depend on the field and the position, but this does appear to be the case generally. Data also shows that doctorate holders can earn significantly more over their lifetimes. For example, male PhDs earn as much as $1.5 million more compared to high school graduates. Female PhDs earn $1.1 million more on average.
Yes. According to the World Education Services ( WES ), doctorate holders do earn more than those with master’s degrees. However, how much more they earn depends on their field. For example, engineering PhDs only earn 7% more than master’s degree holders in the field. However, in the field of psychology, you can earn up to 33% more if you have a PhD rather than a master’s.
In any form of employment, your location matters. In fact, aside from your field or line of work, your location may be the next biggest determinant of your salary. The same is true even if you don’t have a PhD. For example, if you work in the field of information technology or computer science, you’ll most likely have a higher salary in places like San Francisco or Seattle.
You’ll likely find plenty of PhDs in some of the most lucrative industries in a certain city or state. IT and Computer Science PhD holders will often find the highest-paying opportunities in tech hubs around the country. Geologists will find the highest-paying work in areas rich in natural resources. Researchers, on the other hand, will likely find the best-paying work in areas with research universities and institutions.
Many of the highest-earning jobs for PhDs are located in cities or states where their specific industry is highly supported.
Nope! The PhD, also known as the doctorate or doctoral degree, is the highest possible academic degree you can earn. PhDs are specialized degrees often earned through research. They demonstrate an extremely high level of understanding of the subject and expertise in your field. A lot of people who earn their PhD usually go on to stay in academia to teach or continue their research.
It’s not always about answering the question, “What’s the highest paying PhD?” In the end, choosing the best doctoral degree for you comes down to a matter of preference and interest.
Earning a PhD is seldom easy — but with hard work, you can set yourself up for a bright future ahead with a lucrative yet fulfilling career.
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Highest Paying Doctorate Degrees [2023 Guide]
We’ve identified the 25 highest paying doctorate degrees. Compare salaries and job prospects.
Completing a PhD may open up doors in terms of career advancement. Plus, it may not take as long as you think to complete if you enroll in the shortest doctoral programs .
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The following list contains the highest paying doctorate degrees along with career outlook and job growth statistics.
25 Highest Paying Doctorate Degrees
All career statistics and salary data are provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics .
Click on the area of study you’re interested in to jump to that section.
Chemical engineering, pharmacology, business administration, cybersecurity, electrical engineering, data science, biochemistry, information security assurance, biomedical engineering, information technology and computer science, occupational therapy, criminal justice, engineering, organic chemistry.
While all of these industries are growing, some provide better job prospects than others.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $208,000
- Job Growth: 4%
One of the more specialized high paying doctorate programs is in immunology. Immunology is the study of disease prevention and immunity. Due to the specialized nature of the study here, jobs are typically well paid and much more specific.
A person who has studied immunology may be expected to work in research or academia but is also likely to land high-paying roles within the medical industry and at hospitals. The demand for this area of expertise is also rising faster than the average job growth, meaning there should be plenty of opportunities for graduates.
A PhD in immunology is a lot of hard work and is, therefore, suited to someone who already has considerable experience working in the medical industry. Those with an academic background in medicine should consider applying for an immunology program.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $129,850
- Job Growth: 7%
Of the three main sciences, physics can be the one that is the most fruitful for taking a doctorate. People who take a PhD in physics are likely to land themselves a position as either a researcher or a professor.
There are also several other high paying positions that are possible for someone who takes this career path, including more specialized roles or becoming lead physicists and consultants.
Physics is also one of the job markets that is predicted to see a considerable amount of growth for the next 10 years. Pursuing a physics doctorate can be perfect for someone who already has experience in physics or someone who already has either a bachelor’s or master’s degree in the subject combined with some practical experience.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $118,610
- Job Growth: 3%
Aerospace engineering is a field that would likely attract those who already have a background in either science or engineering. It is one of the fastest growing industries in the world, and demand for jobs is expected to increase as the years roll by. So the length it takes to get a PhD should be taken into consideration so you can quickly enter this field during its booming growth.
The doctorate focuses on the engineering of various different types of spacecraft and can be incredibly demanding. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the salary potential for this field is as high as $171,220.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $110,860
Math may not be the glamorous subject to study at doctorate level, but it can open up a wide range of potentially lucrative career options.
Math can allow students to work in various sectors of the economy and business, and they may also work in research or as a math lecturer or professor at a top university.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $109,760
- Job Growth: 5%
Taking a doctorate in management can be a logical step in the career of someone who has a history of working in business, project management, or the economy as well as several other sectors.
Earning this doctorate can open up chief executive roles within companies and roles like chief operations officer and supply chain management. It may also lead to regional and national management roles.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $108,540
Another engineering-based field that presents doctorate students with some big money career options is chemical engineering. The field combines a number of different disciplines, including all of the sciences, math, and statistics, as well as engineering.
It is a complex doctorate to take, but the rewards may be worth the effort, with the Bureau of Labor Statistics showing salaries up to $168,960 available in this field.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $108,350
- Job Growth: 14%
One of the most popular PhDs to take is in economics. Economics is a social science that studies and theories about the production and consumption of goods and the effect that this has on society and the economy.
Taking a PhD in economics may open up a lot of doors. Working in the financial sector is usually lucrative, and a doctorate in economics can help give you an edge over competitors in what is a notoriously feisty industry. Top earners can make around $198,230 per year.
Economics analysis is a skill that is highly sought after, especially in the medical, legal, and education sectors.
While on the face of it, some people may believe that studying economics leaves you consigned to an office for the majority of your working life, the reality is that it can open up a lot of doors in a lot of different sectors. It may also provide you with a lot of travel opportunities and chances to meet new people.
A doctorate in economics may be perfect for someone who already has some experience in the field or for someone who has studied economics, math, finance, or business to a higher level and wants to take the next step in their academic and professional career.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $107,270
- Job Growth: 6%
Pharmacology is big business these days, and taking a doctorate in the subject may lead to some lucrative opportunities. It is expected that someone who wants to study pharmacology will have a background in the subject with a master’s degree being heavily preferred.
There are a lot of pre-requisites for getting onto a pharmacology doctorate program, but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is showing salaries going as high as $164,980.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $103,650
Getting a doctorate in business administration can open up a lot of doors. Students who end up taking their doctorate in business administration often end up working as leading and chief executives as well as entrepreneurs and financial advisors.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, salaries for someone with a doctorate in this field can be as high as $208,000. It can be ideal for someone who has a background in business or economics who wants to take the next step in their career.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $103,590
- Job Growth: 31%
As the world of IT continues to grow, so does the demand for more and more cybersecurity. The field is one of the fastest-growing in the world, and getting a doctorate in the subject may land you a range of different high paying jobs.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, roles like IT managers can offer doctorates a salary of up to $208,000. This sector is also constantly growing, and as such, the demand and the salaries should continue to grow as time passes.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $100,830
When it comes to job demand, electrical engineering is one of the safest career paths to go down. Electrical engineering has a huge impact on our day-to-day lives.
