How To Write A Thesis Statement For A Descriptive Essay

statement for a descriptive essay

Table of Contents

Opening remarks.

Writing is not an easy task. The subjective nature and countless variables, both known and unknown, can make writers dread the process and its outcomes. There are many ways a writer can take hold of these variables, from planning and researching beforehand to outlining the whole content before getting started.

In essay writing, the purpose is to tackle an issue, solve a problem, or answer a question. That’s why it is necessary to take every issue into account before moving forward. In the case of writing a descriptive essay, the best thing to do is to understand what it is, what it is made of, and how to add value to the final product.

Descriptive Essay Writing 101

A descriptive essay is an essay that describes a subject under consideration. That subject can be anything, from physical to metaphysical, real to fictional, and beyond. Most descriptive essay topics revolve around describing a person, a thing, a place, an event, or an emotion.

Writers rely on figurative language and literary devices to make “things” come alive on a piece of paper. Without such tools, it is hard for writers to create fictional worlds and inhabit them with fictional people concerned about fictional problems and looking for fictional solutions for them.

Although it revolves around a single subject, the structure of a descriptive essay is well-defined, with three sections. One is the introduction or opening of the essay, the other is the main body where much of the description happens, and the last one is the conclusion or closing where the gist of the essay is summarized.

A Thesis Statement In An Essay

It would not be an overstatement to say that a thesis statement is a heart and soul of an essay. If you are to look for the distillation of the grand idea in one or two sentences in the essay, it will be a thesis statement.

It is a bold, brief statement that can summarize the whole gist of the essay in a couple of sentences. For instance, if an essay is about finding a solution to a problem, the thesis does not only mention the problem but finds states its supposed solution clearly and concisely.

Many people argue that an essay can be complete without a thesis statement. This cannot be farther from the truth. In real practice, the practice of having a thesis statement in an essay is going on for decades. There is no end to this practice in sight soon.

Composing A Thesis Statement For A Descriptive Essay

The approach to coming up with a solid thesis statement depends on the assignment and its writing approach. Is because of the reasons you should have a thesis statement in your essay:

  • Testing ideas and getting their essence in one or two sentences
  • Better organizing and developing your argument
  • To foreshadow the contents of the essay at the end of the introduction

To get your thesis statement to accomplish these goals, it is best to approach the process of formulating one based on the circumstances of the assignment and approach toward the topic.

When Topic Is Assigned By Instructors

When a topic is assigned to a student to write a descriptive essay, it can always be stripped down to a single question, problem, or point, based on its reach and scope. Whether a topic or title is asking to do this, you can easily turn it into a question to answer it in a much better way.

For instance, if you need to write a descriptive essay on a stranger you helped in a market, it is best to turn it into a question, or a couple, and then answer them one by one and then distill it into a single one. You can easily do this by describing the traits and attributes of the person and then settling down on one or two that can easily define or make him alive for the readers.

This thesis statement comes at the end of the introduction to foreshadow the contents of the main body for the readers.

When Topic Is Not Assigned

When a topic is assigned to you by the instructor, it is often easier to connect the dots and get to a question that can be answered in a thesis statement. When that is not the case, it is up to the writers to formulate a question and then come up with an answer.

There are four important pointers you should keep in mind. One, get a good number of people to disagree with what you are proposing. Second, choose a subject that can be reasonably dealt with given the scale and scope of the assignment. Third, formulate a single cohesive idea to tie it all. Fourth, propound your claims or findings in the conclusion.

The workflow toward that goal starts with brainstorming an idea, then narrowing it down using specific language and focusing the narrative until it becomes concise enough to forward an exertion. Once you check all the boxes, you can cover the thesis statement masterfully.

Merits of A Solid Thesis Statement

Just like any other form of writing, it is easy to do it, but hard to do it the best way. A thesis statement is easy to formulate but you need solid backing and support to create a lasting thesis statement that can stand the test of peers and critics.

That’s why we have designed this section to help students identify the merits of superb thesis statements they will create during their academics.

Asserts The Subjective Truth

The purpose of  writing a descriptive essay  is to show the readers what that subject is, be it a person, a thing, a place, or an event. This requires going through both subjective and objective details that can make it come alive on paper. Since a thesis is the distilled version of the whole narrative, it should reflect, and even assert, the subjective truth from the findings. Students should keep in mind that merely stating the problem or the issue is not a thesis statement. Merely suggesting the solution to the problem is not a thesis. They need to assert the claims and make others think it harder and even provoke them to turn it down or challenge it based on academic grounds.

Provides Justification For Discussion

Discussion, inherently speaking, is a two-way process. It means a party makes a claim that is either accepted and added to by the second party, is challenged and leads to other claims, and so on. This follows the same steps of the thesis, antithesis, and synthesis where society grows based on ideas. Sometimes, the rationale behind connecting dots with a thesis is to challenge widely-held beliefs. For instance, if you are writing a descriptive essay on a person who is universally believed to be a monster, you can unearth facts and forward the claim that he was indeed mentally ill and did what he did because of his maladies.

Expresses One Primary Idea

Many students make the mistake of formulating multiple ideas or stances in a single thesis. They shortlist findings based on their inclination toward the subject and base the statement on those ideas. There is no denying that this process is indeed formidable, but it is not the right one. Since the purpose of writing a descriptive essay is to highlight the vices and virtues of the subject under consideration, readers should have empirical takeaways when they depart from the essay. They should be able to pinpoint the central idea or the theme of the essay that was immortalized by the thesis statement. It can also be said that the primary idea in the thesis is the thread that binds the whole narrative together.

Specifies The Problem And Its Solution

When a writer sets out to write a descriptive essay, he needs to balance certain things so that the finished product can hold on its own. Apart from preliminary research and outlining, there are not many things that can keep the writer from swaying away from the main topic, except the thesis statement. The biggest strength of a well-rounded thesis statement is that it not only identifies the problem but also asserts a solution. Most of the time, the thesis statement picks only a single problem and then works around it to find a single, tangible solution.

What is an example of a thesis statement?

A thesis statement is a distillation of the central idea or a theme in a single or a couple of sentences. It can cover the whole premise of the problem and its solution. Here is a simple example of thesis building:

  • Describing the strangest person
  • Finding a person in the middle of nowhere who turned out to be a good person

What are the three essential parts of a thesis statement?

Following are the three essential parts of a thesis statement that you must keep in mind while researching and formulating one for your descriptive essay:

  • The subject discussed in the discourse is limited
  • The opinion propounded by the writer was precise
  • The author provides the reasons to come up with the proposed solution

How long is a thesis statement for a descriptive essay?

Loosely, a thesis statement should be a bold and concise summary of the central idea. Practically, it should be from a bold statement comprising a single sentence to a small paragraph, highlighting the issue and its solution. Keep in mind that it depends on the scale of the essay and the scope of the research.

Can a thesis statement be a question?

A thesis statement cannot be a question. It has to have the issue or the question in its body along with a plausible solution or answer to it. Merely stating the question does not promote debate and reasoning. That’s why it has two distinct characters encapsulated as one.

What is the ideal place to put the thesis statement in a descriptive essay?

The best place to mention the thesis statement is at the end of the introduction. It will directly lead to the bulk or action of the essay in the main body and it will tie the sections coming before and after the thesis statement.

Does a thesis statement always have to be a single sentence?

No law or convention in essay writing compels the writers to sum up their thesis statements in a single sentence. It is always ideal to have a concise, brief, and bold statement to back up the claims. Depending on the reach and scope of the essay, the thesis can go from a single sentence to a small paragraph containing a couple of sentences to further strengthen its position.

Summing It Up

Coming up with a solid thesis statement to back up the claims and answers to the possible questions is the primary job of the writer. While writing a descriptive essay, writers are often plagued with problems of generalization, especially when tackling extremely subjective topics. That’s why we have dedicated this whole blog post to help them how to write thesis statements in different scenarios. This will help them better understand the requirements of the assignment and set the scope and reach of the essay accordingly.

For those who can tackle the creative issues of writing but are stumped by technical issues such as writing a superb thesis  statement for the descriptive essay , this is the perfect resource to explore!

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Thesis Statement Examples for Descriptive Essay, How to Write, Tips

descriptive essay thesis statement examples

What is a Descriptive Essay Thesis Statement? – Definition

What is the best thesis statement example for descriptive essay, 100 thesis statement examples for descriptive essay.

