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How to Write a 5-Paragraph Compare and Contrast Essay
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Analytical writing is known to demonstrate thinking skills, and any person of intellect should have the capability of evaluating particular similarities or differences between various entities -- whether it is art or literature, sciences, or even movies and entertainment.
That’s why a compare and contrast essay is one of the first essay assignments that students encounter, whether they are in high school or college.
This type of essay examines two or more topics to compare their underlying similarities and contrast their subtle differences. Compare and contrast essays focus on bringing forward information that is not so obvious, arguing a point with hard facts, or clearing up a dark area between different viewpoints.
In this article, you will learn more about how to write a 5-paragraph compare and contrast essay and do a great job at it.
How to Structure a 5-Paragraph Compare and Contrast Essay
Before we proceed further, let’s understand why compare and contrast essays are assigned.
Such essays are assigned by the professors to encourage students to delve into research, make connections between different texts, engage their minds in critical thinking, and go beyond simple descriptions to generate an excellent analysis.
When students look for similarities and differences, they read and research and gain a deeper understanding of the two subjects in question. They find out the relationship between both topics, examine the characteristics that are most significant and weigh the pros and cons of each. In the process, they bring a certain conclusion to light.
The first step to a good essay is structure. There are two ways to structure a 5-paragraph compare and contrast essay.
Two Ways to Structure a 5-paragraph Essay
1. subject-by-subject structure.
All the researched information for comparing/contrasting the first topic is listed in the beginning, followed by relevant data for the second topic.
- Introduction or Thesis Statement
- Topic 1 Analysis
- Transition paragraph
- Topic 2 Analysis
2. Point-by-Point Structure
Each similarity or difference for one topic is examined and is subsequently followed by a study of the similarities or differences for the other.
- Point 1: Analysis of Topic 1 and Topic 2
- Point 2: Analysis of Topic 1 and Topic 2
- Point 3: Analysis of Topic 1 and Topic 2
One of the biggest essay writing mistakes students make is not structuring it well. So, keep these templates in mind to write a well-structured and cohesive essay.
How to Write a 5-Paragraph Compare and Contrast Essay: 6 Winning Strategies
We know that writing an essay isn't a piece of cake and requires proper research, accurate structure, and a certain methodology. Here are some important guidelines that will help you craft that perfect 5-paragraph compare and contrast essay.
1. Pick your topic carefully
To deliver a well-written compare and contrast essay, one has to research everything there is to know about the topics. The goal for these types of essays is to find similarities or differences between the two topics and analyze them.
So, look for credible sources, make notes of whatever information is available, and highlight points that are important and are needed to be remembered. Making this draft will provide you with a proper lead in creating a thorough essay.
Consider these three points while picking your essay topic :
- Pick two topics that belong to the same broad category but have inherent differences. For example, prose versus poetry - both are forms of writing but are quite contrasting in nature.
- Pick two subjects that may not have anything in common other than one surprising similarity. For example, bats versus whales - one is small and flies, and one is massive and swims, but both hunt by using sound waves.
- Pick two subjects that might appear to be the same but are different in many ways—for example, the Little Women novel versus the Little Women movie.
Keep in mind that your essay needs to make point-by-point, parallel comparisons or contrasts so that you know that you are evaluating both sides equally.
Understand which comparison criteria are the most relevant and which one is not. This will help prioritize your argument. Try to find interesting comparisons or contrasts for your essay rather than dry, boring points. This will make your essay more fascinating to read.
2. Organize your ideas
As you have finished brainstorming topic ideas for comparing and contrasting, organize your points according to the subject and highlight important characteristics from both topics. Look for motives, consider major themes and select points central to the identity of both topics. This will help you in writing a compelling, well-researched essay.
While brainstorming, even if the ideas that come to mind seem minuscule and trivial, writing them down is still the right step because these little notes will eventually come in handy while drafting your final essay.
It is also helpful to think about the question “so what?” as you strategize your essay, as this will make you question yourself and analyze your own points so that they can be viewed with clarity.
Here’s a useful video by College of DuPage on organizing your ideas while writing essays
3. Develop your thesis statement
The thesis statement is the most crucial part of the entire compare and contrast essay as it assists in creating a focused argument that is central to your assignment. It also gives the reader a road map about the subject matter present in this essay.
A good thesis statement needs to be specific and should encourage a good discussion around the topic, but should not exceed a single line of thought.
4. Create an outline
Once your list has been made, figure out if your topics have more similarities or differences in them, because then a basic outline can be created. If you find that there are more similarities than differences, focus on comparing the two topics. If there are multiple and more interesting differences, you should choose to contrast the ideas in your essay.
In any assigned essay, the basic outline is divided into the introduction, three body paragraphs, and, lastly, the conclusion. This outline will form the skeleton of the essay and will help in structuring all the ideas and thoughts as well as organizing the main points of your topics.
While creating an outline for your essay, resort to sampling templates as they are handy and can give you a headstart on the structure and formatting of the essay.
5. Use supporting evidence
Always use credible and relevant sources for pulling information to write your essays since you have two topics to research and compare objectively. Referencing your data is the best way to prove the facts, and ideas or even explain why you support this or that statement.
Wikipedia or blogs should not be used as credible sources as they are from one individual's perspective and can be randomly edited. Instead, use scholarly reports, articles, academic journals, books, and websites to support your arguments.
6. Write, proofread and edit
Once your outline is created and you have supporting evidence for your statements, organizing your points, your structure, and your sources into a cohesive body is the most important step.
Important tip: make sure that your transition from one point of a topic to another is smooth and free-flowing. You wouldn't want the reader to get baffled by vague sentencing and improper structuring.
Use transition words as they are key to a smoother reading experience. For comparisons, use words such as -- similarly, likewise, comparatively, in addition to, etc. For contrast, the following words can be used -- however, nonetheless, in contrast to, on the other hand, but, on the contrary, etc.
Give each topic equal time and information since the goal of this type of essay is to find similarities and differences between two subjects. Hence, if Topic A has four statements, make it a point to have four statements for Topic B as well.
Last but not least, proofread the essay after you’ve completed it. You have worked so hard on this essay. The last thing you need is for grammatical or spelling mistakes to bring your essay down. Therefore, proofreading and editing, wherever required, is extremely necessary.
Conclusion: Ace the 5-Paragraph Compare and Contrast Essay
So the next time you are assigned a 5-paragraph compare and contrast essay, remember to do your research, organize your thoughts, and indulge in key takeaways from this article.
This will not only improve your own analytical skills and written expression but also elevate your standing in the eyes of the faculty.
By following all the above-mentioned methods, the entirely daunting process of crafting a stellar essay would not be so intimidating anymore.
If you are still in need of help, don’t hesitate to reach out to us at Writers Per Hour. Our expert writers are well-versed in compare and contrast essays and guarantee to deliver original, high-quality essays to meet your deadlines!
Last edit at Jul 27 2023
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50 Great Compare and Contrast Essay Examples
Compare and contrast refers to the process of demonstrating the differences between two concepts. It’s an essential higher-order skill required for getting higher grades in your essays!
The compare and contrast method is a way to demonstrate your depth of understanding about two or more topics.
It is considered a type of analysis , which is often a target verb in your assessment outlines. So, if you are told to “analyze” something, comparing and contrasting is a strategy to achieve this!
How to Compare and Contrast
One simplified way to compare and contrast is to consider ‘compare’ as identifying similarities and ‘contrast’ as identifying differences :
More complex strategies include the Venn Diagram method, criterion analysis, and rank ordering, as displayed below.
See Also: Best Transition Words for Essay Paragraphs
1. Venn Diagram Method
A Venn Diagram is a concept map that asks you to demonstrate similarities and differences between concepts. It involves two overlapping circles. In the overlapping part (red, below), write the similarities. In the side sections, write the unique aspects of each item:
In my seminars, I ask my students to complete Venn Diagrams of the topics they are comparing and contrasting in their essays. This simple procedure helps you to clarify what you want to say is unique about each item, as well as how you want to demonstrate differences between them.
Have a go at creating your own venn diagram for your compare and contrast topic before writing your essay – it will surely help you focus and get the information down on the essay in a clear and ordered way!
2. Criteria Analysis
Criteria analysis involves comparing and contrasting two or more items based upon a pre-determined criteria. For example, if comparing cats and dogs, you criteria might be ‘domestication history’, ‘social structure’, ‘grooming’, ‘training and obedience’, and exercise needs. We can then compare them as below:
I find that criteria analysis can help us to create a well-ordered and more objective structure for your essay.
Once you’ve selected your criteria and created a table like the one above, you can write one paragraph for each criterion, so the above table would be turned into five compare and contrast paragraphs in your essay .
3. Rank Ordering
Rank ordering involves comparing items or ideas by placing them on a scale or hierarchy. This goes a step beyond criteria analysis by comparing and contrasting based upon scales and analyses.
Take, for example, rank ordering London versus New York versus Paris on a range of rankable criteria:
Compare and Contrast Essay Examples
The following are 5-paragraph essay outlines that use my compare and contrast method, which is broken down into the following five paragraphs:
- The definition paragraph ( description level)
- The similarities paragraph ( analysis level)
- The differences paragraph ( analysis level)
- The evaluation paragraph ( evaluation level)
- The implications paragraph ( evaluation level)
City Living vs. Country Living
- Definitions of Terms: City living refers to residing in an urban area, while country living pertains to life in rural environments.
- Similarity 1: Both city-living and country-living provide opportunities for community engagement.
- Similarity 2: Both environments necessitate some form of transportation for commuting and access to essential services.
- Difference 1: City living often implies faster-paced life with more stressors, whereas country living is typically slower paced and quieter.
- Difference 2: Urban areas offer more amenities such as shopping centers, restaurants, and cultural venues, whereas rural areas have abundant natural spaces.
- Evaluation: Both lifestyles have their advantages and drawbacks, dependent largely upon individual preference .
- Implications: The choice between city and country living can significantly affect one’s quality of life, stress levels, and access to services.
Public Schools vs. Private Schools
- Definitions of Terms: Public schools are government-funded institutions open to all students, while private schools are funded by tuition fees and private donations and may have selective admissions.
- Similarity 1: Both public and private schools are committed to educating students and developing their skills and talents.
- Similarity 2: Both types of schools must adhere to general educational standards and employ qualified teachers.
- Difference 1: Public schools offer a diverse environment due to their open admission, whereas private schools often have a more homogeneous student body.
- Difference 2: Private schools often have more resources and smaller class sizes than public schools.
- Evaluation: Both school types strive to provide high-quality education but may do so via different methods and resources.
- Implications: The choice between public and private schooling can have implications for a student’s educational experience, social diversity exposure, and family finances.
Traditional Books vs. E-books
- Definitions of Terms: Traditional books refer to physical, bound print media, while e-books are electronic versions of printed books read on digital devices.
- Similarity 1: Both traditional books and e-books convey written information or literature to the reader.
- Similarity 2: Both formats allow the reader to enjoy a multitude of genres and titles.
- Difference 1: Traditional books provide a tactile reading experience, whereas e-books are read on a device.
- Difference 2: E-books are more portable and storage-friendly than traditional books.
- Evaluation: Choosing between traditional books and e-books largely falls to personal preference and convenience.
- Implications: The decision may influence the reading experience, accessibility, cost, and even eye health.
Movies vs. Theater Plays
- Definitions of Terms: Movies are recorded visual content typically played in cinemas or on TV, while theater plays are live performances staged in theatres.
- Similarity 1: Both movies and theater plays offer formatted storytelling mediums to entertain audiences.
- Similarity 2: Both mediums provide a broad spectrum of genres, from drama to comedy, romance to action.
- Difference 1: Movies leverage advanced technology to enhance storytelling, whereas theater plays rely more on human performances and minimal props.
- Difference 2: Theater plays introduce the unique element of live performance, while movies provide perfectly timed and edited scenes for a flawless viewing experience.
- Evaluation: Preference between movies and theater plays tends to hinge on one’s taste for technological enhancements or live performances.
- Implications: The choice affects one’s engagement in the storyline and can influence the level of immersion in the presented piece.
Working Part-time vs. Volunteering
- Definitions of Terms: Part-time work refers to paid employment with fewer hours per week compared to full-time jobs, while volunteering involves donating one’s time and skills for altruistic purposes without pay.
- Similarity 1: Both part-time work and volunteering provide opportunities to gain experience and build skills.
- Similarity 2: Both require commitment and dedication.
- Difference 1: Part-time jobs provide income, while volunteering does not.
- Difference 2: Volunteering often offers a wider range of roles, with more flexibility than part-time jobs.
- Evaluation: The preference for part-time work or volunteering is likely to depend on personal needs, priorities, and financial stability.
- Implications: Choosing between the two can shape an individual’s career path, financial situation, and personal growth.
Cats vs. Dogs
- Definitions of Terms: Pet ownership refers to being responsible for an animal’s wellbeing. Cats and dogs are two of the most popular domesticated animals in this context.
- Similarity 1: Both cats and dogs provide companionship for their owners.
- Similarity 2: Caring for either a cat or dog requires a significant time, effort, and financial commitment.
- Difference 1: Dogs typically demand more attention and exercise than cats.
- Difference 2: Cats, being more independent creatures, are often easier to care for in terms of day-to-day demands.
- Evaluation: The decision between a cat or dog depends on one’s lifestyle, commitment level, and personal preference.
- Implications: Adding a pet to your life can bring joy, companionship, and additional responsibilities, affecting an individual’s routine, expenditures, and emotional wellbeing.
Handwriting vs. Typing
- Definitions of Terms: Handwriting refers to writing by hand using instruments like pens or pencils, while typing involves entering text via a keyboard.
- Similarity 1: Both handwriting and typing serve to record information and thoughts.
- Similarity 2: Both methods can be used across a variety of platforms, like notebooks or digital devices.
- Difference 1: Handwriting tends to enhance memory retention more than typing due to its motor movements.
- Difference 2: Typing is often faster and enables easier edits than handwriting.
- Evaluation: The effectiveness of note-taking can depend on the individual preference between handwriting or typing.
- Implications: The preferred note-taking method may have an effect on productivity, learning efficiency, and workflow organization.
Renting Movies vs. Streaming Services
- Definitions of Terms: Renting movies involves obtaining a movie for a temporary period, usually through DVD rental shops, while streaming services provide access to broad libraries of movies via a subscription model.
- Similarity 1: Both renting movies and streaming provide access to a variety of films.
- Similarity 2: Both provide the comfort of watching movies at home.
- Difference 1: Renting movies usually involves a physical exchange, while streaming services utilize internet access.
- Difference 2: Streaming services offer an extensive library for a flat fee; renting movies usually incurs a cost per movie.
- Evaluation: The choice between renting and streaming comes down to factors such as cost, convenience, movie availability, and technological prowess.
- Implications: This choice can impact one’s entertainment experience, movie choices, and related spending.
Early Birds vs. Night Owls
- Definitions of Terms: Early birds are individuals who tend to wake up and function best in the morning, while night owls are people who stay up late and are productive at night.
- Similarity 1: Both early birds and night owls have specific periods of peak productivity.
- Similarity 2: Both can adjust their schedules to maximize productivity during their preferred time frames.