Most of our day-to-day electrical appliances exist as a result of electrical engineering, and taking a doctorate in the field may open the door to some pretty lucrative research and project management positions. It is advised that someone who takes a PhD in electrical engineering already have practical experience in the field.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $98,490
A doctorate in education can open up a lot of different career options in that sector. A lot of doctors of education end up working in either research or in top positions at schools as principals and superintendents.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average salary for someone working in education administration with a doctorate is around the $199,400 mark. A number of doctor of education programs do not require a dissertation .
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $98,230
Data is quickly becoming the most valuable commodity on the planet, and as such, the demand for data specialists and researchers is growing at an impressive rate.
Data science doctorates offer a gateway into these positions, and they usually come with some pretty high salaries. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, salary for a data scientist can go as high as $165,230, and with this field ever-expanding, the demand for these positions should continue to increase.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $94,270
Biochemists study the chemical and physical makeup of living organisms. Due to the specialized nature of the subject, research positions in this sector typically pay incredibly well.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, biochemist doctorates can start out at around $67,710 but can increase up to $169,860 or more. This doctorate may suit someone with a background in chemistry or some other science discipline.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $92,870
Information assurance is a new discipline that has been created as a result of the times we live in. Information assurance is effectively another type of cybersecurity that is designed to protect people’s data from third parties and other potentially dangerous sources.
A background in any sort of computer or data-related field can be ideal for getting onto an information assurance course. Due to the increasing demand for data protection, jobs in this sector can be particularly lucrative, and the demand for these jobs is expected to increase as time rolls on.
The demand for experts in this industry is very high and is only predicted to grow over the next decade.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $92,620
Biomedical engineering is becoming an incredibly popular field of research. It is an ever-growing and developing industry, and as such, the demand for expertise in the area is on the rise.
Getting a PhD in biomedical engineering is likely to secure you a lucrative research job for a university or a job in a hospital or the medical industry. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, an average salary in this field for a senior position ranges from $127,980 to $169,860.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $92,270
- Job Growth: 35%
Statistics is one of the most versatile doctorates available today. Statistics are used in a wide range of different sectors, including finance, research, business, health care, government, and many others.
A doctorate in statistics can be ideal for someone who has a background in math or business. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the top salary for someone working in statistics can be as high as $150,840.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $91,250
- Job Growth: 11%
The world of IT is constantly growing, and as it does, the demand for experts grows with it. Getting a doctorate in information technology and computer science can be an incredibly lucrative career move, with the Bureau of Labor Statistics showing top earners taking home as high as $208,00.
The jobs that can be accessed, such as chief technology officers or research roles within the industry, tend to be incredibly well-paid. This doctorate attracts people who have backgrounds in IT-related fields, such as computer science or computer programming.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $86,280
- Job Growth: 16%
For someone who already has experience working in occupational therapy, earning a doctorate in the field can be a huge benefit. Not only can it open the door for them to move up in the industry, but it can also expand their knowledge of the subject area.
It can provide them with theory-based research while also working on their leadership and management skills. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, occupational therapists holding a doctorate degree may reach a salary as high as $122,670.
The job growth for this doctorate is also incredibly high, which means it may be an excellent career path to enter in terms of job security.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $86,110
The number of career options that are available to someone who has a doctorate in criminal justice is typically vast. Working as a criminologist, a criminal justice researcher, or a federal law agency admin can earn graduates a lot of money.
This course of study is best suited for someone who already has real-world experience working in the criminal justice or law sector.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $83,160
Engineering jobs are almost always in demand, and while there are a lot of high paying jobs available for those who have an undergraduate or master’s degree, taking a doctorate in the field can really help you advance your career.
An engineering degree is already one of the highest paying associate degrees , highest paying bachelor degrees , as well as one of the highest paying masters degrees , but the doctorate can be perfect for someone who already has experience working in engineering and wants to take that next step in their career.
A director of engineering job title and other project management positions may offer some very high salaries, about $208,000 or more, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $82,180
With the stigma around mental health finally disappearing, the demand for jobs in psychology is on the rise. While a normal degree or masters in psychology may allow you to get jobs as a psychiatrist or a psychologist, higher-paying positions can become available following a doctorate.
It may also open up roles in research and as a university lecturer in the subject. The doctorate is suited to someone who already has their masters in psychology or who has a significant amount of experience working in the field.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $80,790
- Job Growth: 9%
Getting a degree in philosophy can potentially lead to a surprisingly lucrative career in research or working as a lecturer. The doctorate is suited for someone who wants to work in research and who has a background in philosophy or religious studies.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, salaries in this field are around $80,790 per year working in a research role, and up to $180,360 for college professors.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $79,300
Organic chemistry, perhaps more than any of the other sciences, can open up a lot of different career options for doctorates. As well as research and academic positions, someone who studies organic chemistry may be able to land a job in a number of different areas, including geology, the pharmaceutical industry, and engineering.
Organic chemistry is a notoriously difficult subject to study, though, so it is vital that you have a solid background in chemistry and some work experience before attempting to join the program. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, salaries can go as high as $139,650 in this field.
- Annual Median Salary (Bureau of Labor Statistics): $69,000
- Job Growth: 2%
A doctorate in English can open a range of different academic doors for potential students. A PhD in English may be perfect for someone who already has an academic background in the subject and can also be perfect for qualified teachers and writers looking to take the next step in their career.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, a doctorate in English may qualify you for a potential career in a lecturing position with salaries as high as $180,360, as well as positions within the publishing industry.
What Are the Different Types of Doctorate Degrees?
There are six common types of terminal degrees.
- Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) – Traditionally reserved for those who want to remain in the world of academia, Ph.D. degrees focus on maximizing your ability to impart this advanced knowledge to incoming students. Outside of teaching, Ph.D. candidates also focus on pushing the limits of research and theoretical study within their chosen fields.
- Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) – The DBA experience is all about turning your terminal research in the areas of finance, marketing, accounting, and other related fields into applicable real-world skills. DBA graduates traditionally work in the corporate sector as executive officers and other ranking members of various managerial teams.
- Doctor of Psychology (PsyD) – PsyD students aim to provide clinical services within a wide range of settings, including group, familial, medical, scholastic, and even corporate environments. Earning this degree can give you the power to serve as a practicing clinician or specialized counselor.
- Doctor of Education (EdD) – Capturing an EdD degree is the first step toward a leadership role within the corporate and administrative side of the education field. Working as a principal, district supervisor, or even regional superintendent all fit into the professional path of this degree.