thesis statement examples for descriptive essay

  • “The bustling market of Marrakech is an overwhelming symphony of colors, sounds, and scents.”
  • “Our family’s lakeside cabin, nestled among tall pines, has been a tranquil escape from life’s frenzies for generations.”
  • “The ancient library, with its towering shelves and timeworn books, whispers tales of eras long past.”
  • “Grandma’s garden, awash with hues of red, yellow, and purple, was her magnum opus, a testament to her passion.”
  • “Monsoon in the Indian countryside is not just a season but a celestial dance of rain, aroma, and rejuvenation.”
  • “The carnival, with its blaring music and dizzying rides, was a paradise for thrill-seekers and dreamers alike.”
  • “Dad’s vintage car, more than just metal and leather, was a time capsule, holding stories of family road trips and adventures.”
  • “The Venetian canals at dusk shimmer with golden reflections, revealing a city lost in time.”
  • “The jazz club, dimly lit and filled with soulful melodies, was an oasis for lovers of true music.”
  • “Mount Fuji, more than its snow-capped majesty, is a symbol of resilience and beauty in Japanese culture.”
  • “My childhood bedroom, painted in soft blues, was my sanctuary, echoing with laughter and dreams.”
  • “The Sahara Desert, under the blazing sun, is a vast expanse of mysteries, mirages, and memories of ancient caravans.”
  • “The opera house, with its gilded balconies and velvet curtains, resonates with tales of passion, tragedy, and triumph.”
  • “The old town square, cobblestoned and lined with cafes, has witnessed countless rendezvous, farewells, and revolutions.”
  • “The Himalayan foothills, shrouded in mist and folklore, beckon trekkers into a world of breathtaking vistas and spiritual quests.”
  • “The Parisian cafe, with its aroma of fresh croissants and coffee, was a haven for artists, writers, and thinkers.”
  • “My grandfather’s wristwatch, tarnished yet ticking, embodies the relentless march of time and the legacy he left behind.”
  • “The Amazon rainforest, with its cacophony of creatures and lush canopy, is the pulsing heart of our planet.”
  • “The Scottish highlands, rugged and raw, are a canvas of nature’s dramatic artistry.”
  • “The neighborhood bakery, emanating the scent of fresh bread every dawn, has been the cornerstone of our community’s mornings.”
  • “The moonlit beach, with its silvery waves and soft sand, evokes a sense of serenity and endless possibilities.”
  • “The subway station, always bustling, is a melting pot of stories, farewells, and chance encounters.”
  • “The old bookstore, its aisles lined with dusty tomes, invites visitors into a world of fantasy, history, and forgotten tales.”
  • “The art gallery, with walls adorned in masterpieces, captures the essence of human creativity and imagination across eras.”
  • “Mom’s kitchen, filled with the aroma of home-cooked meals, was the heart of our home, where memories were made and shared.”
  • “The alpine meadows, dotted with wildflowers and grazing sheep, paint a picture of idyllic, untouched beauty.”
  • “The city skyline at twilight, with its interplay of shadows and lights, stands as a testament to mankind’s architectural marvels.”
  • “The old bridge, moss-covered and slightly creaky, has borne witness to countless promises, secrets, and moments of reflection.”
  • “The winter fair, with its sparkling lights and merry carousels, transported everyone to a magical wonderland.”
  • “The college dormitory, echoing with youthful enthusiasm, was a tapestry of dreams, friendships, and life-changing experiences.”
  • “The cherry blossom avenue, awash in pinks and whites, was nature’s way of celebrating life’s fleeting beauty.”
  • “The farmer’s market, brimming with fresh produce and artisanal treasures, was a weekly journey of flavors and craftsmanship.”
  • “The lighthouse, standing solitary against raging waves, has been a beacon of hope and direction for wandering sailors.”
  • “The rainforest cafe, with its tropical ambiance and exotic sounds, was an urban escape to nature’s heart.”
  • “The antique shop, cluttered with relics and rarities, was a portal to bygone times and cherished memories.”
  • “The temple at sunrise, bathed in golden light, emanated an aura of peace, spirituality, and timeless devotion.”
  • “The music festival, alive with pulsating beats and vibrant crowds, was an annual pilgrimage for every audiophile.”
  • “The Mediterranean coastline, with its azure waters and quaint villages, was a canvas of dreams, romance, and sun-soaked adventures.”
  • “The treehouse, hidden among the foliage, was our childhood fortress, a haven of secrets and imaginations run wild.”
  • “The vintage cinema hall, with its velvet seats and classic posters, transported moviegoers to a golden era of film.”
  • “The coral reef, vibrant and teeming with life, is a submerged universe of colors, shapes, and marine narratives waiting to be explored.”
  • “The ancient oak tree in our backyard, with its gnarled branches, has stood as a silent observer to the changing seasons and our family’s milestones.”
  • “The bustling flea market, a riot of colors and chatter, was a treasure trove for those with a keen eye and a penchant for the eclectic.”
  • “The university library, with its hallowed halls and endless aisles, was a sanctuary for knowledge seekers and dreamers alike.”
  • “The Italian piazza at midday, echoing with the laughter of children and the strumming of street musicians, encapsulates the vibrant soul of its city.”
  • “The mountaintop observatory, under a canopy of stars, offers a humbling perspective of our place in the vast cosmos.”
  • “The sunflower field, a sea of yellow heads turning towards the sun, symbolizes nature’s unwavering optimism and the pursuit of light.”
  • “The midnight diner, with its neon glow and sizzling griddle, was a refuge for night owls, wanderers, and those seeking solace in comfort food.”
  • “The abandoned mansion on the hill, though overgrown and crumbling, still echoes with the opulence and intrigues of its prime.”
  • “The Zen garden, with its meticulously raked sand and serene rocks, is a testament to the art of balance, harmony, and mindfulness.”
  • “The rustic vineyard, with rows of grapevines stretching to the horizon, tells tales of tradition, toil, and the exquisite alchemy of winemaking.”
  • “The city’s old tram, clanking and nostalgic, is a journey back in time, tracing routes of historical landmarks and collective memories.”
  • “The jazz bar, its ambiance thick with the aroma of cigars and old leather, resonated with soulful improvisations and heart-rending ballads.”
  • “The autumn forest, with leaves painting a mosaic of russets and golds, is nature’s grand farewell before winter’s slumber.”
  • “The quaint pottery workshop, cluttered with clay and tools, was where creativity took tangible form, molded by hands and imagination.”
  • “The bustling airport terminal, a nexus of reunions and goodbyes, stands testament to the interconnectedness of our global village.”
  • “The childhood tree swing, weathered but still swaying, holds memories of sunlit afternoons and the joy of simple pleasures.”
  • “The grand mosque, with its towering minarets and intricate mosaics, is a monument to faith, devotion, and architectural genius.”
  • “The seaside promenade at sunset, bathed in warm hues, is a favorite rendezvous for lovers, dreamers, and sunset chasers.”
  • “The historic theater, with its plush red curtains and golden trims, has played host to tales of drama, romance, and laughter for over a century.
  • “The bustling farmer’s market on a Sunday morning, with its aroma of fresh bread and the vibrant hues of seasonal flowers, encapsulates the essence of community and organic living.”
  • “The secluded woodland cabin, nestled among tall pines, stands as a symbol of solitude and a retreat from the frenzied pace of urban life.”
  • “The majestic cathedral, with its soaring spires and stained-glass windows, resonates with centuries of prayer, reflection, and awe-inspiring architecture.”
  • “The cozy coffee shop on the corner, with its vintage decor and the sound of steamy espresso machines, is a haven for writers, thinkers, and everyday dreamers.”
  • “The butterfly conservatory, a whirlwind of colors and fluttering wings, showcases the delicate beauty and diverse metamorphosis of nature’s winged jewels.”
  • “The bustling bazaar of Marrakech, fragrant with spices and filled with the murmur of haggling, transports visitors into the heart of Moroccan culture.”
  • “The serene koi pond, with its mesmerizing dance of orange and white, is a testament to the elegance and tranquility of nature in a manicured setting.”
  • “The vintage car rally, roaring with engines from a bygone era, celebrates the evolution, design, and nostalgia of the automotive world.”
  • “The observatory deck atop a skyscraper, offering panoramic city views, stands as a perch for dreamers to gaze, reflect, and aspire.”
  • “The fragrant lavender fields of Provence, a sea of purple under the sun, offers a sensory delight and a promise of nature’s simple pleasures.”
  • “The bustling train station, echoing with announcements and the rhythm of hurried footsteps, is a microcosm of journeys, reunions, and transient moments.”
  • “The rain-soaked alleyway, glistening under the street lamps, sets the scene for mysteries, fleeting romances, and urban tales waiting to unfold.”
  • “The enchanting botanical garden, bursting with exotic flora and hidden pathways, beckons nature lovers into its verdant embrace.”
  • “The snowy mountain peak, majestic and seemingly unreachable, challenges adventurers and evokes awe in the face of nature’s grandeur.”
  • “The artisanal bakery, with the seductive scent of freshly baked sourdough, celebrates the age-old tradition of bread-making and culinary artistry.”
  • “The regal ballroom, shimmering under chandeliers, has been the backdrop for countless dances, romances, and opulent celebrations.”
  • “The whimsical carousel in the park, painted with dreams and lit by nostalgia, evokes memories of childlike wonder and simpler times.”
  • “The tranquil tea garden, with its steaming cups and rustling bamboo, offers a pause from the mundane, an oasis for reflection and rejuvenation.”
  • “The abandoned factory, its walls covered in graffiti, is a canvas of urban decay, histories forgotten, and art reborn from the ashes.”
  • “The charming English cottage, surrounded by blooming roses and ivy-covered walls, speaks of fairy tales, timeless beauty, and homely comforts.
  • “The pristine alpine lake, mirrored in its clarity and surrounded by towering peaks, stands as a testament to nature’s untouched beauty and serenity.”
  • “The bustling fish market at dawn, alive with shouts and the silver gleam of the catch, is the very pulse of coastal life and traditions.”
  • “The age-old library, with its musty scent and maze of bookshelves, holds within its walls tales of yore, knowledge untapped, and the whispered secrets of countless readers.”
  • “The vibrant carnival parade, a symphony of colors, music, and dance, celebrates the diverse tapestry of cultures and the joyous spirit of festivity.”
  • “The moonlit desert, vast and enigmatic, presents a landscape of shifting sands, starry skies, and profound silences that tell tales of time and eternity.”
  • “The bustling Tokyo intersection, awash with neon lights and a river of pedestrians, captures the essence of modern urban life and relentless motion.”
  • “The tranquil zen garden, with its balanced stones and raked sand patterns, epitomizes the quest for inner peace and harmony in the external world.”
  • “The age-old winery, with oak barrels and an aroma of fermenting grapes, carries stories of traditions, passionate craftsmanship, and the evolution of flavors.”
  • “The ancient ruins, standing stoically against time, echo the grandeur of civilizations past, their triumphs, tragedies, and the inexorable march of time.”
  • “The bustling subway station, a mosaic of hurried commuters, talented buskers, and fleeting human connections, is the underbelly of a city’s vibrant life.”
  • “The golden beach at twilight, with its interplay of shadows and waves, paints a picture of solitude, reflection, and the eternal dance of tide and time.”
  • “The majestic opera house, illuminated and resonating with arias, stands as a monument to human creativity, passion, and the sublime power of music.”
  • “The bustling spice market of Istanbul, fragrant with a medley of aromas, is a sensory journey through culinary traditions and ancient trade routes.”
  • “The silent snow-covered village, nestled beneath a blanket of stars, whispers tales of cozy hearths, shared tales, and the magic of winter.”
  • “The labyrinthine souks of Marrakech, with their myriad stalls and vibrant tapestries, are a testament to the artistry, commerce, and spirited negotiations of traditional market life.”
  • “The expansive savannah, dotted with acacia trees and teeming with wildlife, offers a window into the raw beauty and intricate balance of the natural world.”
  • “The Gothic cathedral, with its towering arches and haunting gargoyles, stands as a testament to the meeting of divine aspiration and architectural innovation.”
  • “The jazz-filled streets of New Orleans, bursting with culture and rhythms, resonate with the soul of a city steeped in musical heritage.”
  • “The picturesque vine-covered cottage, bathed in morning light, evokes dreams of rustic retreats, timeless beauty, and the serenity of country living.”
  • “The rainforest canopy, alive with chirps, rustles, and hidden wonders, plunges the explorer into a world of biodiversity, interdependence, and nature’s lush tapestry.

Descriptive Essay Thesis Statement Examples About a Person

  • “My grandmother, with her silver hair and stories of old, is a living tapestry of family history, resilience, and wisdom passed down through generations.”
  • “John’s infectious laughter, boundless energy, and knack for mischief paint him as the life of every gathering and the architect of countless memories.”
  • “Lila, with her studious demeanor and stacks of books, embodies the relentless pursuit of knowledge and the quiet strength of an intellectual warrior.”
  • “Captain Rodriguez, standing tall in his naval uniform, is the epitome of discipline, honor, and a lifetime dedicated to service.”
  • “Anna’s compassionate eyes, always alert to the needs of others, reveal a heart that cares deeply and a spirit that seeks to uplift those around her.”
  • “Mark’s hands, calloused from years of craftsmanship, tell tales of artistry, dedication, and the timeless beauty of handcrafted creations.”
  • “Lucia, with her graceful dance movements and expressive face, translates emotions into motion, telling stories that words alone cannot convey.”
  • “Uncle Ray’s sun-weathered face, marked by lines of joy and sorrow, is a testament to a life fully lived, filled with adventures and lessons learned.”
  • “Sarah’s voice, melodic and soothing, carries the weight of lullabies, shared secrets, and whispered comforts during the darkest nights.”
  • “Tom, with his determined stride and focused gaze, epitomizes ambition, drive, and the relentless pursuit of dreams against all odds.”

Descriptive Essay Thesis Statement Examples About the Beach

  • “The moonlit shoreline, with its rhythmic waves and silvery reflections, offers a serene sanctuary for nighttime contemplation and whispered secrets.”
  • “Sunset Beach, awash in hues of orange and pink, stands as nature’s canvas, portraying daily masterpieces of fleeting beauty and awe.”
  • “The playful beach on a summer day, echoing with children’s laughter and the distant hum of boat engines, encapsulates the joy of carefree vacations.”
  • “The stormy beach, with its towering waves and tempestuous skies, showcases the might of nature and the transient nature of human constructs.”
  • “The secluded cove, bordered by jagged cliffs and turquoise waters, serves as a hidden escape from the world, a paradise known to only a few.”
  • “Morning’s first light on the beach, with its soft glow and retreating tides, promises a day of possibilities, adventures, and discoveries.”
  • “The palm-fringed beach, with its hammocks and gentle breezes, is the epitome of tropical dreams, relaxation, and escape from life’s hustle.”
  • “The shell-strewn shore, a treasure trove of nature’s designs, invites beachcombers to embark on quests of discovery and wonder.”
  • “The surfer’s beach, with its rolling waves and adrenalized atmosphere, is a playground for daredevils, dreamers, and those in tune with the ocean’s pulse.”
  • “The tranquil beach at twilight, bathed in a soft purplish hue, provides a backdrop for evening strolls, introspective moments, and the beginnings of starry nights.

What is the purpose of the thesis statement of a descriptive essay?

How do you write a thesis for a descriptive essay – step by step guide.

  • Identify Your Subject: Before you can craft your thesis, you need to have a clear idea of what or who you’ll be describing. It could be a place, person, object, or event.
  • Determine the Central Theme or Idea: Ask yourself why you’re writing about this subject. What emotion, mood, or idea do you want to convey?
  • Use Vivid Language: Incorporate language that evokes sensory details. This sets the tone for the rest of your essay.
  • Make it Specific: A vague thesis can disengage your reader. Be specific in what you intend to describe or convey.
  • Keep it Concise: While it should be specific, your thesis should also be succinct. It should capture the essence without being overly wordy.
  • Reiterate its Importance: Your thesis should also hint at why your description matters or what significance it holds.
  • Review and Refine: Once drafted, read your thesis aloud. Does it convey what you want? If not, refine it until it resonates.

Tips for Writing a Descriptive Essay Thesis Statement

  • Engage the Senses: Use language that paints a picture, evoking taste, sight, sound, touch, and smell.
  • Avoid Being Too General: General statements don’t evoke emotions or imagery. Delve into specifics.
  • Align with the Body of Your Essay: Ensure that your thesis hints at the descriptive details you’ll expand upon in the main body.
  • Seek Feedback: Sometimes, it’s beneficial to get an outside perspective. Share your thesis with a friend or teacher and get their feedback.
  • Revise: Don’t be afraid to change your thesis if you feel it doesn’t fit as your essay develops.

More Thesis Statement

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Your thesis is the central claim in your essay—your main insight or idea about your source or topic. Your thesis should appear early in an academic essay, followed by a logically constructed argument that supports this central claim. A strong thesis is arguable, which means a thoughtful reader could disagree with it and therefore needs your careful analysis of the evidence to understand how you arrived at this claim. You arrive at your thesis by examining and analyzing the evidence available to you, which might be text or other types of source material.

A thesis will generally respond to an analytical question or pose a solution to a problem that you have framed for your readers (and for yourself). When you frame that question or problem for your readers, you are telling them what is at stake in your argument—why your question matters and why they should care about the answer . If you can explain to your readers why a question or problem is worth addressing, then they will understand why it’s worth reading an essay that develops your thesis—and you will understand why it’s worth writing that essay.

A strong thesis will be arguable rather than descriptive , and it will be the right scope for the essay you are writing. If your thesis is descriptive, then you will not need to convince your readers of anything—you will be naming or summarizing something your readers can already see for themselves. If your thesis is too narrow, you won’t be able to explore your topic in enough depth to say something interesting about it. If your thesis is too broad, you may not be able to support it with evidence from the available sources.

When you are writing an essay for a course assignment, you should make sure you understand what type of claim you are being asked to make. Many of your assignments will be asking you to make analytical claims , which are based on interpretation of facts, data, or sources.

Some of your assignments may ask you to make normative claims. Normative claims are claims of value or evaluation rather than fact—claims about how things should be rather than how they are. A normative claim makes the case for the importance of something, the action that should be taken, or the way the world should be. When you are asked to write a policy memo, a proposal, or an essay based on your own opinion, you will be making normative claims.

Here are some examples of possible thesis statements for a student's analysis of the article “The Case Against Perfection” by Professor Michael Sandel.  

Descriptive thesis (not arguable)  

While Sandel argues that pursuing perfection through genetic engineering would decrease our sense of humility, he claims that the sense of solidarity we would lose is also important.

This thesis summarizes several points in Sandel’s argument, but it does not make a claim about how we should understand his argument. A reader who read Sandel’s argument would not also need to read an essay based on this descriptive thesis.  

Broad thesis (arguable, but difficult to support with evidence)  

Michael Sandel’s arguments about genetic engineering do not take into consideration all the relevant issues.

This is an arguable claim because it would be possible to argue against it by saying that Michael Sandel’s arguments do take all of the relevant issues into consideration. But the claim is too broad. Because the thesis does not specify which “issues” it is focused on—or why it matters if they are considered—readers won’t know what the rest of the essay will argue, and the writer won’t know what to focus on. If there is a particular issue that Sandel does not address, then a more specific version of the thesis would include that issue—hand an explanation of why it is important.  