- Difference 1: Early birds may benefit more from the conventional 9-to-5 work or school schedules, while night owls may possibly struggle with early starts.
- Difference 2: Night owls might find peace and silence in the late evening hours for focused work, while early birds would experience similar conditions in the early morning.
- Evaluation: Being an early bird or a night owl generally aligns with an individual’s biological predisposition or lifestyle preferences.
- Implications: One’s designation may influence productivity levels, schedule preferences, and overall health.
Modern Pop Music vs. Classic Rock
- Definitions of Terms: Modern pop music is a genre characterized by its wide appeal and catchy style, often championed by younger demographics, while classic rock represents a genre of music that peaked in popularity in the late 20th century, characterized by strong rhythms and guitar-based sounds.
- Similarity 1: Both modern pop and classic rock aim to entertain, express, and connect with the audience.
- Similarity 2: Both genres have produced renowned artists and timeless music.
- Difference 1: Modern pop often incorporates electronic elements and is more influenced by contemporary trends, while classic rock heavily encompasses natural instrumentation and iconic guitar solos.
- Difference 2: The thematic contents and lyrical construction of the two genres vary significantly, with classic rock often embodying a more rebellious spirit compared to pop music.
- Evaluation: The choice between modern pop and classic rock usually comes down to personal taste, cultural exposure, and age.
- Implications: The music genre preference can reflect an individual’s personality, influence mood, and shape emotional experiences.
Sociology Compare & Contrast Essay Topic Ideas
- Eastern Family Traditions vs. Western Family Traditions
- Capitalism vs. Socialism
- Urban Living vs. Rural Living
- Individualistic Societies vs. Collectivist Societies
- Monogamy vs. Polygamy
- Nuclear Families vs. Extended Families
- Secular Societies vs. Religious Societies
- Traditional Education vs. Homeschooling
- Ageing Populations in Japan vs. Young Populations in Nigeria
- Ethnic Enclaves vs. Assimilated Communities
- Role of Women in Western Societies vs. Middle Eastern Societies
- Developed Countries vs. Developing Countries
- Single-child Policy in China vs. Expansive Families in India
- Arranged Marriages vs. Love Marriages
- Rural Migrations to Cities in Africa vs. Asia
- Gender Roles in Traditional Societies vs. Modern Societies
- Subcultures vs. Countercultures
- Social Impacts of the Internet Age vs. The Industrial Revolution
- Role of Community in Individualistic vs. Collectivist Cultures
- Social Effects of Unemployment in European vs. African Nations
Psychology Compare & Contrast Essay Topic Ideas
- Freudian vs. Jungian Psychoanalysis
- Nature vs. Nurture
- Behaviorism vs. Cognitive Psychology
- IQ Tests vs. EQ Tests
- Child vs. Adult Cognitive Development
- Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning
- Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs vs. Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory
- Short-term Memory vs. Long-term Memory
- Traditional Therapy vs. Online Therapy
- Anxiety vs. Depression
- Bipolar Disorder vs. Schizophrenia
- Stress in Adolescents vs. Stress in Adults
- Dream Analysis: Freudian vs. Jungian
- Social Psychology vs. Cultural Psychology
- Substance Addiction vs. Behavioral Addiction
- Humanistic Psychology vs. Evolutionary Psychology
- ADHD vs. Autism
- Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation
- Introverted vs. Extroverted Personalities
- Psychoanalytic Therapy vs. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
Compare and contrast is all about higher-order thinking . To conduct a compare and contrast, you’re engaging in analysis , which is a step required in order to achieve the next layer of higher-order thinking skills : evaluation. Whether you’re writing a direct compare and contrast essay or simply an argumentative essay , comparing and contrasting your ideas helps you to demonstrate your depth of knowledge to your teacher and build your grades!
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- Comparing and contrasting in an essay | Tips & examples
Comparing and Contrasting in an Essay | Tips & Examples
Published on August 6, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023.
Comparing and contrasting is an important skill in academic writing . It involves taking two or more subjects and analyzing the differences and similarities between them.
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When should i compare and contrast, making effective comparisons, comparing and contrasting as a brainstorming tool, structuring your comparisons, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about comparing and contrasting.
Many assignments will invite you to make comparisons quite explicitly, as in these prompts.
- Compare the treatment of the theme of beauty in the poetry of William Wordsworth and John Keats.
- Compare and contrast in-class and distance learning. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each approach?
Some other prompts may not directly ask you to compare and contrast, but present you with a topic where comparing and contrasting could be a good approach.
One way to approach this essay might be to contrast the situation before the Great Depression with the situation during it, to highlight how large a difference it made.
Comparing and contrasting is also used in all kinds of academic contexts where it’s not explicitly prompted. For example, a literature review involves comparing and contrasting different studies on your topic, and an argumentative essay may involve weighing up the pros and cons of different arguments.
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As the name suggests, comparing and contrasting is about identifying both similarities and differences. You might focus on contrasting quite different subjects or comparing subjects with a lot in common—but there must be some grounds for comparison in the first place.
For example, you might contrast French society before and after the French Revolution; you’d likely find many differences, but there would be a valid basis for comparison. However, if you contrasted pre-revolutionary France with Han-dynasty China, your reader might wonder why you chose to compare these two societies.
This is why it’s important to clarify the point of your comparisons by writing a focused thesis statement . Every element of an essay should serve your central argument in some way. Consider what you’re trying to accomplish with any comparisons you make, and be sure to make this clear to the reader.
Comparing and contrasting can be a useful tool to help organize your thoughts before you begin writing any type of academic text. You might use it to compare different theories and approaches you’ve encountered in your preliminary research, for example.
Let’s say your research involves the competing psychological approaches of behaviorism and cognitive psychology. You might make a table to summarize the key differences between them.
Or say you’re writing about the major global conflicts of the twentieth century. You might visualize the key similarities and differences in a Venn diagram.
These visualizations wouldn’t make it into your actual writing, so they don’t have to be very formal in terms of phrasing or presentation. The point of comparing and contrasting at this stage is to help you organize and shape your ideas to aid you in structuring your arguments.
When comparing and contrasting in an essay, there are two main ways to structure your comparisons: the alternating method and the block method.
The alternating method
In the alternating method, you structure your text according to what aspect you’re comparing. You cover both your subjects side by side in terms of a specific point of comparison. Your text is structured like this:
Mouse over the example paragraph below to see how this approach works.
One challenge teachers face is identifying and assisting students who are struggling without disrupting the rest of the class. In a traditional classroom environment, the teacher can easily identify when a student is struggling based on their demeanor in class or simply by regularly checking on students during exercises. They can then offer assistance quietly during the exercise or discuss it further after class. Meanwhile, in a Zoom-based class, the lack of physical presence makes it more difficult to pay attention to individual students’ responses and notice frustrations, and there is less flexibility to speak with students privately to offer assistance. In this case, therefore, the traditional classroom environment holds the advantage, although it appears likely that aiding students in a virtual classroom environment will become easier as the technology, and teachers’ familiarity with it, improves.
The block method
In the block method, you cover each of the overall subjects you’re comparing in a block. You say everything you have to say about your first subject, then discuss your second subject, making comparisons and contrasts back to the things you’ve already said about the first. Your text is structured like this:
- Point of comparison A
- Point of comparison B
The most commonly cited advantage of distance learning is the flexibility and accessibility it offers. Rather than being required to travel to a specific location every week (and to live near enough to feasibly do so), students can participate from anywhere with an internet connection. This allows not only for a wider geographical spread of students but for the possibility of studying while travelling. However, distance learning presents its own accessibility challenges; not all students have a stable internet connection and a computer or other device with which to participate in online classes, and less technologically literate students and teachers may struggle with the technical aspects of class participation. Furthermore, discomfort and distractions can hinder an individual student’s ability to engage with the class from home, creating divergent learning experiences for different students. Distance learning, then, seems to improve accessibility in some ways while representing a step backwards in others.
Note that these two methods can be combined; these two example paragraphs could both be part of the same essay, but it’s wise to use an essay outline to plan out which approach you’re taking in each paragraph.
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Some essay prompts include the keywords “compare” and/or “contrast.” In these cases, an essay structured around comparing and contrasting is the appropriate response.
Comparing and contrasting is also a useful approach in all kinds of academic writing : You might compare different studies in a literature review , weigh up different arguments in an argumentative essay , or consider different theoretical approaches in a theoretical framework .
Your subjects might be very different or quite similar, but it’s important that there be meaningful grounds for comparison . You can probably describe many differences between a cat and a bicycle, but there isn’t really any connection between them to justify the comparison.
You’ll have to write a thesis statement explaining the central point you want to make in your essay , so be sure to know in advance what connects your subjects and makes them worth comparing.
Comparisons in essays are generally structured in one of two ways:
- The alternating method, where you compare your subjects side by side according to one specific aspect at a time.
- The block method, where you cover each subject separately in its entirety.
It’s also possible to combine both methods, for example by writing a full paragraph on each of your topics and then a final paragraph contrasting the two according to a specific metric.
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How to Write a Comparative Essay
Last Updated: May 19, 2023 Fact Checked
This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, PhD . Christopher Taylor is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of English at Austin Community College in Texas. He received his PhD in English Literature and Medieval Studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 2014. There are 8 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 1,677,483 times.
Perhaps you have been assigned a comparative essay in class, or need to write a comprehensive comparative report for work. In order to write a stellar comparative essay, you have to start off by picking two subjects that have enough similarities and differences to be compared in a meaningful way, such as two sports teams or two systems of government. Once you have that, then you have to find at least two or three points of comparison and use research, facts, and well-organized paragraphs to impress and captivate your readers. Writing the comparative essay is an important skill that you will use many times throughout your scholastic career.
Comparative Essay Outline and Example
How to Develop the Essay Content
- Many comparative essay assignments will signal their purpose by using words such as "compare," "contrast," "similarities," and "differences" in the language of the prompt.
- Also see whether there are any limits placed on your topic.
- The assignment will generally ask guiding questions if you are expected to incorporate comparison as part of a larger assignment. For example: "Choose a particular idea or theme, such as love, beauty, death, or time, and consider how two different Renaissance poets approach this idea." This sentence asks you to compare two poets, but it also asks how the poets approach the point of comparison. In other words, you will need to make an evaluative or analytical argument about those approaches.
- If you're unclear on what the essay prompt is asking you to do, talk with your instructor. It's much better to clarify questions up front than discover you've written the entire essay incorrectly.
- The best place to start is to write a list of things that the items you are comparing have in common as well as differences between them.  X Research source
- You may want to develop a system such as highlighting different types of similarities in different colors, or use different colours if you are using an electronic device.
- For example, if you are comparing two novels, you may want to highlight similarities in characters in pink, settings in blue, and themes or messages in green.
- The basis for your comparison may be assigned to you. Be sure to check your assignment or prompt.
- A basis for comparison may have to do with a theme, characteristics, or details about two different things.  X Research source
- A basis for comparison may also be known as the “grounds” for comparison or a frame of reference.
- Keep in mind that comparing 2 things that are too similar makes it hard to write an effective paper. The goal of a comparison paper is to draw interesting parallels and help the reader realize something interesting about our world. This means your subjects must be different enough to make your argument interesting.
- Research may not be required or appropriate for your particular assignment. If your comparative essay is not meant to include research, you should avoid including it.
- A comparative essay about historical events, social issues, or science-related topics are more likely to require research, while a comparison of two works of literature are less likely to require research.
- Be sure to cite any research data properly according to the discipline in which you are writing (eg, MLA, APA, or Chicago format).
- Your thesis needs to make a claim about your subjects that you will then defend in your essay. It's good for this claim to be a bit controversial or up for interpretation, as this allows you to build a good argument.
How to Organize the Content
- Use a traditional outline form if you would like to, but even a simple list of bulleted points in the order that you plan to present them would help.
- You can also write down your main points on sticky notes (or type them, print them, and then cut them out) so that you can arrange and rearrange them before deciding on a final order.
- The advantages of this structure are that it continually keeps the comparison in the mind of the reader and forces you, the writer, to pay equal attention to each side of the argument.
- This method is especially recommended for lengthy essays or complicated subjects where both the writer and reader can easily become lost. For Example: Paragraph 1: Engine power of vehicle X / Engine power of vehicle Y Paragraph 2: Stylishness of vehicle X / Stylishness of vehicle Y Paragraph 3: Safety rating of vehicle X / Safety rating of vehicle Y
- The advantages of this structure are that it allows you to discuss points in greater detail and makes it less jarring to tackle two topics that radically different.
- This method is especially recommended for essays where some depth and detail are required. For example: Paragraph 1: Engine power of vehicle X Paragraph 2: Engine power of vehicle Y Paragraph 3: Stylishness of vehicle X Paragraph 4: Stylishness of vehicle Y Paragraph 5: Safety rating of vehicle X Paragraph 6: Safety rating of vehicle Y
- This method is by far the most dangerous, as your comparison can become both one-sided and difficult for the reader to follow.
- This method is only recommended for short essays with simplistic subjects that the reader can easily remember as (s)he goes along. For example: Paragraph 1: Engine power of vehicle X Paragraph 2: Stylishness of vehicle X Paragraph 3: Safety rating of vehicle X Paragraph 4: Engine power of vehicle Y Paragraph 5: Stylishness of vehicle Y Paragraph 6: Safety rating of vehicle Y
How to Write the Essay
- Body paragraphs first . Work through all that information you've been compiling and see what kind of story it tells you. Only when you've worked with your data will you know what the larger point of the paper is.
- Conclusion second . Now that you've done all the heavy lifting, the point of your essay should be fresh in your mind. Strike while the iron’s hot. Start your conclusion with a restatement of your thesis.
- Intro last . Open your introduction with a "hook" to grab the reader's attention. Since you've already written your essay, choose a hook that reflects what you will talk about, whether it's a quote, statistic, factoid, rhetorical question, or anecdote. Then, write 1-2 sentences about your topic, narrowing down to your thesis statement, which completes your introduction.
- Organize your paragraphs using one of the approaches listed in the "Organizing the Content" part below. Once you have defined your points of comparison, choose the structure for the body paragraphs (where your comparisons go) that makes the most sense for your data. To work out all the organizational kinks, it’s recommended that you write an outline as a placeholder.
- Be very careful not to address different aspects of each subject. Comparing the color of one thing to the size of another does nothing to help the reader understand how they stack up.  X Research source
- Be aware that your various comparisons won’t necessarily lend themselves to an obvious conclusion, especially because people value things differently. If necessary, make the parameters of your argument more specific. (Ex. “Though X is more stylish and powerful, Y’s top safety ratings make it a more appropriate family vehicle .”)
- When you have two radically different topics, it sometimes helps to point out one similarity they have before concluding. (i.e. "Although X and Y don't seem to have anything in common, in actuality, they both ....”)
- Even the best writers know editing is important to produce a good piece. Your essay will not be your best effort unless you revise it.
- If possible, find a friend to look over the essay, as he or she may find problems that you missed.
- It sometimes helps to increase or decrease the font size while editing to change the visual layout of the paper. Looking at the same thing for too long makes your brain fill in what it expects instead of what it sees, leaving you more likely to overlook errors.