- Doctor of Social Work (DSW) – If you’re interested in educating others on the best practices and leading theories of modern social work and community interaction, then a DSW program could be your option. Holders of this degree research and educate others in the social work field via hands-on training in the classroom and the office, as well as provide answers and guidance in unique or exceptional social issue cases.
- Doctor of Public Health (DPH) – Like most of the other degrees in this review, earning a DPH is all about the desire to lead others in a chosen workplace environment. In this case, that means maintaining residency as an administrator or public health coordinator at a hospital or a similar clinical setting.
The type of doctorate degree you will want to earn depends on your career goals and primarily whether you want to teach the subject or continue working in your field.
Campus or Online: Which One Is Right for You?
It’s no big secret that whichever doctorate route you choose, you will most likely be rewarded for your hard work and research via ample compensation. However, you can make this process a little easier on yourself by focusing on a path – either online or on-campus – that suits your unique needs and daily requirements.
While the appeal of the traditional college experience is the major selling point for the on-campus approach, working on your degree from home is a flexible alternative that can shape and mold itself to your current personal and professional schedule by allowing you to work on your research and coursework at your own pace.
Adding in that these doctorate programs often waive Graduate Record Examination (GRE) minimum scores based on your GPA, as well as reduce or completely remove residency requirements, is further proof that this approach is at least worth your consideration as you plan out your academic future.
Questions Related to Earning a Doctorate
Here are our answers to a few more questions you might have.
How Much Do PhD Graduates Earn?
PhD Graduates make on average close to $100,000, with some job positions paying nearer the $70,000 mark and others going well about $208,000 (Bureau of Labor Statistics).
There may be some who question whether it is worth taking the time to invest in a PhD. Doctorate programs require a lot of time and effort, but studies suggest that PhD students typically earn more and find it easier to attract higher-paying jobs than those with just an undergraduate or a master’s degree.
What Are the Highest Paying Degrees?
A lot of degrees can lead to well-paying jobs. The more specialized a degree is in a certain field, the higher the chances are that it will be well paying. These degrees currently tend to be those in the engineering sector, as these are the ones that offer the most in-demand jobs.
What Is the Highest Paying PhD Degrees?
Once again, this one will depend on how specialized your PhD is and how in-demand that expertise is at a given time. Engineering PhDs tend to be evergreen, while there is an increasing demand for those with PhDs and knowledge in computer science and other IT related subjects.
PhDs usually provide those who have them with a lot of the highest paying jobs opportunities.
Are There Any Degrees Higher than a PhD?
No, there are no higher degrees than a PhD.
A PhD, also regularly referred to as just a doctorate, is as high as you can go academically. It is a specialized research doctorate that demonstrates a high level of expertise in a field. Most people who obtain their PhD tend to stay on at universities as either a member of a research team or as a lecturer.
Do you need a masters to get a PhD ? While many PhD programs require you to earn a masters first, it is possible to earn your PhD without having earned a masters. These are the direct entry bachelor’s to PhD programs offered by some universities.
Getting Your Doctorate Degree
It is important that you take the time to do your research into what doctorate will help your career the most. Once you have done this, you can begin to find the right university and program for you and begin the next step in your academic and professional career.
Now that you understand your career prospects and doctorate opportunities, it’s time to lay out the blueprint for a successful future.
Outside of conducting research on each of the areas that interest you, feel free to use the search tool below to find accredited universities that offer online doctoral programs in your chosen field.
When paired up with the rest of what you’ve learned here, there’s nothing that can stop you from finding the right school – and program of study – to fit your personal and professional goals moving forward.
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Ph.D.s That Pay: The 15 Highest Paying Doctoral Degrees
Phd program rankings.
- Fully Funded PhDs in Education
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- Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
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What are the highest paying doctoral degrees ? Despite stories of candidates being “overqualified” for job openings, or potential employers passing over applicants with “useless” degrees, Ph.D. holders have the lowest average unemployment rate of any level of educational attainment.
Generally speaking, gaining more years of higher education is almost always good for your earnings potential!
Short of professional degrees (which include Doctors of Medicine and Juris Doctors, or lawyers), Ph.D.’s also earn the most over their lifetime when compared to other degree types. Take a look at the highest-paying doctoral degrees!
Additional Resources: America’s Most Popular PhD Degrees
The Highest Paying Doctoral Degrees
Now that we’ve covered the important factors that affect Ph.D. earnings (including industry and location of employment), let’s take a look at what specific highest-paying doctoral degrees are available on a national level.
We’ve looked at over 50 of the most common doctoral degree programs in terms of early career earnings, mid-career salaries, and “maximum” earnings. While there are obviously outliers with Ph.D. programs in many of these fields, “maximum” career earnings were taken by noting the earnings of the top 10% of earners with the degree in question, or the average salary for degree holders with the degree in a single city, whichever is greater.
Below we’ve ranked the highest paying doctoral degrees by their “maximum” salaries.
Ph.D. in Statistics
Statisticians utilize statistical analysis to aid in decision-making and product development in a wide range of industries. Commonly employed in business, health care, government roles, think tanks, technology, and non-profits, statisticians are in high demand among organizations that intake enough data to require statistical analysis.
Most statistician jobs require a master’s degree, so obtaining a doctoral degree in statistics helps statisticians to stand out even more in this sought-after profession. It’s noteworthy that doctorate degrees in statistics have one of the highest starting salaries of doctorate degrees surveyed. Their “maximum” salary, however, is slightly lower than the remaining professions in our ranking.
- Average Early Career Salary: $58,310
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $67,230
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $78,760
SEE : DOCTOR OF STATISTICS (PH.D. STAT.) SALARY AND INFORMATION
Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering
As populations age and health care becomes more reliant on big data and technology, Biomedical Engineering stands to play a more and more central role in healthcare solutions.
In fact, the Bureau of Labor Statistics notes that Biomedical Engineering roles are expected to increase by more than 5% in the next seven years. Presently a doctoral degree in Biomedical Engineering stands as the primary way to become involved with research in biomedical research.
Often paired with an M.D., some medical device makers who also practice as medical doctors make substantially more than the maximum salary listed below. Just looking at the Ph.D. in the subject, however, the most common job description includes designing, studying, or improving biomedical devices.
Common locations of employment for biomedical engineering include hospitals, consulting firms, research groups, university settings, and manufacturing companies. It’s worth noting that while early-career average earnings are on the lower end of our list, by mid-career, Ph.D.’s in biomedical research are farther into the pack.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $62,647
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $70,619
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $88,164
SEE: DOCTOR OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (BME PH.D.) SALARY AND INFORMATION
Ph . d. in im munology.