Arguable thesis with analytical claim  

While Sandel argues persuasively that our instinct to “remake” (54) ourselves into something ever more perfect is a problem, his belief that we can always draw a line between what is medically necessary and what makes us simply “better than well” (51) is less convincing.

This is an arguable analytical claim. To argue for this claim, the essay writer will need to show how evidence from the article itself points to this interpretation. It’s also a reasonable scope for a thesis because it can be supported with evidence available in the text and is neither too broad nor too narrow.  

Arguable thesis with normative claim  

Given Sandel’s argument against genetic enhancement, we should not allow parents to decide on using Human Growth Hormone for their children.

This thesis tells us what we should do about a particular issue discussed in Sandel’s article, but it does not tell us how we should understand Sandel’s argument.  

Questions to ask about your thesis  

  • Is the thesis truly arguable? Does it speak to a genuine dilemma in the source, or would most readers automatically agree with it?  
  • Is the thesis too obvious? Again, would most or all readers agree with it without needing to see your argument?  
  • Is the thesis complex enough to require a whole essay's worth of argument?  
  • Is the thesis supportable with evidence from the text rather than with generalizations or outside research?  
  • Would anyone want to read a paper in which this thesis was developed? That is, can you explain what this paper is adding to our understanding of a problem, question, or topic?
  • Tips for Reading an Assignment Prompt
  • Asking Analytical Questions
  • Introductions
  • What Do Introductions Across the Disciplines Have in Common?
  • Anatomy of a Body Paragraph
  • Transitions
  • Tips for Organizing Your Essay
  • Counterargument
  • Conclusions
  • Strategies for Essay Writing: Downloadable PDFs
  • Brief Guides to Writing in the Disciplines

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  • Descriptive Research | Definition, Types, Methods & Examples

Descriptive Research | Definition, Types, Methods & Examples

Published on May 15, 2019 by Shona McCombes . Revised on June 22, 2023.

Descriptive research aims to accurately and systematically describe a population, situation or phenomenon. It can answer what , where , when and how   questions , but not why questions.

A descriptive research design can use a wide variety of research methods  to investigate one or more variables . Unlike in experimental research , the researcher does not control or manipulate any of the variables, but only observes and measures them.

Table of contents

When to use a descriptive research design, descriptive research methods, other interesting articles.

Descriptive research is an appropriate choice when the research aim is to identify characteristics, frequencies, trends, and categories.

It is useful when not much is known yet about the topic or problem. Before you can research why something happens, you need to understand how, when and where it happens.

Descriptive research question examples

  • How has the Amsterdam housing market changed over the past 20 years?
  • Do customers of company X prefer product X or product Y?
  • What are the main genetic, behavioural and morphological differences between European wildcats and domestic cats?
  • What are the most popular online news sources among under-18s?
  • How prevalent is disease A in population B?

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Descriptive research is usually defined as a type of quantitative research , though qualitative research can also be used for descriptive purposes. The research design should be carefully developed to ensure that the results are valid and reliable .

Survey research allows you to gather large volumes of data that can be analyzed for frequencies, averages and patterns. Common uses of surveys include:

  • Describing the demographics of a country or region
  • Gauging public opinion on political and social topics
  • Evaluating satisfaction with a company’s products or an organization’s services


Observations allow you to gather data on behaviours and phenomena without having to rely on the honesty and accuracy of respondents. This method is often used by psychological, social and market researchers to understand how people act in real-life situations.

Observation of physical entities and phenomena is also an important part of research in the natural sciences. Before you can develop testable hypotheses , models or theories, it’s necessary to observe and systematically describe the subject under investigation.

Case studies

A case study can be used to describe the characteristics of a specific subject (such as a person, group, event or organization). Instead of gathering a large volume of data to identify patterns across time or location, case studies gather detailed data to identify the characteristics of a narrowly defined subject.

Rather than aiming to describe generalizable facts, case studies often focus on unusual or interesting cases that challenge assumptions, add complexity, or reveal something new about a research problem .

If you want to know more about statistics , methodology , or research bias , make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

  • Normal distribution
  • Degrees of freedom
  • Null hypothesis
  • Discourse analysis
  • Control groups
  • Mixed methods research
  • Non-probability sampling
  • Quantitative research
  • Ecological validity

Research bias

  • Rosenthal effect
  • Implicit bias
  • Cognitive bias
  • Selection bias
  • Negativity bias
  • Status quo bias

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descriptive thesis examples

How to Write a Descriptive Essay: Full Guide With Tips

descriptive thesis examples

In this article, we examine the descriptive essay and present a step-by-step writing guide. Stick around for helpful writing tips near the end! Also, check out custom writers at EssayPro — political science essay service, if you need private tutoring or essay editing.

What is a Descriptive Essay?

The definition of a descriptive essay is a type of composition or paper which describes an object, person, process, or event. The writer’s goal is to create a vivid reading experience, or to show instead of tell (metaphorically).

Descriptive writing usually appeals to the five senses: taste, touch, smell, hearing, and sight. (Ex: Jack’s coffee mug exploded into tiny shards of glass, catching the attention of everyone at the office.) Always appealing to the senses is key to writing a good descriptive essay.

When writing a descriptive essay, your goal will be to paint a comprehensive picture for the reader by appealing to the five senses. Last but not least, your work should have a purpose. It could be anything from a lesson you learned from an experience, to a story of how an object impacted your life. It’s all about making your bright ideas come to life.

Difference Between a Description and a Descriptive Essay

When writing this type of paper, you should know the difference between a description and a descriptive essay. A description can be just a simple paragraph, or several ones with no specific structure, meanwhile, a descriptive essay has five or more paragraphs and a clear and complete structure. A descriptive essay is usually written coherently, has a good thesis statement at the end of the introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. A description however, does not necessarily have a structure. Its main purpose is to just describe an object, or something else, without having any extra academic layers.

The Issues that Could be Described in Your Paper

  • A person. In this paper, you can talk about a person. It can range from simply writing about their appearance to more complex descriptions like actions, behaviours, mood, and qualities of your chosen individual.
  • A place. The main thing you should do when describing a place in your work is to describe it interestingly and originally. Your reader(s) should feel, for example, the beauty of your chosen cities—perhaps New York or Rome.
  • An event. Here you need to describe the story of what happened. It can be your last vacation, concert, wedding, anniversary, summer music festival, graduation day, or so on.
  • An animal. In this type, you need to describe the animal. It may be its appearance, behaviour, or biology.
  • An occupation. Here you need to write about a job or occupation.
  • A behaviour. This is the type of descriptive writing you should go for if you would like to write about someone’s behaviour. Perhaps you want to describe the strange behaviour of your friend, or highlight how certain people act under different conditions.

Two Classic Approaches to the Descriptive Essay

Two Classic Approaches to the Descriptive Essay

1. Personal Essay

Here you need to describe an experience using your feelings and responses. This work can awake empathy in readers. It can also be vague and disorganized. If you want to write a good personal essay, you should try to focus only on those aspects that most fully express your experience. Do not shy away from vivid, evocative language in this type of assignment.

A few examples of personal essay topics might be:

  • Describing the experience of swimming in the azure sea in summer
  • Explaining your favourite movie and its impact on you
  • Reflecting on your birthday and all the things that have shaped you in the past

2. Formal Description

This type of descriptive writing resembles an argumentative essay. Your main goal should be communicating a set of key points or describing something in detail—according to a clear structure. Rather than focusing on your own experience, you need to use specific categories of information to provide the fullest possible portrait of what you are describing. This approach can also be engaging, especially when the reader is more curious about the subject of the paper than the writer's response to it. Still, try not to make it dull with too formal language.

Topics for formal descriptions can include:

  • A descriptive essay about climate change, politics, or historical events.
  • A news story that provides a summary of an event or information about the place where it occurred.

Descriptive Essay Topics & Ideas

Finding descriptive essay topics isn’t hard. You can describe pretty much anything—from your favourite car to today’s weather. We’ve gathered some ideas to help you get started. Hopefully, you’ll find good descriptive essay topics to spark your imagination.

Descriptive Essay

Descriptive Essay Topics: People

Exploring the essence of individuals through this type of writing can be both engaging and insightful. Here are ten distinctive essay topics centered on people that go beyond the ordinary:

  • The Eccentric Street Performer Who Danced with Shadows
  • A Glimpse into the Daily Routine of a Lighthouse Keeper
  • The Mysterious Antique Shop Owner: Guardian of Forgotten Tales
  • A Day in the Life of a Vintage Jazz Club's Bartender
  • The Tattooed Wanderer: Stories Etched in Ink
  • A Conversation with the Urban Gardener Transforming Cityscapes
  • Portrait of a Silent Mime Artist: Communicating Without Words
  • A Chef's Culinary Odyssey: Exploring Flavor on a Plate
  • The Whimsical World of a Puppeteer: Strings of Imagination
  • Life Beneath the Spotlight: A Theatrical Makeup Artist's Secrets

Descriptive Essay Topics: Place

Places possess a unique ability to evoke emotions and tell their own stories through descriptive essay writing. To transport your readers to captivating destinations, consider these ten distinct topics, each offering a glimpse into a one-of-a-kind locale:

  • The Forgotten Underground Catacombs: A Subterranean Labyrinth of Secrets
  • Serenity by the Secluded Cliffside Cottage: Echoes of Solitude
  • A Day in the Life of an Abandoned Amusement Park: Whispers of Laughter
  • The Enchanted Forest: A Realm of Ancient Mysteries
  • A Fishing Village Frozen in Time: Life on the Shores of Nostalgia
  • The Rooftop Gardens of Babylon: Urban Oases in the Sky
  • The Hidden Café of Lost Conversations: Where Coffee and Stories Brew
  • A Night at the Desert Oasis: Starlit Mirages and Mirage Stars
  • The Echoing Halls of the Sunken Ship: A Submerged Voyage into History
  • The Neon Glow of the Midnight Arcade: Dreams Illuminated in Pixels

Descriptive Essay Topics: Memories

Memories offer a rich tapestry of experiences waiting to be woven into your descriptive essays. Dive into the realms of nostalgia and introspection with these topics, each drawing upon the power of recollection:

  • The Unfading Echoes of Childhood Hideouts: Adventures in the Past
  • A Forgotten Diary's Pages: Secrets of Lost Sentiments
  • The Last Summer Before College: Sunsets of Transition
  • The Old Family Recipe Book: Savoring Generations in Every Dish
  • Ghosts of Prom Nights Past: The Dance of Teenage Dreams
  • The Antique Music Box: Tunes That Unravel Time's Veil
  • Letters from the Front Lines: Ink-Stained Testaments of Courage
  • The Forgotten Album of Polaroids: Snapshots of Precious Moments
  • Ancestral Attic Treasures: Relics of Heritage and Identity
  • The Whispers of a Childhood Blanket: Comfort Woven in Threads

Creating a Descriptive Essay Outline

When thinking about descriptive essay writing, remember that a structured paper outline is your golden ticket. Not only does it help you organize thoughts, but it will also help your essays flow better.

A descriptive essay outline is composed of the following:

  • An introduction
  • Hook sentence
  • Context/Background information
  • Thesis statement
  • Body paragraphs
  • Topic sentence
  • Sensory details
  • Actual details
  • A conclusion
  • Summary of all main points
  • Clincher Statement

It is important to spend enough time considering the victim of description because all of your illustrations will be based around it.

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The introduction serves to introduce your subject to the reader and give them enough context to fully understand your work—but keep it brief and interesting for the reader(s). When learning how to write a descriptive essay introduction, remember – the first paragraph of your paper is the part that can make your descriptive essay stand out from the others.

As with any college paper, a descriptive essay introduction must contain the following points:

  • Hook Sentence: Although the entire paper should be full of exciting and vivid descriptions, grabbing the reader's attention from the very beginning is ideal.
  • Context/Background Information: Tell the reader what you’re about to describe and explain why it is crucial to you. Give them a brief context for your paper.
  • Thesis Statement: The descriptive essay thesis should be a short yet concise summary of the work. It must include the subject of your description, and your purpose for describing it.

For further information on how to write a thesis for a descriptive essay, check out the examples below.

Place. If you were to write about Buckingham Palace: “Even though the monarchy is long gone, Buckingham Palace serves to remind us of the aesthetic beauty which that era had built.” Person. For describing Spider-Man: “The defining characteristics of Spider-Man are his youthfulness, New York City, and the fact that he talks to himself more than Hamlet.” Emotion. A piece about a personal experience of fear: “For many reasons, the dark forest is my greatest fear, though not a fear which I would necessarily like to venture into.”

Body Paragraph(s)

There are usually three body paragraphs in a paper. They cover three different points or arguments. How many body paragraphs to include in your descriptive essay is entirely up to you—or your professor. Sometimes it only takes a paragraph to tell a story, while other times it takes books.

How to write a body paragraph:

  • Start with a topic sentence. ex. The orange looks familiar; it is a round citrus fruit whose colour matches its name.
  • Add sensory details. When describing the orange, appeal to relatable senses.
  • Include actual details. Always include descriptive information within your body paragraphs. Finish a body paragraph by introducing the next. Transition sentences are essential because they create immersion within your writing. Your writing will become better and it won’t appear as if you are reading a list of facts.

The descriptive essay is one type of 5 paragraph essay , which is the most common type of essay a student may encounter.

According to the descriptive essay format, your conclusion should be a summary of all of the main points in the body text. It is a good idea to write a final sentence that relates to the main point of your paper. Once this is done, the paper is now complete. We advise that you proofread your descriptive essay to correct any grammatical errors.

Try to incorporate the following into your conclusion:

  • The first thing to do at the end is to reflect on the initial purpose of the work. Spill the beans on why you decided to write about this subject, and how this subject has affected your life. An article about reflection paper may also be helpful to you.
  • Signify the Importance of the Details: Go over some key moments of the paper. Give a summary of what you have covered, and prepare the audience for the clincher statement.
  • Clincher Statement: The clincher is the final sentence that reinforces your paper’s overall purpose or leaves your audience with an intriguing thought, question, or quote. You’ve probably spent a lot of time thinking of a hook to pull the audience in. Do not allow the paper to escape your audience’s thoughts right after they have finish reading it.