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- The title and introduction really catch the reader's attention and make them read the essay. Make sure you know how to write a catchy essay title . Thanks Helpful 6 Not Helpful 1
- Quotes should be used sparingly and must thoroughly complement the point they are being used to exemplify/justify. Thanks Helpful 5 Not Helpful 2
- The key principle to remember in a comparative paragraph or essay is that you must clarify precisely what you are comparing and keep that comparison alive throughout the essay. Thanks Helpful 3 Not Helpful 2
- Avoid vague language such as "people," "stuff," "things," etc. Thanks Helpful 4 Not Helpful 0
- Avoid, at all costs, the conclusion that the two subjects are "similar, yet different." This commonly found conclusion weakens any comparative essay, because it essentially says nothing about the comparison. Most things are "similar, yet different" in some way. Thanks Helpful 4 Not Helpful 0
- Some believe that an "unbalanced" comparison - that is, when the essay focuses predominantly on one of the two issues, and gives less importance to the other - is weaker, and that writers should strive for 50/50 treatment of the texts or issues being examined. Others, however, value emphasis in the essay that reflects the particular demands of the essay's purpose or thesis. One text may simply provide context, or historical/artistic/political reference for the main text, and therefore need not occupy half of the essay's discussion or analysis. A "weak" essay in this context would strive to treat unequal texts equally, rather than strive to appropriately apportion space to the relevant text. Thanks Helpful 3 Not Helpful 0
- Beware of the "Frying Pan Conclusion" in which you simply recount everything that was said in the main body of the essay. While your conclusion should include a simple summary of your argument, it should also emphatically state the point in a new and convincing way, one which the reader will remember clearly. If you can see a way forward from a problem or dilemma, include that as well. Thanks Helpful 2 Not Helpful 1
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- ↑ http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/comparing-and-contrasting/
- ↑ http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/specific-types-of-writing/comparative-essay
- ↑ https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/comparing-and-contrasting/
- ↑ http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/how-write-comparative-analysis
- ↑ https://www.butte.edu/departments/cas/tipsheets/style_purpose_strategy/compare_contrast.html
- ↑ https://open.lib.umn.edu/writingforsuccess/chapter/10-7-comparison-and-contrast/
- ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/the_writing_process/proofreading/steps_for_revising.html
- How to Structure Paragraphs in an Essay
About This Article
To write a comparative essay, start by writing an introduction that introduces the 2 subjects you'll be comparing. You should also include your thesis statement in the introduction, which should state what you've concluded based on your comparisons. Next, write the body of your essay so that each paragraph focuses on one point of comparison between your subjects. Finally, write a conclusion that summarizes your main points and draws a larger conclusion about the two things you compared. To learn how to do research for your essay, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No
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Comparing and Contrasting
What this handout is about.
This handout will help you first to determine whether a particular assignment is asking for comparison/contrast and then to generate a list of similarities and differences, decide which similarities and differences to focus on, and organize your paper so that it will be clear and effective. It will also explain how you can (and why you should) develop a thesis that goes beyond “Thing A and Thing B are similar in many ways but different in others.”
In your career as a student, you’ll encounter many different kinds of writing assignments, each with its own requirements. One of the most common is the comparison/contrast essay, in which you focus on the ways in which certain things or ideas—usually two of them—are similar to (this is the comparison) and/or different from (this is the contrast) one another. By assigning such essays, your instructors are encouraging you to make connections between texts or ideas, engage in critical thinking, and go beyond mere description or summary to generate interesting analysis: when you reflect on similarities and differences, you gain a deeper understanding of the items you are comparing, their relationship to each other, and what is most important about them.
Recognizing comparison/contrast in assignments
Some assignments use words—like compare, contrast, similarities, and differences—that make it easy for you to see that they are asking you to compare and/or contrast. Here are a few hypothetical examples:
- Compare and contrast Frye’s and Bartky’s accounts of oppression.
- Compare WWI to WWII, identifying similarities in the causes, development, and outcomes of the wars.
- Contrast Wordsworth and Coleridge; what are the major differences in their poetry?
Notice that some topics ask only for comparison, others only for contrast, and others for both.
But it’s not always so easy to tell whether an assignment is asking you to include comparison/contrast. And in some cases, comparison/contrast is only part of the essay—you begin by comparing and/or contrasting two or more things and then use what you’ve learned to construct an argument or evaluation. Consider these examples, noticing the language that is used to ask for the comparison/contrast and whether the comparison/contrast is only one part of a larger assignment:
- Choose a particular idea or theme, such as romantic love, death, or nature, and consider how it is treated in two Romantic poems.
- How do the different authors we have studied so far define and describe oppression?
- Compare Frye’s and Bartky’s accounts of oppression. What does each imply about women’s collusion in their own oppression? Which is more accurate?
- In the texts we’ve studied, soldiers who served in different wars offer differing accounts of their experiences and feelings both during and after the fighting. What commonalities are there in these accounts? What factors do you think are responsible for their differences?
You may want to check out our handout on understanding assignments for additional tips.
Using comparison/contrast for all kinds of writing projects
Sometimes you may want to use comparison/contrast techniques in your own pre-writing work to get ideas that you can later use for an argument, even if comparison/contrast isn’t an official requirement for the paper you’re writing. For example, if you wanted to argue that Frye’s account of oppression is better than both de Beauvoir’s and Bartky’s, comparing and contrasting the main arguments of those three authors might help you construct your evaluation—even though the topic may not have asked for comparison/contrast and the lists of similarities and differences you generate may not appear anywhere in the final draft of your paper.
Discovering similarities and differences
Making a Venn diagram or a chart can help you quickly and efficiently compare and contrast two or more things or ideas. To make a Venn diagram, simply draw some overlapping circles, one circle for each item you’re considering. In the central area where they overlap, list the traits the two items have in common. Assign each one of the areas that doesn’t overlap; in those areas, you can list the traits that make the things different. Here’s a very simple example, using two pizza places:
To make a chart, figure out what criteria you want to focus on in comparing the items. Along the left side of the page, list each of the criteria. Across the top, list the names of the items. You should then have a box per item for each criterion; you can fill the boxes in and then survey what you’ve discovered.
As you generate points of comparison, consider the purpose and content of the assignment and the focus of the class. What do you think the professor wants you to learn by doing this comparison/contrast? How does it fit with what you have been studying so far and with the other assignments in the course? Are there any clues about what to focus on in the assignment itself?
Here are some general questions about different types of things you might have to compare. These are by no means complete or definitive lists; they’re just here to give you some ideas—you can generate your own questions for these and other types of comparison. You may want to begin by using the questions reporters traditionally ask: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? If you’re talking about objects, you might also consider general properties like size, shape, color, sound, weight, taste, texture, smell, number, duration, and location.
Two historical periods or events
- When did they occur—do you know the date(s) and duration? What happened or changed during each? Why are they significant?
- What kinds of work did people do? What kinds of relationships did they have? What did they value?
- What kinds of governments were there? Who were important people involved?
- What caused events in these periods, and what consequences did they have later on?
Two ideas or theories
- What are they about?
- Did they originate at some particular time?
- Who created them? Who uses or defends them?
- What is the central focus, claim, or goal of each? What conclusions do they offer?
- How are they applied to situations/people/things/etc.?
- Which seems more plausible to you, and why? How broad is their scope?
- What kind of evidence is usually offered for them?
Two pieces of writing or art
- What are their titles? What do they describe or depict?
- What is their tone or mood? What is their form?
- Who created them? When were they created? Why do you think they were created as they were? What themes do they address?
- Do you think one is of higher quality or greater merit than the other(s)—and if so, why?
- For writing: what plot, characterization, setting, theme, tone, and type of narration are used?
- Where are they from? How old are they? What is the gender, race, class, etc. of each?
- What, if anything, are they known for? Do they have any relationship to each other?
- What are they like? What did/do they do? What do they believe? Why are they interesting?
- What stands out most about each of them?
Deciding what to focus on
By now you have probably generated a huge list of similarities and differences—congratulations! Next you must decide which of them are interesting, important, and relevant enough to be included in your paper. Ask yourself these questions:
- What’s relevant to the assignment?
- What’s relevant to the course?
- What’s interesting and informative?
- What matters to the argument you are going to make?
- What’s basic or central (and needs to be mentioned even if obvious)?
- Overall, what’s more important—the similarities or the differences?
Suppose that you are writing a paper comparing two novels. For most literature classes, the fact that they both use Caslon type (a kind of typeface, like the fonts you may use in your writing) is not going to be relevant, nor is the fact that one of them has a few illustrations and the other has none; literature classes are more likely to focus on subjects like characterization, plot, setting, the writer’s style and intentions, language, central themes, and so forth. However, if you were writing a paper for a class on typesetting or on how illustrations are used to enhance novels, the typeface and presence or absence of illustrations might be absolutely critical to include in your final paper.
Sometimes a particular point of comparison or contrast might be relevant but not terribly revealing or interesting. For example, if you are writing a paper about Wordsworth’s “Tintern Abbey” and Coleridge’s “Frost at Midnight,” pointing out that they both have nature as a central theme is relevant (comparisons of poetry often talk about themes) but not terribly interesting; your class has probably already had many discussions about the Romantic poets’ fondness for nature. Talking about the different ways nature is depicted or the different aspects of nature that are emphasized might be more interesting and show a more sophisticated understanding of the poems.
The thesis of your comparison/contrast paper is very important: it can help you create a focused argument and give your reader a road map so she/he doesn’t get lost in the sea of points you are about to make. As in any paper, you will want to replace vague reports of your general topic (for example, “This paper will compare and contrast two pizza places,” or “Pepper’s and Amante are similar in some ways and different in others,” or “Pepper’s and Amante are similar in many ways, but they have one major difference”) with something more detailed and specific. For example, you might say, “Pepper’s and Amante have similar prices and ingredients, but their atmospheres and willingness to deliver set them apart.”
Be careful, though—although this thesis is fairly specific and does propose a simple argument (that atmosphere and delivery make the two pizza places different), your instructor will often be looking for a bit more analysis. In this case, the obvious question is “So what? Why should anyone care that Pepper’s and Amante are different in this way?” One might also wonder why the writer chose those two particular pizza places to compare—why not Papa John’s, Dominos, or Pizza Hut? Again, thinking about the context the class provides may help you answer such questions and make a stronger argument. Here’s a revision of the thesis mentioned earlier:
Pepper’s and Amante both offer a greater variety of ingredients than other Chapel Hill/Carrboro pizza places (and than any of the national chains), but the funky, lively atmosphere at Pepper’s makes it a better place to give visiting friends and family a taste of local culture.
You may find our handout on constructing thesis statements useful at this stage.
Organizing your paper
There are many different ways to organize a comparison/contrast essay. Here are two:
Begin by saying everything you have to say about the first subject you are discussing, then move on and make all the points you want to make about the second subject (and after that, the third, and so on, if you’re comparing/contrasting more than two things). If the paper is short, you might be able to fit all of your points about each item into a single paragraph, but it’s more likely that you’d have several paragraphs per item. Using our pizza place comparison/contrast as an example, after the introduction, you might have a paragraph about the ingredients available at Pepper’s, a paragraph about its location, and a paragraph about its ambience. Then you’d have three similar paragraphs about Amante, followed by your conclusion.
The danger of this subject-by-subject organization is that your paper will simply be a list of points: a certain number of points (in my example, three) about one subject, then a certain number of points about another. This is usually not what college instructors are looking for in a paper—generally they want you to compare or contrast two or more things very directly, rather than just listing the traits the things have and leaving it up to the reader to reflect on how those traits are similar or different and why those similarities or differences matter. Thus, if you use the subject-by-subject form, you will probably want to have a very strong, analytical thesis and at least one body paragraph that ties all of your different points together.
A subject-by-subject structure can be a logical choice if you are writing what is sometimes called a “lens” comparison, in which you use one subject or item (which isn’t really your main topic) to better understand another item (which is). For example, you might be asked to compare a poem you’ve already covered thoroughly in class with one you are reading on your own. It might make sense to give a brief summary of your main ideas about the first poem (this would be your first subject, the “lens”), and then spend most of your paper discussing how those points are similar to or different from your ideas about the second.
Rather than addressing things one subject at a time, you may wish to talk about one point of comparison at a time. There are two main ways this might play out, depending on how much you have to say about each of the things you are comparing. If you have just a little, you might, in a single paragraph, discuss how a certain point of comparison/contrast relates to all the items you are discussing. For example, I might describe, in one paragraph, what the prices are like at both Pepper’s and Amante; in the next paragraph, I might compare the ingredients available; in a third, I might contrast the atmospheres of the two restaurants.
If I had a bit more to say about the items I was comparing/contrasting, I might devote a whole paragraph to how each point relates to each item. For example, I might have a whole paragraph about the clientele at Pepper’s, followed by a whole paragraph about the clientele at Amante; then I would move on and do two more paragraphs discussing my next point of comparison/contrast—like the ingredients available at each restaurant.
There are no hard and fast rules about organizing a comparison/contrast paper, of course. Just be sure that your reader can easily tell what’s going on! Be aware, too, of the placement of your different points. If you are writing a comparison/contrast in service of an argument, keep in mind that the last point you make is the one you are leaving your reader with. For example, if I am trying to argue that Amante is better than Pepper’s, I should end with a contrast that leaves Amante sounding good, rather than with a point of comparison that I have to admit makes Pepper’s look better. If you’ve decided that the differences between the items you’re comparing/contrasting are most important, you’ll want to end with the differences—and vice versa, if the similarities seem most important to you.
Our handout on organization can help you write good topic sentences and transitions and make sure that you have a good overall structure in place for your paper.
Cue words and other tips
To help your reader keep track of where you are in the comparison/contrast, you’ll want to be sure that your transitions and topic sentences are especially strong. Your thesis should already have given the reader an idea of the points you’ll be making and the organization you’ll be using, but you can help her/him out with some extra cues. The following words may be helpful to you in signaling your intentions:
- like, similar to, also, unlike, similarly, in the same way, likewise, again, compared to, in contrast, in like manner, contrasted with, on the contrary, however, although, yet, even though, still, but, nevertheless, conversely, at the same time, regardless, despite, while, on the one hand … on the other hand.
For example, you might have a topic sentence like one of these:
- Compared to Pepper’s, Amante is quiet.
- Like Amante, Pepper’s offers fresh garlic as a topping.
- Despite their different locations (downtown Chapel Hill and downtown Carrboro), Pepper’s and Amante are both fairly easy to get to.
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How to Write a Comparison Essay
24 Jul 2021
As we navigate our lives, we can’t help but notice the elements in our environment, whether it’s the latest car, a fashion trend, or even some experiences. Think about your favorite Mexican restaurant, then visit another; automatically, you’re likely to size them up to each other. So when your professors assign you homework to compare two samples in a case study, it may seem natural.
But at the college level, something happens, our natural ability to compare vacates us. You may be stuck wondering how to write a comparison essay. This is a common dilemma many students face. We’ve put together this comprehensive guide to walk you through the perfect paper's construction steps. Below, you’ll find:
- A comprehensive guide on how to write a comparison essay, outlining its purpose, how to choose relevant topics for comparison, and the structure for presenting the content effectively.