Immunologists are medical researchers (and for those with M.D.s, practicing physicians) who focus on disease immunity. For those holding Ph.D.s in Immunology, common work settings include teaching in universities, research in universities or hospitals, policy-related roles, or research in public and private labs.
While dual M.D.s and Ph.D.s are often required to pursue research on your own as an immunologist, just one of these two degrees focused on immunology is required to obtain a position in public and private research settings.
Since 2004, there has been a widespread shortage of immunologists across the nation. This has led to 10%+ additional vacancies in job openings each year over the last decade. This has been reflected in the rising income of immunologists.
When looking at early, mid, and maximum salaries for immunologists, it’s of note that those holding both Ph.D.s and M.D.s stand to make substantially more than those with “just” a Ph.D. in the discipline.
- Average Early Career Salary: $248,453
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $276,843
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $368,422
SEE: DOCTOR OF IMMUNOLOGY SALARY AND INFORMATION
Ph.d. in pharmacology.
Pharmaceuticals are big business, and pharmaceutical researchers are on both the front line with patients in need and scientific endeavors expanding the field. Those who pursue Ph.D. in pharmacology (a distinct degree from a Pharm.D.) are expected to have a master’s degree in related material.
Doctor of Pharmacy degrees, on the other hand, are shorter programs requiring 60-90 credit hours of prerequisites at the undergraduate level.
Pharm.D. programs prepare students for being pharmacists, while Ph.D.’s in pharmacology prepare students for research and instruction roles. While entry-level earnings are lower for Ph.D.s than Pharm.D’s, Ph.D.s can earn significantly more in research roles by their mid and late-career.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $112,065
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $118,979
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $133,394
SEE: BEST ONLINE SCHOOLS FOR DOCTOR OF PHARMACY (PHARM.D.)
Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering
Electrical engineers are some of the most versatile engineering types, finding employment in aviation, consumer goods, technology, transportation, logistics, and a wide range of other industries. While most forms of electrical engineering already provide a steady and well-compensated gig for life, Ph.D.s in electrical engineering are highly sought after.
While a Ph.D. in electrical engineering may still do some engineering work (some will work exclusively on topics they have specialized in) many hold advanced degrees in engineering instead of supervising teams.
For roles like chief technology officer, head of product, staff research engineer, project expert, and director of research and development, having a doctorate degree in electrical engineering may help candidates to stand out in extremely competitive fields. Additionally, moving up the corporate ladder that far increases pay far beyond that of “run-of-the-mill” engineers.
For the top 10% of earners holding a Ph.D. in electrical engineering, over $78,000 in compensation is the norm, often ranging much higher depending on the role performed.
- Average Early Career Salary: $73,027
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $77,006
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $88,708
SEE: DOCTOR OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (D.E.E.) SALARY AND INFORMATION
Ph.d. in clinical psychology.
Ph.D.s in clinical psychology have a wide range of career paths to choose from. For those looking to practice clinical psychology, a 1-year externship program is often required, where students obtain experience working with patients. Ph.D.s will also often specialize in one area. Common areas include health psychology, child psychology, and neuropsychology.
Additionally, Ph.D.s in clinical psychology may elect to work in case management roles, as supervisors in treatment centers, in hospital settings, in education, in corporations, or in research settings.
This wide range of occupational settings creates quite a disparity between early-career earnings and the earnings of the upper 10th percentile of clinical psychologists, as one can see below. With this range of roles one can pursue with a Ph.D. in clinical psychology, however, comes great freedom.
This versatile degree can help those in need, advance the study of the human mind, enhance corporate efficiency, or help in the education of the next generation of psychologists.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $46,400
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $79,800
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $138,600
SEE: DOCTOR OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY (CLINPSYD) SALARY AND INFORMATION
Ph.d. in aerospace engineering.
Ph.D.s in Aerospace Engineering is one of the few sub-discipline degrees among doctoral engineering choices. While there are many Ph.D.s that may help you advance in aerospace engineering fields (physics, other engineering degrees, natural sciences, and so forth), aerospace engineering Ph.D.s often spend additional time diving into research on one subsystem of aerospace technologies.
For example, sensors, payload analysis, failure analysis, and so forth. With that said, a Ph.D. in any engineering discipline often provides a framework through which recipients can address any engineering problem.
And — even if not initially — many Ph.D.s in aerospace engineering find themselves working in other engineering fields, running their own companies, or moving into management. As one may expect, aerospace can be quite a lucrative field and includes employers such as NASA, defense contractors, branches of the military, airlines, vehicle manufacturers, telecommunications companies, and research opportunities at universities.
- Average Early Career Salary: $67,093
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $74,236
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $84,112
SEE: Doctor of Aerospace Engineering (Ph.D. AE) Career Guide: Salary and Degree Info
Ph.d. in engineering.
Ph.D.s in engineering are research-based degrees that focus on engineering at a theoretical level and prepare the recipient for either a role as a researcher or university instructor or industry work.
A similar doctorate of engineering degree is also a research degree (unique among professional degrees) and is similar in many ways to Ph.D. in engineering save for a higher focus on industry applications.
Ph.D.’s in engineering are some of the most versatile engineering degrees at the doctoral level. However, they may require time for the recipient to gather domain-specific knowledge (say, engineering related to wind tunnels, power plants, or aircraft).
This is evidenced by the growth in salary from entry-level through the highest 10% of earners in which engineering Ph.D.’s can nearly double their salary.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $69,140
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $121,830
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $174,530
Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering
Chemical engineering is a multidisciplinary field utilizing physics, chemistry, economics, engineering, and math to resolve problems related to producing, using, transforming, and transporting chemicals.
Chemical engineers are routinely involved with all manner of consumer and business-facing production environments, from creating new materials for diapers to hazard assessments to large manufacturing plants.
Almost any consumer product produced on a large scale likely had a chemical engineer involved with some portion of manufacturing. So one can imagine the demand for chemical engineers is high. In fact, around 8% more chemical engineering manufacturing jobs are expected to be open in the next seven years.
For those with Ph.D.s in the discipline, employment opportunities also exist in research, academia, consulting roles, and entrepreneurship.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $75,633
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $83,381
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $99,727
SEE: Doctor of Chemical Engineering (PhD CE) Career Guide: Salary and Info
Ph.d. in physics.
Physics is the study of matter and the behavior of matter through space and time. When many think of physicists, they think of the cosmos. But many of the hardest engineering problems are also related to physics.
Those with Ph.D.s in physics will likely have specialized in one or more subject matter areas including optics, the physics of sound, atomic physics, nuclear physics, and gravitational physics, among many others. This often leads to important research roles in private industry or university settings.