If you need help, leave us a notice ' do my homework ' and get it asap.

Writing and Reviewing Your Descriptive Paper Writing

Writing the paper consists of the following stages:

  • Pre-writing stage. Here you need to examine all of the sources you have and define if they all offer important information on the topic of your choice.
  • Writing the beginning. You should start your paper with a powerful, engaging hook that will grab the readers' attention. It may include an unusual metaphor or an interesting literary quote.
  • Creating the first draft of your descriptive essay. Here is where you just need to write down all of the words that come to your mind; you'll have a chance to narrow down your ideas later.
  • Adding details to your paper with the help of enriched English vocabulary and online dictionaries. Use your English vocabulary to add missing feelings, like hearing, to help make the descriptive essay leave a lasting impression.
  • Revising and editing the paper with the help of different free online grammar checking tools.

Let’s talk in detail about the final step here: reviewing your paper. After you finish writing, take a break. It’s always best to clear your mind before editing your paper.

When you come back to your descriptive essay, here are some questions to ask yourself:

  • Have you provided enough context in the introduction?
  • Is the paper easy to read?
  • Does the thesis relate to the content of the paper?
  • Does the paper feature vivid, descriptive language?
  • Will the clincher statement leave a lasting impact?
  • Are there enough details to make it possible for your readers to obtain a full and vivid perception of your description?
  • Does each section of your work focus on one aspect of your description?
  • Does your paper possess any unnecessary details in your description that can be thrown away or replaced by more meaningful information?
  • Overall, if you were the reader, does this paper make sense to you?
  • Are there any problems with grammar and punctuation?

Sometimes web applications like Grammarly or the Hemingway app can help you sort your grammar. However, it’s always best to master the rules of grammar yourself and become the best writer you can be. Once you’re convinced you have the final draft, read it out loud or give it to a friend to read. Sometimes you need some constructive criticism to tie up loose ends in your writing. You can also trust the professionals and buy cheap essay on EssayPro service.


Descriptive Essay Examples

Embracing the art of descriptive writing isn't always a natural gift for everyone. For those seeking inspiration and guidance, we prepared an example of a descriptive essay which is a valuable resource. Meanwhile, we acknowledge that not everyone may possess the innate talent for painting vivid word pictures. If you find yourself in need of assistance with more intricate endeavors, such as dissertations, rest assured that our team comprises writers who possess the innate ability to weave eloquent prose that breathes life into your ideas.

Example 1: 'The Enchanted Library: A Gateway to Forgotten Realms'

In this descriptive essay example, the author masterfully employs a wide array of descriptive tools, deftly painting a vivid picture of 'Bibliotheca Mirabilis.' Through metaphor, personification, and sensory details, the library comes to life, almost becoming a character within the narrative. The author's choice of words and careful descriptions immerses the reader in the enchanting setting, creating a captivating journey through the realms of imagination.

The writer of this descriptive essay example explains how there was a lot of life before humans existed. The world was full of Blue Jays and North Cardinal birds that most probably ate pansy seeds as a stable diet. In this example, it is clear that the writer has put himself/herself in the perspective of someone in the far future. He/she describes how we were in the 21st century, and how we used the poles as communication portals.

Example 2: 'The Forgotten Watchmaker: Crafting Timepieces of Elegance'

In this essay, the author adeptly employs a variety of descriptive tools to transport the reader into the heart of the potter's workshop. Through carefully chosen words, the workshop's ambiance, from the earthy scent of clay to the warmth of the kiln, becomes palpable. The rustic charm and ceramics in different stages of creation evoke a strong sense of tradition and dedication. The potter emerges as a central figure, their expertise and passion clearly portrayed. This essay immerses the reader in a world of craftsmanship, where each piece of pottery carries a unique narrative, and the art of creation is celebrated with profound reverence.

In the eyes of the untrained, a rugby game is just a bunch of huge individuals senselessly fighting one another, struggling to move an oval ball inch by inch down a field full of mud towards the goal line of the opposing team. Players don’t put on pads or get a timeout in the event of injuries. Yet rugby is a different thing, a gentleman’s sport—to those who understand it. While rugby appears rough, its players maintain good respect toward both teammates and opponents.

For those who may find writing a challenging endeavor, rest assured that it's a skill that can be developed over time. If you're looking for expert guidance or assistance with your academic life, our team includes experienced wordsmiths who can even help with dissertation writing. Whether you're working on essays, stories, or any writing project, we're here to support your creative journey and help you convey your ideas more effectively.

Need To Describe Something But DON'T KNOW HOW?

Let one of our essay writers do it for you, all you have to do is send us your paper requirements and wait for your original paper to be written.

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Descriptive Essays

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The Modes of Discourse—Exposition, Description, Narration, Argumentation (EDNA)—are common paper assignments you may encounter in your writing classes. Although these genres have been criticized by some composition scholars, the Purdue OWL recognizes the wide spread use of these approaches and students’ need to understand and produce them.

What is a descriptive essay?

The descriptive essay is a genre of essay that asks the student to describe something—object, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc. This genre encourages the student’s ability to create a written account of a particular experience. What is more, this genre allows for a great deal of artistic freedom (the goal of which is to paint an image that is vivid and moving in the mind of the reader).

One might benefit from keeping in mind this simple maxim: If the reader is unable to clearly form an impression of the thing that you are describing, try, try again!

Here are some guidelines for writing a descriptive essay.

  • Take time to brainstorm

If your instructor asks you to describe your favorite food, make sure that you jot down some ideas before you begin describing it. For instance, if you choose pizza, you might start by writing down a few words: sauce, cheese, crust, pepperoni, sausage, spices, hot, melted, etc. Once you have written down some words, you can begin by compiling descriptive lists for each one.

  • Use clear and concise language.

This means that words are chosen carefully, particularly for their relevancy in relation to that which you are intending to describe.

  • Choose vivid language.

Why use horse when you can choose stallion ? Why not use tempestuous instead of violent ? Or why not miserly in place of cheap ? Such choices form a firmer image in the mind of the reader and often times offer nuanced meanings that serve better one’s purpose.

  • Use your senses!

Remember, if you are describing something, you need to be appealing to the senses of the reader. Explain how the thing smelled, felt, sounded, tasted, or looked. Embellish the moment with senses.

  • What were you thinking?!

If you can describe emotions or feelings related to your topic, you will connect with the reader on a deeper level. Many have felt crushing loss in their lives, or ecstatic joy, or mild complacency. Tap into this emotional reservoir in order to achieve your full descriptive potential.

  • Leave the reader with a clear impression.

One of your goals is to evoke a strong sense of familiarity and appreciation in the reader. If your reader can walk away from the essay craving the very pizza you just described, you are on your way to writing effective descriptive essays.

  • Be organized!

It is easy to fall into an incoherent rambling of emotions and senses when writing a descriptive essay. However, you must strive to present an organized and logical description if the reader is to come away from the essay with a cogent sense of what it is you are attempting to describe.

Descriptive Method on a Thesis

Kristyn hammond, 25 jun 2018.

Descriptive Method on a Thesis

A descriptive thesis examines a phenomena, group of people, idea or theory with a particular focus on facts and conditions of the subject. A descriptive thesis should be unbiased. Your goal is to collect factual evidence and information that give your reader a comprehensive perception of your subject. Writing a descriptive thesis can be one of the most challenging types of thesis papers because of its reliance on unbiased perception. Descriptive thesis are commonly used in analyzing people, though they may be used in other sciences as well.

Explore this article

  • Purpose of a Descriptive Thesis
  • Writing Technique
  • Elements of a Thesis
  • Things to Avoid

1 Purpose of a Descriptive Thesis

The purpose of a descriptive thesis is to provide an accurate account of a subject at the time of your research. If your subject changes after your research, your thesis remains an image of your subject during the time of your observation. Also, your goal is to provide evidence and observations that test your hypothesis. This may entail gathering enough evidence to support or deny your hypothesis statement, or providing evidence that answers multiple questions about the nature of your subject. Within your thesis, you will establish a test to determine how you can answer your hypothesis. For instance, your test may require that you demonstrate a number of particular psychological symptoms to prove a test diagnosis.

2 Writing Technique

A descriptive thesis focuses on your use of senses. This includes describing the physical sensations you experience while observing your subject. Unlike other thesis types, you should avoid any early analysis of your sense information. As an example, you should avoid suggesting that your subject is depressed, as this is a diagnosis. Instead, note that your subject is withdrawn, quiet, showing sad emotions or prone to emotional outbursts. You can use the sense information for your diagnosis and analysis later in your research, or possibly arrive at a diagnosis that is entirely different than depression.

3 Elements of a Thesis

A descriptive thesis requires a declarative style, stating a series of facts and descriptions. Your reader should be able to read your thesis, examine your facts and devise her own diagnosis based on your observations, which may or may not coincide with your later analysis. Your description should be clear enough for your reader to make her own assertions as she reads. Your reader should be able to question your later analysis, conclusions and the test you use to generate your conclusion, but you should present your facts and descriptions clearly enough that your reader cannot dispute them.

4 Things to Avoid

Avoid any sense of bias in your descriptive thesis. You can observe and record sensory facts without providing any internal analysis about their meaning. For instance, if you observe your subject demonstrating a quiet, reserved manner, avoid phrasing your description as “pitiful"—words like “pitiful” are analytical in nature and create a bias against your subject. Emotional phrases, or words that relate your feelings about what you see, are irrelevant in a descriptive thesis. If you describe the scene as you see it, your reader should experience the same emotional feelings you witnessed in yourself.

  • 1 Prof Essays: Descriptive Thesis

About the Author

Kristyn Hammond has been teaching freshman college composition at the university level since 2010. She has experience teaching developmental writing, freshman composition, and freshman composition and research. She currently resides in Central Texas where she works for a small university in the Texas A&M system of schools.

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Descriptive Essay

Descriptive Essay Writing

Last updated on: Feb 9, 2023

How To Write An Impactful Descriptive Essay?

By: Cathy A.

12 min read

Reviewed By: Melisa C.

Published on: Dec 17, 2019

Descriptive Essay

Wondering how to write an impressive descriptive essay? Writing a descriptive essay is both fun and challenging. You need to describe the main topic in detail and by engaging the five senses of the readers.

Students usually get this type of essay in high school and college. Writing a descriptive essay is different from other essays.

You need to focus on describing a certain person, place, or event.

Luckily for you, the following blog post will provide some helpful tips on how to create an engaging essay.

Continue reading to learn how to write an A-worthy descriptive essay.

Descriptive Essay

On this Page

What is a Descriptive Essay?

A descriptive essay is a detailed paper that describes a place, person, situation, object, or emotion. Different people have different points of view and your job is to explain yours in detail.

You may be asked to write a descriptive essay about the beach or forest or about a person or situation. The purpose of this essay is to test the writer’s ability in expressing and explaining their experiences.

Descriptive writing should create a picture in the reader’s mind. You may be required to write a descriptive essay as a high school or college essay assignment.

For a compelling essay, using adjectives and adverbs, details, and figurative language is fundamental. Without proper usage of words, you will not be able to invoke the readers' emotions.

What is the Purpose of a Descriptive Essay?

The purpose of a descriptive essay is to describe a person, place, or personal experience in vivid detail so that the reader can create a picture in his mind.

The descriptive essay is written to get the reader to understand by using descriptive language. It is different from narrative essays, where the writer tells the story about someone else. Usually, it starts with a real-life event and then the content follows the author's imagination.

Descriptive essays are not intended to persuade the reader or show facts and figures to prove something. Descriptive essays are like word paintings that contain personal and descriptive details and these are mostly assigned to students of creative writing.

How to Start a Descriptive Essay

A strong start for your descriptive essay is essential. Analyze your topic from every angle and document the following details:

Analyze the main subjects in detail and observe minute things.

  • Start with observing all the possible aspects of the subject.
  • Don't just observe the object but also its surroundings.
  • Focus on details and features of the subject and develop opinions about them.
  • Be thoughtful; this first step will be the basis for the essay.

Physical Settings

Describing the physical settings is a must in a descriptive essay. When describing, keep the following points in mind.

  • Focus on the subject's position and observe nearby objects
  • Note the time of day and kind of lighting: natural or imitated
  • Physical settings: all the basic and decorative elements
  • The position and shape of the objects
  • Alignment and any other observable information

Physical Features

When describing the physical features of the subject, living or nonliving, consider the following points.

  • Living or nonliving; describe the features in detail
  • The subject's skin color, texture, smoothness, expression, and age
  • The features of inanimate objects in the picture, color, surface, and texture

Create Drama

Storytelling and drama are the life and blood of a good descriptive essay. It turns your essay into an exciting and interesting piece of writing. However, be subtle about adding drama to your sentence structure and add it to complement your story only.

Focus On Your Feelings

Focus on how you feel about the particular topic or person and stick to it. It is easy to get involved when working on the essay. But, focus on your own feelings and write an essay based on them.

Use Of Specific Vocabulary

Vocabulary is important. Select the best words for describing an action or object. Don't always use the first word that comes to mind.

Write slowly and thoughtfully, and use specific words to convey your thoughts.

Psychological Aspects

Writing about a certain situation or behavior of a person focuses on the mental aspects and emotions involved in them.

For Example, describe your emotions when your friend misplaced your notes right before the exam.

You may have had several emotions in that incident. Maybe you were prepared for exams, but this situation put you under pressure and made you feel frustrated and hurt.

Explore those emotions and describe the feelings they aroused. Describe the body language also, if relevant.

Ask Yourself, WHY?

This is the most valuable tip for students. When you are looking at a particular subject, and having difficulty analyzing its aspects, ask yourself "WHY".