- That the comparison essay requires the writer to analyze two objects, events, or theories and identify their similarities and differences, supporting findings with empirical data.
- For a successful comparison essay, it's essential to choose relevant subjects, have a clear and precise thesis statement, and employ an effective structure, depending on the subjects and purpose of the essay.
So read on to learn how the pros from Papersowl suggest writing a compare and contrast essay.
What Is a Comparison Essay?
As it sounds, your comparative essay should analyze two objects, events, or theories and determine the similarities and differences . The overall goal of the paper is for the reader to clearly identify how the studied criteria are the same and where they diverge. In a marketing class, you may evaluate two similar products and develop a plan to demonstrate their features and benefits. Or, in a psychology class, you may have an in-depth look at two therapy techniques and then evaluate the results of a particular case study.
Your paper's critical component is that you must ensure your findings are backed up with empirical data. While you may feel one subject is “better” than another, giving examples to prove your position is important. Information that can be weighed or measured, such as a device's performance or the results of a process, is strong evidence to support a claim.
Choosing a Great Topic for a Comparison Essay
What you write about could make or break your paper. As in any academic work, a good compare and contrast essay will have a purpose that adds value. For this, consider topics that are helpful in your discipline. Effective compare and contrast topics should expand the universe of knowledge or valid claims that have not yet been proven. A few examples of topics include:
- Economics : Fiscal Policy vs. Monetary Policy – An Analysis of the great depression and the Era of stagflation
- Political Science : Obama and Bush – Inspirational speaker vs. humble demeanor
- Literature : Faulkner and Hemingway – A Paradox of Prose
- Philosophy : Existentialism and Utilitarianism
- Law : Applications of Common Law vs. Statue Law Regarding Property
In addition to these academic subjects, you may be tasked to write a good application comparison essay when entering college. These topics could be more light-hearted and include comparing your youth with your adolescent years or comparing two close friends.
The pre-writing stage is an indispensable phase in the essay-writing process, laying the foundation for a well-organized and insightful piece. Before diving into the actual writing, this preparatory stage allows you to explore, organize, and refine their thoughts. For compare and contrast essays, this often involves researching the chosen subjects to uncover detailed information, nuances, and perspectives. Techniques such as brainstorming can help identify key points of similarity and difference, while tools like Venn diagrams visually map out where subjects overlap and where they diverge. This visual representation can be particularly invaluable in determining the essay's structure and focus. Additionally, the pre-writing stage is an opportune time to formulate a tentative thesis statement, which will provide direction and purpose as the essay evolves. By dedicating time to this initial phase, writers can ensure a clearer, more coherent essay, minimizing potential roadblocks and revisions later in the writing process. In essence, the pre-writing is akin to blueprinting; it's where the groundwork is laid for the construction of a compelling narrative.
The thesis statement is the anchor of any well-structured essay, offering readers a concise snapshot of what to expect. In a compare and contrast essay, the thesis not only indicates the subjects to be compared but also the focus and purpose of the comparison. Begin by pinpointing the main similarities or differences you want to highlight. For instance, if comparing apples to oranges, your thesis might read: "While apples and oranges both provide essential vitamins and are popular fruits, they differ in texture, taste, and cultural significance." This statement not only sets the subjects of comparison but also guides readers on the specific aspects being compared.
Crafting an effective thesis requires clarity and precision. It should avoid vague language and ensure that readers can anticipate the direction of the discussion. Remember, a strong thesis statement acts as a roadmap, helping to steer both the writer and the reader through the essay's argumentative landscape.
Stuck with finding the right title?
Get plenty of fresh and catchy topic ideas and pick the perfect one with PapersOwl Title Generator.
Structure for a Compare and Contrast Essay
When setting out to write a compare and contrast essay, one of the initial and fundamental decisions you'll need to make is regarding the essay's structure. Your choice of structure can have a profound impact on the clarity and effectiveness of your presentation. Here's how you can determine the best structure for your essay:
Understand Your Subjects:
- Before choosing a structure, you need a clear understanding of your subjects and the points of comparison. Are there numerous similarities and differences, or just a few major ones?
Purpose of the Essay:
- Are you trying to highlight the stark differences between your subjects, shed light on unexpected similarities, or do both? Your purpose can guide the structure.
- Think about your readers. If your subjects are very unfamiliar to your audience, the block method might be better because it allows for a more in-depth exploration of each subject before contrasting.
Two Predominant Structures:
Block Method: In this structure, you discuss all relevant points related to one subject and then move on to the next subject. This approach can be particularly useful if you want your readers to have an in-depth understanding of each subject before highlighting the contrasts.
✏️ Example: If you're comparing apples and oranges, you would first discuss everything about apples and then everything about oranges.
Point-by-Point Method: This is a more integrated approach. For each point of comparison, you alternate between the two subjects. This method keeps the comparison and contrast front and center and can make direct contrasts clearer.
✏️ Example: Discuss the color of apples and then the color of oranges, followed by the texture of apples and then the texture of oranges, and so on.
Whichever structure you choose, your primary goal should be clarity. Ensure that your points of comparison are clear and that readers can easily follow your reasoning. Remember, while these are the two primary structures, they are not set in stone. Depending on your topic, you might find it effective to blend these structures in some sections.
In conclusion, the structure you choose for your compare and contrast essay will significantly shape your argument's presentation. While the block method allows for a deep dive into each subject separately, the point-by-point method maintains a tight focus on the comparison throughout the essay. Evaluate your subjects, your purpose, and your audience, and choose the structure that most effectively communicates your points.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline
A good essay outline will contain, at a minimum, the three core sections – introduction, body, and conclusion. Often times the intro can be the most difficult to write, and it should be reserved for last. Once you have all your ideas laid out, hammering out a solid beginning is much easier to inform the reader what is to follow. You can pick out an interesting fact in your paper to write a strong hook to lure your readers in. Also, you’ll be able to tighten up your compare-and-contrast thesis to give a stronger impression.
Comparison Essay Outline Example
In this example, we’ll compare and contrast the essay point by point. In our comparison essay structure, we’ve elected to speak about similarities and follow up with differences and apply an extended conclusion with analysis and then the actual concluding paragraph for the scope of the paper.
In our comparative essay outline example, we’ve put together a basic template of what the paper should look like. Mind you, this is an informal template for an introduction to compare and contrast essay . If your course requires you to submit a formal outline in APA or MLA style, be sure to draft one according to the latest style guide.
You can use this comparative essay outline template to draft your paper as a means to get your ideas out on paper. Like many students, you could be short on time or not have the ability to complete your paper. In this case, you can use our writing service, and we’ll draft a perfect custom text for you to meet any deadlines you have.
We all have our opinions and curiosities, and sharing them with the world is a fun experience. And you can through an effective contrast and comparison paper. Just be sure to pick subjects that can be analyzed and back up your conclusions with data, and you’ll be well on your way to unlocking the world's inner workings. Sometimes you may find a lack of inspiration for a topic or are stressed to get a high grade. We are here to help 24/7/365 to get you out of a jam and write your papers for you in your time of need. So reach out to us, and we are here to help.
Tips to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay
If you’re wondering how to write a comparison essay fast, there are a few tricks to make the most of your time. Follow these steps professional writers use, and you’ll get your paper done to meet the tightest deadlines.
- Brainstorm on a scratch pad : You may be used to using your computer for everything, but for organizing your ideas, old-fashioned scratch paper works best. Draw a side-by-side chart and start listing out the characteristics of your subjects. Mention all the pros and cons, physical characteristics, as well as processes and applications that each possesses.
- Make sure to choose comparable subjects that will make sense to the reader.
- Ensure that the thesis statement is strong and to the point.
- Do good research and ensure that your arguments are clearly stated.
- Build your outline of compare and contrast essay : You can start to compare and contrast essay outline with your data table. Check the required length of your paper and start building a paragraph structure that will meet any bullet points and suffice the word count. Be sure to start off with your most interesting points to keep the reader engaged.
- Draft your paper : Be sure to include a catchy title that is on point with the contents of your work. As a general rule, try not to go over 12 words in your title. Also, note that the thesis statement for the comparison and contrast essay should relate to every section of your text.
- Use transitional words to make it easier for the reader to follow the arguments presented in your essay.
Transitional words and phrases are the connective tissues of an essay, ensuring the flow of ideas is seamless and readers can easily navigate the content. Especially crucial in compare and contrast essays, these transitions aid in clarifying comparisons or highlighting disparities. Words like "similarly," "likewise," and "equally" signal similarities between subjects, guiding the reader's understanding of how two things align. Conversely, phrases such as "on the other hand," "however," and "in contrast" denote differences, emphasizing the distinct characteristics of each subject.
- Review your work : Now, it’s time to smooth out some rough patches in your initial draft and fine-tune some sections. Pay special attention to retaining your paper’s focus and meeting all the task requirements. Many students get stuck in this phase and, while they’ve met the requirements, are not happy with the final product. In this case, a comparison essay to buy is a great alternative. Hiring a specialist in your subject is the best way to get a good grade.
There are various factors to consider, such as structure, format, and even finding the right resources. Fortunately, cheap essay writing services such as PapersOwl make the process much easier. Simply provide your instructions, and their professional writers will create an original paper for you.
Comparison Essay Format
Universities are real sticklers for formatting. This may seem like an annoyance for many students, but academic work should be consistent across disciplines to aid analysts in efficiently referencing work and applying it to their own studies. Depending on your course, you may be required to write a comparison essay in MLA format or APA. So armed with the latest style guide of your choice, let’s get down to how to write a good comparison essay outline.
Bringing It All Together
Comparing and contrasting is an intrinsic part of our daily decision-making. From choosing restaurants to assessing products, we inherently evaluate based on similarities and differences. Yet, when tasked with a formal compare and contrast essay in academia, many students falter. This guide aims to simplify the process, providing structure and clarity. Emphasizing the importance of a solid thesis, structured format, and the use of transitional phrases, it offers a blueprint for effective essay writing.
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I am a proficient writer from the United States with over five years of experience in academic writing. I comfortably complete given assignments within stipulated deadlines and at the same time deliver high-quality work, which follows the guidelines provided.
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How to Write a Comparative Essay: Step-by-Step Guide
- What is comparative essay
- Structure and outline
- Tips how to start
- Step-by-step guide
- Comparative essay format
- Comparative essay topics
- Comparative essay example
What is a Comparative Essay?
How to write a comparison essay: structure and outline.
- The topic sentence should introduce the reader to what the paragraph handles.
- A discussion of the aspect is done in the middle of a paragraph.
- The last part of the paragraph should carry a low-level conclusion about the aspect discussed in the paragraph.
- The paragraph should present enough information, as too much or too less may render it meaningless.
- Every paragraph should handle a single aspect, e.g., it is quite unreasonable to compare the size of one object to the color of another .
Tips on How to Start a Comparative Essay
Step-by-step writing guide to write a comparative analysis, step 1: identify the basis of the comparison..
- For example, a question may ask you to compare capitalism and communism and write the arguments. This question has a clear objective; hence you don’t have to go the extra mile.
- Another case may be to compare any two political ideologies. It is a general question, and you have to figure out the various political ideologies and then identify any two that you can compare. Such instances require the author to develop the basis of comparison by themselves and write it down.
Step 2: Develop the content of the essay.
Step 3: come up with a thesis., step 4: develop the comparative essay structure., step 5: write your compare essay..
Comparative Essay Format
- Gives more details about the item in comparison, making it easy to handle two different points;
- Produces a well-analyzed and integrated paper.
- Cases where detailed comparison is needed;
- When the points of comparison are not related.
Mixed paragraphs method;
- gives the issues equal weights in terms of comparison;
- the reader gets to identify the comparison factor easily.
- When dealing with a long comparative essay;
- When dealing with complex topics that need close attention.
- When dealing with short essays;
- When dealing with simple topics;
- Cases where there is no clear relation between items of comparison of point one and point two;
- When you want to build the ideas of question two from those highlighted for question one;
- When dealing with many issues.
Comparative Essay Topics
- Compare and contrast the GDP figures of the US and Australia.
- A comparative essay on World War I and World War II events.
- Comparison between political ideologies such as capitalism and communism.
- Positions on issues, e.g., Healthcare in the US and Australia.
- Comparison between various Sports teams.
- Different Systems of Government.
- Comparison between various influential people.
- A comparative essay on religion, e.g., Christianity and Hinduism,
- Comparison between various texts,
- Comparison in technology, such as comparing different cars,
Comparative Essay Example (Clarified)
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Compare And Contrast Essay
Compare And Contrast Essay Outline
Learn How to Create a Compare and Contrast Essay Outline - With Examples & Tips
11 min read
Published on: Mar 23, 2018
Last updated on: Oct 31, 2023
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Compare And Contrast Essay Examples & Samples
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Compare and contrast essays are a common academic assignment that requires you to analyze the similarities and differences between two or more subjects.
However, you need a strong outline as your foundation to craft a successful and compelling essay. Outlining organizes your points logically and makes your writing more coherent.
So how do you start with making a good outline?
This blog will walk you through the steps of creating an effective compare and contrast essay outline. You’ll also get some helpful practical tips and examples along the way.
Let’s get into it!
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What is a Compare and Contrast Essay Outline?
An outline for a compare and contrast essay aims to organize all the information in a readable manner. It's a roadmap that lays out how you organize and present your ideas.
Here are the main goals of an outline:
- Clarity and Organization: An outline helps you organize your thoughts and ideas in a clear and structured manner. It ensures that all the ideas are presented in a systematic way.
- Efficiency: Creating an outline streamlines the writing process. It saves you time by providing a clear direction. It keeps the writer focused on developing the main argument and supporting evidence.
- Prevention of Overlooking Key Points: With a well-constructed outline, you're less likely to overlook essential points. It serves as a checklist for your essay, ensuring that it is comprehensive and balanced.
Two Types of Compare & Contrast Essay Structure
Before we dive into the outlining steps, you should know about the two main organizing strategies for this type of essay:
- Point-by-Point Structure (or organization by criteria)
- Block Method (or organization by item)
Each approach offers unique advantages and is suited to different writing situations. Let's explore these two structures in detail.
The point-by-point structure involves comparing and contrasting specific aspects of your chosen subjects.
For instance, when comparing two car models point-by-point, you can first compare and discuss their fuel efficiency, then interior space, and finally compare and contrast their tech features.
This way, you proceed by covering each aspect at a time. Here is what this structure looks like:
The block method, also known as organization by item, offers a different approach to structuring your compare and contrast essay.
In this structure, you present all the information about one subject before moving on to the other, and finally compare and evaluate the subjects in the last paragraph before the conclusion.
This straightforward approach is particularly useful when your subjects have few similarities and differences. Here’s an example of a block method compare and contrast:
Now that you know about the two types of compare and contrast outlines, let’s move on to how to craft them.
Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Compare & Contrast Outline
Creating a compare and contrast essay outline may seem like a complex task, but fear not! Following these simple steps below will make outlining easier and smoother.
Step 1: Choose Your Subjects & Gather Information
Step 2: identify key points of comparison, step 3: develop a thesis statement.