From cars to spacecraft to telescopes, physicists have played integral roles in advancing products. With that said, even if Ph.D.s in physics have previously specialized in one area of science, physics helps to prepare scientists with the ability to think about a wide range of problems.
For this reason, many Ph.D.s in physics may find themselves in demand in a wide variety of industries throughout their career. And many talented physicists will find themselves well compensated.
- Average Early Career Salary: $65,995
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $71,659
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $114,248
SEE: Doctor of Physics (Ph.D. Physics) Career Guide: Salary and Info
Ph.d. in organic chemistry.
Chemistry is the study of the structure, properties, and reactions between compounds and materials. Organic chemistry utilizes the same research methods to focus on organic matter.
The good news is that this collection of compounds and materials (those that contain carbon) comprise a majority of known chemicals. Furthermore, all living matter is the study of organic chemistry. This means that applications for analysis through organic chemistry are veritable and limitless.
From pharmaceuticals to natural resources and geology to chemical engineering, the results of organic chemistry are all around us. Unfortunately (or fortunately if this is not the case for you), organic chemistry is known by many as one of the “hardest” subjects taught in higher education. For those who can excel in the subject matter, a wide range of career opportunities and compensations are available.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $59,968
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $67,470
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $84,061
Ph.D. in Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Biochemistry is the scientific study of chemical processes related to or within living organisms. Molecular biology is an approach to studying biological mechanisms from a molecular level.
Together these fields of study offer a uniquely fine-grained way of studying living systems. While Ph.D.s in biochemistry and molecular biology are highly specialized, they find employment in a surprisingly wide range of settings.
From state crime labs to pharmaceutical development projects, biochemists and molecular biologists are often some of the most crucial specialists for ascertaining what goes on in our body at a molecular and chemical level.
Additionally, Ph.D. programs in these disciplines may, of course, find employment in research and instruction in university settings.
With this wide range of employment settings, there is also a wide range of compensation for biochemists. For the top 10% of earners, however, the field can be quite lucrative, making it our 4th highest-paying doctoral degree for 2022 and 2023.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $67,506
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $73,701
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $82,048
SEE: Doctor of Molecular Biology (PhD Mol Biol) Career Guide: Salary and Info
Ph.d. in computer science.
Computer science is the study of the theory of computation as well as the design of computational systems. Computer science as a field of study has nearly as many sub-disciplines are there are forms of computing technology.
Though many Ph.D. recipients in the field will have specialized in a handful of technologies or theoretical components related to computing, computer science is also an approach to problem-solving that lends itself to the solving of many engineering situations.
While many with computer science degrees will find themselves in roles such as software developers early in their career, gaining a doctoral degree in the discipline can help workers quickly advance to positions such as systems architect, researcher, or development positions in subdisciplines of computer science.
Particularly highly compensated subdisciplines within computer science include information assurance, machine learning, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, virtualization, and many others.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $117,667
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $130,949
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $149,109
SEE: Best Online Doctor of Computer Science Degree Programs
Ph.d. in economics.
Economics is the social science that is intent on studying the production, consumption, and distribution of services and goods. Economic analysis often falls into a variety of categories that a Ph.D. candidate in economics could choose to focus on.
Broadly, these segments of economic analysis include micro and macroeconomics, theoretical analysis and applied analysis, normative and positive economics, and rational and behavioral economics.
As with all social sciences, each competing school of thought offers its own insights, and many are highly sought after in many domains of industry and public life. Economic analysis is particularly sought after in fields such as education, health care, criminology, and finance, among others.
A Ph.D. in economics can, of course, also elect to work in research or academic settings depending on their skill set. While early-career earnings are quite solid for those with Ph.D.s in economics, those moving into consulting roles or finance can command much higher salaries.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $78,124
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $93,369
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $106,848
SEE: Doctor of Economics (DEc) Career Guide: Salary and Info
Ph.d. in information assurance.
Information Assurance is a discipline just recently brought to prominence by the massive amount of data and information held in computing devices and networks. With the rise in prominence of the internet and connected devices, many corporations and public entities have been unable to keep up with cybersecurity demands.
As of 2019, over 1 million cybersecurity openings will be unfilled nationwide. Additionally, the average age of those currently working in cybersecurity is approaching 50, meaning a lack of younger talent.
Though they will still need hands-on experience at lower levels, Ph.D.s in information assurance are great candidates for being the go-to resource on cybersecurity for organizations. As such, being a Ph.D. in information assurance in many organizations could put you on a shortlist for advanced positions such as chief information security officer.
While the average early and mid-career salaries of information assurance Ph.D.s are quite strong, many C-Level information assurance roles can bring in $300,000+.
The top 10% of jobs for the highest-paying Ph.D. in Information Assurance bring in over $100,000 a year or more, making information assurance the highest-paying Ph.D. surveyed in this year’s ranking.
- Average Early Career Earnings: $86,682
- Average Mid-Career Earnings: $96,249
- ‘Maximum’ Earnings: $106,915
SEE: Doctor of Information Assurance (Ph.D. IA) Career Guide: Salary and Info
What is a ph.d..
First, we should clarify exactly what degrees we’re talking about. A Ph.D. is an abbreviation for Doctorate of Philosophy. Ph.D. holders obtain Doctorate of Philosophy degrees in some subjects. Though “Philosophy” is in the title, this is largely a historical artifact from when the study of philosophy encompassed most of the traditional arts and sciences.
Today, someone holding a Doctorate of Philosophy in Statistics will have mainly studied statistics and supporting disciplines within their course of study. The underlying spirit of the degree still applies, however.
“Philosophy” means “lover of wisdom,” while a doctorate is the highest degree in a university. Therefore, a doctorate of philosophy is the highest degree awarded to a “lover of wisdom” within the university system.
Typically this means that Ph.D. graduates have endeavored upon unique and substantial research in their field of choice and have attempted to advance their field of study.
While there is a range of common doctorate degrees, many are not Ph.D.s.
This usage of the term Ph.D.– though technically correct — is contrary to the common usage of the term. In ordinary conversation, Ph.D. and “Doctorate” are often used interchangeably. The main exception to this rule is that many people do distinguish between common professional degrees (including medicine and law) and more research-centered Ph.D.s.
In our investigation, we’re looking specifically at Ph.D.s, and not professional doctoral degrees. Though in many of the most lucrative Ph.D.s listed below, we do discuss the differences and similarities between Ph.D.s and professional degrees in the same subject.
Does job location matter when considering the highest-paying doctorate degrees?
In employment, location matters. In fact, along with your line of work, the location may be the single most significant determinant of compensation.
After all, the minimum wage in some cities approaches the average wage of earners in some states. The average hourly wage in America as a whole more than triples in a handful of the most populous cities.