  • Why is the subject the way it is?
  • Why does the person you are describing have such a deep-set and cold eyes?
  • Why is the animal so wounded and terrified?
  • Why is this particular place famous?

It is a good practice and after some time you will do it naturally. Knowing the why is important if you want to describe your topic properly.

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How To Write A Descriptive Essay?

When you write a descriptive essay, you help your readers visualize an event, a person, or a story. It is written to make your readers feel what you feel about the respective subject.

A descriptive essay seeks to appeal to some or all of the audience’s five senses. Some key things to consider are:

  • Discussing your subject thoroughly
  • Focusing on details and adding them in your essay
  • Sharing your personal feelings and experience about the subject
  • Observing and describing all sensory details of your subject

Here are the steps to write a descriptive essay easily.

1- Choose an Engaging and Focused Essay Topic

An important step that all strong descriptive essays share is having a focused topic. Before you make the outline, identify the purpose of your essay and use it to create an appropriate thesis statement.This type of paper does not require much personal opinion from you. Its main goal should be focusing on information that will make a dominant impression in readers' minds instead.

2- Research and Gather Important Details

When writing a descriptive essay, it is important to make sure you include as many details and sensory information as possible. This helps your reader fully understand the images that are being presented in their mind's eye.You can organize these ideas into categories so they're easy for you to access when needed.

3- Create an Outline of Your Essay

Your essays must be organized by having subheadings that are clear and concise. Group your main points into individual body paragraphs, each of which should only cover one idea or topic at a time.

4- Write your Essay’s Introduction

A good introductory paragraph is much like a road map because it provides direction to your readers.

It provides relevant background information before diving into more specific details related to how something works or why something happens. These could include statistics or stories from real-life scenarios.

5- Write the Main Body Section of Your Essay

Each body paragraph should start with a topic sentence that keeps the reader hooked on what you are saying. Use specific details instead of making generalized statements, and make sure to give examples if necessary.

6- End with a Strong Conclusion

The conclusion of an essay is the final paragraph, and it should summarize all that you have said throughout. It's a good idea to restate the main points and key details from the essay in this section.

It is important so the reader has everything they need for better understanding before ending off on something new.

If necessary be sure not to introduce anything odd or unusual, to avoid any confusion.

7- Proofread and Revise the Essay Carefully

Once you are done writing the essay, proofread and revise it carefully. Make sure that it is free from all kinds of errors.

Descriptive Essay Outline

Like all the other essays, a descriptive essay also follows the usual 5-paragraph essay structure and format.Before starting, it is important to create an outline. Following are the fundamental elements of your descriptive essay outline:

Descriptive Essay Introduction

The introduction sets the footing for the entire essay. Before heading towards the body section, the reader will come across the introduction.

It is the first impression of your work. It is very important to write an engaging introduction so that the readers read the essay till the end.

Start the essay in an easy-to-understand way and language. Provide background information on your topic so they can understand it and its importance.

To make sure the reader feels your emotions and decides to continue reading further, incorporate the following points in your introduction.

The following tips will guide you on how to write a good introduction for a descriptive essay.

  • Attract the reader's attention with an interesting fact, phrase, or quote
  • Don't bombard them with information
  • Go straight to the main pointsInclude enough information to introduce the topic and its significance.
  • Summarize the argument and the main topic and craft your thesis statement

Descriptive Essay Thesis Statement

A thesis statement is an integral part of your essay. It focuses on the argument and the writer’s main idea, which is to be discussed in the essay.

This statement also provides the writer with a chance of explaining the purpose and scope of the topic. It is intriguing and engaging.

A thesis statement is written at the end of the introduction, it is mainly a single sentence that describes the essay objective. The thesis statement should act as a guide to the reader on what to expect in the essay body. It is like a table of contents of a book, to the reader on contents you will get an idea of what the book is all about so you get to understand it better.

It is like a table of contents of a book. By reading it, you will get an idea of what the book is all about.

A good thesis should contain the following things:

  • Define the essay scope - it should narrow down all the points to clarify its purpose.
  • Avoid using common words - you should be creative with your choice of words.
  • Create suspense - it should attract the reader to the body paragraphs of the essay.

For further information on how to write a thesis for a descriptive essay, check out the following examples.

  • Descriptive essay example about a Place

“Even though monarchy is long gone, Buckingham Palace is here to remind us of the aesthetic beauty of that era.”

  • Descriptive essay example about a Person

“One of the characteristics of Spider-Man is his youthfulness, and the fact that he talks to himself more than Hamlet.”

  • Descriptive essay example about an Emotion

“For numerous reasons, the dark forest is my greatest fear, though not a fear which is necessarily smart to face.”

Descriptive Essay Body Paragraphs

Body paragraphs of the essay come next after the introduction and thesis statement. It is the main part that continues your essay.

Usually, an essay consists of three body paragraphs but you can add more if needed.

Don't add more than one central idea in one paragraph. Fusing different ideas will confuse the reader.

Build your paragraphs according to the thesis and introduction.

  • Start each body paragraph with the main sentence
  • Use transitions to move between paragraphs smoothly
  • Each paragraph should be five to six sentences long

Descriptive Essay Conclusion

The concluding paragraph is the last part of an essay, and probably your last chance to impress your reader.

The last part that the reader can keep in mind is the conclusion, which is as important as the rest of the essay.

To make it interesting and thought-provoking, include the following points:

  • Restate the thesis statement
  • Summarize the main points
  • Add an intriguing closing statement

After writing the conclusion, make a review of your essay, identify the mistakes and maintain a good tone throughout the essay.

Descriptive Essay Format Sample

Here is the descriptive essay format to help you understand how you can write a winning descriptive essay.


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Descriptive Essay Topics Ideas

Descriptive essay topics are often related to physical settings, locations, living beings, and objects.

Make sure that your essay includes the five senses, touch, taste, smell, sight, hearing, or at least one of them. It depends on the topic and the kind of feeling that you want to arouse.

Below are some descriptive essay ideas and ways to achieve them.

Living Beings

When you want to write about a person like a family member, consider the following elements:

  • Gender, age, complexion, and expressions
  • Physical features
  • Height, body type, and approximate weight
  • Kind of clothes

These details will add depth to the description and your readers will actually see your narrative.

When animals are the subject, you can add the above points plus the following details:

  • Species and animal
  • Size, weight, color
  • Behavior patterns
  • Temperament
  • Trained or wild?
  • Real or fictional?

Inanimate Subjects

Geographic locations and structures.

When your subject is a place or a building, add the following points:

  • Research about the place and its historical background
  • The color and the building's type
  • A famous place or landmark to draw a comparison and inspire interest

Human behavior and psychology is a compelling descriptive essay subject. When writing about it:

  • Describe the consequences of a particular behavior
  • Discuss the emotional dimension of the topic and how you perceive it personally

Event Or Travel Experience

A travel experience makes a good descriptive essay since you have experienced the event first hand.

Give a detailed description of the place, people at the venue, and the atmosphere of the location.

Idea, Concept, or Occupation

When writing on such topics, focus on how an idea or concept affects society and its different aspects.

Example Descriptive Essay Topics for Students

Choosing a topic for your descriptive essay is quite interesting. You get to choose something that you have an emotional connection with.

When writing a descriptive essay about a person or place, adding their personal traits will be helpful.

Some examples of descriptive essay topics include:

  • Compose a detailed descriptive essay about your best friend.
  • Describe a fancy place that you have created.
  • Describe your dream vacation destination.
  • Describe your favorite mall or store.
  • Describe your childhood home.
  • Descriptive essay about nature.
  • Descriptive essay about a place you visited.
  • Describe the personality of your Maths teacher.
  • Discuss the main characters of your favorite movie.
  • Descriptive essay about chocolate.
  • Write an essay using unique Words to describe yourself.
  • What makes me unique?
  • My first love.

Descriptive Essay Examples

Study these descriptive essay examples and sample papers to understand the main idea, structure, and purpose of descriptive essays.



To help you understand how to write a great descriptive essay, we have a whole blog post dedicated to it. We know that talking about something is one thing and demonstrating it is completely different.

Having a descriptive essay assignment with a short deadline? Looking for someone to do my essay for me ? academic writing professionals are ready to help you. They read the essay details before writing and make sure that they incorporate all the details in it.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the features of a descriptive essay.

A descriptive essay provides a perfect opportunity for writers to express their feelings on any subject. Descriptive writing has rich sensory details which appeal to all of your senses.

How do you start a descriptive essay introduction?

The introduction to the descriptive essay should set the scene and introduce the main topic. You can use these sensory details to get a sense of what the essay is all about.

What are the two types of descriptive essays?

There are two types of descriptive essays. The first type deals with people, and the second one is about objects.

What are the elements of a descriptive essay?

Here are the key elements of a descriptive essay.

  • Sensory details
  • Figurative language
  • Central and main theme
  • Precise and clear language
  • Proper organization of ideas

What makes good descriptive writing?

Good and effective descriptive writing consists of vivid sensory details that appeal to all senses including the sense of sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste. Moreover, these essays also explain people’s feelings in writing.

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Finance Essay, Literature

Cathy has been been working as an author on our platform for over five years now. She has a Masters degree in mass communication and is well-versed in the art of writing. Cathy is a professional who takes her work seriously and is widely appreciated by clients for her excellent writing skills.

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  • How to Write an A-Grade Descriptive Essay Example + 40 Topics

How to Write an A-Grade Descriptive Essay Example + 40 Topics

The Best Descriptive Essay Topics Collection

10 descriptive essay topics for grade 8, 10 topics for descriptive essays high school, 10 descriptive essay topics for middle school, 10 descriptive essay topics for college, the best tips on how to write a descriptive essay, the introduction of a descriptive essay: how to get started, how to craft a powerful descriptive essay thesis, tips on how to write a conclusion for a descriptive essay, descriptive essay examples: check the correct one before getting started.

  • “ The Woman I've Seen Once”

A Descriptive Essay Outline Sample

Advice from an expert on how to write a descriptive essay example, our professionals craft the perfect essay worth a+.

A descriptive piece of writing is your chance to offer the reader see the picture with his own eyes.  Working on a descriptive essay examples , you are going to provide your target audience with the perception through 5 senses. If you manage to do this the best way, your paper will be evaluated highly. If not, you are likely to get a low grade. Some students consider this piece of writing an interesting task to do. Others think it is much more difficult than any other written assignment. Are there any reasons to think so?

Almost every day, you describe things with the aim to help other people imagine what you are talking about. Sometimes, listening to your description, the person understands what you mean from the 1st time. There are situations when it is extremely difficult to draw pictures using words.

Not everyone has an ability to describe things in a bright clear manner.  This doesn't mean that you should just give up! No, never! This guide on how to compose a descriptive essay example will help you to learn writing basics. Follow the most effective tips for completing a paper that will 100% stand out!

Before you get started with the descriptive essay example writing , you should take several steps. The 1st one will be the selection of a topic, like a compare contrast essay . Choosing from descriptive essay topics, be guided by the rule to give preference to the topic you are familiar with and feel passionate about. It is very important for any type of paper, especially for this piece of writing.

How can you describe the person you have never seen, the event you haven't attended, the phenomenon you haven't heard about? It is obvious that only being familiar with the main features and distinctive characteristics of the object/subject of your description, you'll be able to provide readers with a clear picture of this thing. Do you experience difficulties with the topic selection? Check descriptive essay topics and choose the one that sounds best.

Pick the topic you find the most interesting one:

  • The portrait of my mother
  • My best friend and me: common features we have
  • The bird I like the most
  • The perfect day of my life
  • My favorite author
  • My first school teacher
  • How do I see my family dream house?
  • What is my perfect weekend?
  • What does the forest look like in winter?
  • What makes my room unique?

Check a topics collection aimed at high-school students:

  • What do I like/dislike in my appearance?
  • Whom do you consider beautiful among celebrities?
  • Describe the most interesting dream you have seen
  • How should the best cup of coffee taste?
  • Describe the best present in your life
  • Do you believe that pets look similar to their owners? Describe your pet
  • My room and the room of my sister/brother
  • My father's character
  • The smartphone of my dream
  • Innovative characteristics of Apple gadget.

Check the collection of easy topics ideas:

  • Which season do you consider best for traveling?
  • What was your impression unwrapping birthday gifts?
  • My favorite holiday celebration
  • What kind of clothing style do you prefer?
  • Describe the most beautiful sunset you have seen
  • Which feelings does a person have going somewhere by plane?
  • The prettiest girl/boy in my class
  • The portrait of my grandparents
  • My favorite food
  • The best day of my life so far

Have a look at descriptive essay topics that can be used by students studying at a college below:

  • The mountain lake description
  • How do you imagine the most romantic wedding day?
  • Describe the feelings of a person who has fallen in love
  • The person I love the most
  • What kind of rest do I like?
  • The worst summer holidays in my life
  • Describe any labor activity
  • Describe the process of writing a letter to a friend
  • How do you choose gifts for your friends?
  • Describe the process of work (your dad is repairing his car in the garage)

Have you chosen the best topic? It is high time to learn how to structure this kind of paper the correct way. This genre doesn't differ much from other papers. Like any other one, it starts with an introduction, followed by the main body, and finally, there is the conclusion. Sure that this genre has its own distinctive features you should take into account. Don't you learn how to write a descriptive essay on A-grade? Check helpful tips for crafting a worthy descriptive paper that will impress your teacher.

  • Offer the reader plunge into the world of your sensations. If two people are given a task to describe the same thing, they will do this differently. Every person perceives the world and everything that happens through his/her own vision. Being assigned to write a paper describing something, you should use a great opportunity to show how you see this/that object/person/event using the bright language rich in literary devices, which play a significant role in the reflecting atmosphere.
  • Make your paper vivid. The key to success is to sound expressive. Your task is to help readers see the whole picture reading your paper. Words can work miracles being not less bright than a photograph.
  • Help the reader understand the work’s purpose. Any paper topic has its purpose. The writer’s task is to provide readers with a clear understanding of what it is.
  • Convey information following the outline. Making an outline is a must if you want to create a good work. A detailed plan will help not to miss any detail. Following the correct structure, there are all chances to craft a valuable piece of writing.