- Step 4: Organize Your Outline
Let’s get into each of these steps:
The first and most crucial step is to select the subjects or topics you'll be comparing and contrasting. Make sure that your subjects are related and offer meaningful comparisons.
Determine the purpose of your essay. Are you aiming to persuade, inform, or simply analyze? Understanding your purpose will help you gather relevant information about your subjects and shape your thesis statement.
Looking for topic ideas? Find 100+ compare and contrast essay topics to write about.
Consider the aspects or criteria you'll use to compare and contrast your subjects. These will become the basis for your body paragraphs. Common approaches include similarities and differences in structure, content, historical context, or impact of your chosen subjects.
Your thesis statement is the heart of your essay. It should concisely state the main point or argument of your essay and provide a roadmap for what your readers can expect. Make sure it reflects the essence of your comparison.
Step 4: Organize Your Outline
Now, it's time to create the actual outline structure. There are three components of an essay outline:
- The main body
Start with the basic framework:
Compare and Contrast Essay Introduction
An essay introduction aims to present your compare and contrast subjects and provide some context.
In the introduction part of your outline, you should add the following:
- Hook Statement - A hook is the opening sentence of your essay that aims to catch the readers’ attention. Depending on the topic, choose a catchy statement for your introduction to make it interesting for the readers.
- Points about Significance/Context - To make your essay introduction strong and engaging, add the points about the context or significance of the topic to your outline.
- Thesis Statement - A thesis statement is the writer’s main argument about the topic.
Compare and Contrast Essay Body Paragraphs
Before outlining your body paragraphs, choose one of the two structures described above. That is, choose whether you want to write your essay in a point-by-point structure or by the block method.
Here’s what to add to your body paragraph outline if it follows a point by point organization:
If you’re using the block method, here’s what your body paragraph outline should include:
In your outline for the conclusion, you should include the following components:
- Restate the Thesis: Reiterate your thesis statement, emphasizing the main argument of your essay. This reinforces the central message you want your readers to take away.
- Summarized Points: Summarize the points you made in the body paragraphs.
- Final Insight or Observation: Add a final insight, observation, or thought to end the conclusion. This could be a reflection on the significance of your comparisons, a call to action, or a broader perspective on the topic.
Starting with gathering information and ending with a complete outline, these 4 easy steps will let you have a great start.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline Examples
Here are some outline examples that will make it easy for you to understand the process described above. Check them out to see what your final outlines should look like.
5 Paragraph Compare And Contrast Essay Outline Example
Compare And Contrast Essay Outline Middle School
Compare And Contrast Essay Outline 5th Grade
Compare And Contrast Essay Outline 6th Grade
Compare And Contrast Essay Outline High School
Compare And Contrast Essay Outline Point By Point
Compare And Contrast Essay Outline Block Method
Oedipus and Hamlet Compare And Contrast Essay Outline
Argumentative Compare and Contrast Essay Outline
Want to read complete essays instead? Check out our blog on compare and contrast essay examples to read expertly written samples!
Tips for Making Better Compare and Contrast Outlines
Creating a compare and contrast essay outline is a crucial step in the essay-writing process. With the right tips, you can make your outlines more effective and efficient.
Here are some valuable tips to help you craft better compare and contrast outlines:
- Clarify Your Purpose: Before you start outlining, ensure you have a clear understanding of the purpose of your essay. Are you aiming to inform or analyze and evaluate? Your outline should align with your essay's objectives.
- Choose the Right Structure: Select the structure (point-by-point or block method) that best suits your subjects and the nature of your comparison. Some topics may work better with one method over the other.
- Be Consistent: Maintain consistency in your outline. Use the same format for each body paragraph, making it easier for you to stay organized and for your readers to follow your argument.
- Prioritize Key Points: Not all comparisons and contrasts are of equal importance. Focus on the most significant aspects to avoid overwhelming your essay with minor details.
- Balance Similarities and Differences: Ensure your outline includes a balanced mix of similarities and differences. This balance contributes to a well-rounded and persuasive essay.
- Review and Revise: After creating your initial outline, take a step back and review it critically. Does it effectively convey your ideas? Are there any redundancies or gaps in your comparisons? Make revisions as needed.
- Stay Focused: It's easy to get sidetracked when comparing and contrasting. Stick to your chosen criteria and avoid going off-topic in your outline.
- Use Clear Language: Keep your outline concise and use clear, straightforward language. Avoid jargon or overly complex sentences that could confuse your readers.
- Seek Feedback: If possible, share your outline with a peer or instructor for feedback. They can offer valuable insights and suggestions for improvement.
Crafting a well-structured compare and contrast essay outline is a skill that can elevate your essays. We've explored the purpose, components, and step-by-step process for creating effective outlines. You’re now equipped to shape your ideas, organize your arguments, and guide your readers through compelling comparisons and contrasts.
Remember, outlining isn't just a preliminary step; it's your blueprint for essay excellence. So utilize the steps and tips you learned above to craft excellent comparison essays!
Still, if you are looking for expert guidance and custom-written essays, MyPerfectWords.com is here for you. Just request us to “do my essay” and our professional writers will provide tailored essays within your deadline.
So let our writing services ease your essay burden - Contact Now!
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8 Step-By-Step Guide On How To Write A Comparison Essay
Writing a comparison essay is a difficult task for many students because it requires a lot of effort and plan. Students have to write in-depth details about the topic they are comparing.
A comparison essay is a type of academic writing in which students analyze the differences and similarities between two topics. The introduction is the first step in writing a comparison essay.
Weather they are comparing historical events, literature, a well-written comparison essay will provide insights into the relationships between the topics or concepts they are analyzing.
It should grab the reader’s attention, provide background information on the topic, and present a thesis statement that clearly states what you will be comparing and contrasting.
But many students are not able to write a comparison essay because they don’t know how to write. That’s why we have created this blog to provide best steps on how to write a comparison essay.
If you want to compare two topics effectively, then you have to follow the right steps. Here we have provide the best steps that will help you with this. So let’s get started.
What Is Comparison Essay?
Table of Contents
A comparison essay (also known as a Compare and Contrast essay) is a typical writing assignment in high school and college classrooms ranging from art to science. You should critically study any two subjects in a comparison essay, locating and pointing out their parallels and differences.
Such essays might be comparative only (looking at similarities), contrasting only (calling out contrasts), or both comparative and contrasting, depending on your assignment.
What Makes A Good Comparison Essay Topic?
Many students don’t know how to write a comparison essay. What you exactly write in your paper can decide the success or failure of your essay. Like any other academic work, a good comparison and contrast essay will have a purpose that offers value. Consider subjects that are relevant to the field of study. Effective comparison and contrast subjects should expand the scope of knowledge or provide evidence for valid statements that have yet to be proven. The following are a few examples of possible topics:
- Economics : Fiscal vs. Monetary Policy – An study of the Great Depression and the Stagflation Era
- Political Science: Barack Obama vs. George W. Bush: Inspiring orator vs. modest disposition
- Literature: Faulkner and Hemingway: A Prose Paradox
- Philosophy: Utilitarianism and Existentialism
- Law: When it comes to property, Common Law vs. Statute Law
When you start college, you may be assigned to create a decent application comparison essay in addition to these academic areas. These subjects could be lighter, such as comparing your youth to your adolescent years or contrasting two close friends.
Comparison Essay Structure
One of the most critical aspects of success is to think about the structure of your essay. The only way to properly outline and compose an essay, paragraph by paragraph, from beginning to end, without errors, is to follow a recommended essay structure.
There are 2 recommended patterns for a comparison essay: the point-by-point (“alternating”) pattern and the subject-by-subject (or “block”) pattern.
“Point-by-point comparison” is another name for the alternating pattern. Your essay will have five paragraphs if you use this style of comparison.
You’ll have to compare and contrast each of the similarities and differences in the following subjects to complete it:
- Your thesis is stated in the introduction.
- Then, for each point of comparison and contrast, you explain both of your topics together.
- You repeat the thesis and briefly summarise your essay in conclusion.
“Subject-by-subject comparison” is another name for the block pattern. The body of your compare and contrast essay will be divided into two parts according to this structure.
The first half of the body will be devoted to the first subject, while the second half will be focused on the second:
- You start with the first topic.
- Then you move on to the second topic.
How To Write a comparison essay and Compare Essay?
Here we will tell you how to write a comparison essay. A proper essay outline and organizational framework are required for comparing and contrasting essays.
When writing a decent compare and contrast essay, keep the following ideas in mind.
Selecting the Objects
The selection of the objects to compare is the first stage, and they should be distinct but belong to the same category. Instead of reaching an artist to a politician, a writer could compare two separate artists. This is the first step on how to write a comparison essay.
Identify the Differences and Similarities
In the second phase, a writer must pinpoint the Differences and Similarities. This approach is generally aided by drawing a Venn diagram with two overlapping circles, and it helps with the organization of data. This is the second step on how to write a comparison essay.
Create a Thesis Statement
The goal of this essay is to use similarities and contrasts to create a thesis statement. The thesis statement aids in the development of a focused argument and the creation of a road map for the reader. Determine what your essay will say about the topics. This is the third step on how to write a comparison essay.
Select an Appropriate Organizational Structure
It’s critical to pick a framework that makes sense for your core point. Choose one of the appropriate structures from the list above and write your essay appropriately. By following a strict format, the entire essay will remain on track. This is the fourth step on how to write a comparison essay.
Craft an Outline
Create an outline for your essay based on your organizational structure. An article typically includes an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. If you have a lot of information to cover, you can always increase body paragraphs.
You can explore the similarities and contrasts in a single paragraph if you use a point-by-point structure. If you use the block structure format, each subject gets its paragraph. This is the fifth step on how to write a comparison essay.
Provide evidence to back up your thesis statement
Support your argument with extra evidence. Evidence can be gathered by extensive research, reading, or firsthand observation. When comparing two types of cats, for example, it is acceptable to utilize personal thoughts. In this approach, your argument will make a great impression on the reader’s mind. This is the sixth step on how to write a comparison essay.
Use Strong Transition Words
To ensure a smooth transition from one statement to the following, powerful transitional words should be used. When comparing, use words like both, likewise, and similarly. This is the seventh step on how to write a comparison essay.
Do not read your article right after you finish it. Proofread for at least an hour or a day. It helps in the detection of more grammatical and spelling errors.
You can also use an online spell-check tool to help you. Additionally, have someone else read your article and point out any flaws. This is the eighth step on how to write a comparison essay.
How to Begin a Comparison Essay
In a comparison essay, you should assess two subjects and bring out their similarities so that the reader may create an informed opinion about them.
The manner you begin a comparison essay has a significant impact on your readers. It is critical to remember that the nature of your introduction impacts whether or not your readers will become interested in your article or abandon it.
As a result, here’s a rundown of some of the techniques you might use to grab your audience’s interest.
- Give your readers a brief history of your issue to assist them in grasping it.
- Begin with a narrative to attract the reader to learn more about your topic.
- Make a terrific remark, either happy or shocking.
- Use statistics to show the scope of the problem.
Comparison Essay Outline Example
An outline is helpful for organizing your thoughts and ideas before you begin writing your comparison essay. Here is an example of an outline for a comparison essay:
- Background information on the topic
- Brief overview of the items or concepts to be compared and contrasted
- Thesis statement that clearly states what will be compared and contrasted
- Compare and contrast point 1
- Evidence and examples for topic or concept 1
- Evidence and examples for topic or concept 2
- Analysis of how point 1 relates to the overall comparison and contrast
- Compare and contrast point 2
- Analysis of how point 2 relates to the overall comparison and contrast
- Compare and contrast point 3
- Analysis of how point 3 relates to the overall comparison and contrast
- Summary of main points
- Restatement of thesis
- Final thoughts and insights on the comparison and contrast
This is a basic outline example and you can modify it according to your requirements and the specific demands of the essay. The important thing is to have a clear structure that allows you to present your comparison and contrast points in a logical and organized way.
In this blog, you have learned about how to write a comparison essay. I hope you have understood how to write a comparison essay easily. A comparison and contrast essay is critical for assisting readers in making educated selections when deciding between two objects or situations. To determine what to choose, a reader must first read the article, consider its various elements, and then settle in favor of one. Contact us for Top Quality Essay Writing Help if you don’t know how to write a comparison essay and contrast essay. how to write a comparison essay
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
In compare and contrast essays, what are the most regularly utilized transition words.
The following are the most typical compare and contrast essay transition words: In the same way In like manner Likewise Similarly By the same token
What does a compare and contrast essay serve?
The main goal of a compare and contrast essay is to show how two items are alike and dissimilar, and they also necessitate the application of critical thinking skills. A good comparison essay can teach readers about current events, political candidates, vacation places, and items.
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Compare and Contrast Sample Essay
Sample Comparative Essay Format
The Concept of Comparative Essays
- A comparative essay is an academic essay that requires students to create a comprehensive and precise comparative report about two things.
- A comparative essay is an organized written material that is meant to provide a comparison that should be easily understood by the target readers. It is set to impress people by providing them the information that they need to be aware of about two subjects and how they differ and/or compare with each other.
- A comparative essay can be written if you have two objects or subjects that can be compared in a level where their similarities and/or differences are relevant or meaningful for a specific purpose.
- A comparative essay can be used in formal writing assignments and it can also be the basis for various research assessments.
- A comparative essay is created through pertaining precise points of comparison. These points should be backed by actual researchers, factual information, and other reliable evidence.
Block Comparative Essay Example
Student Comparative Essay Sample
How to Develop the Content of Your Comparative Essay
- The first thing that you need to do is to be aware of the question that you need to answer. You need to be aware of the essay prompt so you can address the needs of your readers. It is essential for you to be fully knowledgeable of the essence of the question so you can interpret it accordingly. The content that you will write will only be effective if it is related to the question and if it matches the purpose on why the essay is necessary to be written.
- Know whether there are limits for your discussion . Always identify whether you need to know the similarities or the differences between your subjects. Also, you need to know whether the scope of your essay assignment requires you to do any of these or both.
- Select the ideas that you would like to compare. It is important for you to have an in-depth understanding of the kind of comparison that you will write. The framework of your essay should be based on an actual evaluation that can point out how you were able to perceive the similarities or differences of the subject.
- Assess whether you already have sufficient points for comparison. Your ability to present as many valid points as possible can make a lot of clarifications about the unanswered questions that you can enlighten your readers with.
- Once the points of your comparison are already specified, list down whether they are under the similarities or differences of the two subjects. This step can help you be organized throughout the writing process. With easy access to how subjects are compared, you can be guided on how to use them in your content development.
- Evaluate your list. Your list is only your initial view about the subjects being reviewed or assessed. Hence, further evaluation is necessary. Make sure that you will read through the entire list so you can rank them based on their impact and weight of thesis.
- Chronologically arrange your list based on your basis of comparison . Make sure that you will follow a metric when examining the items that you will place in your actual comparative essay.
- Know the approach that you will use when developing your essay content. Will you be theoretical? Will you focus on answering questions for comparison? It is essential for you to be aware of your basis so your approach can provide you with maximum benefits within the entirety of the content development process.
- Research further about your subjects so you can verify whether your claims and initial claims are correct. This can help you create more topics and gather more evidence that can support your comparison.