In short, no conversation about payment of Ph.D. is complete without reference to where the said Ph.D. is working. While looking at the earnings of the entire population in locations is a good indicator of whether or not Ph.D.s may make more in an area, Ph.D.s tend to occupy a disproportionately high degree of jobs in the most lucrative fields in a region.
In a region rich with natural resource extraction, many Ph.D.’s are likely employed in geology or natural resources. In an area rich with information technology organizations, more Ph.D.s in computer science are probably employed.
This is partially accounted for by the trend of universities with large research presences in a field helping to foster entrepreneurship in a given field throughout the region. High concentrations of researchers and university funding help to create more business opportunities. In turn, this draws more talent to the universities in the region.
This is to say that average earnings within a region are at times not directly tied to Ph.D. earnings. Rather, an average salary in a region may be quite low, while opportunities for Ph.D. holders may be centered around the most well-supported industries specific to the region. With that said, many of the highest-earning cities and states in the nation are also the centers of highest compensation for Ph.D. graduates with doctoral degrees.
Does the industry matter when considering the highest-paying doctorate degrees?
The industry employing a Ph.D. holder is equally important (and often tied) to the location in which doctoral workers work when talking of compensation. While many top universities have highly regarded programs in many disciplines, many universities are known for just a handful of programs are the graduate level. This leads to geographic clusters of Ph.D.s in very different industries.
An example of the above may be seen in the following. The University of Iowa and the University of Mississippi are both well-known for their graduate programs in creative writing. A disproportionately high number of graduate degree holders in the vicinity of both universities are writers or writing instructors.
Even Ph.D.-level graduates in English literature don’t lead to as high of an income as say, chemical engineering. This industry discrepancy (among others) leads to great clusters of highest-paying doctoral degrees in California’s Bay Area, or Minnesota’s Twin Cities region (both of which are home to top-ranked chemical engineering schools).
Along with location, the industry in which a Ph.D. works is integrally tied to earning power. Below is a sampling of average earnings for the highest-paying doctoral degree by industry.
See also: Top Free (or Cheap!) Online Ph.D. Level Courses
Check this out for more information: Jobs That Require a Ph.D. or Doctorate Degree
What Electrical Engineers Do, How to Become One
Electric engineers in the U.S. are typically paid six-figure salaries, according to federal statistics.
How to Become an Electrical Engineer
Electrical engineers work in a wide array of industries and are responsible for a dizzying amount of innovation. (Getty Images)
Many of the most common, useful devices that make modern life possible – such as automobiles, batteries, computers, light bulbs, mobile phones and satellites – utilize electricity, a form of energy.
Electricity may provide the power necessary for a machine to run, or it can carry data.
"The information that resides within an electric signal enables technologies such as the internet, television, computers, cell phone cameras, bio-medical sensors, self-driving cars, autopilots for airplanes, and robotic science experiments on Mars," Scott R. Norr, an instructor at the University of Minnesota—Duluth 's Swenson College of Science and Engineering who has a master's degree in electrical engineering, wrote in an email.
Electrical engineers are inventors, designers and builders who understand how to manipulate currents and voltages in creative ways that advance technology. Like all areas of engineering, this academic discipline is a hands-on field that involves making and improving practical objects.
The median salary among U.S. electrical and electronics engineers as of May 2020 was $103,390, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, which predicts that employment in the occupation will be 7% higher in 2030 than it was in 2020.
What Electrical Engineers Do and Why It Matters
Because electricity is ordinarily invisible to the naked eye, someone who intends to work as an electrical engineer should be curious about mysterious forces that significantly affect the universe but aren't obvious to a layperson. A future electrical engineer should have a powerful imagination and strong abstract thinking abilities.
"You can't see electrons flowing through a wire in a circuit or electromagnetic waves generated by an antenna," Andrea Mitofsky, a professor of electrical engineering at Trine University in Indiana, explained in an email.
"Electrical engineers rely on mathematics to model these types of physical phenomena, so electrical engineers need strong mathematics skills," adds Mitofsky, who has a Ph.D. degree in the field. "Electrical engineers also need strong computer skills. They rely on computer design software, they gather data from (sensors) and use computers to analyze that data, and they write specialized software to meet their needs."
Electrical engineers work in a wide array of industries and are responsible for a dizzying amount of innovation.
Leonard Kleinrock, a distinguished professor of computer science at the University of California—Los Angeles who is famous for introducing the idea of packet-switching – a data transmission method that is essential for internet communication – says that a career in electrical engineering is exciting and rewarding.
"From the billions of transistor chips inside our computers to the large spacecraft electronic systems, electrical engineers create, deploy and maintain these remarkable and complex systems," Kleinrock, who has a Ph.D. in electrical engineering, wrote in an email. "With these skills, you are granted access to many other engineering disciplines since they all embrace a common passion for science, technology and mathematics."
Key Steps for Pursuing an Electrical Engineering Career
Like all engineering disciplines, electrical engineering is closely connected to physics , an area of science that investigates the nature of matter and energy. Like physics, electrical engineering requires the interpretation and application of complex theories, and it also demands technical abilities.
"A common trajectory to becoming an electrical engineer is that of a youngster with an analytic mindset who chases their curiosity, who meets challenges, who gets hands-on exposure to electronics projects, who takes one's math and science courses seriously, and then obtains an Electrical Engineering degree in college," Kleinrock says.
A bachelor's degree in electrical engineering is the standard entry-level credential within this field, though a master's or Ph.D. degree in this area can improve a job candidate's marketability and allow that person to obtain higher-paying, more interesting positions.
Electrical engineers frequently specialize in a particular type of technology and develop expertise in that area, experts say.
"Depending on a specific individual's field of practice, one could find themselves designing the latest computer chip, designing electronics systems that must travel across the solar system, designing a new electric vehicle or writing software to control an autonomous robot," Donovan Wallace, vice president of electronics at Design 1st product design company, wrote in an email.
Sam Brown, an electrical engineer with over 20 years of experience developing wireless systems, says it's important for prospective students to select engineering schools that align with what they care about most.
"Every school that offers a program in electrical engineering has a certain specialization within the broader area," Brown, who blogs about wireless and radio engineering on his website OneSDR.com, wrote in an email. "For instance some universities might specialize in integrated circuit development. Others might specialize in communication systems."
Searching for a grad school? Access our complete rankings of Best Graduate Schools.
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Tags: engineering , engineering graduate school , colleges , electricity , students , education , STEM , STEM jobs , STEM education
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The Wild AI Talent Market of 2023: Salaries Soaring and SWAT Teams for Hire
Posted: November 13, 2023 | Last updated: November 13, 2023
Parents used to advise their children to pursue careers in law, banking, or the “Big Four” for quick riches, but if the past 12 months are any indication, the next generation of graduates is flocking to data science and machine learning. With PhD students commanding salaries of up to $400k right out of university, and top executives raking in over $1 million, the AI talent market has become a frenzy. Let’s delve into the wild world of AI talent in 2023.