If you aren't good at writing essays according to the structure , you are welcome to check how to write essay parts. Step by step, create a description that will sound real.

Some students spend hours brainstorming ideas on how to get started. Are you one of them? If you don't understand how to write a descriptive essay intro , start with a life story from your personal experience able to engage the reader. Your story should touch all 5 senses. Choose which one to start with. For example, describing a wedding day, start with the description of the atmosphere, music, decoration, etc. Make the reader guess what celebration it is. Creating intrigue works effectively.

A thesis statement is an obligatory part of your work. The purpose of this sentence is to introduce the key topic idea. The thesis should be clear and concise. It should be one informative paragraph.   Focus on the major idea, exclude everything that doesn't matter writing about the purpose and the way you are going to reach the goal.

The end of the work should include the writer’s standpoint and the main points’ brief summary. Conclude the paper not leaving readers with questions left. Make it powerful because it has been proven that the reader's memory is organized in a way that implies he/she remembers the last words better than the main body’s information. Wonder how to write a descriptive essay conclusion? Check the example!

Is this the first time you need to craft a description? Check descriptive essay examples for you to understand how to do this the best way. Have a look at the example below.

“ The Woman I've Seen Once” Every day we see a lot of strangers passing them by without paying attention but that woman in the red dress stood out from the crowd. She was extremely beautiful. She knew about this and even felt proud of being like a model from the fashion magazine. She has long black hair, big black eyes that it was possible to dive into them and get lost forever like in the ocean. However, on their surface, I noticed waves of sorrow. The woman was standing silently.  The entire nature of hers was ready to scream from pain. Her eyes were full of tears looking at me - those were tears of sadness mixed with happiness. I wanted to come to her to ask what had happened. Unfortunately, something prevented me from this. I turned back, understood that she had disappeared. I did my best to find her seeing her nowhere. It was so strange because it seemed that her perfume was left in that park forever. I smelled it - it seemed so familiar to the one my mom had. She died when I was five. I wanted to find her seeing her in everyone. I will never forget the woman who looked so similar to my mom because she had such a sad face. I think that there are no meetings, which take place by chance. I am sure, that one has been planned by someone. Who was she? This has remained a secret. This doesn't matter because her appearance gave me a chance to see the image of my mom once again and feel her love wherever she is now”.

Depending on what you are going to write about, your outline will differ. Describe a person's appearance, an event, a process, a natural phenomenon, a picture, etc. In each case, the outline’s content will differ while the main structural elements we have already discussed above will remain. Check the descriptive essay outline sample that you can use describing a person.

I. Introduction:

  • The overall impression
  • The features you have noticed 1st

II.          Main Body:

  • The description of the face/body parameters
  • The description of the clothes
  • The behavior of the person

III.       Conclusion:

  • Does the character of the person suit the appearance?
  • What kind of features helped to find out what kind of personality the person has?
  • The personal observations
Write your work only after checking successful descriptive essay examples. Keep in mind that to complete a good essay of this genre, you need to be very careful with details. Don't make a big mistake considering details not very important for the overall impression. If writing about the person, analyze both the appearance/character, find out what the face features, clothes can tell about the personality. Describing any person/animal/not alive object, remember that you should have a clear picture of the topic to impress the reader with your detailed story. Use senses to help the reader see, smell, taste, hear, touch what you are writing about. Prof. Mary K., online essay writer from EssayPro

Have checked the descriptive essay example being unsure you can write this type of work on A+? Our professionals with years of experience will give a helping hand! Share the topic/the teacher's guidelines and we will do our best to exceed his/her expectations. We have a team of reliable writers treating the process of crafting essays as an opportunity to realize their potential.

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Descriptive Essay Writing

Descriptive Essay Examples

Barbara P

Amazing Descriptive Essay Examples for Your Help

Published on: Jun 21, 2023

Last updated on: Sep 1, 2023

Descriptive Essay Examples

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Writing a Descriptive Essay Outline - Tips & Examples

Descriptive Essay: Definition, Tips & Examples

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Descriptive essays are very commonly assigned essays. This type of essay enhances students' writing skills and allows them to think critically. 

A descriptive essay is often referred to as the parent essay type. Other essays like argumentative essays, narrative essays, and expository essays fall into descriptive essays. Also, this essay helps the student enhance their ability to imagine the whole scene in mind by appealing senses.

It is assigned to high school students and all other students at different academic levels. Students make use of the human senses like touch, smell, etc., to make the descriptive essay more engaging for the readers. 

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Examples make it easy for readers to understand things in a better way. Also, in a descriptive essay, different types of descriptions can be discussed. 

Here are some amazing examples of a descriptive essay to make the concept easier for you. 

Descriptive Essay Example 5 Paragraph

5 paragraphs essay writing format is the most common method of composing an essay. This format has 5 paragraphs in total. The sequence of the paragraphs is as follows;

  • Introduction
  • Body Paragraph 1
  • Body Paragraph 2 
  • Body Paragraph 3
  • Conclusion 

Following is an example of a descriptive essay written using the famous 5 paragraph method. 

5 Paragraph Descriptive Essay

Descriptive Essay Example About A Person

Descriptive essays are the best option when it comes to describing and writing about a person.  A descriptive essay is written using the five human senses. It helps in creating a vivid image in the reader’s mind and understanding what the writer is trying to convey. 

Here is one of the best descriptive essay examples about a person. Read it thoroughly and try to understand how a good descriptive essay is written on someone’s personality.

Descriptive Essay Example About a Person

Descriptive Essay Example About A Place

If you have visited a good holiday spot or any other place and want to let your friends know about it. A descriptive essay can help you explain every detail and moment you had at that place. 

Here is one of the good descriptive essay examples about a place. Use it as a sample and learn how you can write such an essay. 

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Descriptive Essay Example for Grade 6

Descriptive essays are frequently assigned to school students. This type of essay helps the students enhance their writing skills and helps them see things in a more analytical way.

If you are a 6 grader and looking for a good descriptive essay example, you are in the right place.  

Descriptive Essay Example for Grade 7

Here is one of the best descriptive essay examples for grade 7. 

Descriptive Essay Example for Grade 8

If you are looking for some amazing descriptive essay examples for grade 8, you have already found one. Look at the given example and see what a well-written descriptive essay looks like. 

Descriptive Essay Example for Grade 10

Essay writing is an inevitable part of a student's academic life . No matter your grade, you will get to write some sort of essay at least once. 

Here is an example of a descriptive essay writing for grade10. If you are also a student of this grade, this example might help you to complete your assignment.

Descriptive Essay Example for Grade 12

If you are a senior student and looking for some essay examples, you are exactly where you should be. 

Use the below-mentioned example and learn how to write a good essay according to the instructions given to you. 

Descriptive Essay Example College

Descriptive essays are a great way to teach students how they can become better writers. Writing a descriptive essay encourages them to see the world more analytically.

Below is an example that will help you and make your writing process easy.

College Descriptive Essay Example

Descriptive Essay Example for University

Descriptive essays are assigned to students at all academic levels. University students are also assigned descriptive essay writing assignments. As they are students of higher educational levels, they are often given a bit of difficult and more descriptive topics. 

See the example below and know what a descriptive essay at the university level looks like. 

Short Descriptive Essay Example

Every time a descriptive essay isn't written in detail. It depends on the topic of how long the essay will be.  

For instance, look at one of the short descriptive essay examples given below. See how the writer has conveyed the concept in a composed way. 

Objective Descriptive Essay Example

When writing an objective description essay, you focus on describing the object without conveying your emotions, feelings, or personal reactions. The writer uses sight, sound, or touch for readers' minds to bring life into pictures that were painted by words.

Here is an example that you can use for your help. 

Narrative and Descriptive Essay Example

A narrative descriptive essay can be a great way to share your experiences with others. It is a story that teaches a lesson you have learned. The following is an example of a perfect narrative descriptive essay to help you get started.

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How to Start a Descriptive Essay? - Example

If you don't know how to start your descriptive essay, check this example and create a perfect one. 

How to Start a Descriptive Essay - Example

Subjective Descriptive Essay Example

It is a common concept that a descriptive essay revolves around one subject. Be it a place, person, event, or any other object you can think of. 

Following is one of the subjective descriptive, easy examples. Use it as a guide to writing an effective descriptive essay yourself. 

Writing a descriptive essay is a time-consuming yet tricky task. It needs some very strong writing, analytical, and critical thinking skills. Also, this is a type of essay that a student can not avoid and bypass. 

But if you think wisely, work smart, and stay calm, you can get over it easily. Learn how to write a descriptive essay from a short guide given below. 

How to Write a Descriptive Essay?

A writer writes a descriptive essay from their knowledge and imaginative mind. In this essay, the writer describes what he has seen or experienced, or ever heard from someone. For a descriptive essay, it is important to stay focused on one point. Also, the writer should use figurative language so that the reader can imagine the situation in mind. 

The following are some very basic yet important steps that can help you write an amazing descriptive essay easily. 

  • Choose a Topic

For a descriptive essay, you must choose a vast topic to allow you to express yourself freely. Also, make sure that the descriptive essay topic you choose is not overdone. An overdone will not grab the attention of your intended audience. 

  • Create a Strong Thesis Statement

A thesis statement is the essence of any academic writing. When you select the descriptive essay topic, then you create a strong thesis statement for your essay.  

A thesis statement is a sentence or two that explains the whole idea of your essay to the reader. It is stated in the introductory paragraph of the essay. The word choice for creating the thesis statement must be very expressive, composed, and meaningful. Also, use vivid language for the thesis statement.  

  • Collect the Necessary Information

Once you have created the thesis statement and are done writing your essay introduction . Now, it's time to move toward the body paragraphs. 

Collect all necessary information related to your topic. You would be adding this information to your essay to support your thesis statement. Make sure that you collect information from authentic sources. 

To enhance your essay, make use of some adjectives and adverbs. To make your descriptive essay more vivid, try to incorporate sensory details like touch, taste, sight, and smell.

  • Create a Descriptive Essay Outline

An outline is yet another necessary element of your college essay. By reading the descriptive essay outline , the reader feels a sense of logic and a guide for the essay. 

In the outline, you need to write an introduction, thesis statement, body paragraphs and end up with a formal conclusion.

Proofreading is a simple procedure in which the writer revises the written essay. This is done in order to rectify the document for any kind of spelling or grammatical mistakes. Thus, proofreading makes high-quality content and gives a professional touch to it. 

You might be uncertain about writing a good enough descriptive essay and impress your teacher. However, it is very common, so you do not need to stress out. 

Hit us up at and get an essay written by our professional descriptive essay writers. We aim to facilitate the students in every way possible and ease their stress. Get in touch with our customer support team, and they will take care of all your queries related to your writing. 

You can always enhance your writing skills by leveraging the power of our AI essay writing tools .

Place your order now and let all your stress go away in a blink! 

Barbara P (Literature)

Barbara is a highly educated and qualified author with a Ph.D. in public health from an Ivy League university. She has spent a significant amount of time working in the medical field, conducting a thorough study on a variety of health issues. Her work has been published in several major publications.

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descriptive thesis examples

Descriptive Thesis

A descriptive thesis is a paper that contains a detailed description of people, events, processes, emotions etc. It demonstrates the object as it is in fact. In contrast to a prescriptive thesis that exposes the things how they should be. So a descriptive thesis must be realistic as much as possible. The student uses all the methods to engage reader’s imagination such as a big number of adjectives and arguments. The student needs to apply his organs of sense and attention, then to collect all the details and to transfer them to the reader. How to write a good descriptive thesis ? The answer you will find on this page.

Quick Navigation through the Descriptive Thesis Page:

  • The qualities of a valid descriptive thesis statement
  • Proving your descriptive hypothesis
  • How We Can Help
  • How to easily identify descriptive thesis writing
  • Getting reliable descriptive thesis help

The Qualities of a Valid Descriptive Thesis Statement

A thesis is the point that you are trying to prove in your academic paper. Also referred to as a claim or an argument, a thesis should always be expressed as a statement. What separates this from essay topics is that it is stated in a declarative manner. It does not pose a question nor does it give a vague idea on your academic paper. All types of academic paper require a thesis statement as this is the basis of all the succeeding discussions that you would have. To make a valid descriptive thesis statement , you must take note of the following points. First, a thesis must be arguable. This means that the premise of your paper can be proven through empirical evidence. Another quality that your thesis must have is that it should aptly answer your research question. This factor is necessary as your thesis will be futile if it fails to do so. If you need descriptive thesis help , let assist you. We are a company who specializes in custom descriptive thesis writing and with our professional and academic writers, we can assure you of the quality of the paper and service we provide.

Proving Your Descriptive Hypothesis

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A descriptive thesis attempts to present facts as they exist. To support its claims, it uses proofs that are available readily to everyone and reasoning that is obvious to all its readers. The methods used in this type of essay are analysis, measurement, elaboration, interpretation, comparison and contrast. This article is an example of a descriptive essay . When we say that, in contrast, the prescriptive essay proposes facts and situations as they should be, based on values and morals that are shared or evident to the readers, we are using the contrast method for describing. For even better examples of a descriptive thesis you can browse through the collection of articles at . In that archive you have narrative essays, compare and contrast essays , descriptive thesis and many more. specializes in producing one-of-a kind papers to meet the literary requirements of students and professionals alike. Whether you need a term paper or a business presentation they have the expert writer to address that need. All their providers are exceptionally qualified scholars with post-graduate distinctions and skill in writing. continues to maintain a stringent standard of quality in content, academic style and format. Another priority they set is perfect compliance with the preferences and ideas of their client. Of course, all papers are delivered within the pre-set deadline. For urgent requirements, delivery time can be as short as 8 hours.