- Create a thesis statement where your discussion can set its foundation. This will enable you to start writing the comparative essay that you would like to achieve.
Comparative Contrast Essay Template
Printable Comparative Essay Sample
Steps in Organizing Your Comparative Essay Discussion
- Refer to the outline of your comparisons. This is where the items that we have discussed above can be helpful. If you are already guided by your comparisons, then you can easily rank their relevance to the essay that you will write. Referencing your comparisons can make it easier for you to have a thesis statement that you can further discuss.
- Organize your writing strategies. The strategies that you will incorporate into your discussion can make it easier for readers to relate to your point. You need to make sure that your strategies are aligned with your type of comparison and the subjects that you are comparing.
- Properly address your comparisons. For your comparative essay to be highly-usable, you need to make sure that you will implement simplicity within your discussion. Do not make it complicated. The content of your comparative essay should be as simple as possible so that it can be furthermore understood.
- Organize your paragraph structure. The way that you create your paragraph listing can be one of the factors that can either improve or destroy your comparative essay. You should create a draft that can specifically state the items that you will discuss per paragraph. Create statements that can address specific comparisons and divide them per paragraph. Each of your paragraphs should be talking about one subject so you can give focus per comparison aspect.
- Evaluate whether your writing guide is already organized enough. It is essential for you to not overlap subjects of discussion. When organizing your statements, make sure to cover one subject at a time. This will help you create a comparative essay that contains a list of carefully arranged and curated evidence which are further discussed and broken down into relevant specification pieces.
Simple Essay of Comparison Sample
Sample Comparative Essay in PDF
Writing Guide in Creating the Actual Comparative Essay
- Create an introduction to the topic. Your thesis statement should contain the subjects that you will talk about. You also need to create an initial discussion of what your readers can expect to the reader within the content of your comparative essay. A strong validation of your comparison can make your readers more interested to browse through the entire essay document.
- Develop your next paragraphs for discussion. As mentioned above, work per paragraph. Arrange your topics of discussion in a way that each paragraph can specifically state one comparison topic per time. You have to create an interesting discussion so you need to ensure that all your paragraphs are organized and well-written.
- Finalize your comparative essay with a conclusion. Your last paragraph should contain the information about your final thoughts with regards the comparison. How different or similar are the two subjects from one another? How sure are you that your basis is factual and relevant? Create a great impact by having a conclusion that can put together all your points of discussion.
Compare Contrast Essay Sample
Sample Comparative Essay Guide
Factors to Consider When Writing a Comparative Essay
- Your discussion’s organization. Within the entirety of the comparative essay creation, it is very evident that organization is key to success. As a writer, you need to ensure that you have a skeletal plan that can create your discussion more polished and coherent. The discussion of your organization can greatly affect the impression of your readers with regards your knowledge about your topic as well as your level of understanding with what you are talking about.
- Your thesis statement. When creating a comparative essay, you need to stick with an argument that can provide you the framework for the effective dissemination of information. Your thesis statement should be based on the results of your frame of references. You need to analyze your subjects properly so that you can create a stand on how you perceive them in levels of similarities and/or differences.
- Your claims or grounds for comparison. You should always be aware of your selection processes. At the end of the writing activity, you need to validate the importance of comparing two subjects. Always have your grounds of comparison ready so you can ensure your readers that you have followed a particular set of criteria that can enable the objectivity between the selection of two items for comparison. The rationale that you have behind your subject selection can make your comparative essay more appealing.
- Your reference frame. A comparative essay’s frame of reference deals with the way that the writer has created the groupings for the comparison. May it be talking about the similarities, differences, or both of these factors; a comparative essay should be able to have a reference that can identify how the characteristics of ideas, themes, theories or even problems are arranged.
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Learn How to Write a Comparative Essay with Examples
Table of Contents
In a scholastic career, writing a comparative essay is one of the most common assignments. Generally, to write an engaging comparative essay, you should first pick two topics with enough similarities and dissimilarities, and then compare them in a meaningful way. Moreover, your essay should be well-organized and should have valid comparisons with supporting facts. On the whole, the content should also captivate your readers. In case, you are unsure of how to write a successful comparative essay, check this blog post. Here, we have explained how to write a comparative essay effectively with examples.
What is a Comparative Essay?
What is a Comparative Essay? A Comparative Essay is an essay that contains paragraphs explaining how the two subjects of discussion are either similar or different. It mainly focuses on various ‘compare and contrast’ aspects of the two subjects. Compare will describe the similarities between the subjects while contrast will highlight the differences.
For example, if you are assigned a task to write the Comparison between the Indian Cricket Team and the Australian Cricket Team, then you should do proper research about the two sports teams and discuss the similarities and differences both the teams share in the form of a specific essay structure.
To write a comparative essay, the two topics need not have a close relation, it can also be different. Furthermore, in a comparative analysis essay, you can choose to discuss the similarities and differences of ideas, places, items, views, events, concepts, etc.
What is the Purpose of a Comparative Essay?
The main purpose of a comparative essay is to
- Systematically, present the similarities and differences.
- Give clarity to the readers about the subject of discussion.
- Analyze two things and highlight their advantages and disadvantages.
Know How to Write a Comparative Essay
So, how to write a comparative analysis essay? Simply jumping directly to the topic and generating ideas is not an effective way of writing a compare-and-contrast essay. To address the comparison in a meaningful way, remember to follow the comparative essay writing steps mentioned below.
Analyze the essay topic
If you are given an essay prompt or a question, then, first try to understand what is stated in the question by marking the important words or key phrases. The question for a comparative essay usually contains keywords such as “compare, contrasts, similarities, and differences” with which you can easily identify what you need to present in your essay.
Your essay topic can be specific or general too. For example, if you are asked to compare the Indian Cricket Team and the Australian Cricket Team, then you need to specifically focus only on these two teams. But if your question says, to compare any two International Cricket Teams, then you can research various teams and pick any two ideal teams for your discussion. In the case of general topics, you need to build the basis of comparison by yourself.
List out the key points
If you are clear with your essay prompt, then go ahead and find out what points need to be included in your essay. The content should contain all the similarities and differences. So, list out the main points that you wish to speak about in your essay. The hints you have noted will act as your essay plan with which you need to develop the content. Ignore the less significant points and consider speaking only about the points that add value to your comparison.
Create a Thesis Statement
No matter whether your essay topic is specific or general, you need to create a thesis statement. To build a clear thesis statement, first, analyze the key points you have listed and spot whether your topic is more inclined towards similarities or dissimilarities, and then based on that develop a simple thesis statement. Your thesis statement should highlight the comparisons in a crispy way.
Develop and Structure the content
After creating a thesis statement, develop the key points you have noted and structure the essay by adding paragraphs. The content should be written in a simple manner. Most importantly, your readers should be able to understand what you have discussed in your comparative essay.
Standard Structure of a Comparative Essay
When you write a comparative essay, make sure to structure the essay in an easy way to deliver the key points of your comparison. Generally, you can write an essay in many different structures.
Here are some important methods that you can use to structure a comparative essay.
Mixed paragraphs methods, block method.
The alternation method focuses on the discussion of one aspect of comparison in one paragraph. That means, at first you need to pick one item of comparison in relation to the first subject and explain that in detail in the first paragraph. Then, followed by that paragraph, you need to explain the same item of comparison in relation to the second subject. The third and fourth paragraphs will deal with another aspect of comparison in relation to the first and second subjects respectively. Sequentially, explain your comparative points until the end of your essay.
Example: Compare Xiaomi Redmi Note 10 Pro and Samsung Galaxy M31
Paragraph 1: Display Features of Xiaomi Redmi Note 10 Pro
Paragraph 2: Display Features of Samsung Galaxy M31
Paragraph 3: Camera Quality of Xiaomi Redmi Note 10 Pro
Paragraph 4: Camera Quality of Samsung Galaxy M31
The alternating method helps to present a well-analyzed paper, and also with this method you can effectively handle two different subjects and explain your items of comparison in a deep and neat manner.
You can use the alternating method to structure your comparative essay if your topic needs a detailed comparison or when the comparison points of two subjects are not related.
Read more topic: What are Narrative Essay Topics?
In this method, one paragraph should be devoted to explaining the subject comparison in one aspect. That means you need to explain one item of comparison with respect to both subjects in a single paragraph.
Paragraph 1: Display Features of Xiaomi Redmi Note 10 Pro/ Display Features of Samsung Galaxy M31
Paragraph 2: Camera Quality of Xiaomi Redmi Note 10 Pro/ Camera Quality of Samsung Galaxy M31
The mixed paragraph method gives equal weight to the subjects in terms of comparison. In this method, the readers can easily find the comparison factor.
You can use the mixed-paragraph method to write a long comparative essay. Also, this method is effective to deal with complex subjects that need special attention.
The block method is one of the easiest methods in which you can divide the essay into two parts and then, discuss the first subject in one part and the second subject in another part. But here, all the items of comparison in relation to the first subject should be explained in a particular order. When you write the second paragraph, the comparison points should be presented in the same order as explained in the first paragraph.
Paragraph 2: Camera Quality of Xiaomi Redmi Note 10 Pro
Paragraph 3: Display Features of Samsung Galaxy M31
You can use the block method when dealing with a short essay, simple subjects, and multiple subjects. With this method, you can develop the ideas of subject two from the ideas listed in subject one. Also, you can use this method if there is no clear relation between the comparison items of both subjects.
How to Prepare a Comparative Essay Outline?
By now, you have gained an idea of how to structure a comparative essay with the methods such as alternating, mixed paragraphs, and blocks. But to effectively write a comparative essay, you should first create a good comparative essay outline in a specific format.
Discussed here is the Comparative Essay Outline Format. While sketching the comparative essay outline, remember to include the following essential components.
Like every other essay, the comparative essay should also begin with an introduction paragraph. In this paragraph, you need to give a glimpse of the essay to the reader in terms of the content. The introduction should be simple, and concise, and should have a clear thesis statement.
It is the heart of the essay where you need to compare and contrast the two subjects in a preferred structure.
End the essay by giving an overview of what you have discussed in the body paragraphs. Your conclusion should be based on the similarities and dissimilarities you have identified and should not be on a personal note.
Format of a Comparative Essay
Follow the below-mentioned format whenever you are asked to write a comparative essay.
Introduction General Statement (connected to the ideas in thesis – inarguable) Introduction to texts and authors (mention connection to key ideas) Background Information of the Topic Thesis Statement Body Paragraphs Topic Sentence [Abstract opinion] In each body paragraph, you can have up to 5 points. Point 1 [Connect Text with Abstract Opinion] Compare A and B Present Proof Transition statement leading to next point Point 2 Compare another element of A and B Present Proof Connection Statement (review all points and connect to THESIS) Conclusion Review topic Conclusion statement Restate thesis
Comparative Essay Example
For your better understanding, here, we have shared a sample of a Comparative Essay.
Example – A Comparative Essay on summer and winter
Summer and winter are two of the four important seasons in the world. Like winter, the view of plants is also beautiful in summer. Even though there are several similar points between summer and winter, they both have some differences when it comes to clothing, activities, and food.
In summer, because of the extreme hotness, people prefer wearing short pants or skirts. But in contrast, people love to cover their full bodies and protect themselves from the cold climate by wearing long pants, sweaters, scarf, and gloves.
Another difference between summer and winter is the activities. During summer, people like to take part in various activities such as surfing, spending time in the water park, visiting beaches, etc. But such activities are not convenient to do at the time of winter.
The final different thing between them is the food. In summer, because of the temperature, people prefer eating ice creams, watermelons, cucumbers, coconut water, and so on to keep the body cool. On the other hand, during winter, to keep the body warm, people eat hot pot.
Basically, these are the three common things between summer and winter. Besides clothing, activities, and food, a few other differences between them include temperature, daytime, and the views. Even though there are a lot of differences between summer and winter, one can still enjoy the season by doing many fun things.
By following the essential points discussed in this post, write an engaging comparative essay by addressing both the subjects and their items of comparison in detail. But after preparation, make sure to proofread the content and then submit the essay. In case, you are unsure of how to write a comparative essay, then quickly contact us. We have plenty of essay helpers from different educational backgrounds to offer you high-quality essay help services for all types of academic essays including comparative essays. Especially, based on the requirements you send us, our experts will prepare and deliver plagiarism-free essays deserving of top grades. Simply, book your order and get your work done on time with the support of our talented essay writers.
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101 Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
Great Ideas for Essays
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Compare and contrast essays are taught in school for many reasons. For one thing, they are relatively easy to teach, understand, and format. Students can typically understand the structure with just a short amount of instruction. In addition, these essays allow students develop critical thinking skills to approach a variety of topics.
One fun way to get students started brainstorming their compare and contrast essays is to create a Venn diagram , where the overlapping sections of the circle contain similarities and the non-overlapping areas contain the differing traits.
Following is a list of 101 topics for compare and contrast essays that you are welcome to use in your classroom. As you look through the list you will see that some items are academic in nature while others are included for interest-building and fun writing activities.
- Apple vs. Microsoft
- Coke vs. Pepsi
- Renaissance Art vs. Baroque Art
- Antebellum Era vs. Reconstruction Era in American History
- Childhood vs. Adulthood
- Star Wars vs. Star Trek
- Biology vs. Chemistry
- Astrology vs. Astronomy
- American Government vs. British Government (or any world government)
- Fruits vs. Vegetables
- Dogs vs. Cats
- Ego vs. Superego
- Christianity vs. Judaism (or any world religion )
- Republican vs. Democrat
- Monarchy vs. Presidency
- US President vs. UK Prime Minister
- Jazz vs. Classical Music
- Red vs. White (or any two colors)
- Soccer vs. Football
- North vs. South Before the Civil War
- New England Colonies vs. Middle Colonies OR vs. Southern Colonies
- Cash vs. Credit Cards
- Sam vs. Frodo Baggins
- Gandalf vs. Dumbledore
- Fred vs. Shaggy
- Rap vs. Pop
- Articles of Confederation vs. U.S. Constitution
- Henry VIII vs. King Louis XIV
- Stocks vs. Bonds
- Monopolies vs. Oligopolies
- Communism vs. Capitalism
- Socialism vs. Capitalism
- Diesel vs. Petroleum
- Nuclear Power vs. Solar Power
- Saltwater Fish vs. Freshwater Fish
- Squids vs. Octopus
- Mammals vs. Reptiles
- Baleen vs. Toothed Whales
- Seals vs. Sea Lions
- Crocodiles vs. Alligators
- Bats vs. Birds
- Oven vs. Microwave
- Greek vs. Roman Mythology
- Chinese vs. Japanese
- Comedy vs. Drama
- Renting vs. Owning
- Mozart vs. Beethoven
- Online vs. Traditional Education
- North vs. South Pole
- Watercolor vs. Oil
- 1984 vs. Fahrenheit 451
- Emily Dickinson vs. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
- W.E.B. DuBois vs. Booker T. Washington
- Strawberries vs. Apples
- Airplanes vs. Helicopters
- Hitler vs. Napoleon
- Roman Empire vs. British Empire
- Paper vs. Plastic
- Italy vs. Spain
- Baseball vs. Cricket
- Jefferson vs. Adams
- Thoroughbreds vs. Clydesdales
- Spiders vs. Scorpions
- Northern Hemisphere vs. Southern Hemisphere
- Hobbes vs. Locke
- Friends vs. Family
- Dried Fruit vs. Fresh
- Porcelain vs. Glass
- Modern Dance vs. Ballroom Dancing
- American Idol vs. The Voice
- Reality TV vs. Sitcoms
- Picard vs. Kirk
- Books vs. Movies
- Magazines vs. Comic Books
- Antique vs. New
- Public vs. Private Transportation
- Email vs. Letters
- Facebook vs. Twitter
- Coffee vs. an Energy Drink
- Toads vs. Frogs
- Profit vs. Non-Profit
- Boys vs. Girls
- Birds vs. Dinosaurs
- High School vs. College
- Chamberlain vs. Churchill
- Offense vs. Defense
- Jordan vs. Bryant
- Harry vs. Draco
- Roses vs. Carnations
- Poetry vs. Prose
- Fiction vs. Nonfiction
- Lions vs. Tigers
- Vampires vs. Werewolves
- Lollipops vs. popsicles
- Summer vs. Winter
- Recycling vs. Landfill
- Motorcycle vs. Bicycle
- Halogen vs. Incandescent
- Newton vs. Einstein
- . Go on vacation vs. Staycation
- Rock vs. Scissors
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Characteristics of an Excellent Comparative Essay
Table of Contents
A comparative essay is a type of essay where students must compare two things and compose them all in a readable essay. Here, pupils are required to clearly study two subjects and list their similarities and differences. It is one of the common essay types assigned in schools and colleges. This essay is weighted heavily in terms of grades. So it is important to earn good marks in your comparative essays.