The AI awakening in corporate boardrooms
When OpenAI unleashed its wildly popular chatbot, ChatGPT, in November last year, it was a wake-up call for many top executives at large corporations. Veena Marr, a digital and tech consultant at executive search firm Spencer Stuart, describes it as a moment of panic: “Oh my goodness, have we missed the boat? What are we doing?” Many companies had discussed AI around their boardroom tables years ago, but the topic had slipped from their radar.
Today, there’s a mix of excitement and confusion among companies as they grapple with the need to incorporate AI into their strategies. Andrea Splendiani, EMEA AI recruitment lead for Egon Zehnder, notes, “Everybody knows they need to have AI as a top priority. Not everybody knows exactly what that means, especially in terms of talent.”
The diversity of AI talent demands
The type of AI talent sought after varies greatly depending on the organization’s nature. Larger, less technically focused enterprises are eager to hire senior AI product leaders. These professionals bring experience from AI-native companies and understand the intricacies of working with AI models. They can differentiate between foundation models, comprehend the potential of different APIs, and anticipate future developments.
Deep in-house data science expertise is not always necessary for most corporate AI products, as fine-tuning models is a technically demanding process that is often unnecessary. This creates a demand for technically qualified machine learning specialists, typically those with relevant PhDs or experience from top AI research labs. These specialists are especially sought after by tech and AI scale-ups who can seamlessly integrate their skills into their ecosystems.
Emerging AI roles
While traditional AI roles like “prompt engineer” or chief AI officer haven’t seen a significant increase in demand, there is a growing need for professionals skilled in maintaining AI models once they are in place. Niall Wharton, associate director of data recruitment firm Xcede, highlights the importance of experienced LLM (machine learning and language modeling) professionals who can not only create products from AI models but also maintain them. This need has given rise to new roles like ML ops engineers.
The lucrative AI salaries
The allure of AI careers is not just about the cutting-edge work but also the lucrative salaries. Sam Burman, global managing partner of AI talent at executive search firm Heidrick & Struggles, reveals that fresh PhD graduates from top U.S. schools can command salaries of up to $400k right out of university. In Europe, the range is typically between $100k and $200k. The top universities for recruiting AI talent in Europe include Oxford, Cambridge, Imperial, UCL in the UK, EPFL, ETH in Switzerland, TUM in Germany, and the universities of Ecole Polytechnique and ENS in France.
For professionals with experience at top AI labs, the rewards are even greater. Some are offered staggering salaries of $800k by recruiters, reflecting the scarcity of top-tier AI talent.
Guns for hire: Project-based AI specialists
In addition to traditional employment, many AI specialists are now opting for fractional, project-based roles to maximize their earnings. This shift allows them to choose the AI projects they want to engage with and presents the opportunity to earn more money. These projects often span three months or longer, but there are also “SWAT team” projects with urgent requirements that last around six weeks.
The rates for these time-sensitive projects are described as an “open cheque book” due to the extreme scarcity of AI talent in the market. As the demand for AI expertise continues to rise, these project-based roles provide specialists with unprecedented flexibility and income potential.
The constantly evolving AI talent market
The AI talent market is in a constant state of flux, with recruiters and companies alike adapting to the rapidly changing landscape. As AI reshapes industries and becomes a driving force in innovation, the competition for top talent remains fierce. With salaries reaching unprecedented heights, both AI professionals and the industry as a whole are thriving in this AI gold rush.
The AI talent market of 2023 is marked by soaring salaries, diverse talent demands, and the emergence of new roles to support AI ecosystems. Graduates and seasoned professionals alike are flocking to the field, driven by the promise of financial rewards and the opportunity to shape the future of technology.
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Electronics Engineer I Salary in the United States
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Electronics Engineer I Salary
How much does an Electronics Engineer I make in the United States? The average Electronics Engineer I salary in the United States is $81,606 as of October 25, 2023, but the range typically falls between $73,215 and $90,261 . Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education , certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession. With more online, real-time compensation data than any other website, Salary.com helps you determine your exact pay target.
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Job Description for Electronics Engineer I
Electronics Engineer I designs, develops, and tests electronic systems, components, or circuits for use within equipment or machinery. May use computer-assisted engineering and design software and equipment to perform assignments. Being an Electronics Engineer I applies principles and techniques of electrical engineering to accomplish goals. Requires a bachelor's degree. Additionally, Electronics Engineer I typically reports to a supervisor or manager. To be an Electronics Engineer I typically requires 0-2 years of related experience. Works on projects/matters of limited complexity in a support role. Work is closely managed. (Copyright 2023 Salary.com)... View full job description
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Admission to the Ph.D. program are coordinated by the Emory Laney Graduate School.
Students admitted to our Ph.D. program are awarded full tuition and competitive stipend support. Additional summer support and teaching assistantships may be available. In addition, research, specialized training, and professional development funds are available to students through the Emory Laney Graduate School.
In exceptional cases, a student not satisfying one of the minimal requirements above may still be admitted, with the expectation of doing "remedial" work prior or during their first semester, to catch up on the requirements before enrolling in standard CS graduate courses.
Applying to the Emory CSI/BMI graduate programs (M.S/Ph.D)
The application process for our Ph.D. and M.S. programs involves the following steps.
- Transcripts : We will need copies of transcripts from each post-secondary institution you have attended, including your current one. They must be in English. and issued by the registrar's at your university. We do not require official transcripts (issued by the registrar's at your university) as part of the application process, only if and when you are offered and accept admission.
- TOEFL scores : required for Ph.D. admissions: For Internet-based TOEFL test, a minimum total score of 85 is required (90 recommended), and for the paper-based TOEFL test, a total score of 600 is required. For IELTS, 7 is the minimum score for admission. IETLS, Duolingo or Pearson Test of English (PTE) scores are acceptable. This requirement can be waived for applicants who have earned an undergraduate degree, or a 2+ year MS degree, in a country where English is the primary language.
- Statement of purpose : Write candidly about why you want to pursue a Ph.D. in computer science and informatics, what kind of questions you have worked on in the past, what you intend to focus on in your studies and how you plan to use the research experience in your longer-term plan.
- Curriculum Vitae : Provide a document listing relevant experiences and accomplishments, such as internships, awards and research experiences, that you believe will strengthen your application.
- Recommendation letters: We require three professionals with knowledge about your academic performance to write letters that evaluate your research potential and your teaching experience. Your application cannot be processed before we have received these letters.
- Application fee : The application fee is $75. The fee can be paid by credit card as part of the online application. The fee can also be paid by electronic check. Please be aware that this payment option adds several days of processing time before we receive the application. Applicants experiencing financial hardship may apply for a fee waiver.