Some interesting topics for a descriptive thesis are the following:

  • Cyber education or education through the internet is gaining in popularity over the standard mode of classroom learning.
  • Violence in media produces violence in society.
  • Physical illness is largely due to deep and subconscious psychological conflicts.
  • Phobias are inherited or genetically determined.

The first thing to attend to in a descriptive thesis is your fact-gathering. In order to be able to use any of the descriptive methods mentioned above, you have to have a firm grasp of the subject matter and a complete set of facts. If you think the data you have collected is sufficient to serve your arguments, write down your thoughts regarding the essay topic of your custom thesis . You can start with an essay outline which clearly shows the progression of your logic. Remember to include a paragraph for each pivotal idea that needs to be included in your discussion. Then you can go on to create your first rough draft of the paper.

With that in hand, you can avail of the custom essay writing services of to commit your thoughts into a finely written descriptive essay consistent with and perhaps, surpassing, the standards of your school. Their rates are easily affordable. They are much less than what you would perhaps spend to get your hands on the right references alone. All products are doubly validated against any plagiarism. Upon receiving your paper, you are allowed to make final adjustments for free. In order to preserve your interests, they give you the assurance of strict confidentiality regarding your transactions and your personal information.

How to Easily Identify Descriptive Thesis Writing

Every single type of thesis or academic paper is distinct on its own. The two basic types of thesis are based on how they are written. These are prescriptive thesis and descriptive thesis. To identify one from the other, it is important to understand their defined purpose. Some professors define a descriptive thesis as an academic paper focused on “is” while a prescriptive thesis focus is on “should” . This means that descriptive paper attempts to define the topic while the prescriptive one attempts to state an opinion on the topic. Some say that one easy way to distinguish descriptive thesis writing from a prescriptive one is to associate each with how you perceive doctor’s prescription and diagnosis. A descriptive thesis statement is similar to a doctor’s diagnosis as the patient is only given information on the illness while a prescriptive thesis must be thought of as a prescription – where the doctor makes recommendation to the patient. These information can help you create a valid prescriptive or descriptive hypothesis . For more descriptive thesis help on how you can begin your academic paper, consult the professionals of . We provide quality paper with quality service for good rates.

Getting Reliable Descriptive Thesis Help

One of the easiest ways to make sure that you have a worry free way of meeting all descriptive thesis writing requirements that you may have is to seek the assistance of professional and academic writers. We are and we are committed to provide the descriptive thesis help that you need. We do not only provide help in creating descriptive thesis statement and descriptive hypothesis , but we are committed to provide you a custom written paper, fit to meet whatever requirement you may have. With the skills of our academic and professional writers, we can ensure you that you will be receiving a creatively written paper. We can also guarantee you that your paper is free from all forms of plagiarism, as certified by the anti plagiarism software that we use on all the academic papers we release. Aside from ensuring you on the quality of your academic paper, we also guarantee that you will be receiving your paper at the time you need it – prompt delivery is guaranteed even to students who needs a paper in as fast as 8 hours. Prompt delivery, creativity and plagiarism-free is just few of the guarantees if you choose us to provide you the academic paper you need.

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Descriptive essay: Easy and helpful writing tips

As a rule, the fact that you need to write even the shortest assignment can spoil the mood of almost any student. Not everybody knows that there are myriads types of essays. Hence, you need to be aware of how exactly they differ from one another. That is why you might begin asking yourself and later turn to Google search with the question, "how to write a descriptive essay?"

So, let's start with the descriptive essay definition. Do you know the features of the essay and how online custom essay service define this type of writing? What is a descriptive essay in general? To figure this out, you always have to keep in mind the word "describe," as it is, obviously, closely connected to the core idea of the essay. So, a descriptive essay is a paper aimed to illustrate something using your own language, words, and thoughts. An excellent descriptive essay should create a full picture of a person or an object which you describe so that the reader would see it as if it were a tangible thing. site logo that links to homepage

18 Descriptive Research Examples

Descriptive research examples and definition, explained below

Descriptive research involves gathering data to provide a detailed account or depiction of a phenomenon without manipulating variables or conducting experiments.

A scholarly definition is:

“Descriptive research is defined as a research approach that describes the characteristics of the population, sample or phenomenon studied. This method focuses more on the “what” rather than the “why” of the research subject.” (Matanda, 2022, p. 63)

The key feature of descriptive research is that it merely describes phenomena and does not attempt to manipulate variables nor determine cause and effect .

To determine cause and effect , a researcher would need to use an alternate methodology, such as experimental research design .

Common approaches to descriptive research include:

  • Cross-sectional research : A cross-sectional study gathers data on a population at a specific time to get descriptive data that could include categories (e.g. age or income brackets) to get a better understanding of the makeup of a population.
  • Longitudinal research : Longitudinal studies return to a population to collect data at several different points in time, allowing for description of changes in categories over time. However, as it’s descriptive, it cannot infer cause and effect (Erickson, 2017).

Methods that could be used include:

  • Surveys: For example, sending out a census survey to be completed at the exact same date and time by everyone in a population.
  • Case Study : For example, an in-depth description of a specific person or group of people to gain in-depth qualitative information that can describe a phenomenon but cannot be generalized to other cases.
  • Observational Method : For example, a researcher taking field notes in an ethnographic study. (Siedlecki, 2020)

Descriptive Research Examples

1. Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder (Psychology): Researchers analyze various behavior patterns, cognitive skills, and social interaction abilities specific to children with Autism Spectrum Disorder to comprehensively describe the disorder’s symptom spectrum. This detailed description classifies it as descriptive research, rather than analytical or experimental, as it merely records what is observed without altering any variables or trying to establish causality.

2. Consumer Purchase Decision Process in E-commerce Marketplaces (Marketing): By documenting and describing all the factors that influence consumer decisions on online marketplaces, researchers don’t attempt to predict future behavior or establish causes—just describe observed behavior—making it descriptive research.

3. Impacts of Climate Change on Agricultural Practices (Environmental Studies): Descriptive research is seen as scientists outline how climate changes influence various agricultural practices by observing and then meticulously categorizing the impacts on crop variability, farming seasons, and pest infestations without manipulating any variables in real-time.

4. Work Environment and Employee Performance (Human Resources Management): A study of this nature, describing the correlation between various workplace elements and employee performance, falls under descriptive research as it merely narrates the observed patterns without altering any conditions or testing hypotheses.

5. Factors Influencing Student Performance (Education): Researchers describe various factors affecting students’ academic performance, such as studying techniques, parental involvement, and peer influence. The study is categorized as descriptive research because its principal aim is to depict facts as they stand without trying to infer causal relationships.

6. Technological Advances in Healthcare (Healthcare): This research describes and categorizes different technological advances (such as telemedicine, AI-enabled tools, digital collaboration) in healthcare without testing or modifying any parameters, making it an example of descriptive research.

7. Urbanization and Biodiversity Loss (Ecology): By describing the impact of rapid urban expansion on biodiversity loss, this study serves as a descriptive research example. It observes the ongoing situation without manipulating it, offering a comprehensive depiction of the existing scenario rather than investigating the cause-effect relationship.

8. Architectural Styles across Centuries (Art History): A study documenting and describing various architectural styles throughout centuries essentially represents descriptive research. It aims to narrate and categorize facts without exploring the underlying reasons or predicting future trends.

9. Media Usage Patterns among Teenagers (Sociology): When researchers document and describe the media consumption habits among teenagers, they are performing a descriptive research study. Their main intention is to observe and report the prevailing trends rather than establish causes or predict future behaviors.

10. Dietary Habits and Lifestyle Diseases (Nutrition Science): By describing the dietary patterns of different population groups and correlating them with the prevalence of lifestyle diseases, researchers perform descriptive research. They merely describe observed connections without altering any diet plans or lifestyles.

11. Shifts in Global Energy Consumption (Environmental Economics): When researchers describe the global patterns of energy consumption and how they’ve shifted over the years, they conduct descriptive research. The focus is on recording and portraying the current state without attempting to infer causes or predict the future.

12. Literacy and Employment Rates in Rural Areas (Sociology): A study aims at describing the literacy rates in rural areas and correlating it with employment levels. It falls under descriptive research because it maps the scenario without manipulating parameters or proving a hypothesis.

13. Women Representation in Tech Industry (Gender Studies): A detailed description of the presence and roles of women across various sectors of the tech industry is a typical case of descriptive research. It merely observes and records the status quo without establishing causality or making predictions.

14. Impact of Urban Green Spaces on Mental Health (Environmental Psychology): When researchers document and describe the influence of green urban spaces on residents’ mental health, they are undertaking descriptive research. They seek purely to understand the current state rather than exploring cause-effect relationships.

15. Trends in Smartphone usage among Elderly (Gerontology): Research describing how the elderly population utilizes smartphones, including popular features and challenges encountered, serves as descriptive research. Researcher’s aim is merely to capture what is happening without manipulating variables or posing predictions.

16. Shifts in Voter Preferences (Political Science): A study describing the shift in voter preferences during a particular electoral cycle is descriptive research. It simply records the preferences revealed without drawing causal inferences or suggesting future voting patterns.

17. Understanding Trust in Autonomous Vehicles (Transportation Psychology): This comprises research describing public attitudes and trust levels when it comes to autonomous vehicles. By merely depicting observed sentiments, without engineering any situations or offering predictions, it’s considered descriptive research.

18. The Impact of Social Media on Body Image (Psychology): Descriptive research to outline the experiences and perceptions of individuals relating to body image in the era of social media. Observing these elements without altering any variables qualifies it as descriptive research.

Descriptive vs Experimental Research

Descriptive research merely observes, records, and presents the actual state of affairs without manipulating any variables, while experimental research involves deliberately changing one or more variables to determine their effect on a particular outcome.

De Vaus (2001) succinctly explains that descriptive studies find out what is going on , but experimental research finds out why it’s going on /

Simple definitions are below:

  • Descriptive research is primarily about describing the characteristics or behaviors in a population, often through surveys or observational methods. It provides rich detail about a specific phenomenon but does not allow for conclusive causal statements; however, it can offer essential leads or ideas for further experimental research (Ivey, 2016).
  • Experimental research , often conducted in controlled environments, aims to establish causal relationships by manipulating one or more independent variables and observing the effects on dependent variables (Devi, 2017; Mukherjee, 2019).

Experimental designs often involve a control group and random assignment . While it can provide compelling evidence for cause and effect, its artificial setting might not perfectly mirror real-worldly conditions, potentially affecting the generalizability of its findings.

These two types of research are complementary, with descriptive studies often leading to hypotheses that are then tested experimentally (Devi, 2017; Zhao et al., 2021).

Benefits and Limitations of Descriptive Research

Descriptive research offers several benefits: it allows researchers to gather a vast amount of data and present a complete picture of the situation or phenomenon under study, even within large groups or over long time periods.

It’s also flexible in terms of the variety of methods used, such as surveys, observations, and case studies, and it can be instrumental in identifying patterns or trends and generating hypotheses (Erickson, 2017).

However, it also has its limitations.

The primary drawback is that it can’t establish cause-effect relationships, as no variables are manipulated. This lack of control over variables also opens up possibilities for bias, as researchers might inadvertently influence responses during data collection (De Vaus, 2001).

Additionally, the findings of descriptive research are often not generalizable since they are heavily reliant on the chosen sample’s characteristics.

See More Types of Research Design Here

De Vaus, D. A. (2001). Research Design in Social Research . SAGE Publications.

Devi, P. S. (2017). Research Methodology: A Handbook for Beginners . Notion Press.

Erickson, G. S. (2017). Descriptive research design. In  New Methods of Market Research and Analysis  (pp. 51-77). Edward Elgar Publishing.

Gresham, B. B. (2016). Concepts of Evidence-based Practice for the Physical Therapist Assistant . F.A. Davis Company.

Ivey, J. (2016). Is descriptive research worth doing?.  Pediatric nursing ,  42 (4), 189. ( Source )

Krishnaswamy, K. N., Sivakumar, A. I., & Mathirajan, M. (2009). Management Research Methodology: Integration of Principles, Methods and Techniques . Pearson Education.

Matanda, E. (2022). Research Methods and Statistics for Cross-Cutting Research: Handbook for Multidisciplinary Research . Langaa RPCIG.

Monsen, E. R., & Van Horn, L. (2007). Research: Successful Approaches . American Dietetic Association.

Mukherjee, S. P. (2019). A Guide to Research Methodology: An Overview of Research Problems, Tasks and Methods . CRC Press.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2020). Understanding descriptive research designs and methods.  Clinical Nurse Specialist ,  34 (1), 8-12. ( Source )

Zhao, P., Ross, K., Li, P., & Dennis, B. (2021). Making Sense of Social Research Methodology: A Student and Practitioner Centered Approach . SAGE Publications.


Dave Cornell (PhD)

Dr. Cornell has worked in education for more than 20 years. His work has involved designing teacher certification for Trinity College in London and in-service training for state governments in the United States. He has trained kindergarten teachers in 8 countries and helped businessmen and women open baby centers and kindergartens in 3 countries.

  • Dave Cornell (PhD) #molongui-disabled-link 25 Dissociation Examples (Psychology)
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Chris Drew (PhD)

This article was peer-reviewed and edited by Chris Drew (PhD). The review process on Helpful Professor involves having a PhD level expert fact check, edit, and contribute to articles. Reviewers ensure all content reflects expert academic consensus and is backed up with reference to academic studies. Dr. Drew has published over 20 academic articles in scholarly journals. He is the former editor of the Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education and holds a PhD in Education from ACU.