Essay writing is an important part of academics and consists of different crucial steps. To write a perfect essay, one needs to know everything about it. Are you trying to draft a perfect comparative essay? Is it too confusing to write an ideal essay? If you nod your head in “yes”, relax. Go through this blog post from AllAssignmentHelp.com to learn the basics of a comparative essay. Here, you will learn a point-to-point essay structure that will help you craft the best essays.
What is a Comparative Essay?
It is important to know exactly what a comparative essay is before trying to write one. Basically, these essays are composed of several paragraphs that aim at explaining how two things or topics are the same or different from each other. As the name suggests, comparative essays revolve around a comparison of different aspects of the topics in question. There is no limitation on particular topics. They can be written over any subject present on this earth. The only requirement is that the subjects that need to be compared have some relationship.
The word comparative means the one that is brought into focus to judge or measure subjects based on their differences, similarities, or both. Thus, a comparative essay is a type of essay that generally demands the writer make a comparison between two subjects in question that have some relationship in terms of differences and similarities.
If you still do not understand comparative essay writing, you may seek essay assignment help . Seeking professional help will make the concept of such essays more clear, and you will remember them longer.
Also Read: Simple Yet Significant Things to Remember About Transition Words for Compare and Contrast Essay
Different Comparative Essay Structure Methods
Do you know that a good comparative essay depends on the structure of the essay? Yes, to write a perfect essay, you will need to have a proper understanding of all the different structures. The major advantage of essay structure is that it will help readers properly comprehend your written work. There are four different comparative essay structures that organize your essay. The first one is the point-by-point method, the second one is the block method, the third one is the mixed-paragraph method, and the fourth one is the alternating method. Below, in this blog post, we will be further discussing this method in detail.
1- Mixed paragraph method
In the mixed-paragraph method, a single paragraph is focused on describing how the subjects in question are compared on the basis of one aspect. Here, you will have to start by handling one topic at a time. The perks of using the mixed-paragraph method are that the readers can easily identify the comparison factor. Also, it gives equal weight to different subjects in terms of comparison.
2- Block method
The block method is one of the easiest methods. However, it can be dangerous as well. Because, in a way, it challenges the reader to relate to the subjects. Under this method, the main aim is to categorize the essay according to these parameters. For example, in the first paragraph, you will discuss the subjects and items. You need to follow the same method in the second, third, and all the other paragraphs. If you are assigned lengthy essays with complicated and multiple subjects, then this essay is the ideal one to write. However, while writing this essay, you must make sure to write all the subjects in the right order to avoid confusion.
When writing the block method, most students complete the introduction and conclusion parts but get stuck at the main body. Because in the main body, one gets confused about paragraphs, different items, and their different points. To avoid further perplexity, they started to pay for online class help .
3- Alternating method
If you want to get a detailed overview of your chosen items, then this essay structure method will work for you. The alternating method is also known as the point-by-point method. Under this method, the aspect of comparison is totally based on one paragraph. It offers a detailed overview of the items in comparison. This approach makes it easy for the writer to handle two completely different subjects in a question. Also, it generates a highly integrated and perfectly analyzed paper. The point-by-point method is known to provide depth and detailed information. With this method, you can clearly organize items in terms of similarities and differences.
How to Write a Perfect Comparative Essay
We hope that you know what a comparative essay is and the different structures to use to write these essays. Now it’s time to move forward to the important part of this blog post, where we will discuss how to write a perfect comparative essay. However, before actually writing one on your own, it is better to go through some good comparative essays, for example, PDFs or other sources. It happens a lot that beginners write an essay with strong opinions but cannot make it to the final answers. This is something you should surely learn to deal with. Every essay involves questions, and you must present their answers to your readers. It is, therefore, a wise decision to go through an example of a comparative essay. Go through the below-listed tips to master essay writing.
Figure out the base/basis of comparison
This is the first thing you need to do if you want to write an essay as good as the comparative essay example shown by your teacher. Before writing, you must develop a clear basis for comparison. Generally, the question gives the basis for comparison. However, in some cases, the writer has to develop them.
You can understand this through examples:
- Suppose a question asks you to compare Marxism and socialism. This type of question holds a crystal clear objective. With such questions, you will not have to put in extra effort and develop a base of comparison.
- On the other side, if you have to compare any two social issues, In this case, you will have to select two social issues . Here you will have to develop the basis of comparison.
- In order to remember points that you can choose as a basis of comparison for your essay, you can go for wise writing platforms. You can use Diaro, Evernote, and other similar platforms to organize the elements of your essay.
Write down the content of the essay
- At this stage, you will have to figure out the elements you need to feature in your essay. You will need to spot the differences and similarities between the subjects of comparison. To get a clear picture, you can refer to a comparative literature essay example. Develop a list explaining how the subjects in question are similar and different from one another. This is needed to make a perfect plan for the essay.
- Make sure to evaluate it completely. It will help you to keep only the major points of comparison for your final writing. If you have ever come across a good comparative essay example introduction, this is how you can also achieve the same perfection.
- If you are having issues writing down your essay, you may refer to the online expertly-written comparative essay examples. If not, you may hire professionals to complete your comparative essays. There are many assignment helpers available online who can guide you and help you earn top grades.
Develop a perfect thesis
Ever wondered what attracts your attention to a comparative rhetorical analysis essay example? If not, then just focus a little more on their thesis statement. Always remember that every essay should have a clear thesis statement, which can guide the writer. With the help of the thesis, the writer can easily stick to the main essence of the essay. To develop a perfect thesis, get back to the list you made to explain all the points of comparison. Have a quick read and decide whether they are more similar or more different than each other. On the basis of this decision, you can easily develop a thesis statement. If it is tough for you to write a thesis statement, you may refer online and find suitable information. You may also refer to the following blog post, which will provide you with a detailed understanding of the thesis statement. You will also learn how to write a perfect thesis statement for your essay.
Also Read: How to write a Thesis | Thesis definition & examples
Prepare the right structure and proofread well
A comparative essay should also be framed in the right way. You must organize it in a way that the reader can easily go through the comparisons made in an essay. There are three types of comparative essay structures. There are alternative or point-by-point methods, block methods, and mixed-paragraph methods. To know more about these methods and how to use them in your essay, you may refer to the above-given information in this blog post. We have thoroughly discussed the meaning of these essay structures.
Other than structuring, you must focus on proofreading your essay. It is normal for students to make mistakes, but leaving them as they are would be nothing but stupidity. Make sure you proofread your comparative essay before submission to remove all errors. You can use online grammar-checking tools to correct errors in your written work. Grammarly and QuillBot are some of the popular grammar-checking tools used by schools and college students. You may install and correct all your mistakes then and there.
Top Comparative Essay Topics to Write on
Are you tired of searching for a good comparative essay topic for your essay? Are you thinking of getting an online custom essay help to avoid the stress of searching for a suitable topic for your essay? Yes, there is no need to worry anymore. Below, we have listed some of the top comparative essay topics that you may consider writing. You might think that all these topics are easy to write about. But you need to be careful with topic selection and only select topics according to your interests.
- Traditional classroom learning or online learning—which one is better?
- Who are the best: students working while studying or students focusing only on studying?
- Compare the benefits of essay assignments with case study assignments.
- White American vs. Black American
- What similarities do Christians and Muslims have in their religion?
- Individual learning vs. Group learning
- Early morning studies vs. Evening studies: Which are most productive for students?
- Full-time jobs vs. Freelancing
- Master’s degree or job: What should undergraduate students choose?
- Can students living in hostels explore more as compared to students living with their families?
- American health care or Austrian health care—which one is best?
- Apple vs. Android
- Gross national product and gross domestic product: similarities and differences.
- Online tutoring vs. Home tutoring
- Government hospitals or Private hospitals: Where do patients get the best treatment?
Also Read: English Essay: Everything a Novice Needs to Know
Five Important Things to Consider When Writing a Comparative Essay
So far in this blog post, we have discussed everything that will help students in writing their comparative essay. Now that we have reached the end of this write-up, let us give you some important tips. Below, we have listed five tips that will help with effective essay writing.
- Select reliable subjects : Before writing your essay, it is important to select appropriate subjects. You may go for topics that have some connection with each other, or you may go for topics that are completely different from each other. Make sure you choose a topic that has other similarities or differences to explore further.
- Find similarities between topics : Now that you have chosen a reliable subject for your persuasive essay, the next thing is to identify similarities. You need to examine it carefully to clearly understand its meaning, features, scope, and other things. You need to be patient in this step to find a connection between your chosen topics.
- Use some transition phrases : Transition phrases play an important role in essays and ensure a smooth flow of ideas. You must use some phrases, like, however, addition, above all, contrast, in your essay, to provide a clear understanding.
- Supporting evidence should not be missed : If you want to guide your readers through your comparative essay, then do not forget to show some evidence. Supporting evidence could be some examples or relevant proof that will draw your reader’s attention. You may also use reliable sources as evidence.
- Clearly list differences : Establish a basis for comparison and highlight all the differences in your comparative essay. Once you identify the similarities between the subjects, exploring the differences will be easier.
Frequently Asked Questions
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The Modes of Discourse—Exposition, Description, Narration, Argumentation (EDNA)—are common paper assignments you may encounter in your writing classes. Although these genres have been criticized by some composition scholars, the Purdue OWL recognizes the wide spread use of these approaches and students’ need to understand and produce them.
This resource begins with a general description of essay writing and moves to a discussion of common essay genres students may encounter across the curriculum. The four genres of essays (description, narration, exposition, and argumentation) are common paper assignments you may encounter in your writing classes. Although these genres, also known as the modes of discourse, have been criticized by some composition scholars, the Purdue OWL recognizes the wide spread use of these genres and students’ need to understand and produce these types of essays. We hope these resources will help.
The essay is a commonly assigned form of writing that every student will encounter while in academia. Therefore, it is wise for the student to become capable and comfortable with this type of writing early on in her training.
Essays can be a rewarding and challenging type of writing and are often assigned either to be done in class, which requires previous planning and practice (and a bit of creativity) on the part of the student, or as homework, which likewise demands a certain amount of preparation. Many poorly crafted essays have been produced on account of a lack of preparation and confidence. However, students can avoid the discomfort often associated with essay writing by understanding some common genres.
Before delving into its various genres, let’s begin with a basic definition of the essay.
What is an essay?
Though the word essay has come to be understood as a type of writing in Modern English, its origins provide us with some useful insights. The word comes into the English language through the French influence on Middle English; tracing it back further, we find that the French form of the word comes from the Latin verb exigere , which means "to examine, test, or (literally) to drive out." Through the excavation of this ancient word, we are able to unearth the essence of the academic essay: to encourage students to test or examine their ideas concerning a particular topic.
Essays are shorter pieces of writing that often require the student to hone a number of skills such as close reading, analysis, comparison and contrast, persuasion, conciseness, clarity, and exposition. As is evidenced by this list of attributes, there is much to be gained by the student who strives to succeed at essay writing.
The purpose of an essay is to encourage students to develop ideas and concepts in their writing with the direction of little more than their own thoughts (it may be helpful to view the essay as the converse of a research paper). Therefore, essays are (by nature) concise and require clarity in purpose and direction. This means that there is no room for the student’s thoughts to wander or stray from his or her purpose; the writing must be deliberate and interesting.
This handout should help students become familiar and comfortable with the process of essay composition through the introduction of some common essay genres.
This handout includes a brief introduction to the following genres of essay writing:
- Expository essays
- Descriptive essays
- Narrative essays
- Argumentative (Persuasive) essays
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Reviewed by essay expert Michael Adwell
99papers is an essay writing service that positions itself as a go-to solution for students facing academic writing challenges. It is noteworthy for its competitive pricing and professional writing team. Here are some key features of 99papers:
- Affordable Pricing : The service starts at $12.46 per page , making it a relatively budget-friendly option for students. This pricing strategy is particularly appealing to those who need quality writing assistance without breaking the bank.
- Qualified Writers : 99papers employs native English writers who hold degrees, ensuring that the essays and papers are written to a high standard. This focus on hiring qualified writers is crucial for maintaining the quality and accuracy of academic writing.
- Quick Turnaround Times : Understanding the time-sensitive nature of academic assignments, 99papers offers quick turnaround times. This feature is particularly beneficial for students who need their papers completed within a tight deadline.
- Plagiarism-Free Guarantee : The service promises plagiarism-free content, a critical aspect of academic writing. This guarantee ensures that the work provided is original and meets academic standards for authenticity.
In summary, 99papers presents itself as an affordable, reliable, and accessible option for students needing assistance with academic writing, backed by a team of qualified writers and a commitment to originality.
Reviewed by essay expert Jacob Ausley
EssayBox is another notable player in the field of essay writing services, catering to students who require assistance with their academic writing tasks. Here’s an overview of its key features:
- Competitive Pricing : EssayBox offers its services starting from $12.95 per page . This pricing is in line with the market standards and is designed to be affordable for students, particularly considering the level of expertise provided.
- Highly Qualified Writers : One of the standout features of EssayBox is its employment of English as a Native Language (ENL) writers who hold Master’s or PhD degrees. This high level of academic qualification ensures that the papers are written with a deep understanding of the subject matter and adhere to academic standards.
- Round-the-Clock Customer Support : EssayBox provides 24/7 customer support, a crucial feature for students who may need assistance or have queries at any time of the day or night. This continuous availability enhances the reliability and responsiveness of the service.
- Free Revisions and Editing : Understanding the need for perfection in academic papers, EssayBox offers free revisions and editing. This ensures that the final product meets the exact requirements and expectations of the student.