- Ph.D. program . The recommended deadline for applying to our Ph.D. program for Fall admissions is January 1 of that year (e.g. for Fall 2024 admissions, the deadline is Jan 1, 2024).
- Please note we DO NOT offer Spring semester admissions for either the Ph.D. or M.S. programs
Please contact the Director of Graduate Studies or the Graduate Program Coordinator with questions about the application process.
We look forward to receiving your application!
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Harvard versus Moscow State: Salaries and red tape
Igor Chilingaryan: "It is unfair that a professor earns less than a bus driver". Source: Getty Images / Fotobank
Gazeta.ru: You work at Harvard and at Moscow State University. Can you compare the working conditions in these two institutions? How do the salaries and the amount of bureaucracy compare?
Igor Chilingaryan: Of course, wages in Russia cannot be compared with those in the United States. A full professor at Harvard[the equivalent of a professor at Moscow State University] starts out at approximately $200,000 per year before taxes—the salary increases with experience.
A young professor at Moscow State University receives about 30,000 rubles [$917] a month, or, say 35,000 [$1070] before taxes. So, a Harvard professor makes more in a month than an MSU professor receives in a year.
But what I find unfair is not even that, but the fact that a professor at Moscow State University with a Ph.D. earns less than a bus driver.
More: Russian scientist leads team in particle discovery
In fact, I do not work at Harvard, but at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, which is a branch of the Smithsonian Institution, a U.S. governmental body.
Because of this, we suffer terribly there from bureaucracy that they don't have at Harvard, because it has a different status. But all of this pales in comparison to what they face in Moscow.
In the United States, the bureaucracy is governmental, and you can always find a link to a specific law or regulation; but Russian bureaucracy is based on unwritten rules and someone's verbal orders.
For example, once, when we were returning from a meeting in France, there was a dangerous storm in Geneva and our flight was canceled.
Back at MSU, we had to write a report describing the weather conditions in Geneva, to explain why we flew back to Moscow on a different flight, although it was still on the same day as the original flight.
As a result, instead of doing research, scientists have to sit and compose reports on business trips.
In comparison, I can tell you my experience with delayed flights in the United States. I was flying to Chile for observations and, because of a storm, I missed the connecting flight from Atlanta to Santiago; so I had to spend a day in Atlanta.
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The problem was solved with one phone call to the administrator of our division: She adjusted the dates herself, added Atlanta to the trip schedule, and re-calculated the per diem. I cannot imagine something like that happening at MSU, at least for the next 10 years.
Gazeta.ru: Do presidential grants provide effective support?
I.C.: Yes, the presidential grant is, in my view, a quite effective program. We have already done more than we were required to do (articles, conferences), with one exception: There hasn't yet been a Ph.D. thesis completed under my supervision.
However, all the materials for a dissertation have already been collected and published, or submitted for publication.
In fact, it seems to me that this requirement—a certain number of dissertations—doesn't make much sense, because our task is to advance science and not to produce dissertations that are, actually, just a formality.
I wrote my doctoral thesis, which is about 300 pages, in 17 days, including translating English articles to Russian and taking care of formalities such as writing the abstract.
And one has to consider the fact that it usually takes students three years to complete graduate school in Russia, and the presidential grant is given for two years—so they don't really match up.
Gazeta.ru: You just got back from France. What kind of event did you attend?
I.C.: This year we decided, in addition to the usual trips to conferences, we would all go work together in a nice, calm place. It was decided to hold our meeting in Chamonix Valley in the French Alps, at the foot of Mont Blanc.
We rented a comfortable and spacious chalet and worked intensely for a week on several projects.
SUNY professor examines the state of Russian science
In addition, staying at this location allowed us to invite French and Swiss collaborators from the Paris Observatory and the Federal Polytechnic School of Lausanne.
This proved to be very productive, both for the scientific program and in terms of helping young researchers establish international connections.
Of course, some would say we could have held such an event in, say, the suburbs of Moscow. But keep in mind that it is easier for Russian scientists to obtain a French visa than it is for foreigners to get a Russian one.
This, by the way, creates a lot of headaches for conference organizers in Russia. And would you believe it was cheaper to go to France than to Moscow Region?
First published in Russian in Gazeta.ru .
All rights reserved by Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
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DU Recruitment 2023: 48 Assistant Professor Positions, Starting Salary Rs 57,700
Du recruitment 2023: the deadline for submitting applications is november 30. individuals who meet the eligibility criteria and are interested can apply through the official website at colrec.uod.ac.in..
DU Recruitment 2023: Selected candidates will receive a starting salary of Rs 57,700, plus allowances.
Acharya Narendra Dev College of Delhi University is currently accepting applications for assistant professor posts. The recruitment drive aims to fill 48 vacancies. The application deadline is November 30. Those eligible and interested can apply through the official website at colrec.uod.ac.in .
DU recruitment 2023: Application fee
The application fee is Rs 500 for candidates falling under the Unreserved Category, Other Backward Class, and economically weaker section category. However, candidates belonging to SC, ST, Persons with Benchmark Disabilities (PwBD) category, and women applicants are exempted from paying the fee.
DU recruitment 2023: Qualification criteria
Prospective candidates are required to possess a master's degree in the relevant field with a minimum of 55 percent marks. Additionally, candidates should have successfully cleared the National Eligibility Test conducted by UGC or CSIR, or hold a PhD degree from a foreign university ranked among the top 500 globally. Salary details
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Selected candidates will receive a salary in Academic Pay Level 10 of the 7th Central Pay Commission Pay Matrix, starting at Rs 57,700, along with other allowances in accordance with university norms.
DU recruitment 2023: Vacancy details
- Biomedical Sciences: 4
- Botany: 6
- Chemistry: 3
- Commerce: 5
- Computer Science: 5
- Electronics: 2
- English: 1
- Mathematics: 5
- Physics: 9
- Zoology: 6
- Physical Education: 2
DU recruitment 2023: Steps to apply
- Visit the official website at colrec.uod.ac.in.
- Complete the registration and application form.
- Pay the required fee.
- Upload all necessary documents.
- Keep a printout for future reference. Check the detailed notification here
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Doctorate (PhD) Degree
Related degrees by salary.
Degrees in the same industry as Doctorate (PhD), ranked by salary
Avg. Salary 360k₽
Avg. Salary 330k₽ — 1m₽
Avg. Salary 532k₽
Avg. Salary 300k₽ — 1m₽
Avg. Salary 630k₽
Avg. Salary 702k₽
Avg. Salary 720k₽
Avg. Salary 195k₽ — 2m₽
Avg. Salary 828k₽
Years of Experience
Gender breakdown for doctorate (phd).