  • Chris Drew (PhD) #molongui-disabled-link 25 Dissociation Examples (Psychology)
  • Chris Drew (PhD) #molongui-disabled-link 15 Zone of Proximal Development Examples
  • Chris Drew (PhD) #molongui-disabled-link Perception Checking: 15 Examples and Definition
  • Chris Drew (PhD) #molongui-disabled-link 6 Types of Societies (With 21 Examples)

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descriptive thesis examples

Home Market Research

Descriptive Research: Definition, Characteristics, Methods + Examples

Descriptive Research

Suppose an apparel brand wants to understand the fashion purchasing trends among New York’s buyers, then it must conduct a demographic survey of the specific region, gather population data, and then conduct descriptive research on this demographic segment. The study will then uncover details on “what is the purchasing pattern of New York buyers,” but will not cover any investigative information about “ why ” the patterns exist. Because for the apparel brand trying to break into this market, understanding the nature of their market is the study’s main goal. Let’s talk about it.

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Content Index

What is descriptive research?

Characteristics of descriptive research, applications of descriptive research with examples, advantages of descriptive research, descriptive research methods, examples of descriptive research.

Descriptive research is a research method describing the characteristics of the population or phenomenon studied. This descriptive methodology focuses more on the “what” of the research subject than the “why” of the research subject.

The method primarily focuses on describing the nature of a demographic segment without focusing on “why” a particular phenomenon occurs. In other words, it “describes” the research subject without covering “why” it happens.

Gather research insights

The term descriptive research then refers to research questions, design of the study, and data analysis conducted on that topic. We call it an observational research method because none of the research study variables are influenced in any capacity.

LEARN ABOUT: Descriptive Analysis

Some distinctive characteristics of descriptive research are:

  • Quantitative research: It is a quantitative research method that attempts to collect quantifiable information for statistical analysis of the population sample. It is a popular market research tool that allows us to collect and describe the demographic segment’s nature.
  • Uncontrolled variables: In it, none of the variables are influenced in any way. This uses observational methods to conduct the research. Hence, the nature of the variables or their behavior is not in the hands of the researcher.
  • Cross-sectional studies: It is generally a cross-sectional study where different sections belonging to the same group are studied.
  • The basis for further research: Researchers further research the data collected and analyzed from descriptive research using different research techniques. The data can also help point towards the types of research methods used for the subsequent research.

LEARN ABOUT: Action Research

A descriptive research method can be used in multiple ways and for various reasons. Before getting into any survey , though, the survey goals and survey design are crucial. Despite following these steps, there is no way to know if one will meet the research outcome. How to use descriptive research? To understand the end objective of research goals, below are some ways organizations currently use descriptive research today:

  • Define respondent characteristics: The aim of using close-ended questions is to draw concrete conclusions about the respondents. This could be the need to derive patterns, traits, and behaviors of the respondents. It could also be to understand from a respondent, their attitude, or opinion about the phenomenon. For example, understanding from millenials the hours per week they spend on browsing the internet. All this information helps the organization researching to make informed business decisions.
  • Measure data trends: Researchers measure data trends over time with a descriptive research design’s statistical capabilities. Consider if an apparel company researches different demographics like age groups from 24-35 and 36-45 on a new range launch of autumn wear. If one of those groups doesn’t take too well to the new launch, it provides insight into what clothes are like and what is not. The brand drops the clothes and apparel that customers don’t like.
  • Conduct comparisons: Organizations also use a descriptive research design to understand how different groups respond to a specific product or service. For example, an apparel brand creates a survey asking general questions that measure the brand’s image. The same study also asks demographic questions like age, income, gender, geographical location, geographic segmentation , etc. This consumer research helps the organization understand what aspects of the brand appeal to the population and what aspects do not. It also helps make product or marketing fixes or even create a new product line to cater to high growth potential groups.

LEARN ABOUT: Research Process Steps

  • Validate existing conditions: Researchers widely use descriptive research to help ascertain the research object’s prevailing conditions and underlying patterns. Due to the non-invasive research method and the use of quantitative observation and some aspects of qualitative observation , researchers observe each variable and conduct an in-depth analysis . Researchers also use it to validate any existing conditions that may be prevalent in a population.
  • Conduct research at different times: The analysis can be conducted at different periods to ascertain any similarities or differences. This also allows any number of variables to be evaluated. For verification, studies on prevailing conditions can also be repeated to draw trends.

LEARN ABOUT: market research trends

Some of the significant advantages of descriptive research are:

Advantages of descriptive research

  • Data collection: A researcher can conduct descriptive research using specific methods like observational method, case study method, and survey method. Between these three, all primary data collection methods are covered, which provides a lot of information. This can be used for future research or even developing a hypothesis of your research object.
  • Varied: Since the data collected is qualitative and quantitative, it gives a holistic understanding of a research topic. The information is varied, diverse, and thorough.
  • Natural environment: Descriptive research allows for the research to be conducted in the respondent’s natural environment, which ensures that high-quality and honest data is collected.
  • Quick to perform and cheap: As the sample size is generally large in descriptive research, the data collection is quick to conduct and is inexpensive.

LEARN ABOUT: Best Data Collection Tools

There are three distinctive methods to conduct descriptive research. They are:

  • Observational method

The observational method is the most effective method to conduct this research, and researchers make use of both quantitative and qualitative observations.

A quantitative observation is the objective collection of data primarily focused on numbers and values. It suggests “associated with, of or depicted in terms of a quantity.” Results of quantitative observation are derived using statistical and numerical analysis methods. It implies observation of any entity associated with a numeric value such as age, shape, weight, volume, scale, etc. For example, the researcher can track if current customers will refer the brand using a simple Net Promoter Score question .

Qualitative observation doesn’t involve measurements or numbers but instead just monitoring characteristics. In this case, the researcher observes the respondents from a distance. Since the respondents are in a comfortable environment, the characteristics observed are natural and effective. In a descriptive research design, the researcher can choose to be either a complete observer, an observer as a participant, a participant as an observer, or a full participant. For example, in a supermarket, a researcher can from afar monitor and track the customers’ selection and purchasing trends. This offers a more in-depth insight into the purchasing experience of the customer.

LEARN ABOUT: Qualitative Interview

  • Case study method

Case studies involve in-depth research and study of individuals or groups. Case studies lead to a hypothesis and widen a further scope of studying a phenomenon. However, case studies should not be used to determine cause and effect as they can’t make accurate predictions because there could be a bias on the researcher’s part. The other reason why case studies are not a reliable way of conducting descriptive research is that there could be an atypical respondent in the survey. Describing them leads to weak generalizations and moving away from external validity.

LEARN ABOUT: Causal Research

  • Survey research

In survey research, respondents answer through surveys or questionnaires or polls . They are a popular market research tool to collect feedback from respondents. A study to gather useful data should have the right survey questions. It should be a balanced mix of open-ended questions and close ended-questions . The survey method can be conducted online or offline, making it the go-to option for descriptive research where the sample size is enormous.

LEARN ABOUT: 12 Best Tools for Researchers

Some examples of descriptive research are:

  • A specialty food group launching a new range of barbecue rubs would like to understand what flavors of rubs are favored by different people. To understand the preferred flavor palette, they conduct this type of research study using various methods like observational methods in supermarkets. By also surveying while collecting in-depth demographic information, offers insights about the preference of different markets. This can also help tailor make the rubs and spreads to various preferred meats in that demographic. Conducting this type of research helps the organization tweak their business model and amplify marketing in core markets.
  • Another example of where this research can be used is if a school district wishes to evaluate teachers’ attitudes about using technology in the classroom. By conducting surveys and observing their comfortableness using technology through observational methods, the researcher can gauge what they can help understand if a full-fledged implementation can face an issue. This also helps in understanding if the students are impacted in any way with this change.

Some other research problems and research questions that can lead to descriptive research are:

  • Market researchers want to observe the habits of consumers.
  • A company wants to evaluate the morale of its staff.
  • A school district wants to understand if students will access online lessons rather than textbooks.
  • To understand if its wellness questionnaire programs enhance the overall health of the employees.


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How to Write Descriptive Statistics in Dissertation & Examples

descriptive thesis examples

When it comes to data analysis in dissertations, descriptive statistics are a helpful tool for understanding and summarizing your results. In a dissertation, this can be helpful for orienting readers to the key findings of your study.

For instance, you might use descriptive statistics to give an overview of the demographic characteristics of your sample or the response rates to your survey.

Additionally, descriptive statistics can be used to highlight any significant relationships that you have found between variables.

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For example, you might use a table or graph to show the relationship between income and levels of satisfaction with life.

Let us now define descriptive statistics in relation to dissertation writing.

What is descriptive statistics in a dissertation?

Descriptive statistics are used in a dissertation to summarize data and describe patterns that are observed in the data. This type of statistics can be used to describe the distribution of a variable, the relationship between two variables, or to compare groups of observations.

For example, if you were interested in studying the relationship between income and education level, you could use descriptive statistics to examine the average income for each education level. This would give you a general idea of the relationship between these two variables. However, keep in mind that descriptive statistics do not allow you to make any conclusions about cause and effect .

In other words, just because there is a relationship between two variables does not mean that one variable is causing the other. If you want to make causal inferences, you will need to use inferential statistics.

How to use descriptive statistics when writing a dissertation

When writing a dissertation, it is important to make use of descriptive statistics in order to effectively analyze your data. Descriptive statistics can help you to summarize your data and identify trends. However, it is important to use them correctly in order to avoid making inaccurate conclusions. Here are some tips for using descriptive statistics when writing a dissertation:

First, make sure that you understand the different types of descriptive statistics and when to use each one. For example, mean, median, and mode are all measures of central tendency, but each one is used in different situations.

Second, always report both the numeric values and graphical representations of your data. This will help readers to better understand your results.

Finally, make sure that you interpret your results correctly. Remember that correlation does not imply causation! Just because two variables are correlated does not mean that one causes the other.

By following these tips, you can ensure that you make effective use of descriptive statistics in your dissertation.

Measures of central tendency

The mean is simply the average of all the values in your data set. It is calculated by adding up all the values and then dividing by the number of values. The mean is a very useful measure of central tendency, but it is important to remember that it can be affected by outliers. Outliers are values that are far away from the rest of the data. For example, if you have a data set with values 1, 2, 3, 4, and 100, then 100 would be an outlier. Outliers can often skew the mean, so it is important to be aware of them when interpreting your results.

The mode is the least used measure of central tendency in dissertation writing, yet it has its own unique advantages. The mode is the value that appears most frequently in a data set. To calculate the mode, simply count how often each value appears and choose the value that appears most often. The mode is easy to calculate by hand, which can be helpful when working with small data sets. The mode is also resistant to outliers, which means it is not as affected by extreme values as the mean or median. However, the mode has some limitations. It can be difficult to calculate when data are not equally distributed, and it can be influenced by small changes in the data set. In general, the mode is a useful tool for descriptive statistics, but it should be used with caution.

The median is the measure of central tendency in descriptive statistics that is placed exactly in the middle of a sorted data list. It is also the number that has an equal probability of being selected above or below it. In a data set, the median assigns a score to each data point that indicates its relationship to all other members of the set. The median can be used to determine the most typical value in a data set, and it is especially useful when there are outliers present. The median is less affected by outliers than the mean, making it a more reliable measure of central tendency. For these reasons, the median is often used in dissertations as a measure of central tendency.

Measures of variability

One of the first measures of variability that is used in descriptive statistics is the range. The range tells you the difference between the highest and lowest values in a set of data. It is a simple concept, but it can be very useful in understanding how spread out your data is. The range is affected by outliers, which are values that are far away from the rest of the data. For example, if you have a set of data that ranges from 1 to 10, but you also have one outlier value that is 100, then the range will be 99. This means that the outlier value has a big impact on the range.

Interquartile range

The interquartile range is a measure of variability that is commonly used in descriptive statistics. It is calculated by taking the difference between the upper and lower quartiles. The interquartile range is a useful measure of variability because it is not affected by outliers, and it is easy to calculate. The interquartile range can be used to compare data sets, or to compare different groups of data within a data set. For example, the interquartile range can be used to compare the variability of two groups of students, or to compare the variability of two courses. The interquartile range can also be used to compare the variability of two populations, or to compare the variability of two samples.

Variance and standard deviation

The variance is simply the average of the squared differences from the mean. The standard deviation is simply the square root of the variance. These measures are important because they give you a sense of how spread out the data is. If the data is very spread out, then it is more likely to be affected by outliers. On the other hand, if the data is clustered around the mean, then it is less likely to be affected by outliers. Therefore, measures of variability can help you to identify potential problems with your data.

Normal Distribution

The Normal Distribution is the most important distribution in statistics because it is so frequently used to model data. It is also known as the bell-shaped curve because of its characteristic shape. The Normal Distribution is defined by its mean and standard deviation. The mean is the center of the distribution, and the standard deviation is a measure of how spread out the data are. The Normal Distribution is used to describe many real-world phenomena, such as height, weight, IQ scores, and test scores. In addition, the Normal Distribution is used to model random processes, such as the roll of a dice or the flip of a coin.

Normal Distribution is a very powerful tool for understanding data. However, it is important to remember that the Normal Distribution does not always provide an accurate description of data.

For example, if data are skewed or have outliers, then the Normal Distribution may not be appropriate. Nonetheless, the Normal Distribution is a valuable tool that should be used when analyzing data.

Confidence Interval

Another measure of variability in descriptive statistics is the confidence interval. This interval tells us how confident we can be that a population mean falls within a certain range.

The confidence interval is calculated using the sample mean, the standard deviation of the sample, and the size of the sample.

The larger the sample size, the more confident we can be that the population mean falls within the confidence interval. The confidence interval is a important measure of variability because it allows us to make inferences about a population based on a sample.

Descriptive statistics are a crucial tool for any researcher, and this is especially true when writing a dissertation. There are many different ways to use descriptive statistics, but some of the most common include calculating means, medians, and standard deviations. These measures can help to give an overview of your data, and can be used to compare groups or to look for trends over time.

Descriptive statistics can also be used to create visuals, such as graphs and charts. When used effectively, descriptive statistics can make your data more understandable and convincing.

If you’re not sure how to get started, there are many great resources available that can walk you through the process step-by-step. With a little practice, you’ll be using descriptive statistics like a pro in no time.


Author: tutlance

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