- Discount for First-Time Users : To attract new customers, EssayBox provides a discount for first-time users. This incentive makes the service more appealing to students trying it out for the first time, reducing the financial barrier to entry.
In summary, EssayBox differentiates itself with its team of highly qualified ENL writers, comprehensive customer support, and commitment to customer satisfaction through free revisions and editing, along with an introductory discount for new users.
Reviewed by essay expert Valerie Banford
BookwormLab is another service in the realm of academic essay writing, offering tailored solutions to students. It distinguishes itself with several key features:
- Pricing Structure : BookwormLab’s services start at $14.59 per page, positioning it slightly higher in the pricing spectrum compared to some competitors. This pricing reflects the quality and expertise they claim to provide in their writing services.
- Professional Writers with Verified Diplomas : A significant selling point for BookwormLab is its team of professional writers, each possessing verified academic diplomas. This verification process adds a layer of trust and assurance for students about the qualifications and expertise of the writers handling their academic work.
- Timely Delivery Guarantee : Recognizing the importance of meeting academic deadlines, BookwormLab guarantees timely delivery of their work. This commitment is crucial for students who cannot afford any delays in their academic submissions.
- Confidentiality Assurance : BookwormLab ensures the confidentiality of its service, which is a vital consideration for students concerned about privacy and academic integrity. This assurance protects the identity and information of students using their service.
- Availability of Free Samples : To help potential customers gauge the quality of their work, BookwormLab offers free samples. This transparency allows students to make more informed decisions about whether the service meets their specific needs and quality expectations.
Overall, BookwormLab presents itself as a reliable and professional option for students, backed by a team of qualified writers, a commitment to timely delivery, and a focus on confidentiality and transparency.
EssayFactory stands out in the essay writing service market, particularly catering to students in the United Kingdom. Here are the key features that define their service:
- Pricing in British Pounds : EssayFactory’s pricing starts at £14.87 per page . This pricing, listed in British Pounds, indicates a focus on the UK student market. The rate is competitive, considering the specialized service they offer.
- Qualified British Writers : A significant aspect of EssayFactory is its team of qualified British writers. This focus ensures that the essays and papers are not only of high quality but also align with the specific academic standards and linguistic nuances of the UK education system.
- Guarantee of On-Time Delivery : Understanding the critical nature of deadlines in the academic world, EssayFactory promises on-time delivery of assignments. This guarantee is essential for students who cannot afford any delays in their academic submissions.
- Direct Contact with Writers : EssayFactory allows direct communication between clients and writers. This feature facilitates a more personalized service, enabling students to have more control over the writing process and to directly convey their specific requirements and feedback.
- Money-Back Guarantee : Offering a money-back guarantee, EssayFactory provides an assurance of satisfaction and quality. This policy demonstrates their confidence in the quality of their service and offers peace of mind to students who may be apprehensive about using such services.
In summary, EssayFactory distinguishes itself with its focus on the UK market, employing qualified British writers, and emphasizing timely delivery, direct writer communication, and customer satisfaction guarantees.
Reviewed by essay-expert Oliver Wicks
Essays.io is another service in the competitive field of academic essay writing with a big base of free written college papers, catering to students seeking assistance with their writing tasks. It offers several notable features:
- Affordable Pricing : Essays.io sets its starting price at $11.31 per page , making it one of the more affordable options in the market. This pricing strategy is particularly appealing to students on a tight budget who are seeking quality writing assistance.
- Experienced Academic Writers : The service boasts a team of experienced academic writers. This experience is crucial in ensuring that the essays and papers are not only well-written but also meet the specific requirements and standards of academic writing.
- Availability of Quick Turnarounds : Recognizing the often urgent nature of academic assignments, Essays.io offers quick turnaround options. This feature is beneficial for students who are working against tight deadlines and need prompt service.
- User-Friendly Website : A user-friendly website is a significant plus for Essays.io, as it simplifies the process of placing orders, making inquiries, and communicating with writers. This ease of use enhances the overall customer experience.
- Plagiarism Detection : Essays.io includes plagiarism detection in its services, ensuring that the work provided is original and adheres to academic integrity standards. This feature is essential in maintaining the credibility and authenticity of the academic work produced.
Overall, Essays.io presents itself as an accessible, affordable, and reliable option for students, with a focus on experienced writers, fast service, ease of use, and a commitment to producing original, plagiarism-free academic work.
Comparing Features of Essay Writing Services
When considering hiring an essay writing service, it’s important to compare various aspects such as pricing, writer qualifications, quality assurances, customer service, and delivery times. Here’s a summary based on the provided information:
- 99papers : Initially noted for a starting price of $12.46 per page, this service offers a balance between affordability and quality, considering its range of features.
- EssayBox : Initially, prices were mentioned as starting from $12.95 per page. This service is known for its qualified ENL writers and comprehensive customer support.
- BookwormLab : This service was previously stated to have prices starting from $14.59 per page. BookwormLab is distinguished for its professional writers with verified diplomas and a focus on timely delivery.
- EssayFactory : The starting price for EssayFactory was indicated as £14.87 per page, catering specifically to the UK market with qualified British writers and a promise of on-time delivery.
- Essays.io : Initially, the service was noted for a starting price of $11.31 per page, making it a competitive option with experienced academic writers and quick turnaround times.
- All Services : Employ college-educated, native English writers, ensuring a high standard of language proficiency.
- BookwormLab and EssayFactory : Stand out by having writers with verified diplomas, adding an extra layer of credibility.
- 99papers, EssayBox, and Essays.io : Also boast writers with degrees, ensuring a baseline of academic proficiency.
- General Promise : Most services promise high-quality writing, which is a basic expectation in this market.
- Plagiarism-Free Guarantee : Both EssayFactory and 99papers assure plagiarism-free papers, a crucial aspect for maintaining academic integrity.
- Free Revisions : Essays.io, 99papers, and EssayBox offer free revisions, allowing for adjustments based on client feedback.
- 24/7 Support : Available at EssayBox and 99papers, providing round-the-clock assistance for global customers.
- Direct Writer Contact : Offered by EssayFactory, enhancing personalized service and direct communication.
- User-Friendly Website : Noted for Essays.io, making the process more seamless and accessible for users.
- On-Time Delivery : Guaranteed by EssayFactory and BookwormLab, crucial for meeting academic deadlines.
- Fast Turnaround : Available with 99papers and Essays.io, catering to urgent needs.
- Rush Orders : Offered by several services for those with the shortest deadlines.
In summary, while all these services provide a range of benefits, the choice depends on specific needs like budget constraints, required expertise level, urgency, and additional services like plagiarism checks or revisions. Each service has its unique strengths, so it’s important to choose one that aligns best with your requirements when looking to hire an essay writing service.
FAQ about Hiring Essay Writers
Is it worth it to pay someone to write your essay.
Paying for an essay can be beneficial in terms of convenience, potentially high-quality writing, and securing a good grade, especially if you choose a reputable service. However, it’s important to consider that it can be expensive and poses significant risks. If discovered, it could lead to serious academic consequences.
Can you hire someone to write an essay?
Yes, numerous online essay writing services exist where you can hire or pay writers to create custom essays. However, it’s crucial to note that most educational institutions consider this practice unethical and it may violate academic integrity policies.
How much should I get paid to write an essay?
Compensation for writing essays varies. Typically, experienced essay writers earn between $12 and $20 per page. This rate depends on several factors, including the urgency of the deadline, the academic level of the essay, and the depth of research required.
Can you pay people to do essays?
While it is technically possible to pay individuals or services to write essays, this practice is generally viewed as cheating and is ethically frowned upon in academic settings. Schools often impose strict penalties for such actions, which can include failing grades or more severe academic sanctions.
In conclusion, the decision to hire essay writers carries a mix of pros and cons. On the positive side, such services can provide convenience, potentially high-quality writing, and a route to securing better grades, especially when deadlines are tight, or the subject matter is challenging. The availability of experienced, degree-holding writers across various platforms like 99papers, EssayBox, BookwormLab, EssayFactory, and Essays.io, each with their unique features and pricing models, offers a wide range of options for students seeking such assistance.
However, these benefits are significantly overshadowed by the drawbacks. The primary concern is academic dishonesty. Most educational institutions have strict policies against this practice, and getting caught can lead to severe penalties, including failure in the course or more serious academic sanctions. The ethical implications of presenting someone else’s work as your own cannot be understated, as it undermines the principles of academic integrity and personal growth.
Moreover, the financial cost of hiring these services can be substantial, especially for students on a limited budget. The potential risk of receiving work that does not meet the expected standards or is not delivered on time adds another layer of uncertainty.
Given these considerations, it is advisable to invest effort into doing your own work. The learning and personal development that come from engaging directly with academic tasks are invaluable. Therefore, it’s generally best to avoid using essay writing services. Instead, seek other forms of assistance such as tutoring, collaborating with peers, or consulting with instructors, which can provide the support needed while maintaining academic integrity and personal development.
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Charlie Munger: These ‘basic rules’ made me successful in life—‘with Warren Buffett, I had all 3’
Charlie Munger died on Nov. 28 at age 99. These reflections on his life and career, which he wrote for CNBC Make It, are among his final writings.
One's journey to career satisfaction is not always linear. After graduating from Harvard Law School, I joined a well-regarded firm in California. I built a home and a family, and I worked hard for years.
Even so, I wanted to earn more than what a senior law partner could expect. I started investing in stocks, businesses and property development before starting a law firm with some of my colleagues.
I spent many successful years at the firm, but I wasn't satisfied practicing law. I liked the independence of a capitalist. I liked figuring things out and making bets. I preferred making the decisions and gambling my own money. I usually thought I knew better than the client anyway, so why should I have to do it his way?
One evening, at a dinner party in Omaha, I was introduced to a fellow named Warren Buffett. Warren and I shared many ideas when it came to business, finance, history and investing. He persuaded me to quit the law at the earliest point I could afford to do so. We eventually agreed to go into business together, which turned out to be an incredibly good decision.
I have three basic rules for career satisfaction that have always helped me. I believe they can help any young person evaluating a career decision. While meeting all three is nearly impossible, you should try anyway.
1. Don't sell anything you wouldn't buy yourself.
The safest way to try to get what you want is to try to deserve what you want. It's such a simple idea. It's the golden rule. You want to deliver to the world what you would buy if you were on the other end.
There is no ethos, in my opinion, that is better for any person to have. By and large, the people who have had this ethos win in life, and they don't win just money and honors — they win the respect and the deserved trust of the people they deal with.
Plus, there is huge pleasure in life to be obtained from getting deserved trust. Reputation and integrity are your most valuable assets — and can be lost in a heartbeat.
2. Don't work for anyone you don't respect and admire.
You particularly want to avoid working directly under somebody you don't admire and don't want to be like. It's dangerous. We're all subject to control to some extent by authority figures, particularly authority figures who are rewarding us. Dealing properly with this danger requires both some talent and will.
I coped in my time by identifying people I admired and by maneuvering, mostly without criticizing anybody, so that I was usually working under the right sort of people. A lot of employers will permit that if you're shrewd enough to work it out with some tact.
Generally, your outcome in life will be more satisfactory if you work under people whom you correctly admire.
3. Work only with people you enjoy.
I've found that intense interest in any subject is indispensable if you're really going to excel. I could force myself to be fairly good in a lot of things, but I couldn't excel in anything in which I didn't have an intense interest or enjoy.
If at all feasible, you want to maneuver yourself into doing something in which you have an intense interest alongside people whose company you enjoy.
Another thing you have to do is have a lot of assiduity. I like that word because to me it means: "Sit down on your ass until you do it." I've had marvelous partners, full of assiduity, all my life. I think I got them partly because I tried to deserve them, and partly because I was shrewd enough to select them, and partly because there was some luck.
I have been incredibly fortunate in my life when it comes to these basic rules. With Warren Buffett, I had all three.
Charlie Munger was Vice Chairman of Berkshire Hathaway, and Warren Buffett's closest business partner and right-hand man. As a legendary and pragmatic investor and active philanthropist, Munger was a Harvard Law graduate and was known for his wide-ranging wisdom across a multitude of disciplines — including psychology, economics, biology, history and physics. Munger served as a director of Costco Wholesale Corporation and as chairman of the Daily Journal Corporation. An abridged version of his book, " Poor Charlie's Almanack ," is being released by Stripe Press on December 5, 2024.
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A fresh look at Victoria’s footy culture: winners of The Age Essay Prize announced
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When Grace Biber was growing up in Sydney, she rolled her eyes every time her extended family in Melbourne raved about the footy. She says her views were informed by some of the front-page headlines at the time that were marked by “drugs, scandals and racism”.
A year after moving to Melbourne to study writing at RMIT, Biber saw her first game in 2023. By the end of the season, she was hooked, not only by the game but by the way it fosters community spirit.
Grace Biber, winner of The Age Essay Prize in the 19-24 age group, at Citizens Park in Richmond. Credit: Joe Armao
Biber’s newfound appreciation of AFL was her choice of topic for The Age /Dymocks Essay Prize for young writers, answering the question: “How is Victoria different from the rest of the country and how have these differences been established?”
In an award ceremony on Wednesday night attended by the finalists , Biber was named the winner of the 19-24 age group. She receives prizes including $1000 courtesy of Dymocks Books and Tutoring, a 12-month digital subscription to The Age , a newsroom tour and the ability to pitch additional writing in the year ahead.
Siya Gauri Singh, a year 10 student at Suzanne Cory High School, was selected as the winner of the 14-18 age group for her piece, The ‘Fare’ Route for Victorian Students: Free Public Transport, which tackled the question, “What is the one law you would change and why?”
The awards were judged by senior Age editors and guest judge Maxine Beneba Clarke, who described Biber’s essay as “well structured, lyrical and emotive”.
Grace Biber with The Age deputy director Mat Dunckley. Credit: Joe Armao
“The essay looks at an iconic Melbourne institution - the AFL - with a refreshingly new gaze,” said Clarke. “It is complex in its examination of football as a creator of community, and outlet for emotion, whilst not shying away from examining the toxicity that the cult of football celebrity often engenders. Crossing the Barassi is engaging in voice, and original in argument.”
Singh said she was encouraged to submit to the essay competition by her school’s “vibrant” English faculty.
When Singh observed other students getting fined, or avoiding tapping their myki card on the train because they “didn’t have the funds to touch on”, she knew she had to delve into students’ access to public transport.
Siya Gauri Singh, winner of the 14-18 age group in The Age 2023 Essay Prize.
“Victoria is the education state of Australia ... they’re putting so much money into making the education system better, but students can’t access it,” says Singh. “Students are what make the future of Victoria.”
Darla Tejada was highly commended in the 19-24 age group, while Saria Ratnam and Tvisha Joshi were highly commended in the 14-18 age group. They will each receive $500 from Dymocks and a 12-month digital subscription to The Age .
Clarke said the essay finalists had delved into issues of social justice and hope.
“These essays demonstrate the urgency with which young people across Victoria seek to help solve some of the problems of the state – and the world – that we will leave them,” she said.
The winning essays will be published by The Age in the coming weeks.
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